Brown Mushrooms identifications

Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:

Total mushrooms fount: 622

Polyporus brumalis Fr. T?li likacsosgomba. Fruit body annual. Cap 1.5-10cm across, circular, convex or depressed with an inrolled margin; yellow-brown to reddish brown or blackish brown; dry, densely hairy when young, becoming almost smooth. Tubes 1-3mm deep, slightly decurrent. Pores 2-3 per mm, circular to angular; whitish. Stem 20-60 x 1-5mm, central or off center; grayish or brownish; minutely hairy or smooth. Flesh 1-2mm thick; white. Spores cylindrical to sausage-shaped, smooth, 5-7 x 1.5-2.5?. Deposit white. Habitat on dead hardwoods, especially birch. Common. Found in eastern North America, west to the Great Plains, and occasionally in the Pacific Northwest. Season June-October. Not edible.
Polyporus badius (Pers. ex S. F. Gray) Schur. syn. P. picipes Fr. Schwarzfussporling Barna likacsosgomba Polypore - pied couleur de poix. Cap 5-20cm across, infundibuliform, often lopsided and lobed, viscid when fresh drying smooth and shiny, pallid grey-brown at first then chestnut, darker at the centre, very thin. Stem 20-35 x 5-15mm, usually eccentric, black at least at the base. Taste bitter. Tubes 0.5-2.5mm long, white later cream, decurrent down the stem. Pores 4-7 per mm, circular, white to cream. Spores white, elongate-ellipsoid, 5-9 x 3-4um. Hyphal structure dimitic with generative and binding hyphae; generative hyphae lacking clamps. Habitat on dead or living deciduous trees. Season spring to autumn, annual. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Pluteus cervinus (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Kummer Rehbrauner Dachpilz Plut-e couleur de cerf Deer Shield Barna (v-ltoz-kony) csengetty-gomba. Cap 4-12cm across, bell-shaped then convex to flattened, sepia to dark umber with radiating streaks. Stem 70-100 X 5-15mm, slightly swollen at the base, white becoming streaked with umber fibres. Flesh white. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills white, later dull pink. Cystidia fusoid with thickened walls and crowned with several apical prongs. Spore print pink. Spores broadly elliptic, 7-8 x 5-6um. Habitat on rotting stumps, trunks and sawdust of deciduous trees. Season early summer to late autumn, but also sporadically throughout the year. Very common. Edible - not worthwhile, some members of a foray group in north America were taken ill after eating it. Distribution, America and Europe.
Pleurotus eryngii (D.C. ex Fr.) Qu?l Kr?uter Seitling, ?rd?gszek?rgomba, ?rd?gszek?r laskagomba, Pleurote du panicaut, Argouane, Oreille de chardon. Cap 3?10cm across, convex then centrally depressed, margin remaining down-turned, slightly velvety at first remaining so at margin but elsewhere soon smooth, dirty whitish at first then brownish. Stem 30?100 x 10?30mm, usually slightly eccentric, whitish. Flesh white. Taste and smell pleasant. Gills decurrent, greyish. Spore print white. Spores narrowly elliptic, 10?14 x 4?5um. Habitat on roots and decaying remains of umbellifers, especially Eryngium and Heracleum. Season spring to autumn. Not yet found in Britain. Edible. Found In Europe.
Phellodon tomentosus (L. ex Fr.) Banker Phellodon tomentosus Pelziger Korkstacheling T?lcs?res szagosgereben Woolly Tooth. Fruit bodies tough, shallowly funnel-shaped, mostly fused together with adjacent specimens. Cap 1.5?4cm across, flat to depressed, downy at first becoming wrinkled or ridged, sometimes pitted in the centre, initially white then yellowish-brown and finally deep brown with darker colour zones. Stem 5?10 x 2?8mm, arising from a common mycelial pad, smooth to fibrillose and mottled, yellow-brown to deep brown. Flesh pale brownish in cap, dark brown in stem. Smell of fenugreek when dry. Spines 1?2mm long, white then grey. Spores oval, minutely spiny, 3?3.5 x 2.5?3um. Habitat coniferous and mixed woodland. Season late summer. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Phellinus pini (Fr.) Ames. Feny-tapl- Pine Conk. Bracket 2-20cm across, 1-15cm thick; hoof-shaped, fan-shaped, or shelf-like; tawny to dark reddish brown or brownish black in age, with the margin often brighter; hard, crusty, rough or cracked, minutely hairy, generally curved. Tubes up to 6mm deep. Pores circular to angular; dingy yellow-tawny. Stem minute or none. Flesh tough; tawny to tan or ochre. Spores globose or subglobose, smooth, 4-6 x 3.5-5-. Deposit brown. Habitat singly or in rows on living or recently dead coniferous trunks. Common. Widely distributed in North America. Season perennial. Not edible. Comment A very destructive fungus that attacks the heartwood of living trees, resulting in "conk rot" causing more timber loss than any other fungus.
