White to cream Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
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Total mushrooms fount: 479

Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita crenulata Pk. Cap 2.5-5.5cm across, convex then flat with a lined margin; grayish buff, tinged yellow with age; smooth; dotted with pallid cottony volval patches. Gills free or just reaching the stem, crowded; white. Stem 25-70 x9-11 mm, somewhat tapering upward with a large ovoid basal bulb; white; ring delicate becoming evanescent; woolly with volval remnants near the bulb. Flesh white staining slightly yellow. Odor slight. Spores globose to broadly ellipsoid, nonamyloid, 7.9-12.6 x 6.3-11.7?. Deposit white. Habitat on the ground in mixed woods. Uncommon. Found in northeastern North American. Poisonous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita calyptrata Pk. new syn. Amanita calyptroderma Cap 7.5-26cm across, convex, then broadly convex to flatter with a margin distinctly lined with warts; color varies from whitish yellow to greenish to orange-brown and yellowish on the margin, with a thick, white volval patch on the disc; sticky when moist, smooth. Gills adnate to free, crowded, broad; white to pale yellowish. Stem 100-240 x 8-30mm appearing bulbous but no basal bulb; whitish to yellowish, darkening where handled; smooth to minutely hairy. Veil membranous partial veil forms a large but fragile skirt-like ring on the middle or upper stem; the large volva is thick, white, membranous, and saclike. Flesh white but yellowish next to cap. Spores ellipsoid to elongate, nonamyloid, 9.1-14.6 x 5.9-7.9?. Deposit white. Habitat singly, scattered, or in groups on the ground in mixed woods. Sometimes common with madrone and coast live oak. Found in the Pacific Northwest, south to central California. Season spring, September-November. Said to be edible - but I advise against eating any amanitas as the possibility of missidentification could cause death. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.)
Poisonous/Suspect
Deadly
Amanita bisporigera Atkinson Cap 3-10cm across, convex to flat or depressed; white, sometimes with a faint tinge of pale brown on the disc; smooth and slightly sticky when moist. Gills free to just reaching the stem, crowded, attenuate; white. Stem 60-140 x 7-18mm, solid, tapering slightly toward the top; white; often woolly or scaly; ball-shaped basal bulb; the white ring near the top of the stem is thin, delicate, and drooping or shredded in a mature specimen; the volva is a white membranous sac. Flesh white. Spores globose, amyloid, 7.8-9.6 x 7-9?. Basidia mostly 2-spored. Deposit white. Habitat singly in mixed coniferous and deciduous forests. Fairly common. Found in eastern North America. Season June-September. Deadly poisonous. Comment This is extremely similar to the deadly poisonous Amanita virosa,which has mostly 4-spored basidia.
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita atkinsoniana Coker Cap 6-13cm across, convex becoming flatter or concave with veil fragments hanging from the margin; white to cream and pale graying brown, lighter toward the margin: veil become yellow and slimy in age; small, reddish-brown warts from the volva become loose, cottony patches on the cap margin. Gills free, crowded, moderately broad; pale cream with a faint reddish stain. Stem 65-210 x 10-30mm, usually tapering slightly toward the top; whitish; smooth to finely hair a pale, fairly fragile ring persists for a time, then collapses against the stem; the turnip-shaped basal bulb is usually covered with volval remnants forming rings of reddish-brown warts on the bulb, sometimes extending slightly up the stem. Flesh white, occasional, staining yellowish or pinkish. Odor faintly of chloride of lime. Spores ellipsoid, amyloid, 9-12.9 x 5.3-7.9?. Deposit white. Habitat singly or scattered on the ground in coniferous and mixed woods. Fairly common, particularly in the Southeast. Found widely distributed in eastern north America. Season August. Possibly poisonous -avoid, dangerous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita abrupta Pk. Cap 4-10cm across, flatly convex to flat with a margin that is hung with small fragments; white; smooth, shiny, and dry; covered with small, white, conical warts that appear to be woolly at the margin. Gills free, crowded, narrow; white. Stem 65-125 x 5-15mm, solid to stuffed, tapering toward the top; white; slightly hairy or smooth with a few warts of volval remnants; the subabrupt to abrupt basal bulb usually large; the white ring near the top is thin and drooping, usually with a thick edge, lined above and woolly below. Flesh moderately thick at center of cap, thin toward margin; white. Spores globose to ellipsoid, amyloid, 6.5-9.5 x 5.5-8.5? Deposit white. Habitat in mixed coniferous or deciduous woods. Common. Found in eastern north America. Season September-November. probably poisonous - avoid; dangerous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Alboleptonia sericella (Fr.) Largent & Benedict syn. Entoloma sericellum var. sericellum (Fr.) Rummer Feh?rpityke d?ggomba. Cap 1-2.5cm across, convex becoming expanded, sometimes with a depressed disc, margin sometimes slightly lined in age; white becoming pinkish; dry, sometimes felty to scaly on the disc. Gills adnate often with a decurrent tooth, close to subdistant, broad to moderately broad; white then pale pinkish tawny. Stem 15-60 x 1-3mm, solid or becoming hollow; whitish becoming dingy or vinaceous in age; smooth, silky, with a bloom toward the top. Flesh thin, fragile; white. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores nodulose, 8.5-11 x 6-7.5?. Deposit pinkish. Habitat growing on soil under conifers and hardwoods. Found in central and eastern -North America and in Washington. Season July-September. Not edible.
