Edible Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
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Total mushrooms fount: 482

Edible
Amethyst Chanterelle Cantharellus amethysteus (Qu?l.) Sacc. syn. C. cibarius var. amethysteus. Amethyst Chanterelle, S?rga r?kagomba lil?s v?ltozat. Cap 3-6cm across, convex then soon flattened and depressed at centre with an irregular, wavy, and inrolled margin, dry and felty, dull orange with fine woolly or felty scales of purplish-lilac especially at the centre but sometimes overall. Stem 2-4x1-2cm, fleshy, tapering below, pale yellowish-orange, bruising deep tawny when handled. Flesh firm, pale cream yellow, then brownish-orange when cut. Smell and taste pleasant, faintly of apricots. Hymenium thin, resembling wrinkled, narrow and forking gills, running down the stem, pale yellow-orange to pinkish-orange, bruising darker orange. Spore print white. Spores 8-10 x 4.5-6?, broadly ellipsoid, smooth. Habitat in grass or leaf litter under broadleaf trees, oaks, beech and birch, rarely pine. Season late summer to autumn. Rare to occasional. Edible. Distribution Europe.
Edible
Calbovista subsculpta Morse Fruit body 8-15cm across, 6-9cm high, nearly round or sometimes a bit broader; whitish to dingy; covered with flattened warty scales with grayish tips and brownish hairs at the center. Spore mass white becoming brownish. Sterile base one-quarter to one-third of mushroom; dull, white, firm. Spores globose, almost smooth, 3-5 x 3-5?. Habitat singly or scattered or in small groups in open areas along roadsides and wood edges in subalpine places. Sometimes abundant. Found in the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific coastal ranges. Season April-August. Edible but only when the spore mass is white; excellent.
Edible
Bondarzewia berkeleyi (Fr.) Bond. et Singer syn. Polyporus berkeleyi Fr.Berkeley's Polypore Fruit body annual. Cap up to 25cm across, 15cm wide, 3cm thick, one or several overlapping in large clusters, usually fan-shaped; tan to yellowish; smooth, finely felty or rough and pitted. Tubes up to 2cm deep, decurrent, continuous with the flesh; pale buff. Pores1-2 per mm, circular to angular; surface tan. Stem up to 8cm thick, lateral, usually branched, developing from an underground sclerotium; yellowish. Flesh up to 3cm thick, corky; pale bull. Spores globose to subglobose, ornamented with short irregularly arranged amyloid ridges, 7-9 x 6-8?. Deposit ochraceous. Hyphal structure dimitic. Habitat growing from the base or stumps of hardwood and deciduous trees, particularly oak and chestnut. Found in eastern North America, west to Texas and Louisiana. Season July-October. Edible with caution.
Edible
Boletus subglabripes Pk. syn. Leccinum subglabripes (Pk.) Singer Cap 4-10cm across, convex then expanding to almost plane; light brown to rich cinnamon, yellow-brown, or reddish brown; dry, glabrous to slightly viscid when wet. Tubes deeply depressed around stem; lemon yellow to olive-yellow. Pores yellow to amber yellow, not changing on injury. Stem 50-100 x 10-20mm, even and tapered at the base; pale to bright yellow, occasionally staining reddish at base; entire surface covered with scurfy, scabrous squamules (never reticulate), dry, often with distinct white mycelial remains at base. Flesh pale to bright lemon yellow, sometimes faintly blue on cutting. Odor not distinctive. Taste mild to slightly acidic. Spores subfusiform, smooth, (11)12-14(17) x 3-3.5(5)?. Deposit pale olive-brown. Habitat often gregarious under mixed deciduous trees, sometimes under spruce. Found in eastern and particularly northern North America. Season June-September. Edible - good, but soon very soft. Comment Placed by some authors in the genus Leccinum, but it does not have the darkening squamules on the stem typical of that genus.
