Orange Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
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Total mushrooms fount: 189

Poisonous/Suspect
Cortinarius vibratilis Fr. subgenus Myxacium Epe?z? p?kh?l?sgomba. Cap 2-5cm across, hemispherical then convex to domed; orange, slightly hygrophanous, lighter when dry, darker when wet; glutinous. Gills adnate; pallid reddish ochre then more cinnamon. Stem 40-70 x 4 -l0mm, often swollen at the base, but sometimes tapering and appearing root-like; white discoloring orangy in places, sometimes showing a ring zone; glutinous. Flesh whitish or a touch ochre. Odor slight. Taste very bitter. Spores ellipsoid, roughened, 6-8.4 x 4 ?5?, quotient 1.5. Deposit rusty brown. Habitat in coniferous or deciduous woods. Frequent. Found in Europe and northern North America. Season September-November. Not edible. Comment The small size and very bitter taste help to identify this species.
Poisonous/Suspect
Cortinarius (Dermocybe) uliginosus Berk. syn. C. queletti Bataille syn. C. concinnus Karst. Sumpf-Hautkopf R?zv?r?s p?kh?l?sgomba. Cap 1.5?5cm across, convex (often conical when young), then expanded and usually umbonate, bright tawny-orange to tawny-brick, margin paler or more yellowish, covered in fine yellowish fibrils especially near margin. Stem 25?65 x 3?10mm, more or less thickened at base, concolorous with cap or paler, more yellowish at apex and at base, apex covered in yellow tufts of fibres, below in rusty fibres; cortina yellow. Flesh bright lemon- to sulphur-yellow, tinged tawny in cap. Smell of radish. Gills bright lemon-yellow, then ochre- to tawny-buff. Spore print rust. Spores elliptic, minutely rough, 8?11 x 5?6?. Habitat in damp woods, usually with alders or willow. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility Suspect? avoid as many Cortinarius contain toxins. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Cortinarius (Myxacium) mucosus (Bull. ex Fr.) Kickx. Heidenschleimfuss Feh?rt?nk? p?kh?l?sgomba Orange Webcap Cap 4?10cm across, convex, tawny to chestnut, very glutinous, margin incurved at first, often striate. Stem 50?150 x 15?25mm, silky white, not disrupting into scales. Flesh whitish tinged tawny beneath cap cuticle. Taste mild, smell none. Gills whitish then pale ochraceous darkening to cinnamon. Spore print rust. Spores elongate lemon-shaped, rough, 14.5?17.5 x 6.5?7.5?. Habitat conifer heaths, usually with pine. Season late summer. Rare. Edibility unknown ?avoid, many Cortinarius contain toxins ?avoid, many Cortinarius contain toxins. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Cortinarius liquidus Fr. subgenus Myxacium Cap 1.5-3cm across, conical then almost plane with a large umbo; orange on the umbo, brownish around it, and then silvery creamy near the edge; glutinous with pale yellow veil, slightly striate at the extreme edge. Gills adnate to adnexed; pale creamy buff at first, then more cinnamon. Stem 50-90 x 2-5mm, very long and narrow, attenuating upward; silky white; glutinous at first, soon hollow. Flesh pallid bull Odor slight. Taste bitter, probably only the gluten. Spores ovoid, only lightly roughened, 6.5-7.6 X 4.9-5.6?, quotient 1.35. Deposit rusty brown. Clamps not seen; cheilocystidia absent. Habitat in a swampy area of conifers, alders, etc. Locally abundant. Found in Washington. Season October. Not edible. Comment To find this mushroom is really exciting. It was originally described by Fries from Sweden in 1838 and then illustrated in his Icones in 1884, and as far as I can tell, until now it has not been seen in modern times.
Poisonous/Suspect
Cortinarius (Cortinarius) limonius (Fr. ex Fr.) Fr. Oroszl?ns?rga p?kh?l?sgomba. Cap 3?9cm across, convex then expanded and slightly depressed or umbonate, bright yellow orange, darker at centre. Stem 50?120 x 8?20mm, yellow-orange above becoming rusty-tawny towards the base, covered in scattered patches of yellow velar remains; cortina pale yellow. Flesh yellow to golden, often tawny below cap cuticle and stem base. Smell faint, like raw potato. Gills yellow soon golden, finally rusty-tawny. Spore print rust. Spores broadly ovate to subglobose, rough, 7?9 x 5.5?7?. Habitat coniferous woods. Season autumn. Occasional in northern areas, elsewhere rare. Edibility poisonous. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Cortinarius elegantoides Kauffman subgenus Phlegmacium Cap 4-7cm across, convex then plane; deep yellowish orange; glutinous. Gills adnate; pallid yellow at first, then rusty. Spores 40-80 x 10-25mm, with a large marginate bulb; yellowish except the bulb, which is clothed in an orange veil. Flesh yellow. Odor slight. Taste bitter. Spores lemon- to almond-shaped, very rough, 15-18 x 7.5-9?, quotient 2.0. Deposit rusty brown. Habitat in deciduous or mixed woods. Uncommon. Found in eastern North America to Michigan. Season September-October. Not edible. Comment Note the very large spores. Photographed by Geoffrey Kibbey.
