Agaricomycetes Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Total mushrooms fount: 251

Inedible
Russula gracillima J. Schaeff. Zierlicher T-ubling, Kecses galambgomba, Russule gracile, Slender Brittlegill. Cap 2-6cm across, convex, then flattening, sometimes with an umbo, typically with dull greenish or olive centre and pink margin, but also completely these colours, or pale dull violet, thin-fleshed, fragile, one-third to a half peeling; margin eventually furrowed. Stem 35-70 x 5-10mm, white to greyish rose, soft, fragile. Flesh white. Taste slightly to moderately hot. Gills slightly decurrent, pale cream, thin. Spore print pale cream to cream (C-D). Spores ellipsoid-ovoid with warts up to 1- high, with very few or no fine lines, 7-9 x 5-7-. Cap cystidia cylindrical to slightly club-shaped, up to 10- wide, with 0-1 septa. Habitat under birch. Season summer to late autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown - avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Russula farinipes Romell apud Britz. Mehlstiel-t?ubling, Korp?st?nk? galambgomba, Russule ? pied farineux. Cap 3?6cm across, convex, later often with a marked depression, yellowish to ochre-straw, thinnish but somewhat tough and elastic, hardly peeling; margin furrowed and slightly warty-lumpy. Stem 30?60 x 10?15mm, white or straw, hard, surface powdery towards the top. Flesh white, yellowish below cap cuticle. Taste very hot, smell fruity. Gills slightly decurrent, pale straw, rather narrow, often rather widely spaced. Spore print whitish (A). Spores ovoid with warts up to 0.7? high, no lines, 6?8 x 5?7?. Cap cystidia abundant, spindle-shaped, up to 5?9? wide, reacting to SV. Habitat under broad-leaved trees. Season late summer to early autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Russula brevipes Pk. Short-stem Russula Russula brevipes is a species of mushroom commonly known as the short-stemmed russula or the stubby brittlegill. It is widespread in North America, and was reported from Pakistan in 2006. Cap 7–30 cm (3–12 in) across, convex with depressed center, with inrolled, non-striate margin; white stained dull ochre to brown; dry, minutely woolly. Gills adnate to slightly decurrent, crowded; white staining ochre-brown. Stem 25-70 x 25-40mm; white stained brown; dry, smooth. Flesh thick, brittle; white Odor not distinctive. Taste slowly acrid, unpleasant. Spores broadly ellipsoid to subglobose, 8-11 x 6.5-l0?; ornamented with a broken to complete reticulum, with warts 0.7-1.7? high. Deposit white to cream (A-C). Habitat in mixed woods. Found widely distributed throughout North America. Season July-October. Not edible. Comment Russula brevipes var. acrior Schaeff. differs in its green-tinted gills and apex of the stem; other details similar. Russula cascadensis Schaeff: has a more acrid flavor and smaller size and grows under conifers in the Northwest.
Edible
Melanoleuca polioleuca (Fr) K-hner & Maire syn. Melanoleuca melaleuca (Pers. ex Fr.) Murr. syn. Tricholoma melaleucum (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer Gemeiner Weichritterling V-ltoz-kony (m-rv-nyos) l-gypereszke. Cap 3-8cm, convex then flattened, often slightly depressed with a central boss, smooth, dark brown when moist drying buff. Stem 40-70 x 8-14mm, slightly bulbous, whitish covered in dark grey-brown longitudinal fibres. Flesh white in cap, flushed ochraceous to ochre-brown from stem base upwards. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills crowded, sinuate, whitish to cream. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, harpoon-shaped. Spore print cream. Spores elliptic, minutely ornamented, amyloid, 7-8.5 x 5-5.5um. Habitat woods and pastures. Season late summer to late autumn. Common. Said to be edible - not recommended. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Lyophyllum connatum (Schum. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Clitocybe connata (Schum ex Fr.) Gillet. Weisser Rasling, Feh?rcsokros ?lpereszke, Witte bundelridderzwam, White Domecap. Cap 3?7cm across, pure white, margin often wavy. Stem 30?60 x 8?15mm, tapering towards the base, white. Flesh white. Gills slightly decurrent, white. Spore print white. Spores 6?7 x 3.5?4um. Flesh and gills gradually turn violet with FeSO4. Habitat in dense tufts amongst grass in mixed woodland. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown. Found In Europe this species is a European species that I am reporting for the first time from Colorado.
