Flesh fibrous usually pliable (like grass) Mushrooms identifications

Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
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Total mushrooms fount: 120

Mycena leaiana (Berk.) Sacc. Cap 1-5cm across, bell-shaped becoming convex, with center sometimes depressed; bright reddish orange becoming more yellow in age; slimy, shiny, smooth. Gills adnate, close to crowded, broad; dirty yellow-pink, staining orange-yellow when cut, with bright red-orange edges. Stem 30-70 x 1-3mm, tough, fibrous; orange to yellow, paler near apex, exuding a little watery, orange juice; slimy and somewhat sticky with base covered in dense, coarse hairs. Flesh thickish, pliant; white beneath the orange cuticle. Odor faintly mealy. Taste slight. Spores ellipsoid, amyloid, 7-10 x 5-6-. Deposit white. Habitat in dense clusters on deciduous wood. Common. Throughout central and eastern states of North America. Season f one-September. Edibility not known- avoid. ----------- This month's fungi, Mycena leaiana, is a great mushroom to find in the woods. It's shiny orange, with glowing orange marginate gills (more on that later), and therefore often sticks out from an extended distance. Despite the fact that the mushrooms themselves are very small at maturity, usually significantly less than an inch (3 cm) in diameter, they could be very prolific fruiters, so there is a huge amount of it to be seen often. Even in dry weather you could find it since it uses this found very deep in the log to create its fruiting bodies. Understand that mushrooms are 90-95% normal water, so if there is no drinking water there are no mushrooms, but Mycena leaiana appears to be an excellent scavenger of drinking water through its mycelium from solid wood. The edibility of the fungus is unidentified, but is as yet not known to be poisonous. That said, there appears to be nothing at all to recommend it for the stand anyway, since it is rather small and has a fairly rubbery surface if you make an effort to cut it. The orange color comes off on the hands when you touch it, and it might be dreamed by me would do the same in the mouth area. So how about these marginate gills? If you look on the lower of the mushroom, you can view that the gills are orange. This seems just like a contradiction, because the spore printing is white. In the event that you look just a little deeper however, e.g. with a side lens, you can view that the orange color is mainly limited to the advantage of the gills. A straight closer look with a microscope reveals that the orange pigment is mainly limited to cystidia, sterile cells at the edge of the gill. Cystidia on the border of the gill are medically called "cheilocystidia" (practically, "lip cystidia"). Compare these to the "pleurocystidia" ("part cystidia") entirely on (you guessed it) the attributes of the gills of Pluteus cervinus. Mycena leaiana microscopic mix portion of the gills The cystidia are shiny orangeBelow and the left you can view what these cystidia appear to be microscopically. Observe that the strikingly beautiful orange cystidia include almost all of the advantage of the gill, offering this varieties its quality orange margin. However if you look from the gill advantage toward the basidia (basidiospore producing set ups), you will get some wayward orange cystidia borne singly on the list of basidia often.
Tremella foliacea Fries Fodros rezg?gomba. Known as Brown Witches? Butter. The fungus is an irregular gelatinous arrangement of lobes and cups fused at the base 5-15 cm wide. The colour is brown to reddish-ochre, lighter when fresh and young. Spores dull cream-yellowish, 8-11 x 6-9um nearly spherical. Smell and taste slight. Growing on hardwood twigs and logs in autumn right up to winter; Found in both Europe and North America . Said to be edible but I advise not eating it. The pictures were sent to me by Lorand Barth? in Hungary the second one was taken by Edit Szilv?sy to both of them I am most grateful.