Poisonous/Suspect
Cortinarius elegantior Fr. subgenus Phlegmacium Eleg?ns p?kh?l?sgomba. Cap 5-13cm across, hemispheric expanding to flat; orangy yellow or reddish orange, eventually fading to dull yellowish brown; glutinous. Gills adnate; yellowish at first, then tawny ochre. Stem 50-120 x 10-20mm, with a marginate bulb; off-white with yellowish tints; fibrous. Flesh yellowish. Odor slight. Taste mild. Spores lemon-shaped, very rough and warty, 13.5-16 x 8-9.5?, quotient 1.65. Deposit rusty brown. Habitat in spruce woods. Rare. Found in Colorado. Season August. Not
Inedible
Coriolopsis gallica (Fr. ) Ryv. Syn. Trametella extenuate (Dur. Et Mont.) Domanski. Barna egyr?t?tapl? (tapl?). Fruit body may be entirely resupinate or may form brackets, brown to rusty 10-15 com across or combining to make a larger mass. Pores rounded or oval 1-2(3) per mm. Spores 10-15x4.5-5.5um. Found mostly on living or dead Ash (Fraxinus) occasionally on other hardwoods.
Inedible
Clitocybe subbulbipes Murr. Cap 1-5cm across, convex becoming flatter with a depressed disc, margin inrolled then becoming wavy; yellowy, honey brown fading to pale grayish, yellowy fawn, somewhat darker at the disc, and margin fading last; hygrophanous, smooth. Gills decurrent, close or crowded, narrow to moderately broad; dirty white to pale fawn. Stem 20-70 x 2-l0mm, hollow, sometimes compressed; pale honey or bud, whitish at the top; smooth, minutely felty; base with some rhizoids and whitish mycelium. Flesh thin, firm; pallid. Odor mildly sweet or none. Taste mushroomy, slightly unpleasant, or none. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, nonamyloid, 4.5-6 x 2.8-4?. Deposit cream. Habitat singly, scattered, or in groups on hardwood logs. Found in northeastern North America. Season July-August. Not edible.
Inedible
Clavulinopsis helvola Fr. syn. Clavaria helvola Fr. Orangegelbe Keule S?fr?ny sz?n? bunk?gomba, S?fr?ny gyep-korallgomba Clavaire jaun?tre Yellow Club. Fruit body 3?7cm high, 1.5?4mm wide, yellow to orange-yellow, solitary or in small groups, simple. Spores white or faintly yellow, subglobose to somewhat angular and bluntly enhinulate, 4?7?3.5?6?. Habitat terrestrial, in woods or in open situations amongst grass and moss. Season late summer to late autumn. Very common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Cantharellus xanthopus (Pers.) Duby syn. Cantharellus lutescens sensu Fr. F?nyl? r?kagomba. Cap 1-6cm across, convex becoming flatter with a crimped, wavy margin and a sunken center, later becoming vase-shaped with a raised margin; orange-yellow to brownish yellow; small coarse brownish hairs or scales give whole surface a brownish tinge. Fertile undersurface descending stalk; dingy yellowish brown to buff, smooth to slightly veined or wrinkled. Stem 20-50 x 1-15mm, stuffed becoming hollow, often curved or compressed; orange; smooth and slightly hairy at base. Flesh very thin; pale buff to orangish. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, nonamyloid, 9-11 x 6-7.5?. Deposit pale orange-buff. Habitat in groups or clusters on damp, mossy wood in low, wet mixed woods. Found in eastern North America and Europe. Season July-September. Edible.
Choice
White Chanterelle Cantharellus subalbidus Smith & Morse Cap 5-13cm across, flat to broadly depressed with a somewhat wavy margin; whitish bruising yellowy or orange or orange-brown; smooth or slightly scaly in age. Gills close, often forked, cross veined, distant ridges descending stalk; whitish. Stem 20-60 x 10-30mm, stout; white discoloring brownish; dry, smooth. Flesh thick, firm; white. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 7-9 x 5-5.5?. Deposit white. Habitat scattered or in groups on the ground under mixed conifers or mixed oaks. Common. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season September-November. Edible-excellent, and much sought after in western North America
Edible
Smooth Chanterelle Cantharellus lateritius (Berk.) Singer syn. Craterellus cantharellus Schw. Cap 3-10cm across, convex then flattened and often depressed at center, margin inrolled and wavy or lobed; pale yellow-orange to orange; smooth to slightly tomentose. Fertile undersurface of cap without any gills; instead there is a smooth to very slightly wrinkled or veined surface, sometimes cross veined; pale orange-yellow to pinkish. Stem 25-100 x 5-25mm, thick, tapered toward base, often curved and off center; orange-yellow. Flesh solid but becoming hollow in stem; white. Odor fragrant, fruity, of apricot. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 7.5-12.5 x 4.5-6.5?. Deposit pinkish yellow. Habitat under oak, especially along path sides. Common to abundant. Found in northeastern North America. Season July-October. Edible.