Edible
Lycoperdon mammiforme Pers. syn. L. velatum Vitt. Warzenbovist, Venus Puffball. Fruit body 4?7cm across, 4?9cm high, subglobose with a broad umbo, tapering into a short stem, white at first then ochre-brown, outer wall breaking into large white or creamy cottony scales and leaving a ring-like zone around the base of the swollen head, inner wall thin and papery, opening by a central pore. Gleba finally dark purplish-brown; sterile base spongy, well developed. Spores chocolate brown, globose, warted, 4?5m in diameter. Habitat in frondose woods on chalk soil. Season summer to autumn. Rare. Edibile when the flesh is pure white. Found In Europe.
Choice
Lepista saeva (Fr.) Orton syn. Tricholoma saevum (Fr.) Gillet syn. Rhodopaxillus saevus (Fr.) Maire syn. Tricholoma personatum (Fr. ex Fr.) Kummer Lepista personata of British authors. Field Blewit, Blue-leg, Pied violet, Rhodopaxille siniste, Lilat?nk? pereszke (t?lcs?rpereszke), Zweifarbener R?telritterling, Paarssteelschijnridder. Cap 6?10cm across, convex then flattened or depressed, often wavy at the margin, pallid to dirty brown. Stem 30?60?15?25mm, often swollen at the base, bluish-lilac, fibrillose. Flesh thick, whitish to flesh-coloured. Taste and smell strongly perfumed. Gills crowded, whitish to flesh-coloured. Spore print pale pink. Spores elliptic, minutely spiny, 7?8?4?5m. Habitat often in rings, in pastureland. Season autumn to early winter. Frequent. Edible ? excellent. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Lepiota magnispora Murrill syn. Lepiota ventriosospora Reid L. metulaespora (Berk. & Br.) Sacc. of some European authors Herbstschirmpilz, S?rgapelyh? ?zl?bgomba. Cap 4?8cm across, conico-convex expanding to almost flattened, ochraceous with yellow to brown scales, centre darker and smooth. Stem 30?40 x 4?8mm, concolorous with cap, covered in large yellowish cottony scales, especially towards the base. Flesh thin, whitish in cap, brown or reddish brown in the stem. Gills white. Cheilocystidia variable, ovate, clavate, or lageniform 9?15m wide. Spore print white. Spores fusoid, dextrinoid, 14.5?17.5 x 4?5um. Surface hairs comprising the scales on the cap elongated, thin-walled, unicellular, with rounded obtuse or slightly narrowed apex. Habitat deciduous woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Lepiota felina (Pers. ex Fr.) Karst. Dunkler Shirmpilz, Feketepikkelyes -zl-bgomba. Cap 2-3cm across, slightly umbonate, the whole cap is dark brown to almost black when in bud, the cuticle breaks up into minute erect scales as the cap expands. Stem 30-50 x 2-4mm, fibrillose, whitish sprinkled with blackish scales towards the base; ring membranous, white on upper surface, dark grey-brown below. Flesh white, becoming tinged brownish. Smell strongly fungusy. Gills white. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, clavate to obtusely fusiform, hyaline, surface squamules formed of tufts of elongated hairs. Spore print white. Spores ovoid, 6.5-7.5 x 3.5-4um. Habitat in coniferous woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Not edible -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Leccinum versipelle (Fr. & H?k) Snell. syn. L. testaceoscabrum (Secr.) Sing. syn. Boletus versipellis Fr. & H?k. Orange Birch Boletus, Bolet changeant, Heide Rotkappe, Kormost?nk? ?rdestin?ru (-tin?ru), Oranje berkeboleet. Cap 8?20cm, tawny orange, slightly downy at first becoming smooth, dry to very slightly viscid, the margin overhanging the pores. Stem up to 200 x 15?40mm, white or greyish covered with woolly brownish-black scales. Flesh white then dark vinaceous, but blue-green in stem base, finally blackish. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes white to buff, vinaceous on cutting. Pores small, mouse-grey at first later ochraceous, bruising vinaceous. Spore print ochraceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 12.5?154?5um. Habitat with birch in scrub or open woodland. Season summer to autumn. Common. Edible ? good. Found In Europe.