Neobulgaria pura (Fr.) Petrak Beech Jellydisc B?kk koronggomba. Fruit body 0.5?2cm across, gregarious, subglobose at first with the margin inrolled showing the smooth exterior, becoming flattened on top or concave, flesh-coloured often with a violaceous tint, gelatinous. Asci 70 x 9?. Spores elliptical, containing two small oil drops, 6?9 x 3?4?. Habitat on logs and fallen branches especially beech. Season early summer to early winter. Occasional. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Mycena epipterygia (Scop. ex Fr.) S.F. Gray, Dehnbarer Helmling Enyves k?gy?gomba Myc?ne des foug?res Yellowleg Bonnet. Cap 1?2cm across, convex expanding to bell-shaped, fawn, especially at centre, with yellowish tinge, having a lined appearance when moist, margin often delicately toothed, covered with a viscid, easily removed skin. Stem 40?70 x 1?2mm, pale yellow and viscid. Flesh very thin. Taste mild, smell slight, not distinctive. Gills subdecurrent, pale pink, edge glutinous, can be removed by a needle when fresh. Cheilocystidia clavate covered with irregular knobbly sometimes branched processes. Spore print white to pale buff. Spores ellipsoid, amyloid, 8?10 x 4.5?5um. Habitat amongst grass or moss in woods or heaths. Season autumn. Common. Edible but not worthwhile -avoid. Found In Europe.
Marasmius rotula (Scop. ex Fr.) Fr. Fallschirm-Schwindling Nyak?rves szegf?gomba Marasme petite roue Collared Parachute. Cap 0.5?1.5cm across, convex, centrally flattened and ribbed like a parachute with the margin scalloped, whitish, sometimes dark brown in the depressed centre. Stem 20?70 x 1mm, white at apex dark brown below. Flesh white in cap, brown in stem. Gills whitish cream, attached to a collar free of the stem. Spore print white. Spores elongate elliptical, 7?10 x 3.5?5um. Cuticular cells subglobose with tiny dense finger-like processes. Habitat gregarious on dead twigs and roots, less frequently on leaves. Season summer to winter. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Marasmius oreades (Blot. ex Fr.) Fr. Fairy Ring Mushrooms, Nymphe des montagnes, Faux Mousseron, Marasme des Or?ades, Nelkenschwindling, Mezei szegf?gomba, Gambe secche, Weidekringzwam. Cap 2?5cm across, convex then flattened with a large broad umbo, tan when moist drying buff tinged with tan at the centre. Stem 20?100 x 3?5mm, whitish to pale buff, tough, rigid. Flesh thick at the centre of the cap, whitish. Smell of fresh sawdust. Gills white then ochre-cream, distant. Spore print white. Spores pip-shaped, 8?10 x 5?6um. Cuticular cells smooth, subglobose. Habitat often forming rings in the short grass of pasture or lawns. Season late spring to late autumn. Common. Edible and good. Distribution, America and Europe.
Marasmius epiphyllus (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr. syn. Androsaceus epiphyllus (Pers. ex Fr.) Pat. Adern-Schwindling Apr? szegf?gomba Leaf Parachute. Cap 3?10mm across, flattened, sometimes depressed, white to creamy-white, membranous and radially wrinkled. Stem 15?30 x 1mm, hair-like, whitish near apex, reddish-brown below. Gills white, few, broadly spaced, branched and vein-like. Spore print white. Spores elongate elliptical, 10?11 x 3?4um. Cuticular cells smooth and subglobose. Habitat on fallen twigs and leaf petioles. Season autumn. Rare. Distribution, Found In Europe. Not edible.
Marasmius androsaceus (L. ex Fr.) syn. Androsaceus androsaceus (L. ex Fr.) Rea. Horsehair fungus, Pferdenhaar-Schwindling, L?sz?r-szegf?gomba, Paardehaartaailing. Cap 0.5?1cm across, convex often with the centre depressed, membranous and radially wrinkled, clay pink with red-brown centres. Stem 20?60 x 1mm, black, hair-like, stiff and tough. Flesh thin, white in cap, dark in stem. Gills distant, clay pink. Spore print white. Spores pip-shaped, 6.5?9 x 3?4um. Cuticular cells irregular with minute finger-like processes. Habitat on twigs, needles, leaves and dead heather associated with black horsehair-like mycelium. Season late spring to late autumn. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. Note this species has now been published as the type for a new genus Setulipes.