Inedible
Cantharellus ignicolor Petersen Cap 1-5cm, convex with a slight depression and an inrolled margin, becoming flat with a deep depression and a decurved to wavy margin; apricot orange to yellow-orange, becoming somewhat dingy in age; smooth to rough or uneven. Fertile undersurface descending stem, narrow, distant, forked ridges with cross veins; orange-yellow, becoming wine-buff or violet-tinged when spores are mature. Stem 20-60 x 2-15mm, compressed, stuffed becoming hollow; dingy orange becoming paler. Flesh thin; concolorous with cap. Odor none or very slightly fragrant. Taste none. Spores broadly ellipsoid, smooth, nonamyloid, 9-13 x 6-9?. Deposit ochre-salmon. Habitat scattered, in groups, or in dense clusters on the ground under deciduous or coniferous trees. Found in eastern North America, south to Georgia and west to Michigan. Season July-September. Edibility not known
Edible
Cantharellus ferruginascens Orton Rostfleckiger Pfifferling. Cap 2-6cm across, convex then expanded-depressed, irregularly lobed and wavy at the upturned margin, ochraceous-buff bruising rusty ochraceous. Stem 20-40 x 5-20mm, robust, tapering towards the base, yellowish-cream, bruising like the cap. Flesh whitish to yellowish-cream. Taste mild, smell faint and pleasant. Gills decurrent, narrow, forked, interveined and fusing into one another, pale yellowish cream darkening with age. Spore print pale creamy-yellowish. Spores broadly elliptic, 7.5-10 x 5-6-. Habitat gregarious, in mixed woodland on chalk soils. Season late summer to early autumn. Rare. Edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Caloscypha fulgens (Pers. ex Fr.) Bond. Narancssz-n- foltos cs-szegomba. Cup 1-5cm wide, irregularly cup-shaped; inner surface deep yellow staining blue-green and drying orange, outer surface blue to greenish blue. No stem. Asci 8-spored, 150 x 10-. Spores globose, smooth, 5-7 x 5-7-. Habitat singly to clustered in wet, boggy places in mountainous coniferous areas. Sometimes common. Found in northern North America and California and Europe. Season April-July. Not edible.
Inedible
Byssonectria fusispora (Berk.) Rogerson & Korf An Ascomycete. Fruit bodies orange balls with a cup opening .5-3mm across. Found on burnt sites (not on moss!). Arising from a creamy coloured mycelial carpet. Autumn sometimes through the winter. Asci 8 spored up to 250um long, spores 20-25 x 8-10um. Not edible. Rare but possibly under reported.
Inedible
Bulgaria rufa Schw. New syn. Galiella rufa Fruit body 2-7cm across, closed at first, then opening to become shallowly cup-shaped with an incurved margin; inner surface pale reddish or reddish brown, with a gelatinous layer giving a rubbery consistency; outer surface blackish brown with clusters of hairs. Stem up to 10 x 5mm, attached below by dense mass of black mycelium. Asci narrow, up to 275-300-. Spores ellipsoid, with ends strongly narrowed, 10 x 20-. Habitat in groups or dense clusters on buried sticks under leaf mold or soil. Often common. Found in eastern North America. Season May-June. Not edible.
Edible
Boletus subglabripes Pk. syn. Leccinum subglabripes (Pk.) Singer Cap 4-10cm across, convex then expanding to almost plane; light brown to rich cinnamon, yellow-brown, or reddish brown; dry, glabrous to slightly viscid when wet. Tubes deeply depressed around stem; lemon yellow to olive-yellow. Pores yellow to amber yellow, not changing on injury. Stem 50-100 x 10-20mm, even and tapered at the base; pale to bright yellow, occasionally staining reddish at base; entire surface covered with scurfy, scabrous squamules (never reticulate), dry, often with distinct white mycelial remains at base. Flesh pale to bright lemon yellow, sometimes faintly blue on cutting. Odor not distinctive. Taste mild to slightly acidic. Spores subfusiform, smooth, (11)12-14(17) x 3-3.5(5)?. Deposit pale olive-brown. Habitat often gregarious under mixed deciduous trees, sometimes under spruce. Found in eastern and particularly northern North America. Season June-September. Edible - good, but soon very soft. Comment Placed by some authors in the genus Leccinum, but it does not have the darkening squamules on the stem typical of that genus.
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