Peziza praetervisa Bres. ?bersehender Becherling Lil?sbarna cs?szegomba. Cup 1?4cm across, cup-shaped and expanding, often in clusters, sessile, inner surface violaceous sometimes with a brown tint, outer paler and slightly scurfy. Flesh thin, mauve. Asci 250 x 10?, blued at the tip by iodine. Spores containing two oil drops, finely warted, 11?13 x 6?8?. Habitat on fire sites. Season autumn to summer. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Peziza badia Pers. ex M-rat Kastanienbrauner Becherling, Barna cs-szegomba, P-zize brune, Bay Cup. Cup 3-8cm across, cup-shaped, irregularly wavy with age, sessile, inner surface olive-brown, outer reddish-brown and slightly scurfy. Flesh thin, reddish-brown, yielding watery juice. Asci 330 x 15-, blued at the tip by iodine. Spores elliptical, containing two oil drops, irregularly reticulate, 17-20 x 9-12-. Habitat on soil especially on open clay banks or paths. Season late summer to autumn. Common. Edible when well cooked, poisonous if eaten raw. Distribution, America and Europe.
Paxillus panuoides (Fr.) Fr. syn. Tapinia panuoides Sutara Muschelkrempling Nyeletlen c?l?pgomba. Cap 1?6cm across, ochraceous to buff or fulvous, downy and often with lilac tomentum especially toward the point of attachment. Stem up to 10mm, entirely absent or rudimentary and lateral. Flesh ochraceous. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills decurrent, crowded, branched and wavy, pale buff bruising darker. Spore print ochraceous rust. Spores ellipsoid, 4?5.5 x 3?4um. Habitat on conifer debris, causing the infected wood to become soft and discolour bright yellow. Season late summer to late autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. A new genus has been proposed for this fungus (Tapinella), and it will probably become the preferred name.
Paxillus involutus (Fr.) Fr. Brown Rollrim, Paxille enroul?, Kahler Krempling, Beg?ngy?ltsz?l? c?l?pgomba, Gewone krulzoom. Cap 5?12cm across, ochraceous or fulvous with olivaceous flush at first becoming more rusty-brown and finally hazel or snuff brown, viscid at centre when wet, downy throughout particularly at margin which remains inrolled, becoming smooth later. Stem up to 75 x 8?12mm, concolorous with cap becoming stained chestnut especially with age or on bruising. Flesh pale ochre in cap, fulvous in stem base, darkening on cutting. Taste acidic, smell fungusy. Gills decurrent, crowded, pale ochre then sienna, bruising vinaceous or chestnut. Spore print sienna. Spores ellipsoid, 8?10 x 5?6um. Habitat in broad-leaved woodland, especially with birch on acid heathland. Season late summer to late autumn. Very common. Deadly Poisonous ? After eating over a period it has been known to cause death. Distribution, America and Europe.
Paxillus atrotomentosus (Fr.) Fr. Syn Tapinella atromentosus Sutara Samtfusskrempling B?rsonyost?nk? c?l?pgomba Paxille ? pied noir. Cap 12?28cm across, snuff-brown or sepia with sienna patches, depressed in the centre, margin inrolled, slightly downy. Stem 30?90 x 20?50mm, sometimes lateral, rooting, covered in a fine olivaceous buff down which becomes more coarse, velvety and dark brown with age. Flesh cream, ochre or buff in stem. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills crowded, joining to give a vein-like network near the stem. Spore print sienna. Spores ellipsoid, 5?6.5 x 3?4.5um. Habitat tufted on stumps of conifers, were it causes brown rot. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Not edible, Suspect -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe. A new genus has been proposed for this fungus (Tapinella), and it will probably become the preferred name.