Edible
Leccinum crocipodium (Letellier) Watling syn. Boletus crocipodius Letellier syn. Leccinum nigrescens (Rich. & Roze) Sing. Yellow-Cracking Bolete, C-pe noircissant, Gelber Rauhfuss, S-rga -rdestin-ru (-tin-ru), Boleto rimoso. Cap 4-11cm across, cinnamon to fulvous with yellow or olivaceous tinge, downy and soon conspicuously cracked, margin slightly overhanging tubes. Stem 60-120 x 18-24mm, lemon-yellow at apex, covered in yellow scales which become buff to cinnamon and finally mouse-grey, darkening on handling. Flesh pale yellow then rapidly brick-colour, vinaceous or greyish and finally black throughout. Taste and smell not distinctive. Tubes lemon-yellow becoming flushed ochre or sienna. Pores minute, similarly coloured, bruising darker. Spore print ochre with olivaceous flush. Spores ellipsoid-subfusiform, 12-17.5 x 4.5-6um. Habitat with oaks. Season late summer to early autumn. Rare. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Lactarius vietus (Fr.) Fr. Grey Milkcap, Lactaire - lait gris, Graufleckender Milchling, Sz-rk-l- tejel-gomba, Roodgrijze melkzwam. Cap 2.5-7cm across, flattened convex, becoming widely funnel-shaped at times, sometimes with a broad to pointed umbo, violet- to flesh-tinted grey, or with pale yellowish-brownish tints, slimy or sticky when moist, margin incurved at first. Stem 25-80 x 5-13mm, cylindrical, sometimes narrowing downwards but at times with a club-shaped base, whitish or tinged greyish, rather weak and easily broken. Flesh whitish-buff, often hollow in stem. Gills slightly decurrent, crowded, whitish to dirty buff. Milk white, drying brownish or greenish smoke grey on the gills; taste acrid and hot. Smell not distinctive. Spore print creamy white (A-B) with slight salmon tinge. Spores elliptic, with a moderately developed network of ridges, 8-9.5 x 6.5-7.5-. Habitat under birch in moist places. Season autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Lactarius tabidus Fr. syn. L. thejogalus (Bull. ex Fr.) S. F. Gray s. Moser. Moosmilchling L?pi tejel?gomba Lactaire languissant Birch Milkcap. Cap 2?4cm across, shallowly convex with a central depression, often with a pimple in the middle, dull ochre-buff to yellowish rusty or dull orange-ochre, somewhat fragile, surface matt, not sticky, often with small wrinkles. Stem 30?50 x 4?10mm, cylindrical or narrowing upwards, fairly rigid but easily broken, coloured as the cap above, more bricky below. Flesh whitish, thin in cap, becoming hollow in stem. Gills slightly decurrent, crowded, pale yellowish cinnamon with a rosy tinge. Milk white, rather scanty, a drop on a handkerchief turns slowly yellow; taste almost mild, but slightly hot and acrid. Spore print pale cream (B) with a slight salmon tinge. Spores elliptic, the warts mainly isolated and only a few joined by fine ridges, 7?9.5 x 6?7?. Cap surfaces cellular. Habitat under deciduous trees especially birch and in moist places. Season late summer to late autumn. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Lactarius pubescens (Fr. ex Krombh.) Fr. Zottiger Milchling, Feh?r sz?rgomba, feh?rbolyhos tejel?gomba, Bearded Milkcap. Cap 4?10cm across, convex then centrally depressed, margin inrolled and hairy, creamy white to rosy buff often with slightly darker areas, without concentric banding. Stem 30?60 x 10?23mm, concolorous with cap, often with a rosy-buff band at apex. Flesh thick, whitish. Gills slightly decurrent, crowded, whitish with a slight salmon tinge, darkening with age. Milk white; taste very hot. Spore print pale cream (C?D) with faint salmon tint. Spores elliptic with warts joined by ridges forming a well-developed, irregular network, 6.5?8.5 x 5.5?6.5?. Habitat near birch on sandy soil. Season late summer to autumn. Uncommon. Poisonous. Distribution, America and Europe. Very similar to L. torminosus but paler and somewhat smaller.
