White to cream Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
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Total mushrooms fount: 479

Inedible
Psathyrella candolleana (Fr.) Maire. Pale Brittlestem, Behangener Faserling Hypholome de De Candolle, Feh?r porhany?sgomba. Cap 2?6cm across, bell-shaped becoming flattened, pale ochraceous-brown when moist drying almost white or flushed with brown, margin often appearing toothed with remnants of veil. Stem 40?80 x 4?8mm, white, hollow, fragile. Flesh thin, white. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills greyish lilac darkening to chocolate brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, finger-shaped or cylindric. Spore print dark brown. Spores elliptical or ovate, 6?8 x 3.5?4.5um. Habitat on or near deciduous trees, stumps or cut timbers. Season spring to late autumn. Frequent. Edibility unknown -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Polyporus varius Pers. ex Fr. Ver-nderlicher Porling V-ltoz-kony likacsosgomba Polypore variable. Cap 1-10cm across, infundibuliform, or irregularly kidney-shaped, depressed above the point of attachment to the stem, wavy and often lobed at the margin, ochre-brown with fine radial lines becoming tobacco-brown with age. Stem 5-30 x 5-15mm, lateral or off-centre, the basal part brown-black. Flesh white when fresh, drying corky and cream-coloured, tough and leathery. Taste slightly bitter, smell faint and mushroomy. Tubes 0.5-2.5mm long, decurrent down the stem, white to cream. Pores 4-7 per mm, circular, white becoming ochraceous-brown. Spores white, ellipsoid to fusiform, 5-9 x 3-4um. Hyphal structure dimitic with generative and binding hyphae; generative hyphae with clamp connections. Habitat on dead or dying deciduous trees. Season late spring to autumn, annual. Occasional. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Edible
Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Qu?l Lungen-Seitling Ny?ri laskagomba Pale Oyster. Cap 2?10cm across, fan- or shell-shaped in overlapping groups, white to cream. Stem very short, lateral. Flesh white. Smell of flour or ammonia. Gills crowded, white then ochraceous-cream. Spore print white. Spores cylindric, 7.5?11 x 3?4um. Habitat in clusters on deciduous trees. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Choice
Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. ex Fr.) Kummer. Oyster Mushroom, Pleurote en forme d'hu-tre, Oreillette, Mouret, Poule de bois, Austernseitling, Austernpilz, K-s-i laskagomba, Gelone, orgella, agarico ostreato, pinnella, Oesterzwam. Cap 6-14cm across, shell-shaped, convex at first then flattening or slightly depressed and often wavy and lobed at the margin or splitting, variable in colour; flesh-brown or deep blue-grey later more grey-brown. Stem 20-30-10-20cm, excentric to lateral, or absent, white with a woolly base. Flesh white. Taste and smell pleasant. Gills decurrent, white at first then with a yellowish tinge. Spore print lilac. Spores subcylindric, 7.5-11 x 3-4um. Habitat often in large clusters on stumps and fallen or standing trunks, usually of deciduous trees, especially beech. Season all year. Common. Edible and good. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Pleurotus dryinus (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer, Pih?s laskagomba. Cap 5-15cm across, convex then slowly expanding, margin inrolled; white to cream; surface dry, felty-hairy to slightly scaly. Gills decurrent, crowded, narrow, often cross-veined on the stem; white. Stem 50-100 x 10-30mm, lateral to just off-center; white; felty, with a slight membranous ring at apex when young, soon vanishing or leaving fragments on cap margin. Flesh firm; white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores cylindrical, 9-12 x 3.5-4?. Deposit white. Habitat on deciduous timber. Found in Europe and throughout most of northern North America. Season July-October. Edible.
