Other Mushrooms identifications

Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:

Total mushrooms fount: 338

Morchella esculenta Pers. ex St. Amans Speisemorchel, ?zletes kucsmagomba, Morille comestible, Morel. Fruit body 6?20cm high, very variable, fertile head round to ovoid or obtusely conical, pale yellowish-brown darkening and browning with age, ridges acute and forming an irregular honeycomb around the angular pits; stalk minutely scurfy, slightly swollen at the base and longitudinally furrowed, whitish to ochraceous cream. Asci 330 x 20?. Spores cream, broadly elliptical, 16?19 x 8.5?11?. Habitat in open scrub or woodland or on waste ground. Season late spring. Uncommon. Edible ? excellent. Distribution, America and Europe. Several forms are recognized in Europe; var. rotunda has a roundish ochre-yellow fertile head, while that of var. crassipes is grey-brown and the stalk granular and much swollen at the base; var. umbrina is smaller then the type with a dark greyish-black fertile head. Note in north America there are forms of Morchella esculenta growing under Hickoties, Elms and Tulip Trees, they are normally smaller and rather tall and narrow, I have encluded them here, but one day they may be described as different varieties.
Mitrula paludosa Fr. Sumf-Haubenpilz Mocs?ri sapk?sgomba Bog Beacon. Fruit body 1?4cm high, fertile head ovoid or club-shaped, smooth yellow to orange, stem white. Asci 150 x 8?. Spores cylindric-ellipsoid, 10?15 x 2.5?3?. Habitat on rotting twigs and leaves in damp ditches or amongst sphagnum. Season spring to summer. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Meripilus giganteus (Pers. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Polyporus giganteus Pers. ex Fr. syn. Grifola gigantea (Pers. ex Fr.) Pil-t Riesen-Porling, -ri-s bokrosgomba, -ri-s likacsosgomba, -ri-s tapl-, Polypore g-ant, Giant Polypore. Fruit body 50-80cm across, rosette-like, consisting of numerous flattened fan-shaped caps around a common base. Each cap 10-30cm across, 1-2cm thick, covered in very fine brown scales on the upper surface which is radially grooved and concentrically zoned light and darker brown; attached to the common base by a short stem. Flesh white, soft and fibrous. Taste slightly sour, smell pleasant. Tubes 4-6mm long, whitish. Pores 3-4 per mm, subcircular, whitish, often late in forming, bruising blackish. Spores hyaline, broadly ovate to subglobose, 5.5-6.5 x 4.5-5um. Hyphal structure monomitic; generative hyphae lacking clamps. Habitat at the base of deciduous trees or stumps or some distance from them arising from the roots usually on beech but sometimes also on oak. Season autumn, annual. Frequent. Edible, it may have a slight sour taste and fibrous texture, but is good when young. Distribution, America and Europe.
Lycoperdon pyriforme Schaeff. ex Pers. Birnenst?ubling K?rtealak? (k?rte alak?) p?feteg Vesse-de-loup en poire, Stump Puffball. Fruit body 1.5?4cm across, 3.5cm high, subglobose to club-shaped, attached to the substrate by mycelial strands, whitish at first finally yellowish- or greyish-brown, outer layer of scurfy spines, warts, or granules, inner wall becoming smooth and papery, opening by an apical pore. Gleba olive-brown; sterile base occupying the stem spongy, but the cavities forming rather small cells. Spores olive-brown, globose, smooth, 3?4um in diameter. Capillitium distinctive in being formed of brownish branched threads which lack all trace of tiny hyaline pores, all other members of the genus have poroid capillitial threads. Habitat in groups or swarms on rotten logs or stumps, often appearing to grow in soil but in reality attached to buried wood by the characteristic white mycelial cords. Season summer to late autumn. Common. Edible when young. Distribution, America and Europe.
Lycoperdon perlatum Pers. syn. L. gemmatum Batsch Flaschenst?ubling, Flaschenbovist, Bimb?s p?feteg, Vesse-de-loup ? pierreries, Common Puffball. Fruit body 2.5?6cm across, 2?9cm high, subglobose with a distinct stem, white at first becoming yellowish brown, outer layer of short pyramidal warts especially dense on the head, rubbing off to leave an indistinct mesh-like pattern on the inner wall which opens by a pore. Gleba olive-brown at maturity; sterile base spongy, occupying the stem. Spores olivaceous-brown, globose, minutely warted, 3.5?4.5m. Habitat woodland. Season summer to late autumn. Common. Edible and good -when the flesh is pure white. Distribution, America and Europe.
