Orange Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
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Total mushrooms fount: 189

Inedible
Hygrocybe subglobispora Orton syn. H. amoena f. silvatica Haller & M?trod Rotrandiger Saftling Hygrophore am?ne. Cap 2?7cm across, conical and irregularly lobed with a distinct umbo, bright chrome yellow flushed orange especially towards the margin, viscid when moist, drying silky. Stem 30?90 x 7?12mm, concolorous with the cap paling to lemon above the white base which has a tendency to bruise brownish-black. Flesh white in the centre of cap and stem, yellow below the cap cuticle, the stem soon hollow. Smell none. Gills free, pale lemon, edge white. Spore print white. Spores broadly ovoid to subglobose, 8?12 x 6?10um. Basidia either two- or four-spored. Habitat grassland and woods. Season early summer to autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Hygrocybe strangulata Orton syn. Hygrophorus strangulatus Orton Orangeroter Saftling Apr? ned?gomba. Cap 0.5?3.5cm across, convex, margin wavy when expanded and the centre becoming depressed and scurfy scaly in older specimens, scarlet-orange with bright yellow striate margin, drying ochraceous. Stem 18?50 x 3?6mm, tapering downwards and often becoming compressed, concolorous with cap, paler towards the white base. Flesh orange. Taste and smell none. Gills adnate or slightly decurrent, pale yellow at first, later orange. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid, constricted in some views, 7?9 x 4?5m. Habitat on sandy soil or heathland also in fields. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Hapalopilus nidulans (Fr.) Karst. syn. Polyporus nidulans Fr. Zimtfarbiger Weichporling Agyags?rga (dombor?) likacsosgomba syn. P. rutilans Pers. ex Fr. Bracket 5?10cm across, 2?4cm wide, 1?4cm thick, fan-shaped; upper surface downy at first becoming smooth, ochraceous to cinnamon. Flesh cinnamon becoming paler towards the cuticle. Smell sweetish. Tubes up to 10mm long, ochraceous. Pores 2?4 per mm, angular, ochraceous to cinnamon-brown. Spores ellipsoid to cylindrical, 3.5?5 x 2?3um. Hyphal system monomitic; generative hyphae thin- to thick-walled with clamp-connections. KOH stains all parts bright violaceous. Habitat on dead deciduous wood. Season annual, summer to autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Gymnopilus ventricosus (Earle) Hesler Cap 6-10cm across, convex, obtuse, with an even margin sometimes hanging with bits of veil remnants; orange-yellow to reddish brown, often with a lighter disc; covered with minute yellow hairs, sometimes becoming scaly or almost smooth. Gills subsinuate, crowded, rather broad; pallid, becoming cinnamon in age. Stem 140-180 x 20-30mm, solid, swollen in the middle; pale brownish with dense white hairs at the top and fine yellow hairs below; rooting and covered with a white mycelium at the base. Veil forms a thick, persistent jagged ring at top of stem. Flesh pale yellow. Odor none. Taste bitter. Spores ellipsoid or ovoid, warty, 7.5-9 x 4-5.5?. Deposit rusty brown. Clamp connections present. Habitat in groups or dense tufts at the base of living pine. Found in the Pacific Northwest and California. Season September-December. Not edible -suspect.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Gymnopilus junonius (Fr.) Orton syn. G. spectabilis var. junonius (Fr.) K-hn. & Romagn. syn. Pholiota spectabilis (Fr.) Kummer Beringter Fl-mmling Pholiote remarquable, Gymnopile remarquable Spectacular Rustgill Aranys-rga t-kegomba (l-nggomba). Cap 5-15cm across, convex then expanded, rich golden tawny covered in small fibrous adpressed scales. Stem 50-120-15-35mm, usually swollen in the lower part but narrowed again at base, chrome to ochre-buff, fibrous; ring membranous, yellowish becoming rusty from the spores, soon collapsing. Flesh pale yellowish. Taste bitter, smell not distinctive. Gills yellow then rusty-brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, skittle-shaped. Spore print rust. Spores elliptic to almond-shaped, roughened, 8-10-5-6m. Habitat in dense clusters at the base of deciduous trees or on stumps or logs. Season late summer to early winter. Common. Not edible -suspect. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Gymnopilus aeruginosus (Pk.) Singer Cap 2-6cm across, convex; dull bluish gray-green or variegated with pink or red patches, becoming warm pinkish buff then drab brown when dried; dry then covered with small tawny or blackish scales and patches. Gills adnexed to adnate, crowded, broadish, numerous; creamy buff to pale yellowish orange. Stem 40-120 x 10-20mm, solid, becoming more or less hollow; similar color as cap; smooth or minutely hairy, sometimes lined with a hairy base. Veil fibrillose, yellowish, often leaving a slight zone at top of stem. Flesh whitish tinged greenish or bluish green, becoming yellowish or pinkish brown when dry. Odor mild. Taste bitter. Spores ellipsoid, minutely hairy, 6-8.5 x 4-4.5?. Deposit dark reddish orange or brownish rust. Pleurocystidia rare; clamp connections present. Habitat in tufts on logs or stumps on hardwoods and conifers. Found widely distributed throughout North America. Season May-November. Not edible -suspect. Comment Occasionally the cap can reach 23cm across. My photograph does not show the bluish gray-green colors very distinctly.