Edible
Pleurotus cornucopiae (Paul. ex Pers.) Rolland syn. P. sapidus (Schulz. apud Kalchbr.) Sacc. Rillstieliger Seitling Erest?nk? laskagomba Pleurote corne d'abondance Branching Oyster. Cap 5?12cm across, convex then depressed to funnel-shaped, often becoming wavy or cracked at the margin, cream at first and covered in a whitish bloom then smooth and tinged ochraceous, finally ochre-brown. Stem 20?50 x 10?25mm, frequently excentric, usually several fused into a common base, whitish becoming tinged with cap colour. Flesh white. Taste pleasant, smell of flour or ammonia. Gills deeply decurrent, white to pale flesh. Spore print pale lilac. Spores subcylindric, 8?11 x 3.5?5um. Habitat in dense clusters on the cut stumps of deciduous trees, usually elm or oak. Season spring to autumn. Occasional. Edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Piptoporus betulinus (Bull. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Polyporus betulinus Bull. ex Fr. Birch Polypore or Razorstrop Fungus, Polypore du bouleau, Birkenporling, Ny?rfa-tapl?, ny?rtapl?, Berkezwam. Bracket 10?20cm across, 2?6cm thick, subglobose at first, expanding to hoof-shaped often with a rudimentary stem, margin thick and rounded; upper surface with a thin separable skin, smooth, whitish when young darkening to fleshy grey-brown with age. Flesh white, rubbery. Taste slightly bitter, smell strong and pleasant. Tubes 1.5?5mm long, white. Pores 3?4 per mm, circular, white at first, later pale grey-brown. Spores cylindric to bean-shaped, 4.5?6 x 1.3?1.5um. Habitat on birch. Season all year, annual, although fruit bodies remain intact from one year into the next. Very common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Pholiota lenta (Fr.) Singer Fak? t?kegomba. Cap 3-8cm across, convex-hemispherical, becoming more expanded in age; whitish to pinkish buff or smoky gray, with a slightly darker disc; sticky to slimy, with scattered white hairy scales of veil remnants. Gills adnate or with a decurrent tooth, close, narrow to medium-broad, edges even to fringed; white becoming grayish brown. Stem 30-100 x 4-12mm, solid or spongy, sub-bulbous; white above, brownish below; finely hairy. Veil copious, cortinate; white; leaves an evanescent ring. Flesh firm; white. Odor slight, radishy. Taste mild. Spores ellipsoid to oblong, smooth, tiny pore at apex, 5.5-7 x 3.5-4.5?. Deposit cigar brown. Pleurocystidia abundant. Habitat on humus debris in mixed woods. Found in Europe and eastern North America and California. Season July-December. Not edible.
Inedible
Phellodon tomentosus (L. ex Fr.) Banker Phellodon tomentosus Pelziger Korkstacheling T?lcs?res szagosgereben Woolly Tooth. Fruit bodies tough, shallowly funnel-shaped, mostly fused together with adjacent specimens. Cap 1.5?4cm across, flat to depressed, downy at first becoming wrinkled or ridged, sometimes pitted in the centre, initially white then yellowish-brown and finally deep brown with darker colour zones. Stem 5?10 x 2?8mm, arising from a common mycelial pad, smooth to fibrillose and mottled, yellow-brown to deep brown. Flesh pale brownish in cap, dark brown in stem. Smell of fenugreek when dry. Spines 1?2mm long, white then grey. Spores oval, minutely spiny, 3?3.5 x 2.5?3um. Habitat coniferous and mixed woodland. Season late summer. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Phellodon niger (Fr. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Hydnum nigrum Fr. Schwarzer Korkstacheling Fekete szagosgereben Hydne Ferrugieux, Black Tooth. Fruit bodies mostly fused with one another. Cap 3?7cm across, flat or more frequently centrally depressed, velvety or downy at first then pitted or covered in roughened points, ridged and fibrillose towards the lobed margin, whitish then pale grey with lilaceous tints soon becoming purplish-black or black often with olivaceous tints on ageing, usually concentrically zoned. Stem 10?50 x 5?20mm, often swollen towards the base, rooting or arising from a mycelial pad with a central black woody core and a velvety tomentum which is black at first then grey, grey-brown or olivaceous. Spines 1?3mm long, blue-grey at first finally grey. Spores white, subglobose, spiny, 3.5?4.5 x 2.5?3.5um. Habitat usually coniferous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Phellodon confluens (Pers.) Pouz. Zusammenfliessender Korkstacheling Szalagos szagosgereben Fused Tooth. Fruit bodies usually fusing together. Cap 2?6cm across, flat to depressed, thickly downy at first, centre becoming roughened or pitted, initially white becoming cream to dark tan from centre out. Stem 10?20 x 5?15mm, stocky, sometimes very short, often tapering towards the downy base, white discolouring yellow- to grey-brown with age. Flesh white to grey-brown in cap, much darker in stem. Smell of fenugreek when dried. Spines 1?2mm long, white becoming grey or violet-tinged. Spores white, subglobose, spiny, 3.5?4.5 x 3?4m. Habitat under beech, chestnut and especially oak, more rarely in mixed conifer woods. