Orange Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
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Flesh:
Class:
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Total mushrooms fount: 189

Inedible
Cystoderma granulosum (Fr.) Fayod Cap 1-5cm across, convex; brick red to deep red-brown; surface granular-warty. Gills crowded, adnate; white. Stem 20-60 x 3-6mm; of same color as cap; sheathed up to ring with mealy granular coating, smooth above ring; ring slight, soon vanishing. Flesh white. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, nonamyloid, 3.5-5 x 2-3-. Deposit white. Habitat on soil or moss in mixed woods. Widely distributed throughout North America. Season August-October. Not edible.
Inedible
Cystoderma fallax Smith & Singer Cap 3-5cm across, convex-umbonate; dull rusty brown to tawny ochre; covered with granulose scales or finely powdery. Gills crowded, adnate; white. Stem 30-60 x 3-10mm; dark red-brown and granular below the ring, pallid above; ring large, flaring. Flesh white. Odor pleasant. Taste mild. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, amyloid, 3.5 - 5.5 x 2.8-3.6-. Deposit white. Habitat on moss or humus in conifer woods. Found in the Pacific Northwest across to the Great Lakes. Season August-October. Not edible. Comment Cap surface turns black with KOH.
Deadly
Cortinarius orellanus (Fr.) Fr. Fools Webcap M?rges p?kh?l?sgomba. Cap 3-8cm. Uniform rusty orange (foxy) coloured, hemispherical with a small central boss when mature. Stem 3-9cm. unmarked with veil remnants, yellowish rusty at the base lighter near the cap. Gills very regular buff at first then colouring rusty red from maturing spores, thickish, adnate to slightly decurrent. Spores almond-shaped 8.5-12 x 5.5-7?. Rusty-red. Taste a little bitter, but avoid tasting as dangerous, smell radish-like when cut. Found in deciduous or mixed woods, on acid soil in warmer areas. Very rare in Britain more common in southern Europe. Recorded in North America. Deadly poisonous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Cortinarius multiformis (Fr.) Fr. subgenus Phlegmacium K?z?ns?ges p?kh?l?sgomba, f?r?szeslemez? p?kh?l?sgomba. Cap 4-10cm across, convex then expanding to plane; ochraceous buff to ferruginous orange; viscid, white hoary layer when young. Gills adnate; pallid cream at first, then buff, at length rusty. Stem 40-90 x 10-20mm, at first with a marginate bulb, which usually becomes just a swollen clavate bulb as the stem expands; white then ochre. Flesh pallid with touches of ochre. Odor slight, sweetish. Taste mild. Spores ovoid, lightly roughened, 8-10 x 5-6?, quotient 1.65. Deposit red-brown. Habitat in conifer woods. Occasional. Found in northern North America and down the Rockies and Europe. Season August-October. Not edible. Comment No reaction to KOH.
Inedible
Cordyceps militaris (L. ex St. Amans) Link. Scarlet Caterpillar Fungus, V?r?s rovarront?gomba, Rupsendoder. Fruit body up to 7cm high, cylindrical or club-shaped; bright orange-red; the slightly swollen fertile head has a finely roughened surface and tapers into a smooth, paler, wavy stem. Asci very long, about 4? wide. Spores threadlike, breaking into barrel-shaped part-spores, 3.5-6 x 1-1.5?. Habitat singly or numerously on larvae and pupae of butterflies and moths. Quite common. Found throughout North America and Europe. Season September-November. Not edible.
Edible
Clavariadelphus truncatus (Qu-l.) Donk New syn. Macrotyphula fistulosa Lapos mozs-r-t-gomba, Lev-gott cs-cs- mozs-r-t-gomba. Fruit body 5-15cm high, 3-8cm wide at the top, club-shaped, often broad and flattened at sterile top, narrowing down to a bulbous base; yellowish ochre to dark apricot orange; wrinkled. Stem indistinct; white-hairy at base. Flesh firm to spongy; whitish to ochre, darker on bruising. Odor none. Taste sweet. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 9-12 x 5-8-. Deposit pale ochre. Habitat scattered or in groups or clumps on the ground in coniferous woods. Widely distributed throughout North America. Season August-October. Edible-good.