Panaeolus rickenii Hora Wiesend-ngerling V-r-sbarna tr-gyagomba. Cap 1-2cm across, convex to conical with prominent umbo, dark brown and striate at margin when moist drying pale buff or tan, flushed tan towards centre. Stem 50-100 x 2-3m, pinkish brown or tan with paler apex. Flesh thin, tan. Taste not distinctive, smell mushroomy. Gills adnate, grey soon becoming black. Spore print black. Spores lemon-shaped, 13-16 x 9.5-11um. Habitat in damp pastureland. Season summer to autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Oudemansiella radicata (Relh. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Collybia radicata (Relh. ex Fr.) Qu?l. New Syn. Xerula radicata. Rooting Shank, Collybie radicante, Wurzelschleimr?bling, Gy?keres f?l?ke, Agarico radicato, Beukwortelzwam. Cap 3?10cm across, bell-shaped to convex then flattened with a broad umbo, pallid or ochraceous to olive-brown, radially wrinkled, slimy. Stem 80?200?5?10mm, white at the apex, flushed with cap colour towards the thickened long-rooting base. Flesh thin, concolorous. Gills broad, white. Spore print white. Spores broadly elliptic, nonamyloid, 12?16?10?12m. Habitat under or near deciduous trees, especially beech, attached to roots or buried wood. Season early summer to late autumn. Very common. Edible ? not worthwhile. Distribution, America and Europe.
Otidea cochleata (L. ex St. Amans) Fuckel syn. O. umbrina (Pers.) Bres. Schnecken-?hrling Otid?e brun d'ombre, Brown Ear. Cap 3?6cm across, subsessile, split down one side, inner surface tan to dark brown, outer ochraceous-buff, slightly scurfy. Asci with tips not blued by iodine, 200?260 x 11?12?. Spores 16?18 x 7?8?. Habitat on bare earth or amongst sparse grass in deciduous or coniferous woodland. Season autumn. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Omphalina pyxidata (Bull. ex Fr.) Qu--l. Selymes b-kagomba. Cap 0.5-2cm across, convex, deeply umbilicate; reddish brown, pinkish brown to yellowish; smooth and deeply radially fluted. Gills decurrent, widely spaced; brownish. Stem 10-30 x 1-2mm, paler than cap; smooth. Spores almond-shaped, 7-10 x 4.5-6--. Deposit white. Habitat in grass in sandy soils, subalpine to alpine. Found in Europe and western North America. Season July-September. Edibility not known -avoid.
Myxomphalia maura (Fr.) Hora syn. Omphalia maura (Fr.) Gillet syn. Mycena maura (Fr.) K?hn. Kohlennabling Szenes b?kagomba. Cap 1?3cm across, hemispherical to convex with the centre depressed, dark grey-brown, drying paler and shiny. Stem 20?40 x 2?4mm, paler than cap or concolorous. Flesh white to greyish. Smell not distinctive. Gills adnate-decurrent, whitish to pale grey. Cheilo- and pleurocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, fusoid or cylindric. Spore print white. Spores broadly elliptic, amyloid, 5?6.5 x 3.5?4.5um. Habitat on burnt ground in conifer woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Mycena renati Qu?l. Syn M. flavipes Qu?l. S?rgat?nk? k?gy?gomba. Cap bell-shaped, 1.5-4cm across dull pink, brown or ochre, gills whitish edges may show slight change of colour. Stem golden yellow to yellow-brown. Smell nitrous. Spores 7.5-10 x 4.5-6.5um. Found on rotting deciduous wood and stumps. Rare in Britain, much more common in eastern Europe. These photographs were given by Dr. Barth? Lor?nd from Hungary.
Mycena pelianthina (Fr.) Qu?l. Schwarzz?hniger Helmling Feketeszeg?lyű k?gy?gomba Blackedge Bonnet. Cap 2–4cm across, bell-shaped with a broad umbo expanding to almost flat, brownish with violaceous tint drying pale buff. Stem 50–60 x 4–8mm, violaceous brown, fibrous at base. Flesh thin, at margin, white. Taste mild, smell faintly radishy. Gills adnate, distant, violaceous with darker, sometimes uneven edge. Cheilo- and pleurocystidia thin-walled, cylindric to slightly fusoid. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid, amyloid, 5–7 x 2.5–3um. Habitat in beech litter. Season summer to autumn.Uncommon. Said to be edible but not worthwhile -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Mycena inclinata (Fr.) Qu?l. Buntstieliger Helmling Cifra k?gy?gomba Myc?ne inclin? Clustered Bonnet. Cap 2?3cm across, conical expanding to bell-shaped with prominent umbo, bay, darker and lined towards centre, lighter in colour when dry, margin slightly overhanging the gills giving a delicately scalloped appearance. Stem 50?100 x 2?4mm, whitish at apex deepening to dark red-brown towards the base which is covered in fine white down. Flesh thin, whitish. Taste mild, smell mealy or rancid. Gills adnate, whitish becoming flesh-pink. Cheilocystidia clavate, the apex covered with relatively long filiform irregular processes. Spore print white. Spores ovoid, amyloid, 8?9 x 6?7um. Habitat in dense tufts on oak stumps. Season late summer to autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.