Pore material cannot be seperated from flesh of the cap Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Text:

Total mushrooms fount: 47

Edible
Polyporus squamosus aka Cerioporus squamosus (yet to be confirmed new taxonomy) is a basidiomycete bracket fungus, with common names including dryad's saddle and pheasant's back mushroom.[2] It has a widespread distribution, being found in North America, Australia, Asia, and Europe, where it causes a white rot in the heartwood of living and dead hardwood trees. The name "dryad's saddle" refers to creatures in Greek mythology called dryads who could conceivably fit and ride on this mushroom, whereas the pheasant's back analogy derives from the pattern of colors on the bracket matching that of a pheasant's back. When planting season comes around and I cannot find morels, I am always pleased to find some dryad's saddle to collect. It's been much maligned as an edible of little value but I beg to fluctuate. It is everything regarding finding out how to pick and make it. Cover (pileus) 2-12 in wide-ranging round to kidney or supporter shaped, thick, overlapping on deceased solid wood often. Brown with scales that look much like feathers. Hence the titles pheasant backside and hawk's wing. The aroma is very distinctive smelling much like watermelon rind. Pleasant really! I've seen them referred to as "mealy" but that isn't how they remain here. Skin pores (hymenophore) Actually pipes that are small initially becoming quite large and angular jogging down the stem relatively. Whitish to yellowish tan. Stem (stipe) Very brief 3/4 2 in. mounted on the wood. Flesh White and non bruising. Spores White spore print out. That one makes one of the prettiest spore images of any mushroom I've printed. When and how to locate them (ecology) These increase on various very useless hardwoods (especially elm) largely in-may or June but once in a while later. A tree resting on the floor is your very best bet. Once in a while the may be on a full time income tree nevertheless they appear to favor very dead hardwood. Wet areas seem to be to create more. They are quite common and one of just a few reasonable edibles you will see at the moment of year. It really is nice to find when morel hunting is irritating. These will be within the same places each full season before solid wood is used. These have been called edible by some and poor by others just. They could be quite good though. My guidelines are that they have to be young, the pore level must be very skinny (1/16 in. or less may very well be good), & most importantly your blade needs to have the ability to go through it quickly. Long lasting blade reductions may very well be good easily. Sometimes just the outer edges are usable but nice tender ones are available. Preparation Once you've found sensitive specimens, they are really best prepared straightaway. Like a great many other wild mushrooms the aroma is ephemeral often disappearing within hours. Tempura frying will retain a few of this "watermelon" character. Saut?skillet or ing frying is an excellent way too. Slice them thin and cook them solid. Overcooking shall create toughness. I've tried drying them. They turn out as very white, crunchy potato chips that are pleasurable to eat dried. They maintained more of this unique smell than I expected. I've made a natural powder with them but have not attempted baking with it yet but it appears and smells good. The microwave produced something you will make shoes with. I've had very good luck with hard ones though. I cooked properly them and put them in the blender with poultry stock mixing until these were the consistency of the smoothie and then made mushroom soup. Really very good rather than like any other. Nothing else tastes or has the aroma of this mushroom. It is very good when prepared effectively really. I possibly could identify it by the smell with my eye shut down easily. Maybe it could taste "mealy" if it was stored in the refrigerator for two days. Actually, since differing people understand smell and flavour your experience could vary diversely. Comments Within the spring, that one is quite typical. Many you shall find are very leathery as well as your blade will won't trim it. Let it be just. Spring polypore (Polyporus arcularius) and Polyporus alveolaris look similar to it but are much smaller and incredibly tough.