Inedible
Clathrus ruber Mich.: Pers. Syn. Clathrus cancellatus. Kos?rkagomba Basket Stinkhorn. Fruit body egg shaped, white to greyish at first then the volva bursting open to show a orange-red lattice, 10 x 6cm. spongy and rather brittle in texture, the greenish black spore baring material is on the inside of the lattice, odour, strong, fetid, attractive to flies. The mycelium commonly forms into ?rooting? rhizomorphs. Spores 4.5 ?5.5 x x2-2.5um olive-brown. Habitat gardens and rubbish heaps. Throughout Europe, rare in the north, reported and seemingly becoming more common in north America. Not edible. The two latest images were sent to me by Sheri from South Florida USA. The one just breaking out of the 'egg@ came from Ronnie Plews in France.
Edible
Cantharellus friesii Qu?let V?r?ses r?kagomba, Serbian name: SITNA LISI?ARKA. Fruiting body: cap 1?3 cm, thin, irregular, somewhat depressed, bright orange colour, edge sinouse. Hymenophore consists of decurrent gills-like veins, colour slightly lighter than the cap. Stem 1-3cm x 0.2-0.6cm, elastic, orange and whitish in the base. Microscopy: spores eliptic, smooth, hyaline, 9-11 x 4,5-5μm, yellowish en masse. Basidia with 2 to 6 sterigmata. Flesh: thin, elastic, whitish, peppery taste, smells of apricot. Habitat: at the end of summer and beginning of autumn grows in dense groups, in the moss under broadleaved trees, mostly on silicate land, rare species. Edibility: edible, but not worthwhile due to its petite size and small quantity Very rare in Britain.
Choice
Cantharellus cibarius Fr. Chanterelle, Chanterelle commune, Girolle, Pfifferling, Eierschwamm, S?rga r?kagomba, Gallinaccio, garitola, finferlo, Hanekam of cantharel. Cap 3?10cm across, at first flattened with an irregular incurved margin later becoming wavy and lobed and depressed at the centre, pale to deep egg-yellow fading with age. Stem 30?80 x 5?15mm, solid, concolorous with cap or paler, tapering towards the base. Flesh yellowish. Taste watery at first then slightly peppery, smell faint, fragrant (of apricots). Gills narrow, vein-like, irregularly forked and decurrent, egg-yellow. Spore print ochraceous. Spores elliptical, 8?10 x 4.5?5.5?. Habitat in all kinds of woodland, but usually associated with frondose trees in Britain. Season summer to late autumn. Edible ? excellent. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Armillaria mellea (Vahl. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Clitocybe mellea (Vahl. ex Fr.) Ricken Honey Fungus or Boot-lace Fungus, Armillaire couleur de miel, T?te de medusa, Hallimasch, Gy?r?s tusk?gomba, Famigliola buona, chiodino buono, Honingzwam Cap 3?12cm across, very variable, convex then flattened and centrally depressed or wavy, yellow ochre, tawny, to dark brown, often with an olivaceous tinge, covered in darker fibrillose scales especially at the centre. Stem 60?150?5?15mm, often tapering towards the base, yellowish becoming reddish-brown at the base, initially with a thick whitish to yellow cottony ring. Flesh white. Taste astringent, smell strong. Gills white at first then yellowish becoming pinkish-brown and often darker spotted with age. Spore print pale cream. Spores elliptic, 8?9 x 5?6?. Habitat in dense clusters on or around trunks or stumps of deciduous and coniferous trees and Hazel. Season summer to early winter. Very common. Edible when cooked but should only be eaten in small amounts as some forms are known to cause stomach upsets. Distribution, America and Europe. The fungus spreads by long black cords called rhizomorphs resembling bootlaces which can be found beneath the bark of infected trees, on roots or in the soil where they can travel large distances to infect other trees. This is one of the most dangerous parasites of trees, causing an intensive white rot and ultimately death; there is no cure and the fungus is responsible for large losses of timber each year. The last picture comes from Ted Green, thanks Ted.
