Found in fields Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Class:
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Total mushrooms fount: 143

Inedible
Mycena aetites (Fr.) Qu?l. syn. M. ammoniaca (Fr.) Qu?l. s. Lange Salmiak-Helmling Szalmi?kos k?gy?gomba Drab Bonnet. Cap 0.5?1.5cm across, conical to convex, pale to dark grey, grooved and having a lined appearance when moist, opaque when dry. Stem 30?45 x 0.5?1mm, concolorous with cap, lighter towards apex. Flesh thin, whitish, greyish in stem. Taste mild, smell none or slightly ammoniacal. Gills adnate with a decurrent tooth, grey with whitish edge. Cheilocystidia fusoid, thin-walled. Spore print white. Spores elliptical, amyloid, 9?10 x 5?5.5um. Habitat amongst short grass, or herbaceous debris. Season autumn. Rare. Edible but not worthwhile -avoid. Found In Europe.
Edible
Melanoleuca grammopodia (Bull. ex Fr.) Pat., syn. Tricholoma grammopodium (Bull. ex Fr.) Qu-l. Tricholome - pied ray-, Gefurchter Weichritterling, Rov-tkoltt-nk- l-gypereszke, Agarico a piede striato, Streepsteelvelridder. Cap 7-15cm across, bell-shaped then expanded, often becoming centrally depressed, light to dark grey-brown. Stem 50-120 x 10-15mm, swollen at the base, grey brown and longitudinally fibrillose. Flesh whitish. Smell mouldy, or of mice. Gills white becoming dirty cream with age. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, with swollen base and long narrow neck. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, minutely warted, amyloid, 8.5-9.5 x 5-6um. Habitat deciduous woods or meadows. Season autumn. Uncommon. Said to be edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Choice
Marasmius oreades (Blot. ex Fr.) Fr. Fairy Ring Mushrooms, Nymphe des montagnes, Faux Mousseron, Marasme des Or?ades, Nelkenschwindling, Mezei szegf?gomba, Gambe secche, Weidekringzwam. Cap 2?5cm across, convex then flattened with a large broad umbo, tan when moist drying buff tinged with tan at the centre. Stem 20?100 x 3?5mm, whitish to pale buff, tough, rigid. Flesh thick at the centre of the cap, whitish. Smell of fresh sawdust. Gills white then ochre-cream, distant. Spore print white. Spores pip-shaped, 8?10 x 5?6um. Cuticular cells smooth, subglobose. Habitat often forming rings in the short grass of pasture or lawns. Season late spring to late autumn. Common. Edible and good. Distribution, America and Europe.
Choice
Macrolepiota procera (Scop. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Lepiota procera (Scop. ex Fr.) S.F. Gray syn. Leucocoprinus procerus (Scop. ex Fr.) Pat. Parasol Mushroom, L?piote ?lev?e, Coulemelle, Nagy ?zl?bgomba, Parasol, Riesenschirmpilz, Parasol, Bubbola maggiore, Fungo parasole, Mazza da tamburo, Grote parasolzwam. Cap 10?25cm across, button spherical or egg-shaped expanding flattened with a prominent umbo, pale buff or grey-brown covered in darker shaggy scales. Stem 150?300 x 8?15mm, 40mm at the bulb, white, with a grey-brown felty covering which becomes split into snake-like markings as the stem expands; ring large, double, white on upper surface, brown below, movable on the stem. Flesh thin, soft, white. Taste sweet, smell slight, indistinctive. Gills free, white. Spore print white. Spores ovate with a germ-pore, dextrinoid, 15?20 x 10?13um. Habitat in open woods and pastures. Season summer and autumn. Uncommon. Edible ? excellent. Distribution, America and Europe. Note the American form of this fungus is rather more delicate in form than the more robust European variety. The third photograph was taken by Geoffrey Kibby.