Edible
Sheep Polypore Albatrellus ovinus (Fr.) Murr. syn. Polyporus ovinus Fr. Schafporling Fak? zsemlegomba. Fruit body annual. Cap 5-15cm across, usually single but sometimes several fused together, circular to irregular when fused, convex then depressed, dish-shaped; white to pale buff, tan; dry, smooth, or a little scaly with age. Tubes 1-2mm deep, decurrent; white. Pores 2-4 per mm, angular; white to yellowish. Stem 20-75 x 10-30mm, slightly swollen, pointed at base, usually central; white bruising pinkish; smooth. Flesh 5-20mm thick, firm; white, dries yellowish. Odor pleasant, fungusy, aromatic. Taste mild, sometimes slightly bitter (see Comment). Spores subglobose-ellipsoid, 3-4.5 x 3-3.5?. Deposit white. Hyphal structure monomitic. Habitat on the ground by conifers, especially at high elevations. Found in Europe especially Finland (where it is considered a fine edible,)and throughout North America. Season August to winter. Edible. Comment Similar are Albatrellus confluens (Fr.) Kotlaba & Pouz., which is darker, orange-hued, with a bitter flavor, and Albatrellus subrubescens (Murr.) Pouz., which bruises orange.
Inedible
Agrocybe paludosa (Lange) K?hn. & Romagn. syn. Pholiota praecox var. paludosa LangeSumpf-Ackerling Pholiote des marais Cap 1.5?3cm across, convex then flattened with broad umbo, dirty cream to pale tan, especially at the centre. Stem 40?70 x 2?3mm, cream flushed with cap colour, ring near apex, rather broad and fragile. Flesh thin, whitish in cap, brownish in stem. Smell of meal. Gills adnate, pale at first then darker brown. Spore print light cigar-brown. Spores ovoid-ellipsoid, 9?10 x 5?5.5?. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat in marshy meadows. Season late spring in summer. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Agrocybe dura (Bolt. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Pholiota dura (Bolt. ex Fr.) Kummer, Rissiger Ackerling, Kerti r?tgomba, Pholiote dure, Bearded Fieldcap Cap 3?7cm across, convex expanding to almost flat, ivory white to yellowish cream. Stem 50?80 x 3?7mm, whitish with cottony ring near apex. Flesh thick, firm, whitish. Taste slightly bitter, smell mushroomy. Gills adnate, pale at first then darker clay. Spore print light cigar brown. Spores ovoid-ellipsoid, 12?13 x 6?7.5?. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat singly in grass at roadsides or in meadows. Season spring to late summer. Occasional. Edible ? poor. Distribution, Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Agrocybe cylindracea (DC. ex Fr.) Maire syn. Pholiota aegerita (Brig.) Qu?l. Pappel-Sch?ppling, D?li t?kegomba, d?li r?tgomba, Albarelle, Pholiote du peuplier Poplar Fieldcap Cap 4?10cm across, hemispherical convex becoming flattened and sometimes cracked at centre and often wavy near the margin, pale buff to almost white with rust flush at centre when young becoming darker brown with age. Stem 50?100 x 10?15mm, cream at first, darker brown with age, with persistent ring which soon becomes dusted brown by the spores. Flesh white in the cap and stem, brown in the stem base. Taste nutty, smell of old wine casks. Gills adnate or slightly decurrent, cream at first then tobacco brown due to the spores. Spore print tobacco brown. Spores ovoid-ellipsoid, 8.5?10.5 x 5?6?. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat in tufts wood especially willows and poplars. Season all year round. Rare. Edible. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Agaricus xanthodermus Genevier syn. Psalliota xanthoderma (Genevier) Richon & Roze. Yellow Stainer, Agaric jaunissant, Giftchampignon, Agarico giallescente, Karbolchampignon, S?rgul? csiperke, karbolszag? csiperke. Cap 5?15cm across, subspherical with the top flattened later expanded convex, white at first later often with tiny indistinct greyish-brown scales and bruising bright chrome-yellow, especially towards the margin. Stem 50?150 x 10?20mm, white, bulbous at the base; ring white with a thickened edge which can cause it to appear double. Flesh white, staining chrome-yellow in the stem base. Taste slightly unpleasant, smell slightly of ink. Gills white at first then pale pink, finally grey-brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, sub-globose or ovate, hyaline, 10?20 x 8?14?. Spore print purple-brown. Spores ellipsoid, 5?6.5 x 3?4?. Habitat in woods, meadows and gardens. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Poisonous. The symptoms are sweating, flushing and severe stomach cramps, but only some people are affected. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Agaricus subrutilescens (Kauffman) Hot. & Stuntz Cap 5-13cm across, convex; whitish; fibrillose-striate, to slightly scaly; fibers deep vinaceous brown. Gills free, crowded, narrow; whitish pink then deep brown. Stem 60-150 x 10-25mm, clavate; whitish; smooth above the ring, with white to vinaceous veil remnants below, often in bands; ring large, thin, woolly below, high on stem. Flesh white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, 4.5-6 x 3-4?. Deposit deep brown. Habitat in mixed woods. Found on the West Coast of north America. Season August-December. Edible. Dan Manders wrote:I eat it whenever I find it, it's quite good. It's listed in David Arora's book as being a good edible, though less meaty than most other Agaricus, which I've found to be true as well. In Oregon I find it mostly on slopes in mixed company with sword ferns & Oregon grape.
Edible
Agaricus silvicola (Vitt.) Peck. Wood Mushroom, Agaric des bois, D?nnfleischiger Anisegerling, Agarico di boschi, Slanke anijchamignon, Karcs? csiperke. Cap: 5 - 10cm across, convex, cream, readily bruising ochraceous and becoming more yellow with age. Hymenium is free ( cap is convex or flat ). Stem: 50 - 80 x 10 - 15mm, concolorous with the cap, base usually bulbous. Stipe: has a ring. Ring: large and pendulous, upper surface white, lower drab. Flesh: thin, white. Taste: mushroomy, smell of aniseed. Gills: free, pale greyish-pink at first later chocolate brown. Smell: Aniseed. Cheilocystidia numerous, thin-walled, oval to subglobose, hyaline, 10 - 20 x 7 - 20. Spore print purple-brown. Spores ellipsoid 5-6 x 3-4-. Habitat in coniferous and deciduous woods. Season autumn. Occasional. ---- The cap is light cream, and bruises yellow ochre when damaged. It is much the same colour as the cap, and has a fragile drooping ring. The flesh is thin and white, and smells of aniseed. It looks fairly similar to a young death cap, it is believed by some mycologists. ---- Agaricus silvicola grows in both deciduous and coniferous woodland in Britain, Europe, and North America. Appearing in the autumn, it is rarely seen in huge numbers, usually just a few, or solitary ( Season: August to November ). Often found in loose groups. ---- It is suspected to have caused an allergic reaction in a few people in North America. ---- Agaricus xanthodermus, the yellow stainer looks very alike but bruises chrome yellow when handled or cut and smells of Indian ink or Agaricus pilatianus which stains yellow on cutting and smells of carbolic. Both do not smell edible. People can mistake some of the Amanitas for field mushrooms but on inspection they are quite different.
Poisonous/Suspect
Agaricus porphyrizon (Cke.) Orton Lil?sv?r?s csiperke. Cap 4-10cm across, convex; whitish with purplish-lilac adpressed scales and fibrils, darker at center, bruising dull yellow; smooth. Gills free, crowded; white to pinkish then brown. Stem 50-100 x 12-20mm, clavate; white, staining yellow when touched; smooth; ring membranous, thin, simple. Flesh white staining yellowish in stem, especially at base. Odor pleasant, of almonds. Taste pleasant, of almonds. Spores ovoid, 4.5-5.6 x 3.2-3.8?. Deposit deep brown. Habitat in mixed woodlands, mostly conifers. Found in Colorado. Season September. Edible. Comment This species does not satisfactorily fit any current American taxa but does agree very well with the European name given here, particularly in the very narrow spores.
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