Inedible
Ganoderma lucidum (Curt. ex Fr.) Karst. Gl-nzender Lackporling, Pecs-tviasz-tapl-, pecs-tviaszgomba, Ganoderme luisant, Ganoderme laque, Polypore lucide, Lacquered Bracket. Fruit body usually stalked. Bracket 10-25cm in diameter, 2-3cm thick, fan- or kidney-shaped, laterally attached, concentrically grooved and zoned ochraceous to orange brown, later purple-brown to blackish, and like the stem conspicuously glossy as if varnished. Stem up to 250 x 10-30mm, dark brown, glossy. Tubes 0.5-2cm long. Pores 4-5 per mm, circular, whitish then cream, finally tobacco brown, darkening on bruising when fresh. Spores rusty, ellipsoid-ovate with truncate end, 7-13 x 6-8um. Habitat on roots of deciduous trees. Season all year. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. ---- Habitat • Near or at the base, at the soil line, or attached to roots of living trees • On stumps and bases of dead trees, and sometimes from buried wood residues where trees have been removed Fruiting Time of Year • Summer through fall, turning black and persisting through to the following year Fruiting (Hymenial) Surface • White with small pores, 4-5 per mm, changing to brown with age Type of Decay • White root and butt rot Mode of Action • A moderately fast progressing root and butt rot The fungus can also kill cambial tissues and cause root death Frequency • Very common Tree Health Symptoms • Thin crowns • Dead branches • Yellowing leaves • Overall poor vigor • Some trees show no apparent health impacts from infection Edibility/Medicinal • Medicinal; used as an anti-inflammatory treatment • Sold in teas and pills in most oriental stores • Documented health benefits in medical literature Identifying Features (see adjacent photos) • Single or clusters of round to half-moon shaped conks usually attached directly to wood but occasionally with a lateral or central stem • 10 cm (4 in) up to 35 cm (14 in) across and 2.5 cm (1 in) or more thick • Cap or the top of the conk “varnished” red to mahogany with or without a white margin • Reddish-brown zonate interior or context • White pore surface that edges brown when fresh
Inedible
Inonotus dryadeus, commonly known as oak bracket, warted oak polypore, weeping polypore or weeping conk, is an inedible species of fungus belonging to the genus Inonotus, which consists of bracket fungi with fibrous flesh. Most often found growing at the base of oak trees, it causes white rot and decay of the trunks. It secretes an amber liquid which weeps from tubes in its upper surface. Bracket 10x65cm across, 5x25cm wide, 2x12cm thick, or sometimes forming large, irregular cushions, corky; Upper surface uneven, white-grey becoming brownish, finally very dark, margin broadly rounded and paler, exuding drops of yellowish liquid. Flesh rusty brown, fibrous. Tubes 5x20mm long, rusty-brown. Pores 3x4 per mm, circular then angular, white-grey becoming rusty. Spores white to yellowish, subglobose, 7x9x6.5x7.5m. Hyphal structure monomitic; generative hyphae lacking clamp-connections. Setae in the tubes dark brown with swollen base and hooked pointed tips. Habitat parasitic on various species of oak, found at the base of trunks. Season all year. Uncommon. ---- Ecology: Parasitic on living oaks in eastern North America and, in the west, on true firs; causing a white butt rot and root rot; annual; growing alone, gregariously, or in shelving clusters; summer and fall (or over winter in warm climates); fairly widely distributed in North America but apparently absent in the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains. Cap: Up to 40 cm across; semicircular, kidney-shaped, cushion-shaped, or irregular; usually convex; finely velvety, becoming bald with age; often lumpy; buff to dull yellow, becoming brown with age; often exuding drops of amber liquid when fresh, especially along the margin; the margin thick. Pore Surface: Buff to yellowish when young, becoming brown; bruising slowly brown; exuding drops of amber liquid when fresh and young; with 4-6 circular to angular pores per mm; tubes to 2 cm deep. Stem: Absent. Flesh: Yellowish brown becoming reddish brown; soft, becoming leathery or corky; zoned. Chemical Reactions: Flesh black with KOH. Spore Print: Yellowish to brownish. Microscopic Features: Spores 6-8 x 5-7 µ; smooth; subglobose; hyaline