Other Mushrooms identifications

Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
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Normal size:

Total mushrooms fount: 338

Cordyceps canadensis Ellis & Everhart. Grootsporige truffelknotszwam. Fruit body 3?10cm high, the fertile head is oval to subglobose, chestnut brown to blackish, set on a tough yellow-olivaceous stalk up to 1cm thick. Asci very long x 15?. Spores breaking up into part-spores, 20?50 x 3?5?. Habitat mainly in pine woods parasitic on species of Elaphomyces buried just below the surface (shown here on E. granulatus). Season autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Coprinus cinerius (Schaeffer ex Fr.) S.F.Gray Tr?gya tintagomba. Cap cylindrical at first then expanding towards the lower part (like a light shade), 10-50mm deep, white or pale grey covered in easily separated white scales, dark beneath. Gills white then grey finally black. Stem 40-120x3-6mm thickening towards the base rooting in some forms, at first covered in transient white scales, then smooth. The smell can vary from slight to strongish. Spores print fuscous black, spores 9-12x6-7um, with a central germ pore. Normally found on dung heaps or rotting straw or wood chips. Not edible.
Coniophora puteana (Schum.) Karst. syn. C. cerebella Pers. syn. Corticium puteanum (Schum.) Fr. Gelber Holzschwamm Vastagb?r? foltgomba Wet Rot. Fruit body resupinate, forming irregular patches 4?20cm across, creamy white at first then pale yellow becoming dirty chrome to olivaceous, margin broad, white, radiating, surface irregular, rough and warted. Flesh very thin. Spores olivaceous-brown, broadly elliptic, 11?13 x 7?8?. Habitat on trunks, decaying wood or timbers; it is one of the major causes of wet rot in damp buildings. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Climacodon septentrionalis (Fr.) Karsten ?szaki t?sk?slaska. Fruit body huge, consisting of overlapping fan-shaped caps growing in horizontal clusters 15-30cm high, arising from a solid base which narrows to an attachment about 2cm wide where it enters the wood. Cap 10-15cm across, 2-5cm thick near the base, shelf-like, thinning toward the margin; whitish to yellowish or buff, turning brownish yellow when dry, with very faint zones; densely hairy and roughened. Spines on undersurface 0.5-2cm long, narrow, with lacerated tips, crowded, pliant; dull white drying yellowish. Flesh up to 4cm thick, fibrous, tough, elastic; white, zoned. Odor none or mild when fresh, of ham when dry. Taste none or mild when fresh, bitter when old. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 2.5-3 x 4-5.5?. Deposit white. Cystidia thick-walled with encrusted tip. Habitat high up or in the wounds of living deciduous trees such as maple, beech, and birch. Found widely distributed in northeastern North America as far south as Tennessee. Also in Europe. Season July-October. Not edible.
Climacocystis borealis (Fr.) Kotlaba & Pouz. ?szaki likacsosgomba. Fruit body annual; no stem. Bracket 15cm across, 8cm wide. 4cm thick, fan-shaped to broadly stalk-less, fiat and semicircular, often overlapping; white to cream or straw-colored when fresh, becoming darker when dry; soft and watery when fresh, dry, brittle and often with radial lines when dry; felty to hairy, becoming partly smooth and partly covered in stiff hairs when dry. Tubes up to 5mm deep; same color as pores. Pores 1-2 per mm, thin-walled, angular; white to cream or light straw. Flesh duplex, with a lower dense layer up to 2cm thick; whitish. Taste mild. Spores broadly ellipsoid, smooth, thin-walled, 4.5-6.5 x 3-4.5?. Hyphal structure monomitic. Habitat on dead or living conifers and rarely on deciduous wood. Often abundant. Found widely distributed in coniferous forests in North America, excluding the southern pine region. Also in Europe. Season August-November. Not edible.
Clavulinopsis helvola Fr. syn. Clavaria helvola Fr. Orangegelbe Keule S?fr?ny sz?n? bunk?gomba, S?fr?ny gyep-korallgomba Clavaire jaun?tre Yellow Club. Fruit body 3?7cm high, 1.5?4mm wide, yellow to orange-yellow, solitary or in small groups, simple. Spores white or faintly yellow, subglobose to somewhat angular and bluntly enhinulate, 4?7?3.5?6?. Habitat terrestrial, in woods or in open situations amongst grass and moss. Season late summer to late autumn. Very common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Clavicorona taxophila (Thom) Doty syn. Clavaria taxophila (Thom) Lloyd Weisse Zungenkeule Yew Club. Fruit body 8-18(30) mm high, 4-9mm wide at the flattened or concave apex tapering towards the stalked base, white, yellowing with age. Spores white, broadly elliptic to subglobose, 3-4-2-3-. Gloeocystidia present in hymenium as elongated, thin-walled vermiform organs with oily contents. Habitat on damp rooting twigs, leaves and other debris of coniferous and deciduous trees. Season autumn. Rare. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Clavicorona pyxidata (Pers.: Fr.) Doty Cs-sz-s -lkorallgomba, serleges korlallgomba. Fruit body 5-12 cm high, 2-8cm wide overall; numerously branched with cup-shaped, crown-like tips; pallid to pale yellow when young, becoming dull ochre, tan, or pinkish. Stem 1-3mm, very short; whitish or brownish pink; smooth, densely felty. Flesh pliable, tough; whitish. Odor faintly of newly dug potatoes. Taste slowly rather peppery. Spores ellipsoid, nearly smooth, amyloid, 4-5 x 2-3-. Deposit white. Habitat scattered, in groups, or in dense clusters on rotting logs, particularly of aspen, willow, or poplar. Common. Found widely distributed east of the Rocky Mountains. Season June-September. Said to be edible.