Lycoperdon molle Pers. Barn?s p?feteg, puha bimb?sp?feteg. Fruit body 1-4cm across, 6cm high, usually pear-shaped; grayish brown to milky-coffee colored; minutely spiny or granular. Spore mass white, dark brown in maturity; inner spore case opening by a wide, irregular pore. Sterile base has large chambers; sometimes wide and sometimes narrowed to a distinct stalk. Spores globose, 3.5-5 x 3.5-5?. Habitat on soil or humus in deciduous or coniferous forests. Frequent but not abundant. Found widely distributed in North America. Season August-October. Edible when flesh completely white.
Leotia lubrica Fr. Jelly Babies, L-otie visqueuse, Schl-pfriger Kappenpilz, Leozia viscosa, Groene glibberzwam, Z-ld csukly-sgomba. Fruit body a small stalked club with convoluted head. Head 1-4cm across, convex and rather convoluted, margin inrolled; ochre, cinnamon to pale buff, often with olive tint; smooth, gelatinous. Stem 20-50 x 5-l0mm; pale ochre-yellow; minutely scaly-squamulose. Spores spindle-shaped, with rounded ends, often curved, 20-25 x 5-6-; becoming 6-8-celled within. Habitat often gregarious on soil in mixed woods. Common. Found in Europe and throughout North America. Season July-October. Edibility not known.
Lenzites betulina (Fr.) Fr. Fak? lemezestapl? (tapl?). Fruit body annual; no stem; broadly attached or with a small stem-like attachment. Bracket up to 8cm across, 5cm wide, 2cm thick, flat, semicircular or fan-shaped, with an even or lobed margin; upper surface white, cream, grayish, or brownish, older specimens often have a green tinge because of algae growing in the fine hairs; tough and leathery with an uneven surface, concentrically grooved, zoned and hairy. Gills forked and fused together in places; white then cream to yellowish brown; undulating or flexuous. Flesh 1-2mm thick, thin, fibrous; white, lighter than the gills. Spores subcylindrical, slightly curved, smooth, 5-6 x 2-3?. Deposit white. Hyphal structure trimitic; clamps present. Habitat singly or in overlapping groups on hardwoods and coniferous wood. Common. Found in Europe and in mid western and eastern North America, the Pacific Northwest, and California, but extremely rare elsewhere. Season July-November. Not edible.
Langermannia gigantea (Batsch ex Pers.) Rostk. syn. Lycoperdon giganteum Batsch ex Pers. syn. Calvatia gigantea (Batsch ex Pers.) Lloyd syn. Lasiosphaera gigantea (Batsch ex Pers.) Giant Puffball, Smarda Riesenbovist Vesse-de-loup g?ante, ?ri?sp?feteg (p?feteg). Fruit body 7?80cm across, subglobose, whitish and leathery, the outer wall breaking away to expose the spore mass, attached to the substrate by a root-like mycelial cord which breaks leaving the fruit body free to roll around and so scatter the millions of spores. Gleba olivaceous-brown and powdery at maturity; sterile base absent or rudimentary. Spores tawny brown, globose, finely warted, 3.5?5.5m in diameter. Habitat in gardens, pasture and woods. Season summer to autumn. Uncommon but locally frequent. Edible when still white and firm ? good. Distribution, America and Europe.
Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull. ex Fr.) Murr. syn. Polyporus sulphureus Bull. ex Fr. Sulphur Shelf, Schwefelporling, S-rga g-vagomba (tapl-), Polypore soufr-, Chicken of the Woods. Bracket 10-40cm across, fan-shaped or irregularly semicircular, thick and fleshy, usually in large tiered groups; upper surface uneven, lumpy, and wrinkled, suede-like, lemon-yellow or yellow-orange drying pallid or straw-coloured; margin obtuse. Flesh at first succulent and exuding a yellowish juice when squeezed, but white and crumbly with age. Taste pleasant and slightly sourish, smell strong and fungusy. Tubes 1.5-3mm long, sulphur-yellow. Pores 1-3 per mm, circular or ovoid, sulphur-yellow. Spores white, ellipsoid to broadly ovate, 5-7 x 3.5-4.5um. Hyphal structure dimitic with generative and binding hyphae; generative hyphae without clamp-connections. Habitat deciduous trees, usually oak but common also on yew, cherry, sweet chestnut and willow. Season late spring to autumn, annual. Common. Edible when young and fresh, considered a delicacy in Germany and North America. Distribution, America and Europe. Comment there is a form of this fungus which has a white pore surface, and some authors recognize this as Laetiporus sulphureus var. semialbinus syn. Laetiporus cincinnatus.