in KOH; dextrinoid. Setae usually present but sometimes very rare; to about 40 x 15 µ; usually curved. Contextual hyphae thin- to thick-walled; simple-septate. ---- Habitat • At ground level attached to the base and larger roots of living trees • On stumps or dead trees Fruiting Time of Year • Summer through fall Fruiting (Hymenial) Surface • Small pores and gray-brown or darker Type of Decay • White root and butt rot with most of the decay concentrated in larger roots Mode of Action • Moderately slow progressing root rot eventually leading to root failure Frequency • Common Tree Health Symptoms • Often none other than the appearance of the fruiting bodies and extensively decayed root when a tree fails ---- Occurrence A basidiomycetes widespread and fairly common in Britain attacking various species of oak (Quercus), in my experience this year it has been seen on a regular basis. The fungus is sometimes also found on horse chestnut, sweet chestnut, beech, London plane, elm and more rarely on conifers. The fruiting body (Sporophore) is not very regular in its appearance, and quite often several years may elapse between the production of the fruiting body on an infected tree. The fruiting body is usually seen only on large, old living trees and occurs almost invariably near the butt. Fruiting Body It is a thick lumpy bracket, being sessile (without stalk) and can measure up to 300mm across and 80mm thick. Sometimes the fruiting bodies are imbricated (arranged so as to overlap) in groups. The upper surface colour is at first pale chamois yellow, later becoming brown. A constant and very characteristic feature of this fungus is the presence of drops of coloured liquid in little round depressions on the margin of the actively growing fruit-body. These depressions may persist after the drops have evaporated. The underside bears small whitish pores, and the flesh and tubes are rusty brown. The consistency of the flesh is soft at first, later becoming corky and then brittle with age. The fruiting bodies appear in the early Autumn and decompose during the winter turning black. Colonisation Strategy The attack is more or less confined to the heartwood and never spreads very far up the trunk, at most reaching 2 metres above soil level.
Inedible
Ganoderma tsugae Murr. Hemlock Varnish Shelf. Fruit body annual. Cap 5-25cm across, kidney- or fan-shaped; reddish to maroon or brownish, margin often white or yellow; surface smooth to wrinkled with a shiny, lacquered appearance. Tubes up to 1.5cm deep; pale purplish brown. Pores 5-6 per mm, circular to angular; surface cream-colored bruising yellowish or brownish. Stem up to 30-150 x 15-30mm, usually lateral; reddish brown to mahogany or almost black; surface has a highly varnished crust. Flesh up to 5cm thick, upper part soft and spongy, lower part corky when dried; creamy-colored to bud, with a darker layer next to tubes. Spores ellipsoid, blunt at one end, with thick double wall, 9-11 x 6-8-. Deposit rust-brown. Hyphal structure dimitic; clamps present. Habitat singly or in clusters on dead or dying coniferous wood, especially hemlock and spruce. Found in eastern North America, California, and Arizona. Season May-November. Comment The similar Ganoderma lucidum (Curt. ex Fr.) Karsten grows on deciduous trees. Ganoderma curtisii (Berk.) Murr., which occurs in the South, is probably not a distinct species but a form of Ganoderma lucidum (see our picture with the younger specimens). It has a distinct, usually central stem, and the cap is pallid or bright ochre rather than red-brown.
Inedible
Trichaptum biforme (Fr. in Klotzch) Ryv. Bracket 1-8cm across, semicircular, fan-shaped, flat; color variable in concentric zones, ochre to dark brown, white to grayish, brownish or black, violet margins; hairy becoming smooth. Tubes 1-l0mm deep. Pores 2-5 per mm, angular, becoming tooth-like; white to brownish with mauve tinge and mauve along the margin. No stem. Flesh 0.5-1.5cm thick; white to yellow. Spores cylindrical, smooth, 5-6.5 x 2-2.5?. Deposit white. Habitat numerous, single, or overlapping caps on dead stumps of trees of deciduous wood, reducing them to sawdust. Very common. Found widely distributed throughout North America. Season May-December, but often persisting all year. Not edible.