Marasmiellus ramealis (Bull. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Marasmius ramealis (Bull. ex Fr.) Fr. Ast-Schwindling F?nterm? szegf?gomb?cska. Cap 3?10(15)mm across, convex then flattened or centrally depressed, whitish pink often darker in the centre, membranous and often wrinkled. Stem 3?20 x 1mm, scurfy, concolorous with cap, darkening towards the curved base. Flesh thin, concolorous. Gills distant, white or pinkish. Spore print white. Spores elongate, elliptical, 8.5?10.5 x 3?4um. Habitat on old stems. Season early summer to autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Marasmiellus candidus (Bolt.) Sing. syn. Marasmius candidus [Bolt.] Fr. Schneeweisser Schwindling H?feh?r szegf?gomb?cska. Cap 0.5?1.5cm across, convex to flattened, membranous, white. Stem 3?10 x 1?2mm, white. Flesh thin, white. Gills broadly spaced, becoming irregular and wavy or vein-like. Spore print white. Spores elongate elliptical or spindle-shaped, 11.5?16.5 x 4?5.5um. Habitat on fallen branches or amongst leaf litter. Season autumn. Rare. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Leotia lubrica Fr. Jelly Babies, L-otie visqueuse, Schl-pfriger Kappenpilz, Leozia viscosa, Groene glibberzwam, Z-ld csukly-sgomba. Fruit body a small stalked club with convoluted head. Head 1-4cm across, convex and rather convoluted, margin inrolled; ochre, cinnamon to pale buff, often with olive tint; smooth, gelatinous. Stem 20-50 x 5-l0mm; pale ochre-yellow; minutely scaly-squamulose. Spores spindle-shaped, with rounded ends, often curved, 20-25 x 5-6-; becoming 6-8-celled within. Habitat often gregarious on soil in mixed woods. Common. Found in Europe and throughout North America. Season July-October. Edibility not known.
Laccaria laccata (Scop. ex Fr.) Cke. syn. Clitocybe laccata (Scop. ex Fr.) Kummer. Deceiver, Clitocybe laqu?, R?tlicher Lacktrichterling, Fopzwam, H?sbarna p?nzecskegomba. Cap 1.5?6cm across, convex then flattened, often becoming finely wavy at the margin and centrally depressed, tawny to brick-red and striate at the margin when moist drying paler to ochre-yellow, surface often finely scurfy. Stem 50?100 x 6?10mm, concolorous with cap, tough and fibrous, often compressed or twisted. Flesh thin reddish-brown. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills pinkish, dusted white with spores when mature. Spore print white. Spores globose, spiny, 7?10m in diameter. Habitat in troops in woods or heaths. Season summer to early winter. Very common but very variable in appearance and therefore often difficult to recognize at first sight, hence the popular name ?Deceiver?. Edible but not worthwhile. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe. Comment Laccaria laccata var. pallidifolia (Pk.) Pk. Differs from the type form in its very pallid, whitish gills and generally smaller stature.
Laccaria bicolor (Maire) Oroton syn. L. proxima var. bicolor (Maire) K?hn. & Romagn. Zweifarbiger Lacktrichterling, Tweekleurige fopzwam, K?tsz?n? p?nzecskegomba, Bicoloured Deceiver. Cap 2?4.5cm across, convex then flattened, often centrally depressed and incurved at the margin, ochraceous-tan drying pinkish to ochraceous-buff, surface scurfy. Stem 50?140 x 4?10mm, ochraceous-buff to rusty-tan, fibrillose, with distinctive lilac down covering the lower third. Flesh thin, whitish tinged pinkish to ochraceous. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills pale lilac at first becoming clay-lilac and finally pallid. Spore print white. Spores broadly elliptic to subglobose, spiny, 7?9.5 x 6?7.5m. Habitat in mixed birch and pine woods. Season late summer to autumn. Uncommon. Edible ? not worthwhile (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe and reported it from north America.