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Phallus impudicus Pers. syn. Ithyphallus impudicus (L.) Fr. Stinkhorn, Phallus Impudique, Satyre puant, Oeuf du diable, Gemeine Stinkmorchel, Erdei sz-m-rcs-g, Satirione, Grote Stinkzwam. Fruit body initially semi-submerged and covered by leaf-litter, egg-like, 3-6cm across, attached to substrate by a cord-like mycelial strand. The outer wall of the egg is white to pinkish but there is a thick gelatinous middle layer held between the membranous inner and outer layers. The egg is soon ruptured, as the white hollow stalk-like receptacle extends to 10-25cm high, the pendulous, bell-shaped head is covered by a meshwork of raised ribs covered in dark olive slime which contains the spores. This slime has a strong sickly offensive smell which attracts flies from large distances, the slime sticks to the legs of the flies and thus acts as a means of spore dispersal which takes place very rapidly, exposing the underlying mesh of the cap. Spores pale yellow, oblong, 3.5-4 x 1.5-2-. Habitat associated with rotting wood which may be buried in the soil, in gardens and woodland. Season summer to late autumn. Very common. The egg stage, which lacks the disgusting smell, is edible though not tasty; it is said to be an aphrodisiac presumably through association with its phallic shape. Distribution, America and Europe. The second picture was taken by Geoffrey Kibby. The latest one sent in from Australia does not look the same as the European species, mainly because of the scarlet colour, is there an Australian name for this fungus?
Inedible
Panellus stypticus (Bull. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Panus stipticus (Bull. ex Fr.) Eichen Zwergkn?ueling Kis ?ld?csk?gomba Pane stiptique Bitter Oysterling. Note stypticus is also spelt stipticus by some authors. Cap 1?3cm across, kidney-shaped, pale ochre-brown to cinnamon, minutely scurfy. Stem 5?20 x 2?5mm, lateral, tapering towards the base, concolorous with cap or paler. Flesh whitish to pale yellowish. Taste bitter. Gills pale cinnamon. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, amyloid, 3?6 x 2?3um. Habitat often in crowded tiers on dead branches or stumps, especially of oak. Season all year. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. Note the spelling of stipticus
Inedible
Panellus mitis (Pers. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Pleurotus mitis (Pers. ex Fr.) Qu?l. Milder Zwergkn?ueling ?desk?s d?csk?gomba Elastic Oysterling. Cap 0.5?1.5cm across, fan-shaped, horizontal, white becoming clay-pink, pellicle separable. Stem 5?10?3?5mm, lateral, flattened, whitish covered in white mealy granules. Flesh white. Taste mild. Gills crowded, with gelatinous edge, white to cream. Spore print white. Spores cylindrical, amyloid, 3.5?5 x 1?1.5um. Habitat coniferous twigs. Season early autumn to early winter. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Panaeolus semiovatus (Sow. ex Fr.) Lund. syn. Anellaria separata (L. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. P. separatus (L. ex Fr.) Gillet Ring-D?ngerling Gy?r?s tr?gyagomba Egghead Mottlegill. Cap 2?6cm across, ovate-bell-shaped, never expanding, clay white tinged yellowish towards centre, viscid, drying shiny, velar remnants often adhering to margin. Stem 50?100 x 4?8mm, slightly thickened at base, whitish; ring white and membranaceous, persistent. Flesh whitish, yellowish in stem. Gills broad, whitish, soon brown-black, often with a white edge. Pleurocystidia in form of broad lanceolate chrysocystidia with pointed apices. Spore print black. Spores pip-shaped, 16?20 x 10?12um. Habitat on dung. Season spring to early winter. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Oudemansiella mucida (Schrad. ex Fr.) K?hn. syn. Armillaria mucida (Schrad. ex Fr.) Kummer. Porcelain fungus, Poached Egg Fungus, Collybie mucide, Buchen-Schleimr?bling, Gy?r?s f?l?ke, Agarico viscoso, Porseleinzwam. Cap 2?8cm across, convex then flattening, pale greyish when young becoming more white often with an ochraceous flush at the centre, semi-translucent, slimy. Stem 30?100?3?10mm, white striate above the membranous ring, slightly scaly below. Flesh thin, white. Cystidia thin-walled cylindric or utriform. Spore print white. Spores subglobose 13?18?12?15m. Cap cuticle hymeniform, of erect club-shaped cells. Habitat on the trunks of beech, often high up and in large clusters. Season late summer to late autumn. Common. Edible after washing to remove gluten. Found In Europe. The last shot is from Ted Green, thanks Ted.