Edible
Macrolepiota konradii (Huijsman ex. Orton) Moser syn. Lepiota konradii Huijsman ex. Orton syn. L. gracilenta (Krombh.) Qu?l. s. Rea syn. L. excoriata var. konradii Huijsman. L?piote gr?le, Feinschuppiger Schirmpilz, Barnagy?r?s nagy?zl?bgomba (?zl?bgomba), Lepiota di Konrad. Cap 7?12cm across, ovate then slightly umbonate becoming expanded and even depressed, the brownish cuticle breaking up into large adnate scales exposing the white flesh beneath. Stem 100?150 x 8?12mm, bulbous, tapering upwards, whitish covered in small brownish scales. Smell pleasant. Gills white. Spore print white. Spores ovoid with an apical germ-pore, 13?17 x 8?10um. Habitat pasture, heaths and open woodland. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Edible with caution as there are poisonous white mushrooms. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Macrolepiota excoriata (Fr.) Wasser syn. Lepiota excoriata (Schaeff ex. Fr.) Kummer syn. Leucocoprinus excoriatus (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Pat. L?piote excori?e, Coulemelle excori?e, Ackerschirmpilz, Csipk?s ?zl?bgomba, Bubbola buona, Tubiet, Rafeligeparasolzwam. Cap 6?10cm across, ovate at first then convex and slightly umbonate, covered in fine adpressed ochre-buff scales on a white ground. Stem 40?60 x 8?10mm, slightly thickened at the base, smooth, white; ring narrow and persistent. Flesh white. Smell none. Gills white to cream. Spore print white to pale ochraceous. Spores oval, 12?15 x 8?9um. Habitat pastureland. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Edible with caution because of other white poisonous mushrooms. Distribution, America and Europe. Unfortunately a specimen of L. leucothites has crept into this collection (bottom right).
Inedible
Cucumber Cap Macrocystidia cucumis (Pers.: Fr.) Joss. Cucumber Cap Hamvas uborkagomba. Cap 0.8-5cm, conical to bell-shaped, dry and smooth, expanding with age, dark, blackish-brown to purplish-brown when young and moist, becoming paler, reddish-brown as it ages and dries, often with much paler margin. Stem 20-60 x 1-3mm, slender, cylindrical or slightly flattened, pale cream above, darker orange-brown to blackish at base, surface usually distinctly velvety. Flesh thin, pale brown. Smell very strong, a mixture of raw fish and cucumber. Taste very unpleasant, rancid, or with cod-liver oil component. Spore print dull pinkish brown. Spores 7.5-10x3.5-5.0?, smooth, narrowly ellipsoid. Cystidia on edge of gill large, swollen with long, narrow point. Habitat in woodlands and gardens in humus-rich, nitrogen-rich places, now becoming very common on woodchip mulches in gardens. Season early summer to late autumn. Frequent to common. Not Edible. Distribution Europe. Thanks to Geoffrey Kibby for this picture and text.
Edible
Leucoagaricus leucothites (Vitt.) Wasser syn. Lepiota leucothites (Vitt.) Orton syn. L. naucina (Fr.) Kummer L?piote pudique Rosabl?tteriger Schirmpilz Tarl?gomba. Cap 5?8cm across, convex expanding to almost flattened, smooth and silky, whitish becoming flushed flesh-colour or pale cream-ochre. Stem 60?80 x 8?20mm, concolorous with the cap; ring concolorous, narrow, free of the stem. Flesh thick and white in the cap, browning in the stem. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills white becoming pale flesh-colour with age. Spore print white. Spores ovoid, dextrinoid, 7?9 x 4.5?5um. Habitat in gardens or at roadsides. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edible but best avoided due to possible confusion with poisonous species. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Lepista luscina (Fr. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Clitocybe luscina (Fr. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Tricholoma panaeolum (Fr.) Qu?l. Mehliger R?telritterling M?rv?nyos pereszke (t?lcs?rpereszke) Argouane des praires. Cap 3–10cm across, convex becoming flattened or depressed and wavy, grey-brown, often ornamented with darker concentric rings of spots, white and mealy at margin. Stem 30–50 x 4–6mm, fibrous, apex white and mealy, greyish-brown below. Flesh thin, pallid. Taste sweet, mushroomy, smell of meal. Gills crowded, white then greyish. Spore print pale pinkish. Spores elliptic, minutely roughened, 5–7 x 3.5–4.5um. Habitat in rings in grass. Season autumn. Rare. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe.