Hygrocybe calyptraeformis (B. & Br.) Fayod syn. Hygrophorus calyptraeformis (B. & Br.) Rosenroter Saftling Pink Waxcap R?zsasz?n? ned?gomba. Cap 3?6cm across, acutely conical, expanding and splitting radially, dusky-pink when moist drying whitish-pink. Stem 60?120 x 8?10mm, white, sometimes flushed pink at apex, brittle, often splitting longitudinally. Flesh pink in cap, white in stem. Taste mild, smell not distinctive. Gills pale pink. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, 6?8 x 4.5?6um. Habitat amongst grass in pastures and heaths. Season autumn. Rare. Edible ? not recommended. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Flammulina velutipes (Curt. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Collybia velutipes (Curt. ex Fr.) Kummer. Velvet Shank,Collybie a pied veloute, Samtfussr?bling, T?li f?l?ke, Fungo dell'olmo, Fluweelpootje, Enoki, Enokitake. Cap 2-10cm across, convex at first then flattened, tan-yellow darkening towards the centre, smooth and slimy. Stem 30-10 x 4-8mm, tough and cartilaginous, yellowish at apex, dark brown and densely velvety below. Flesh thin, concolorous. Taste and smell pleasant. Gills pale yellow. Cheilo- and pleurocystidia present. Cap cuticle 'cellular' of irregular clavate elements with elongated narrow processes and conspicuous, fusiform, somewhat thick-walled dermatocystidia. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, 6.5-10 x 3-4mu. Habitat in clusters on decaying deciduous trees, especially elm. Season late autumn to spring; can survive being frozen solid and on thawing produces more spores. Common. Edible and good. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe. This mushroom is often sold in a cultivated form as Enokitake, the reason that it does not resemble the wild form is that it is grown entirely in the dark.
Crepidotus mollis (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. C. calolepis (Fr.) Karst Gallertfleischiges Stummelfusschen Kocsony?s kacskagomba Crepidote mou Peeling Oysterling. Cap 1.5?6cm across, bell- or kidney-shaped, bracket-like and often densely tiered, ochre brown, margin grey-brown and striate when moist drying creamy-ochre, to almost white, surface with a gelatinous covering. Stem absent or rudimentary. Gills crowded, pallid becoming cinnamon. Spore print snuff-brown. Spores broadly elliptic, smooth, 7?9 x 5?7um. Habitat on decaying trunks of frondose trees. Season summer to late autumn. Occasional. Edibility unknown ? best avoided. Distribution, America and Europe.
Crepidotus applanatus (Pers. ex Pers.) Kummer. Kurzstieliges Stummelf?sschen Bord?s kacskagomba Flat Oysterling. Cap 1-4cm across, shell-shaped to petal-like; white to pale buff; smooth, margin striate when wet. Gills radiating from where the cap joins the wood on which it grows, crowded; white to pale brown. No stem. Flesh thin; white. Odor not distinctive. Taste mild. Spores globose, minutely spiny, 4-5.5 x 4-5.5?. Deposit brown. Habitat in clusters on dead deciduous wood. Common. Found throughout most of North America and Europe. Season July-October. Not edible.
Creolophus cirrhatus (Pers. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Hydnum cirrhatum (Pers.) Fr. Dorniger Stachelbart T?sk?s s?r?nygomba. Fruit body 5?10cm across, semicircular or shell-shaped and bracket-like, usually tiered, upper surface whitish to pallid ochraceous, often rough with fibrous scales or sterile spines. Flesh thick and soft, cream. Taste and smell pleasant. Spines cream, 10?15mm long. Spores white, elliptic, amyloid, 3.5?4 x 3um. Habitat on trunks of deciduous trees. Season late summer to autumn. Rare. Edible. Found In Europe. The second image comes from Ted Green with thanks.
Collybia tuberosa (Bull. ex Fr.) Kummer. Knolliger R?bling, Gomb?nterm? (barnagum?s) f?l?ke, Purperknolcollybia, Lentil Shanklet. Cap 5-l0mm across, convex becoming flat or rarely with an umbo; whitish or very weakly tinted buff; smooth, dry. Gills adnate, close, narrow; whitish. Stem 10-30 x 1mm, often flexuous; whitish; dry, attached to reddish-brown, tuber-like body. Flesh very thin; whitish. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 4-5.5 x 2-3?. Deposit white. Habitat numerous on remains of decaying mushrooms. Found widely distributed in North America. Season August-November (over-winters in California) and in Europe. Not edible.