Found in fields Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Total mushrooms fount: 143

Edible
Hygrocybe coccinea (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Hygrophorus coccineus (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Fr. Scarlet Waxcap, Hygrophore cochenille, Scharlachroter Saftling, Igroforo Rosso, Scharlaken wasplaat, Piros ned?gomba. Cap 2?4cm across, bell-shaped, scarlet blood-red, slimy at first. Stem 20?50 x 3?10mm, concolorous with cap but yellow towards the base, often becoming compressed. Flesh yellow-red, hollow in stem. Taste and smell faint, not distinctive. Gills adnate with a decurrent tooth, yellow when young later blood red with yellowish edge. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid to almond-shaped, often slightly constricted, 7?9.5 x 4?5um. Habitat amongst grass in fields. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible ? good. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Hygrocybe chlorophana (Fr:Fr.) Kummer syn. Hygrophorus chlorophanus (Fr.) Fr. Z-ldess-rga ned-gomba. Cap 2-4cm across, convex then expanded to flat; deep lemon yellow with disc sometimes more orange-yellow; sticky, with a striate margin. Gills adnexed, close, narrow; whitish to yellowish. Stem 30-70 x 4-8mm, hollow; same color as cap; smooth and sticky. Flesh thin; yellowish. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores ellipsoid, nonamyloid, 7-8.75 x 4-5-. Deposit white. Habitat on soil in open woods. Uncommon. Found in Europe and northern United States and southeast to Tennessee. Season April-October. Edibility not known. Comment Hygrophorus flavescens is extremely similar, but the cap is more orange than yellow, and the stem, which is a bit slippery, lacks the really sticky coating that is characteristic of Hygrophorus chlorophanus.
Inedible
Hygrocybe cantharellus (Schw.) Murr. syn. Hygrophorus cantharellus (Schw.) Fr. Pfifferlings- Saftling Goblet Waxcap. Cap 0.5?4cm across, convex, slightly scurfy-scaly, scarlet becoming vermillion and often yellowish at the wavy margin. Stem 30?70 x 1?3mm, orange at apex, concolorous with cap below. Flesh orange. Gills deeply decurrent, pale yellowish becoming deep egg-yellow. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, 8?10 x 5?6um. Habitat amongst damp moss. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Hygrocybe calyptraeformis (B. & Br.) Fayod syn. Hygrophorus calyptraeformis (B. & Br.) Rosenroter Saftling Pink Waxcap R?zsasz?n? ned?gomba. Cap 3?6cm across, acutely conical, expanding and splitting radially, dusky-pink when moist drying whitish-pink. Stem 60?120 x 8?10mm, white, sometimes flushed pink at apex, brittle, often splitting longitudinally. Flesh pink in cap, white in stem. Taste mild, smell not distinctive. Gills pale pink. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, 6?8 x 4.5?6um. Habitat amongst grass in pastures and heaths. Season autumn. Rare. Edible ? not recommended. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Helvella crispa Fr. White Saddle, Common White Helvella, Helvelle cr?pue, Oreille de chat, Herbst-Lorchel, Fodros papsapkagomba, Spugnola d'autumno crespa, Witte kluifzwam. Cap 2?5cm high, saddle-shaped and deeply lobed, convoluted at the centre, whitish with pale buff or tan underside. Stem 20?60 x 10?20mm white, hollow and deeply furrowed. Asci 300 x 18?. Spores elliptical, 18?20 x 10?13?. Habitat on path-sides in damp, deciduous woods. Season late summer to late autumn and occasionally in spring. Common. Edible ? poor. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Hebeloma crustuliniforme (Bull. ex St. Amans) Qu?l. Poison Pie, H?b?lome ?chaud?, Tr?nender Rettichf?lbling, Radijsvaalhoed, Zsemlesz?n? (retekszag?) fak?gomba. Cap 3-11 cm across, convex then expanded and often obtusely umbonate, the margin remaining inrolled for a long time and often lobed; buff to pale ochre-tan, darker at the center; slightly greasy to sticky when moist. Gills adnate or notched, crowded; pale clay-brown exuding watery droplets in moist conditions, spotted when dry. Stem 40-130 x 5-20mm, solid with an enlarged base; whitish or tinged with cap color; top powdery or finely flaky, center finely hairy, base with white mycelium. Veil not showing when cap is extended. Flesh thick; white. Odor strongly of radish. Taste bitter. Spores almond-shaped, smooth or finely warted, 9-13 x 5.5-7.5?. Deposit rust-brown. Cheilocystidia club-shaped, thin-walled, hyaline. Habitat singly or in groups on the ground on wood edges, on lawns, or under trees. Common. Found widely distributed in North America. Season September-November (through May in California). Poisonous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Galerina paludosa (Fr.) Kuehn. L-pi turj-ngomba. Cap ochre brown to reddish-ochre, 1-3cm finely granular, conical to convex. Gills adnate. Stem when young fibrous and flaky, with a distinct ring.4-12x1.5-3mm. Spore print rusty-yellowish brown, spores 9.5-11x6-7umfinely warty. Growing on sphagnum moss.