Inedible
Guepiniopsis alpina (Tracy & Earle) Bres. Fruit body 0.2-1cm high, 0.3-2cm wide, cone-shaped or cup-shaped; bright orange to pale amber when moist, deep orange-red when dry. Fertile surface concave, more or less smooth. Flesh gelatinous. Spores sausage-shaped, smooth, becoming 4-5-celled, 15-17.5 x 5-6?. Deposit yellowish. Basidia shaped like a tuning fork. Habitat on coniferous logs, stumps, and debris, also on living conifer twigs. Frequent and often abundant. Found in the Rocky Mountains, west to Washington and south to Colorado. Season May June. Not edible
Inedible
Gomphus floccosus (Schw.) Singer syn. Cantharellus floccosus Schw.Scaly Vase Chanterelle. Fruit body up to 20cm high by 1-3cm across at base; cap and stem forming at first a small cylindrical fruit body but soon expanding to form a deeply funnel- shaped mushroom, hollow almost to base. Cap 3-15cm across; yellow-orange, ochre, or tawny; surface may be smooth to fibrillose or even coarsely scaly. Fertile undersurface broad, low ridges or wrinkles arranged longitudinally, covering almost the entire outer surface; bully ochre to slightly vinaceous or brownish where bruised. Stem white at base, pale cream to buff above, becoming yellowish with age and bruising brownish; smooth. Flesh firm; whitish. Spores cylindrical to ellipsoid, 11.5-20 x 6-10-; surface roughened, with ornamentation of coarse warts and ridges up to 0.5- high. Deposit dull ochre. Habitat often in rings, in mixed woods. Found over most of North America with the exception (perhaps) of the southwestern United States. Season June-September. Edible but not recommended; contains indigestible acids which are often sour. Comment Gomphus bonarii (Morse) Singer can look very similar in some of its forms, although it is usually a more reddish hue with paler, whitish hymenium. Both species vary in their scaliness, and microscopic examination is often necessary in difficult cases; the spores of Gomphus bonarii are less warty.
Poisonous/Suspect
Galerina mniophila (Lasch) Kuhn. syn. Galera mniophila (Lasch) Gillet Moos-H-ubling. Cap 1-1.5cm across, bell-shaped, dirty yellowish-brown and distinctly striate when moist, drying pallid clay. Stem 40-80 x 2mm, whitish at apex in young specimens, pale yellowish-brown below. Flesh concolorous. Smell mealy. Gills pale ochraceous then dingy yellowish-brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, with swollen base and long obtuse neck. Spore print ochre. Spores almond-shaped, faintly ornamented, 9.5-13 x 5.5-7um. Habitat amongst moss in damp woods. Season autumn. Occasional. Not edible -suspect. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Galerina cinctula Orton G-rtel-H-ubling. Cap 0.5-1.5cm across, conico-convex becoming expanded and often umbonate, ochraceous tan and striate when moist, drying yellow from centre. Stem 10-25 x 1-2mm, ochraceous, covered below in white silky fibrils. Flesh thin, concolorous. Taste and smell mealy. Gills pale yellow at first then rusty-ochre. Cheilocystidia skittle-shaped. Spore print rust. Spores almond-shaped, 10-13 x 5-6um. Basidia two-spored. Habitat pine woods, often amongst moss. Season summer to autumn. Rare. Not edible -suspect. Found In Europe.