Edible
Orangeroter Becherling, Narancsv?r?s (narancss?rga) cs?szegomba, P?zize orang?e, Orange Peel Fungus Aleuria aurantia (Fr.) Fuckel syn. Peziza aurantia Fr. Cup 0.5?10cm across, cup shaped becoming wavy and flattened, inner surface bright yellowish-orange, outer whitish, covered in fine white down visible under a hand lens. Flesh thin and brittle, whitish. Asci 220?13?, not blued by iodine. Spores elliptical and coarsely reticulate, containing two oil drops, 17?24?9?11?. Habitat gregarious, on bare soil, or amongst grass in lawns or at roadsides. Season early autumn to early winter. Common. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Xeromphalina tenuipes (Schw.) Smith Cap 2-7cm across, broadly conical at first, quickly becoming flat to depressed with a very wavy margin; orange-brown with an olive-brown tinge when fresh; dry, velvety, becoming somewhat wrinkled with a striate margin. Gills adnate, distant; white becoming pale yellow. Stem 50-80 x 3-8mm, hollow, sometimes with a root-like extension into the soil; similar color to the cap; velvety to minutely hairy. Flesh pliant, watery brown. Spores smooth, amyloid, 7-9 x 4.5-5um. Deposit white. Habitat singly or in clusters on hardwood logs and stumps. Quite common. Found in eastern North America, west to the Great Plains. Season April-July. Not edibile.
Inedible
Xeromphalina fulvipes (Murr.) Smith Cap 1-2.5cm, convex to flattened; bright yellow-brown to paler at margin; glabrous. Gills adnate, crowded, yellowish. Stem 20-80 x 1-2.5mm reddish brown to black at base; tomentose, hairy at base. Odor pleasant. Taste bitter. Spores long ovoid, smooth, 4.5-6 x 1.5-2?. Deposit white. Habitat scattered on conifer debris. Uncommon. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season all year except for dry periods. Not edibile.
Inedible
Xeromphalina campanella (Bat. ex Fr.) K??hner & Maire S?rga szegf?gomba, csoportos b?kat?lcs?r-gomba. Cap 0.3-3cm across, convex usually with a sunken center, with prominent radial lines; bright tawny ochre to cinnamon; smooth. Gills decurrent, widely spaced; pale yellow to orange. Stem 10-50 x 0.5-3mm, often with swollen base; red-brown at base, yellow at apex; smooth, base covered with dense tawny hairs. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores elliptic, amyloid, 5-7 x 3-4um. Deposit pale buff. Habitat densely clustered, often in many hundreds, over the surface of conifer stumps and logs. Common. Found in Europe and widely distributed in North America. Season June-November. Not edible
Inedible
Suillus tridentinus (Bres.) Sing. syn. Boletus tridentinus Bres. Rostroter L?rchenr?hrling Rozsdav?r?s feny?tin?ru, Rozsdav?r?s gy?r?stin?ru (-tin?ru). Cap 5?12cm across, orange or reddish-brown with darker adpressed indistinct scales, covered in apricot gluten. Stem 40?75 x 12?20mm, white to yellow at apex, dotted brownish to vinaceous below, with a rust-coloured net and a white to yellowish ring. Flesh pale lemon-yellow with faint pinkish tinge in cap which gradually deepens on exposure to air. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes 1?5mm long, subdecurrent, yellow to orange, finally rust. Pores often compound, angular, yellow-orange becoming deep orange to rust-coloured with age. Spore print dark straw-yellow with a sienna tint. Spores elliptic, 10?13 x 4?5um. Habitat with larch. Season autumn. Rare, more frequent in Southern England. Edibility unknown. Found In Europe.
Edible
Suillus subaureus (Pk.) Snell Cap 3-12cm across, convex with an inturned margin, becoming flat with a fluted margin; mustard yellow; surface sticky under tiny patches of tomentum and flaky scales which become red and spot-like. Tubes subdecurrent to decurrent; ochraceous. Pores small, round to angular; dirty yellow. Stem 40-80 x 10-20mm, solid, sticky when young; yellow, staining dull brown when bruised or handled; white mycelium at base. Veil none except in the tiniest buttons. Flesh up to 3cm thick; yellow staining reddish brown. Odor slightly fragrant. Taste mild, slightly acid. Spores ellipsoid to subfusoid, 7-10 x 2.7-3.5-. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat scattered to gregarious under white pine, aspen, and scrub oak. Sometimes common. Found in eastern North America. Season June-September. Edible.
Inedible
Scutellinia umbrarum (Fr.) Lamb. Cup 0.5-lcm across, closed at first, becoming disc-shaped; inner surface bright red, outer surface appearing dark brown because of the covering of dark hairs that project from the margin, giving a fringelike appearance. No stem. Asci up to 350 x 27-. Spores ellipsoid, smooth at first, but becoming roughened with warts in maturity, usually containing 1 large oil drop, 12-14 x 23- 24-. Habitat in large, dense groups on very damp soil or rotten wood. Found in Europe and widely distributed in many parts of North America. Season July-September. Not edible.
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