Inedible
Polyporus varius Pers. ex Fr. Ver-nderlicher Porling V-ltoz-kony likacsosgomba Polypore variable. Cap 1-10cm across, infundibuliform, or irregularly kidney-shaped, depressed above the point of attachment to the stem, wavy and often lobed at the margin, ochre-brown with fine radial lines becoming tobacco-brown with age. Stem 5-30 x 5-15mm, lateral or off-centre, the basal part brown-black. Flesh white when fresh, drying corky and cream-coloured, tough and leathery. Taste slightly bitter, smell faint and mushroomy. Tubes 0.5-2.5mm long, decurrent down the stem, white to cream. Pores 4-7 per mm, circular, white becoming ochraceous-brown. Spores white, ellipsoid to fusiform, 5-9 x 3-4um. Hyphal structure dimitic with generative and binding hyphae; generative hyphae with clamp connections. Habitat on dead or dying deciduous trees. Season late spring to autumn, annual. Occasional. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Polyporus brumalis Fr. T?li likacsosgomba. Fruit body annual. Cap 1.5-10cm across, circular, convex or depressed with an inrolled margin; yellow-brown to reddish brown or blackish brown; dry, densely hairy when young, becoming almost smooth. Tubes 1-3mm deep, slightly decurrent. Pores 2-3 per mm, circular to angular; whitish. Stem 20-60 x 1-5mm, central or off center; grayish or brownish; minutely hairy or smooth. Flesh 1-2mm thick; white. Spores cylindrical to sausage-shaped, smooth, 5-7 x 1.5-2.5?. Deposit white. Habitat on dead hardwoods, especially birch. Common. Found in eastern North America, west to the Great Plains, and occasionally in the Pacific Northwest. Season June-October. Not edible.
Inedible
Phellinus pini (Fr.) Ames. Feny-tapl- Pine Conk. Bracket 2-20cm across, 1-15cm thick; hoof-shaped, fan-shaped, or shelf-like; tawny to dark reddish brown or brownish black in age, with the margin often brighter; hard, crusty, rough or cracked, minutely hairy, generally curved. Tubes up to 6mm deep. Pores circular to angular; dingy yellow-tawny. Stem minute or none. Flesh tough; tawny to tan or ochre. Spores globose or subglobose, smooth, 4-6 x 3.5-5-. Deposit brown. Habitat singly or in rows on living or recently dead coniferous trunks. Common. Widely distributed in North America. Season perennial. Not edible. Comment A very destructive fungus that attacks the heartwood of living trees, resulting in "conk rot" causing more timber loss than any other fungus.
Inedible
Phaeolus schweinitzii (Fr.) Pat. syn. Polyporus schweinitzii Fr. Feny- likacsosgomba (tapl-). Fruit body sometimes forming amorphous cushions, more often subcircular, 10-30cm across with a short thick stalk, soft and spongy when fresh drying fragile and light; upper surface concave, rough, hairy, concentrically grooved at first, dark sulphur-yellow becoming rusty or dark brown and finally blackish with age. Stem brown, very short and thick, merging into the cap and covered in tubes. Flesh rusty brown, fibrous. Tubes 3-6mm long, decurrent, concolorous with the upper surface. Pores 0.3-2.5mm across, circular, angular or irregular, yellow, olivaceous or tinged rust, finally maroon brown, often glistening in the light. Spores whitish tinged yellowish, ovate to elliptic, 5.5-7.5 x 3.5-4um. Hyphal structure monomitic; generative hyphae lacking clamps. Habitat parasitic on conifers, usually arising from the roots. Season autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Ganoderma resinaceum Boud. ex Pat. syn. Fomes resinaceus (Boud.) Sacc. Lacquered Bracket, Harziger Lackporling, Harslakzwam. Bracket 10?45cm across and up to 10cm thick behind, semicircular, sessile, or on a thick rudimentary stem; upper surface concentrically grooved, strikingly glossy as if varnished, red-brown or maroon to almost black, margin obtuse and cream-coloured. Flesh soft, pale wood-coloured. Tubes 5?20mm long, rusty-brown. Pores 2?2.5 per mm, circular, pale greyish bruising brown. Spores brown, ellipsoid-ovate and truncate at one end, 9?11 x 5?7um. Hyphal structure trimitic; generative hyphae with clamp-connections. Habitat on stumps of oak. Season all year. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Ganoderma applanatum (Pers. ex Wallr.) Pat. Artist-s Fungus, Ganoderme aplani, Flacher Lackporling, Deres tapl-, Platte tonderzwam. Bracket 10-90cm across, 5-60cm wide, 2-10cm thick, more or less flat, semicircular, hard, corky and glabrous, margin acute; upper surface knobbly and concentrically grooved, covered with a hard wrinkled crust, often pallid, grey-brown, umber or cocoa-coloured. Flesh cinnamon brown, thinner than the tube layer. Taste bitter, smell mushroomy. Tubes 7-25mm long in each annual layer, brown. Pores 4-5 per mm, circular, white, bruising brown. Spores brown ornamented, ovoid-ellipsoid, truncate at one end, 6.5-8.5 x 4.5-6um, mostly 8 x 5.5um. Hyphal structure trimitic; generative hyphae with clamp-connections but these may be very difficult to demonstrate. Habitat on the trunks of deciduous trees, especially beech, where it causes an intensive white rot. Season all year, perennial. Uncommon but until recently much confused with G. adspersum. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Fomitopsis pinicola (Swartz ex Fr.) Karsten. Fichtenporling Szegett tapl? Unguline marginee. Fruit body perennial; no stem. Up to 38cm across, 20cm wide, 15cm thick, convex to hoof-shaped, with a thickened, rounded margin; upper surface with a sticky reddish-brown resinous crust, then grayish to brown or black; hard, woody, smooth or glossy-looking. Tubes up to 6mm deep per season; cream to buff. Pores 5-6 per mm, circular; surface cream-colored. Flesh up to 12cm thick, corky, hard, woody; cream to buff, sometimes zoned. Spores cylindrical ellipsoid, smooth, 6-9 x 3.5-4.5?. Deposit whitish. Hyphal structure trimitic; clamps present. Habitat on dead conifer stumps and logs and occasionally on living trees. Found throughout Europe and most of North America except the South from Texas eastward. Season all year. Not edible. Comment The most commonly collected polypore in North America. The cap colors are rather variable.
Inedible
Fomes fomentarius (L. ex Fr.) Kickx. Hoof Fungus or Tinder Fungus, Amadouvier, Echter Zunderschwamm, B?kkfa-tapl?, b?kktapl?, Tonderzwam. Bracket 5?45cm across, 3?25cm wide, 2?25cm thick, hoof-shaped, hard and woody, usually discrete but several fruit bodies may occur on the same trunk; upper surface with a hard horny crust, concentrically grooved and zoned grey. Flesh hard, fibrous, cinnamon-brown. Taste acrid, smell slightly fruity. Tubes 2?7mm long in each layer, rusty-brown. Pores 2?3 per mm, circular, light grey-brown darkening when handled. Spores brownish, lemon-yellow, oblong-ellipsoid, 15?20 x 5?7um. Hyphal structure trimitic; generative hyphae with clamp-connections. Habitat usually on birch in Scotland and Northern England, but also on beech. The few record from Southern England are mostly on beech and sycamore. Season sporulating in spring to early summer, perennial. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Daedaleopsis confragosa (Bolt. ex Fr.) Schroet. syn. Trametes rubescens (A. & S.) Fr. Blushing Bracket, Tram?te rougissante, Rauhe Tramete, R?zsasz?nes egyr?t?tapl?, Roodporiehoutzwam. Bracket 8?22cm across, 4?10cm wide, 1.5?5cm thick, corky, single or tiered, margin thin and acute; upper surface radially wrinkled and concentrically ridged, reddish-brown. Flesh white then pinkish, finally pale brownish. Taste slightly bitter, smell none. Tubes 5?15mm long, cream-coloured. Pores large, usually somewhat elongate or slot-like, whitish readily bruising pink to red on handling when fresh, staining violet with ammonia. Spores white, cylindric 8?11 x 2?3?. Hyphal structure trimitic. Habitat on deciduous trees, especially willow. Season all year. Frequent. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Coltricia perennis (Fr.) Murr. Szalagos likacsosgomba. Fruit body annual. Cap up to 10cm across, circular but often blending into adjacent specimens when growing in groups; thin, wavy margin; pale cinnamon to deep brown then grayish in age, with dense, concentric bands of color; tough and leathery, becoming brittle and hard when dry; velvety with different tomentum from one color zone to another, reflecting different growth conditions. Tubes up to 3mm deep; cinnamon to rusty brown. Pores 2-4 per mm, angular, thin-walled, slightly, decurrent; surface golden brown to cinnamon or dark brown in age. Stem 15-35 x 2-10mm, central; dark brown. Flesh 1-2mm thick, dense; rusty brown, paler toward the cap. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 6-9 x 3.5-5?. Deposit pale yellowish brown. Hyphal structure monomitic with two types of generative hyphae. Habitat on the ground on paths, roadsides, clearings, edges of fires, in coniferous woods. Quite common. Found widely distributed throughout North America in conifer zones and in Europe. Season August-November. Not edible.