Hypoxylon fragiforme (Pers. ex Fr.) Kickx. Roestbruin kogelswammetje, Beech Woodwart, V?r?ses ripacsgomba. Fruit body 0.1?1cm across, gregarious, hemispherical, bright salmon-pink at first becoming brick-red and later blackening, with a finely warted surface. Flesh hard, blackish. Asci cylindrical, 150 x 8?. Spores dark brown, subfusiform, containing one to three oil drops, 11?15 x 5?7?. Habitat dead beech. Season late summer to early spring. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Hymenochaete rubiginosa (Dicks. ex Fr.) L-v. Borstenschichtpilz Rozsd-s s-rt-s-r-teggomba Oak Curtain Crust. Fruit body forming densely crowded, tiered brackets, very rarely resupinate, 2.5-6cm across, 2-4cm wide, often wavy or lobed at the margin; upper surface closely concentrically zoned deep rust-brown to date-brown, velvety at first becoming smooth and almost black with age. Fertile or lower surface rust-brown. Flesh thin, rust-brown, brittle. Spores whitish to yellowish or olive, broadly elliptic, 4-6.5 x 2.5-3um. Setae 43-80 x 5.5-10um, dark brown to almost black, thick-walled, acutely fusoid or lanceolate projecting beyond the current basidial layer but some becoming buried in the thickening hymenium. Habitat virtually restricted to occurrence on very old rotting oak-stumps. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Hydnotria tulasnei Brk & Brm. V-r-s g-dr-strifla (szarvasgomba). Fruit body 3-4cm more or less potato shaped sometimes very lumpy, pinky brown in colour. Flesh pinkish-cream to reddish with a pattern of meandering lighter -valleys- Pleasantly scented like cocoa. Spores 20-35um spherical decorated with small spines. Habitat under oaks and conifers. Distribution throughout Europe. Not considered edible.
Hydnellum caeruleum (Horn. ex Pers.) Karst. Blauer Korkstacheling K-k gereben Blue Tooth. Fruit body solitary or fused with other. Cap 3-11cm across, convex to depressed, velvety to matted, at first white often with a blue margin, at length becoming yellowish- to rusty-brown. Flesh zoned bluish in cap, orange brown in stem. Smell of cucumber when cut. Spines 1-5mm long, bluish at first, then white, finally purplish-brown. Spores brown, irregularly lobed and warted, 5.5-6-3.5-4.5m. Hyphae with clamp connections. Habitat conifer woods. Season autumn. Very rare - confined to Highland pine forest. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Hericium coralloides (Fr.) S. F. Gray Petrezselyemgomba. Fruit body a mass of tufted stems, each with many pendant spines. Whole fungus may be 15-30cm across and 20-40cm high; branches are white and stout and branch repeatedly from a central, basal point; tip of each branch has white spines 0.5-2cm long, in clusters like hands. Flesh firm; white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, smooth or very finely roughened, 5-7 x 4,5-6?. Deposit white. Habitat on both fallen timber and living trees, especially beech and maple. Found in northeastern North America, south to North Carolina. Season August-October. Edible - good. Comment The true Hericium coralloides, according to some mycologists, is strictly European, and the correct name for this fungus may eventually be Hericium americanum.
Helvella lacunosa Afzelius ex Fr. Black Helvella, Elfin Saddle Cap, Helvelle lacuneuse, Mitre d'?v?que, Gruben-Lorchel, Sz?rke papsapkagomba, Elvella lacunosa, Zwarte kluifzwam. 1.5?4cm high, saddle-shaped with convolute lobes, one lobe often pointing upwards and re-curved, grey to blackish with paler underside. Stem 20?40 x 10?20mm, pale grey, hollow and deeply furrowed. Asci 350 x 18?. Spores 17?20 x 10?13?. Habitat in mixed woodland and orchards especially on burnt ground. Season summer to autumn. Frequent. Edible ? poor. Distribution, America and Europe.
Helvella elastica Bull. ex St. Amans syn. Leptopodia elastica Bull. ex St. Amans Boud. Glattstiellorchel, Karcs? papsapkagomba, Helvelle ?lastique, Elastic Saddle. Cap 1?3cm high, saddle-shaped and irregularly lobed, grey-brown to yellowish-brown, underside smooth, whitish drying ochraceous. Stem 40?70 x 3?7mm, whitish, often compressed. Asci 330 x 20?. Spores 19?22 x 11?13?. Habitat open ground in woodland. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible ? poor. Distribution, America and Europe.
Helvella crispa Fr. White Saddle, Common White Helvella, Helvelle cr?pue, Oreille de chat, Herbst-Lorchel, Fodros papsapkagomba, Spugnola d'autumno crespa, Witte kluifzwam. Cap 2?5cm high, saddle-shaped and deeply lobed, convoluted at the centre, whitish with pale buff or tan underside. Stem 20?60 x 10?20mm white, hollow and deeply furrowed. Asci 300 x 18?. Spores elliptical, 18?20 x 10?13?. Habitat on path-sides in damp, deciduous woods. Season late summer to late autumn and occasionally in spring. Common. Edible ? poor. Distribution, America and Europe.