Edible
Lactarius glyciosmus (Fr. ex Fr.) Fr. syn. L. odoratus Velen. Coconut-scented Milkcap, Lactaire parfum-, Duftmilchling, Illatos tejel-gomba, -desszag- tejel-gomba, Kokosmelkzwam. Cap 2-5.5cm across, convex, later with a shallow depression, sometimes with a central pimple, usually greyish lilac, sometimes dull buff, thin-fleshed, not sticky, margin incurved at first. Stem 25-65 x 4-12mm, cylindrical, narrowing upwards or slightly club-shaped, soft and easily broken, concolorous with cap but paler or yellowish. Flesh buff, sometimes becoming hollow in the stem. Gills decurrent, crowded, pale yellowish to pale flesh colour, later greyish lilac. Milk white; taste mild then a little hot and acrid. Smell suggestive of coconut. Spore print creamy white (A-B). Spores broadly elliptic, with small warts connected by thin ridges to form a somewhat incomplete network, 7-8.5 x 5.5-6.5-. Habitat under broad-leaved trees, especially birch. Season late summer to autumn. Common. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Lactarius deterrimus Gr?ger. Bitterer Milchling, Lucfenyvesi rizike, Z?lds?vos tejel?gomba, False Saffron Milkcap. Very similar to L. deliciosus and formerly not distinguished from it. It differs essentially in the flesh, where coloured by the milk, becoming purplish in ten minutes and dark dull wine-red in about thirty minutes after exposure, and by the milk being bitter. The cap colour is less reddish and more yellowish and the whole fungus is more liable to turn greenish. Habitat mainly under spruce but also pines. Frequent. Less good to eat than L. deliciosus. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe.
Edible
Lactarius camphoratus (Bull. ex Fr.) Fr. Curry-scented Milkcap, Lactaire camphr-, Kampfermilchling, Cik-ria tejel-gomba, K-mforszag- tejel-gomba, Lattario canforato, Kruidige melkzwam. Cap 2.5-5cm across, convex, then with a depression and often with a small umbo, red-brown, bay or dark brick, sometimes with a violet tinge, surface smooth and matt, not sticky, margin slightly inrolled at first, often furrowed. Stem 30-50 x 4-7mm, cylindrical or narrowing downwards coloured as the cap or deeper. Flesh pale rusty brown. Gills decurrent, closely spaced, narrow, pale reddish brown. Milk rather watery but with whitish clouds; taste mild. Smell weakly of bugs when fresh, but a strong curry-like scent develops on drying. Spore print creamy (C). Spores subglobose with ornamentation of warts, mainly isolated but occasionally joined by ridges, 7.5-8.5 x 6.5-7.5-. Habitat under pine but sometimes also in deciduous woods. Season summer to late autumn. Frequent. Edible - dried and powdered it is used in Germany as a flavouring. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Laccaria tortilis ([Bolt.] S. F. Gray) Cke. syn. Omphalia tortilis (Bolt.) S. F. Gray syn. Clitocybe tortilis ([Bolt.] S. F. Gray) Gillet. Gedrehter Lacktrichterling, Apr? p?nzecskegomba, Gekroesde fopzwam, Twisted Deceiver. Cap 0.5?1.5cm across, flattened to centrally depressed, irregularly wavy at margin, pale pinkish-brown or more reddish and striate from margin to centre when moist, drying paler flesh-pink and scurfy. Stem 2?10 x 1?2mm, concolorous with cap, base covered in fine white down. Flesh thin, concolorous. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills distant, pale pink. Spore print white. Spores globose, spiny, 11?14m in diameter. Basidia two-spored. Habitat on bare soil in damp woods, often on banks of streams or ponds. Season autumn. Uncommon. inedible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
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