Edible
Boletus spadiceus Fr. Cap 5-10cm across; deep olive to buff or yellow-brown to date brown when wet, often cracked when old and dry, cracks pallid; subtomentose-velvety. Tubes dull yellow. Pores rather large; bright yellow-ochre. Stem 50-100 x 10-25mm, equal; dull yellowish to olive, slightly pinkish brown below; dry, often with coarse reticulate ridges on upper half. Flesh pale yellow. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores subfusiform, 11-14 x 4.5-5.5-. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat in mixed woods and along track ways and banks. Fairly common. Found in the Pacific Northwest and in northern and eastern North America. Season July-October. Edible. Comment Dilute ammonia (NH40H) placed on cap surface gives a green or blue-green coloration that quickly fades.
Edible
Boletus russelli (Frost) Gilbert syn. Boletellus russelli Cap 3-10cm across, convex; buffy brown to reddish brown; dry, subtomentose, then very cracked-areolate. Tubes yellowish olive. Pores large and angular; olive-yellow. Stem 100-180 x 10-25mm, equal; deep reddish brown; entirely and strongly lacerated reticulate. Flesh firm; yellow, not changing when cut. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores fusiform, 15-20 x 7-11-, with longitudinal striations and grooves. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat in oak woods. Locally common. Found in eastern North America, west to Michigan. Season July-September. Edible.
Edible
Boletus rubellus Krombh. Piros tin-ru. Cap 3-8cm across, broadly convex then flattened; scarlet red when young, becoming dull olivaceous red with age, margin often yellowish; dry and velvety, finally glabrous, and often areolate. Tubes dull yellow. Pores lemon yellow then greenish yellow, bruising blue. Stem 40-80 x 4-8mm, equal; bright yellow at apex, shading to bright rose red or scarlet below, with yellow basal mycelium. Flesh yellowish, staining blue when cut. Odor pleasant. Taste slightly soapy. Spores subellipsoid, 10-13 x 4-5-. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat often gregarious in grassy woodlands, especially oak. Found in Europe and the northeastern United States. Season July-September. Edible but often maggoty. Comment This is one of a complex of very closely related species, often separable only with microscopic examination.
Edible
Boletus pulverulentus Opatowski Ligeti tin?ru. Cap 4-10cm across, broadly convex; deep yellow-brown to blackish brown, sometimes with reddish hues; subtomentose to dull, dry, or glabrous, tacky when moist. Tubes yellow, but instantly deep blue when cut. Pores large and angular; lemon yellow, instantly deep blue when touched. Stem 40-80 x 10-30mm, equal to tapering below; bright yellow-orange on apex, reddish brown below, turns instantly blue-black when handled; surface pruinose. Flesh soft; yellow then deep blue to almost black when cut. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores subfusiform, 11-14(15) x 4.5-6?. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat in grassy oak woods and in garden lawns, particularly on slopes and banks. Often common. Found throughout northeastern North America. Season July-August. Edible. Comment One of the most easily identifiable boletes, with its instant and very deep blue color change of all parts. Ammonia on the cap cuticle gives a fleeting green coloration.
Edible
Boletus projectellus Murr. syn. Boletellus projectellus (Murr.) Singer Cap 4-15cm across, convex; dark cinnamon to yellow-brown or reddish bay with age; dry, subtomentose, squamulose, and slightly cracking. Tubes pale creamy olive. Pores rather large (1-2mm), pale cream to yellowish olive. Stem 60-110 x 10-30mm, equal to slightly clavate; reddish buff to vinaceous buff with deep, coarse reticulum from top to bottom. Flesh firm; pallid to pale vinaceous. Odor pleasant. Taste acidic. Spores long ovoid, 18-33 x 7.5-10?. Deposit olive. Habitat under pine. Locally common. Found throughout the eastern United States, west to Michigan. Season August-September. Edible.
Edible
Ornate-stalked Bolete Boletus ornatipes Pk. Cap 4-20cm across; with a whitish bloom when young, then gray to yellowish or olive, sometimes strongly yellow; dry and dull to slightly tomentose, slightly viscid when wet. Tubes lemon yellow to tawny. Pores small; lemon yellow bruising orange-brown. Stem 80-150 x 15-30mm, cylindric to slightly clavate, usually rather long; chrome yellow throughout, bruising orange-brown; surface with a prominent network, or reticulum, of raised ridges. Flesh chrome yellow. Odor none. Taste slightly bitterish. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, subfusiform, 9-13 x 3-4?. Deposit olive-brown to yellow-brown. Habitat solitary or often clustered on path sides, woodland edges, and clearings under deciduous trees, usually beech or oak. Common. Found in northeastern North America. Season July-September. Edible-quite good; although some authors report bitterness in the flesh, this collection was mild. Comment When young the stem is usually a brilliant yellow, but with age it may become white.