Inedible
Mycena vulgaris (Pers. ) Kumm. Ny?lk?s k?gy?gomba Whitish Bonnet. Member of the bonnet genus. Cap greyish white or slightly brownish, very sticky with a detachable glutinous layer 3-10mm or recorded up to 15mm wide, semi-transparent. Gills sometimes a little decurrent, white, with a glutinous covering. Stem 3-5 x.3cm white sticky and translucent. Spore print white, spores 7-11 x 3-5.5um, cystidia clavate. Smell faint. Found in conifer woods growing on the litter. Found in the USA and Europe, fairly common.
Inedible
Mycena epipterygia (Scop. ex Fr.) S.F. Gray, Dehnbarer Helmling Enyves k?gy?gomba Myc?ne des foug?res Yellowleg Bonnet. Cap 1?2cm across, convex expanding to bell-shaped, fawn, especially at centre, with yellowish tinge, having a lined appearance when moist, margin often delicately toothed, covered with a viscid, easily removed skin. Stem 40?70 x 1?2mm, pale yellow and viscid. Flesh very thin. Taste mild, smell slight, not distinctive. Gills subdecurrent, pale pink, edge glutinous, can be removed by a needle when fresh. Cheilocystidia clavate covered with irregular knobbly sometimes branched processes. Spore print white to pale buff. Spores ellipsoid, amyloid, 8?10 x 4.5?5um. Habitat amongst grass or moss in woods or heaths. Season autumn. Common. Edible but not worthwhile -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Mycena arcangeliana Bresadola Syn. Mycena oortiana Hora syn. M. arcangeliana var. oortiana K-hn. Graubrauner Helmling Olajs-rg-s k-gy-gomba. Cap 1-4cm across, broadly conical, whitish to grey-brown with an olivaceous tint, striate. Stem 20-40 x 1-2mm, greyish, the colour fading with age, base covered in white down. Flesh white in cap, grey in stem. Taste mild, smell strongly iodoform. Gills crowded, adnexed, white at first later pinkish. Cheilocystidia abundant, thin-walled, clavate or ovate, hyaline, densely granulate-warted. Spore print whitish. Spores pip-shaped, amyloid 7-8 x 4.5-5um. Habitat on stumps and branches of deciduous trees. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Marasmius wynnei Berk. & Br. syn. M. globularis Fr. apud Qu?l. Violetter Schwindling Erdei szegf?gomba Pearly Parachute. Cap 2?6cm across, hemispherical to flattened convex, pallid or violet grey when moist drying from centre to cream buff to clay pink and slightly wrinkled, margin striate when moist. Stem 20?100 x 2?5mm, buff near the apex, reddish-brown to almost black towards the finely white-powdered base. Flesh whitish in cap darker in stem. Gills white at first then pallid or tinged violet. Spore print white. Spores pip-shaped, 5?7 x 3?3.5um. Cuticular cells smooth and subglobose. Habitat in clusters amongst leaf litter in beech woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
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