Fuscoboletinus ochraceoroseus (Snell) Pomerleau & Smith Cap 8-25cm across, convex becoming broadly convex and slightly umbonate, with an incurved margin sometimes adorned with veil remnants; variable in color but generally lemon yellow along the margin and rose-pink toward the disc; dry, uneven, with a dense, whitish felt sometimes becoming scurfy. Tubes 5mm deep, adnate to decurrent; yellow, ochre, or dingy brown. Pores elongated to angular, radially arranged. Stem 30-50 x 10-30mm, solid, sometimes swollen at the base; yellowish, and often reddish or brownish at base; netlike pattern, unpolished or felty below ring. Veil thin, membranous, whitish to yellowish; leaving remnants on cap margin and evanescent ring. Flesh thick, soft; yellowish, with a pink zone under the cuticle, may slightly bruise bluish green. Odor acid. Taste slightly acrid. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 7.5-9.5 x 2.5-3.2-. Deposit reddish brown. Habitat scattered or in groups under western larch. Common. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season August-October. Edibility suspect-not advisable.
Poisonous/Suspect
Entoloma salmoneum (Pk.) Sacc. New syn. Entoloma quadratum Cap 1-4cm across, bell-shaped to cone-shaped with a distinctly pointed tip; salmon orange, fading with age; smooth, moist. Gills adnexed, subdistant, broad; same color as cap. Stem 40-100 x 2-6mm, hollow, sometimes compressed; salmon orange tinged greenish; with a faint bloom at the top and lined with fine hairs. Flesh thin, fragile; orange to salmon. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores angular or almost square in section, 10-12 x 10-12?. Deposit salmon pink. No pleurocystidia. Habitat scattered on moist or mossy soil, humus, or leaf litter under conifers or hardwoods. Found in northeastern North America, south to North Carolina and west to Ohio. Season June-October. Poisonous to some people
Poisonous/Suspect
Entoloma cetratum (Fr.) Moser S?rgalemez? kupakgomba, okkerlemez? d?ggomba. Cap 2-4cm domed to bell-shaped with a nipple, transparently striate, yellowish-brown darker when wet. Stem 4-8x2.5mm. same colour as the cap. Gills, whitish at first then ochraceous-pink. Almost no smell. Spores 11-12.5x6.5-7.5 ?. Print dull pink. Found in woods especially under spruce. Not edible, USA and Europe.
Inedible
Encoelia furfuracea Spring Hazel Cup (Roth) P.Karst. Orange-brown cups with a pale creamy warty outer surface up to 15mm across opening to form irregular cups, often bunched together in clusters. Asci eight spored 90-100x6- asco spores smooth, cylindrical 9-11x2-. Found in mid winter through to spring, on Hazel and Alder. Europe and North America. Inedible.
Inedible
Dacrymyces palmatus (Schw.) Bres. Narancss?rga g?m?gomba. Fruit body 1-2.5cm high, 1-6cm wide, a large, lobed, brain-like mass; bright orange to deep orange-red, with a white rooting attachment at the base; horny when dry. Flesh tough, gelatinous, becoming softer and finally melting away. Spores cylindrical to sausage-shaped, smooth, becoming 8-10-celled, 17-25 x 6-8?. Deposit yellowish. Habitat on coniferous wood. Found throughout North America. Season May-November. Not edible.
Inedible
Cytidia salicina (Fr.) Burt. Syn. Cytidia rutilans Scarlet Splash Normally forming a rubbery orange to scarlet crust on twigs of willow species, when dry and old the edges curl up. The spores are 12-18x4-5um. Found from August to November. Not edible. Only recently re-found in Britain where it had
Edible
Cuphophyllus pratensis (Pers:Fr) Bon. syn Hygrocybe pratensis (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr. syn. Hygrophorus pratensis Fr., Camarophyllus pratensis (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer. Wiesen Saftling ?l?nksz?n? nyirokgomba Hygrophore des pr?s Meadow Waxcap. Cap 3?8cm across, convex then flattened with broad umbo, becoming distorted and often cracking with age, ochraceous or tawny-buff. Stem 20?50 x 10?15mm, paler than cap, tapering towards the base. Flesh thick at centre of cap, pale buff. Taste pleasant, smell mushroomy. Gills deeply decurrent, widely spaced, pale buff. Spore print white. Spores broadly ovoid to subglobose, 5?7 x 4.5?5m. Habitat in pastureland. Season autumn. Frequent. Edible ? good. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe. Note Bon has now placed this fungus in Cuphophyllus.
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