Edible
Boletus mirabilis Murr. Cap 5-15cm across, convex-flattened, margin inrolled; deep reddish brown, liver-colored; moist to soon dry, woolly or even squamulose. Tubes depressed around stem; yellowish. Pores olive-yellow when mature. Stem 80-150 x 35-50mm; deep brown; smooth with reticulum at apex. Flesh firm; white, pinkish in stem. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, 19-24 x 7-9?. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat on or near logs of fir, hemlock, or western red cedar. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season September-December. Edible - good.
Edible
Boletus longicurvipes Snell & Smith Cap 2-6cm across, convex; reddish orange to dull ochre; glabrous, viscid-tacky, with separable pellicle, often wrinkled-reticulate. Tubes pale yellow. Pores small; yellow then greenish. Stem 50-100 x 6-15mm, long, slender, and often curved; pale pinkish brown, dull red with age; surface scabrous-scurfy. Flesh soft; white to pale yellow. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores narrowly subfusiform, 13-17 x 4-51?. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat Northeastern North America, west to Michigan, south to New Jersey. Season August-September. Edible.
Edible
Boletus lignicola Kallenbach syn. Pulveroboletus lignicola (Kalchbr.) Pilat. Cap 5-20cm across, convex with inrolled margin; reddish brown to yellow-brown or rust; subtomentose, floccose at first, then smooth. Tubes decurrent on stem; bright yellow. Pores bright yellow, bruising blue-green. Stem 30-80 x 5-25mm, often eccentric, tapered below; rust-yellow to brown; dry, pulverulent. Flesh firm; pale lemon yellow. Odor faint, aromatic. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, 6.5-9 x 2.8-3.8-. Deposit olive. Habitat always on stumps or trunks of conifers, exceptionally on sawdust; often associated with the polypore Phaeolus schweinitzii. Rare. Found in northern Europe and widely distributed in eastern North America. Season July-September. Edible.
Edible
Boletus hortonii Smith & Thiers syn. Boletus subglabripes var. corrugis Pk. Cap 4-12cm across, convex-flattened; pale reddish tan; dry, extremely wrinkled-rugulose to pitted. Tubes yellow, sometimes weakly staining blue. Pores very small; yellow, sometimes bruising weakly blue. Stem 60-100 x 10-20mm, equal to clavate; pale yellow to tan or reddish; smooth. Flesh firm; almost white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores subfusiform, 12-15 x 3.5-4.5-. Deposit olive-yellow. Habitat in mixed deciduous woods. Rather rare. Found in eastern North America, west to Michigan. Season July-September. Edible. Comment Distinguished from the superficially similar Leccinum rugosiceps by the smooth stem, more rugose cap, and flesh not turning red.
Edible
Boletus chrysenteron Bull. ex St. Amans syn. Xerocomus chrysenteron (Bull. ex St. Amans) Qu?l. Red Cracking Boletus,C?pe ? pied rouge, Bolet ? chair jaune, Rotfussr?hrling, Aranytin?ru (tin?ru), Boleto dorato, Roodstelige fluweelboleet. Cap 4?11cm, dingy brown to pale sepia or buff with olivaceous flush, or with a pinkish red flush particularly late in the season, slightly velvety at first then smooth, later cracking irregularly to show coral flesh, making this an easily recognizable species. Stem 40?80 x 10?15mm, lemon-yellow at apex, red from middle downwards becoming more buff towards base. Flesh cream or lemon-yellow in cap, brown to reddish-buff in stem, usually pale red just below cap, turning slightly blue above the tubes and in base of stem but only slowly. Taste and smell slight but not distinctive. Tubes sulphur or lemon yellow, becoming greenish with age. Pores large, angular, similarly coloured and sometimes bruising greenish. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 12?15 x 3.5?5?. Habitat with broad-leaved trees. Season autumn. Very common. Edible but mushy when cooked. Distribution, America and Europe.
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