Edible
Cantharellus cinereus (Pers.; Fr.) Fr. Syns. Pseudocraterellus cinereus (Pers. Fr.) Kalamees, Merulius cinereus Pers. Sz?rke r?kagomba. Cap 20-50mm across grey-blackish slightly funnel shaped, margin wavy, incurved when old, wrinkled. Gills grey, wrinkled decurrent, forking especially near the margin. Stem sometimes flattened, hollow grey lighter than the cap when young. Taste mild, smell light fruity? Spores 9-11 x 6-8 print creamy. Rare. Found on the ground in beech woods. Edible but make sure not to damage any population of this rare fungus.
Edible
Albatrellus pes-caprae (Pers. wx Fr.) Pouzar syn. Polyporus pes-caprae Pers. ex Fr. Barnah?t? zsemlegomba. Cap grey-brown or orange-brown, scaly 6-10cm. Pores white tending to run down the stem (decurrent). Stem often excentric swollen 3-7x1-2.5cm. Flesh white or yellowish, smell slight. On the ground under broad-leaved trees. Edible.
Inedible
Rigidoporus ulmarius is a plant pathogen found mainly on broad-leaved trees. White/cream coloured thick woody bracket, often covered in algae giving it a green look. Lower rim edge can show cinamon colour, which is the tube layer. Pores white at first then developing orange/red, fading to pink. Trees list: Elm, Horse Chestnut, Poplar, Oak, Maple. Mode Of Decay: Parasitic. Brown Rot leading to cubical cracks toward the core of the trunk. Bracket 12-50cm across ( rarely above 50 ), 6-15cm wide, 4-8cm thick, bracket-shaped, hard and woody, surface knobbly; concentrically ridged, white to ochraceous becoming dirty-brown in older specimens. Tubes 1-5mm long in each layer, pinkish to orange when young, browning with age, each layer separated by a thin contrasting band of white flesh. Pores 5-8 per mm, red-orange fading to clay-pink or buff with age. Spores pale yellow, globose, 6-7.5um in diameter. Hyphal structure monomitic; generative hyphae lacking clamps. Habitat at the base of trunks of deciduous trees, usually elm. Season all year, perennial. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe. ---- Rigidoporus ulmarius is a member of Shelf Fungi Shelf Fungi (Order Polyporales) The Polyporales are an order of fungi in the division Basidiomycota, subclass Agaricomycetidae. The order includes some (but not all) polypores as well as many corticioid fungi and a few agarics (mainly in the genus Lentinus). Species within the order are saprotrophic, most of them wood-rotters. Those of economic importance include several important pathogens of forest and amenity trees and a few species that cause damage by rotting structural timber. Some of the Polyporales are commercially cultivated and marketed for use as food items or in traditional Chinese medicine. ---- Common bracket found on Willow, Elm and Horse Chestnut. Sometimes mistaken for 'Perenniporia fraxinea' which favours Poplar, Elm and Ash. Both have perenial brackets. Although niether are on the Red data list of threatened brittish fungi, P. fraxinea is thought to be somewhat rare. The easy way to distinguish the difference, is when you cut a slice out. P. fraxinea has flesh and tube layers of the same colour. Whereas Rigi has orange fading tubes which contrast sharply against the spongy white flesh. Green algal and/or moss growth on the top surface is pretty typical. Decay type is Brown cubicle rot. ---- Facts: The largest known basidioma (mushroom or fruiting body) was that of a Rigidioporus ulmarius (Agaricomycetes), hidden-away