Inedible
Hygrophorus eburneus (Bull. ex Fr.) Fr. syn. Limacium eburneum (Bull. ex. Fr.) Kummer. Ivory Wax Cap, Hygrophore blanc d'ivoire, Fichten-Schneckling, Elfenbein-Schneckling, Elef-ntcsont csigagomba, Ivoorzwam. Cap 3-7cm across, convex then becoming flattened, pure white, slimy. Stem 40-70 x 5-10mm, tapering towards the base, covered in mealy granules near the apex when young, white, slimy. Flesh thick at centre of cap, white. Taste and smell faint but pleasant. Gills decurrent, white. Spore print white. Spores broadly ellipsoid, 6-8 x 4-5um. No reaction with KOH on cap. Habitat in leaf litter in woods, especially beech. Season autumn. Rare. Edible - not recommended. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Hygrophorus cossus (Sow. ex Berk.) Fr. syn. Limacium eburneum var. cossus New syn. Hygrophorus eburneus (Sow. ex Berk.) Lange. Goat Moth Wax Cap, Starkriechender Schneckling, K?risszag? csigagomba, Igroforo dall'odore di perdilegno, Verkleurende slijmkop. Cap 3?7cm across, convex becoming more flattened, white flushed buff especially near the centre, slimy. Stem 40?70 x 5?10mm, whitish, slimy. Flesh white. Taste and smell strong and unpleasant, said to resemble that of the larva of the Goat Moth whence it gets its name. Gills decurrent, whitish. Spore print white. Spores ovoid, 8?10 x 4?5um. No reaction with KOH on cap. Habitat in mixed woodland, beechwood on chalk. Season autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Hygrophorus chrysodon (Fr.) Fr. syn. Limacium chrysodon (Fr.) Kummer. Hygrophore dent d'or, Goldzahn-Schneckling, S?rgapelyh? csigagomba, Igroforo a denti di'oro. Cap 3-8cm across, convex expanding to flatter and knobby with an inrolled margin; whitish; sticky when wet, shiny when dry, with many tiny, cottony yellow scales, mostly at the margin. Gills decurrent, distant, moderately broad, waxy; white with yellow edges. Stem 40-70 x 10-15mm; white, covered in minute yellow scales, usually at the top; sticky. Flesh thick; white, sometimes with a reddish tinge. Odor fungusy. Taste mild or slightly bitter. Spores ellipsoid, 7-9 x 4-5.5?. Deposit white. Habitat singly to scattered on soil in coniferous and mixed deciduous woods. Found in Europe and widely distributed in North America. Season July January. Edible. Comment Easily recognized by its yellow scales.
Inedible
Hygrocybe unguinosa (Fr.) Karst. syn Hygrophorus unguinosus (Fr.) Fr. Grauer Saftling Sz-rke ned-gomba. Cap 2-4cm across, convex or bell-shaped, greyish brown, very shiny. Stem 4-60 x 3-6mm, concolorous with cap, slightly wavy and tapering towards the whitish base, very slimy. Flesh greyish. Taste mild, smell not distinctive. Gills adnate with a decurrent tooth, widely spaced but connected by veins, whitish. Spore print white. Spores broadly elliptical or oval, 7-8.5 x 4-5m. Habitat in short grass in pastures or open woodland. Season late autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown- avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Hygrocybe punicea (Fr.Fr.) Kummer Syn. Hygrophorus puniceus (Fr.) Fr. Crimson Wax Cap, Hygrophore rogue ponceau, Gro-er Saftling, Igroforo rosso sangue, Granaatbloemwasplaat, V-r-s ned-gomba. Cap 3-7cm across, irregularly bell-shaped and often lobed, deep blood-red when fresh, soon fading to orange-red, greasy. Stem 50-120 x 6-20mm, yellow flushed with red, white towards the pointed base, the surface covered in coarse fibres. Flesh white at base and in centre of stem, concolorous or yellow under the cuticle, stem becoming hollow. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills adnexed, yellowish later becoming flushed with cap colour. Spore print white. Spores broadly elliptical, 9-12 x 5-6um. Habitat amongst short grass in fields and heaths. Season autumn. Rare. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distinguished from the more common H. coccineus by its larger size and the base of the coarse stem being white. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Hygrocybe psittacina (Schaeff. ex Fr.) W-nsche syn. Hygrophorus psittacinus (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Fr. Parrot Waxcap, Hygrophore perroquet, Papagien-Saftling, Igroforo pappagallo, Papegaaizwammetje, Z-ldes ned-gomba. Cap 1-3cm across, convex or bell-shaped, usually greenish at first then more yellowish often with a pinkish tinge at the broad umbo, often striate at the margin, covered in greenish gluten especially when young. Stem 20-40 x 2-5mm, greenish yellow with darker greenish blue apex, very slimy. Flesh white tinged with green and yellow. Smell mushroomy. Gills adnate, broad, yellowish near edge becoming more green towards the cap. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid, 8-9.5 x 4-5.5um. Habitat amongst grass on lawns or heaths. Season summer to late autumn. Occasional. Edible but not good due to it sliminess -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Hygrocybe ovina (Bull. ex Fr.) K-hn. syn. Hygrophorus ovinus (Bull. ex Fr.) Fr. Schaf-Saftling Hygrophore des moutons Blushing Waxcap. Cap 2-8cm across, conico-convex, irregularly expanding and often broadly umbonate, dark sepia with yellowish-brown margin when fresh, drying pale sepia. Stem 30-60 x 6-20mm, often compressed, dark grey-brown. Flesh grey-brown. Taste strong and unpleasant, smell nitrous, or occasionally none. Gills dark sepia, discolouring bright reddish on bruising, as do cap and stem. Spore print white. Spores broadly elliptic to ovoid, 7-9 x 5-6.5um. Habitat singly or in small tufts in grass. Season late summer. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Mennigroter Saftling Vermilion Waxcap Hygrocybe miniata (Fr.) Kummer syn. Hygrophorus miniatus (Fr.) Fr. Apr- (m-niumv-r-s) ned-gomba. Cap 0.5-1.5cm across, convex, bright scarlet, finely scurfy. Stem 20-50 x 2-5mm, concolorous with cap or more orange, smooth and shiny. Flesh thin, orange-red. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills adnate, yellow to vermillion or orange-red with paler yellow edge. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid to egg-shape, 7.5-10 x 5-6um. Habitat in grassy clearings in woods or on heaths. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edible but not recommended. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distinguished from the other small, bright red species in this genus by its dry scurfy cap. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Hygrocybe marchii (Bres.) Sing. syn. Hygrophorus marchii Bres.Goldgelber Saftling Aranys?rga ned?gomba. Cap 1?4.5cm across, convex becoming depressed at the centre, orange-scarlet with yellowish margin and all over golden sheen. Stem 30?60 x 3?6mm, rich golden-yellow. Flesh yellowish, hollow in stem. Taste mild, smell pleasant. Gills decurrent, golden-yellow. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid-ovoid, 6.5?8.5 x 4?5um. Habitat amongst grass in woods and fields. Season autumn. Occasional. Edibility unknown -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Hygrocybe laeta (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Hygrophorus laetus (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr. syn. Hygrophorus houghtonii Berk. & Br. Z?her Saftling Heath Waxcap Ny?lk?s ned?gomba. Cap 1?3cm across, convex, flesh to pale tawny-brown, slimy, faintly lined at the margin. Stem 30?70 x 2?4mm, pale yellow tinged with cap colour, very slimy. Flesh thin, tawny in the cap, more yellowish in the stem which soon becomes hollow. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills decurrent, widely spaced but connected by veins, whitish to flesh-coloured. Spore print white. Spores broadly ellipsoid, 5?7.5 x 4?5um. Habitat on heaths usually amongst bracken. Season late autumn. Uncommon. Edible (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe. Note the American (blue background) show differences with the European specimens and possibly need reconsidering.
Inedible
Hygrocybe conica (Scop. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Hygrophorus conicus (Scop. ex Fr.) Fr. Blackening Waxcap, Hygrophore conique, Kegeliger Saftling, Igroforo conico, Zwartwordende wasplaat, Feketed? ned?gomba. Cap 2?5cm across, acutely conical and often irregularly lobed, yellow-orange sometimes flushed scarlet becoming black when bruised or with age. Stem 20?60 x 8?10mm, bright yellow and blackening. Flesh pale yellow, bruising black. Taste and smell none. Gills sinuate, pale yellow. Spore print white. Spores broadly ellipsoid, 7?9(10) x 4?5(6)um in four-spored form but 9?12 x 6?8m in two-spored form. Habitat amongst grass in fields, lawns and roadsides. Season summer to late autumn. Frequent. Edible ? not recommended. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
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