Clavariadelphus ligula (Fr.) Donk V-kony mozs-r-t-gomba. Fruit body 3-10cm high, 5-15mm wide, elongated or club-shaped, often flattened and spoon-like; yellowish to ochre to reddish or dark apricot. Stem indistinct; white-hairy at base. Flesh rather spongy; white. Spores narrowly ellipsoid, smooth, 8-15 x 3-6-. Deposit pale yellowish or white. Habitat scattered or in groups on humus or pine needles under conifers. Widely distributed in northern North America and California. Season July-November. Not edible.
Clavariadelphus junceus Fr. syn. Clavaria juncea Fr. syn. Macrotyphula juncea (Fr.) Berthier Binsen-Keule Clavaire en forme de jonc Slender Club Fruit body 3-10cm high, 0.5-2mm wide, pale ochraceous, solitary or gregarious, acute at first becoming blunt when mature, rather rigid. Flesh firm, not brittle. Taste acrid, smell sour. Spores white, almond shaped, 6-12-3.5-5.5-. Habitat amongst leaf litter in frondose woods, on rotting twigs, petioles and other debris, rarely on bare earth. Season autumn up to November. Occasional but probably often overlooked. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Clavariadelphus fistulosus (Fr.) Corner syn. Clavaria fistulosa Fr. R-hrige Keule Clavaire fistuleuse Pipe Club. Fruit body 7-30cm high, 2-8mm broad, yellow then tawny, simple, solitary or gregarious, acute then obtuse, often deformed. Spores white, subfusiform, 10-18.5 x 4.5-8-. Habitat on twigs of frondose and coniferous trees, especially beech. Season autumn to winter. Rare. Edible but not worthwhile. Distribution, America and Europe.
Chondostereum purpureum (Fr.) Pouz. syn. Stereum purpureum (Fr.) Fr. Purpurner Schichtpilz, Lil?s r?teggomba, Stereum pourpre, Silverleaf Fungus. Bracket 1.5?3cm across, 1?2cm wide, 0.2?0.5cm thick, usually several brackets fused together and overlapping; extremely undulate, tough when fresh becoming brittle when dry; upper surface covered in dense white woolly hairs in concentric bands; lower surface dark violaceous or violaceous-brown in young specimens and becoming brownish with age, drying paler (lower specimens in photograph). Spores subcylindrical, 5?8 x 2.5?3?. Hyphal structure monomitic; generative hyphae with clamp-connections. Habitat parasitic or saprophytic on various trees, especially members of the Rosaceae. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. This fungus is the cause of ?silver leaf? disease which leads to the destruction of fruit trees; plum trees are particularly susceptible. The first visible sign of infection is silvering of the leaves due to the upper epidermis becoming separated from the rest of the leaf and lifting in patches. This effect occurs progressively along a branch and on cutting the wood appears stained brown by the fungus. If the wood is cut back until no infection is seen and the wound treated with a fungicide the fungus can be eliminated. Where silvering of the leaves occurs all over a tree simultaneously it is unlikely to be due to this fungus; this can be verified by examination of the wood for staining. This false silver leaf which has the same symptom, that of the upper epidermis lifting, is caused by physiological disturbance such as heavy pruning.
Chlorociboria aeruginascens (Nyl.) Karst. ex Ram syn.. Chlorosplenium aeruginascens (Nyl.) Karst. Green Wood-cup, Chlorosplenium blue-vert, Gr-ner Holzbecherling, Z-ld facs-szegomba, Kopergroene bekerzwam. Fruit body 1-5mm across, cup-shaped then flattened with a wavy, irregular margin, attached to the substrate by a short stalk, bright blue-green throughout. Asci 70 x 5m. Spores fusiform, containing two small oil drops situated at opposite ends of the spore, 6-10 x 1.5-2-. Habitat on fallen branches of deciduous trees, especially oak. The mycelium growing through the wood stains it conspicuously blue-green. Season mainly autumn although also found in spring to autumn. The stained wood is often seen but the fruit bodies are less frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. The infected wood, known as -green oak-, was formerly used in the manufacture of Tunbridge ware, a traditional method of decoration where woods of different colours were arranged into blocks to give the desired pattern, compressed, then cut transversely into thin strips of veneer.