in a shady corner of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England. This fruiting body was mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records (Matthews, 1994). At the beginning of every New Year the Annual Mensuration Ceremony of the fruiting body took place, and on 19 January 1996 it had increased to 170 cm maximum length (up from 159 in 1995) and 146 cm maximum width (up from 140 in 1995). It also grew 4 cm taller from the soil level, measuring 54 cm. The weight of the fruiting body was estimated to be 284 kg (625 pounds)! Amid rumors of its destruction, Dr. Brian M. Spooner, Head of Mycology, Royal Botanic Gardens, has brought us up to date on the fate of the record specimen. Unfortunately, the basidioma began to rot at the edges a few years ago, likely because the hyphal body of the fungus digested away its elm root substrate, reminding us that a fungus needs a good dispersal system to escape the substrate that eventually inevitably is destroyed. In the life of the fruiting body many trillions of spores must have been produced, and some of these surely fell on an appropiate substrate to establish a new infection. The final insult to the fruiting body came from a fox that burrowed under one side and caused it to collapse. ---- P.S. Often confused with Perenniporia fraxinia ---- Keywords: wald, autumn, herbst, pilz, baumpilz, hard, elm, hart, oktober, holzig, october, ungenießbar, ungeniessbar, porling, ulmenporling, rigidoporus ulmarius, knobbly, not edible ---- Synonyms: Rigidoporus ulmarius (Sowerby) Imazeki 1952 Ungulina cytisina (Berk.) Murashk. 1940 Polyporus cytisinus Berk. 1836 Scindalma ulmarium (Sowerby) Kuntze 1898 Rigidoporus geotropus (Cooke) Imazeki 1955 Coriolus actinobolus (Mont.) Pat. 1903 Rigidoporus geotropus (Cooke) Dhanda 1981 Fomes geotropus (Cooke) Cooke 1885 Haploporus cytisinus (Berk.) Domanski 1973 Leucofomes ulmarius (Sowerby) Kotl. & Pouzar 1957 Fomitopsis ulmaria (Sowerby) Bondartsev & Singer 1941 Polyporus ulmarius (Sowerby) Fr. 1821 Ungulina incana (Quél.) Pat. 1900 Polyporus geotropus Cooke 1884 Fomes ulmarius (Sowerby) Gillet 1878 Microporus actinobolus (Mont.) Kuntze 1898 Polyporus fraxineus Lloyd 1915 Scindalma cytisinum (Berk.) Kuntze 1898 Fomes ulmarius Fr. 1874 Boletus ulmarius Sowerby 1797 Mensularia ulmaria (Sowerby) Lázaro Ibiza 1916 Polyporus actinobolus Mont. 1854 Placodes ulmarius (Sowerby) Quél. 1886 Placodes incanus Quél. 1886 Polyporus sublinguaeformis Schulzer 1882 Scindalma geotropum (Cooke) Kuntze 1898 Ungulina ulmaria (Sowerby) Pat. 1900 Polystictus actinobolus (Mont.) Cooke 1886
Inedible
Pseudotrametes gibbosa (Pers. ex Pers.) Bond. & Sing. syn. Trametes gibbosa (Pers. ex Pers.) Fr. Buckeltramete Tram?te bossu, Lumpy Bracket. Bracket 5?20cm across, 8?12cm wide, 1?8cm thick, semicircular often with a hump, single or in groups, upper surface downy or minutely velvety at first later smooth, greyish-white sometimes flushed cinnamon or yellowish (or greenish due to the growth of algae amongst the surface hairs), margin thick when young becoming acute. Flesh white, corky. Tubes 3?15mm long, whitish to yellow. Pores 1?2 per mm, elongated, slot-like, grey-white then creamy. Spores white, subcylindric, 4?5 x 2?2.5um. Hyphal structure trimitic. Habitat on dead deciduous trees, especially beech. Season all year (sporulating in late spring). Frequent. Not edible. Found In Europe.
1
2
3