Poisonous/Suspect
Entoloma vernum Lundell. Tavaszi d?ggomba. Cap 2.5-4(6)cm bell-shaped finally flat, with a boss or nipple, olivaceous-umber when wet, drying paler. Stem3-8x3-6mm. Often twisted fibrous, paler than the cap. Gills distant deep, pale grey to reddish as spores mature. No smell. Spores 9-10x7-8 ?. Print dull pink. Found in moss or grass at wood edges, in spring! Not edible, USA and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Enteloma serrulatum (Pers. Ex Fr.) Hesl. syn. Leptonia serrulata (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Rhodophyllus serrulatus (Pers. ex Fr.) Qu?l. Ges?gter Zartling Feket?sk?k d?ggomba. Cap 1?3cm across, convex then expanded and finally depressed, blue-black becoming brownish with age, margin often slightly striate. Stem 15?20 x 1?2mm, blue-grey to blackish, typically with black dots at apex, base covered in white down. Flesh thin, bluish-white. Gills blue-grey with a blackish edge. Cystidia club-shaped with blue sap. Spore print pink. Spores angular-elliptic, 10?12 x 6?8um. Habitat grassland. Season summer to autumn. Occasional ? more frequent in the North and West. Poisonous. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Entoloma sericeum (Bull ex Merat) Quel. F?nyeskalap? (selymes) d?ggomba. Cap 2-4cm, flat to domed, brownish-grey silky shiny, striate. Gills dirty white then muddy pink. Stem the same colour as the cap with a lighter apex and base. Taste and smell mild to farinaceous rancid. Spore print brownish-pink, spores angled 7.5-10x6.5-8. Grassy places sometimes as early as May or June, rare. Not edible.
Poisonous/Suspect
Entoloma sericellum (Bull:Fr.) Kummer syn. Leptonia sericella (Fr. ex Fr.) Barb. syn. Entoloma sericellum (Fr. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Rhodophyllus sericellus (Fr. ex Fr.) Qu?l Bleicher Zartling Feh?r-pityke d?ggomba. Cap 1?2cm across, conico-convex expanding to almost flat, sometimes depressed at the centre, pale ochre-buff drying whitish. Stem 15?25 x 2?4mm, concolorous with cap. Flesh thin, concolorous. Smell mushroomy. Gills white at first then pale pink. Spore print pink. Spores angularly oblong, 9?13 x 6?8.5um. Habitat pastureland, open woodland and marshes. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Not edible -suspect. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Entoloma incanum (Fr.) Hesl. syn. Leptonia incana (Fr.) Gillet syn. Rhodophyllus incanus (Fr.) K?hn. & Romagn. Braungruner Zartling Z?ldes pitykegomba, barn?sz?ld d?ggomba. Cap 1?3cm across, convex, often becoming centrally depressed, expanding to almost flat, yellow-brown to olive-brown, darker brown at the centre, striate at the margin. Stem 20?40 x 1?3mm, yellowish green, bruising blue-green, base covered in white down. Flesh thin, greenish. Strong smell of mice. Gills greenish-white at first becoming pale flesh-colour. Spore print pink. Spores angularly oblong, 11?14 x 8?9um. Habitat grassland and heaths, especially on chalk. Season late summer to late autumn. Uncommon. Poisonous. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Endoptychum agaricoides Czerniaiev New syn. Chlorophyllum agaricoides Cap 1-7cm across, 2-10cm high, oval to rounded and generally wider at the base; white becoming dingy to tan; smooth with minute hairs, sometimes becoming scaly. Spore mass like contorted gills, chambered; whitish becoming pale brown in maturity; sometimes slightly powdery. Stem barely exposed, extending up into gleba, attached by a cord to the ground; whitish becoming yellowish. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, brownish, 6.5-8 x 5.5-7?. Habitat scattered, in groups, or even in dense clusters on lawns, flower beds, pastures, and cultivated or wasteland. Sometimes abundant. Found widely distributed throughout North America. Season May-October. Edibility not known.
Inedible
Coprinus plicatilis (Fr.) Fr. New syn. Parasola plicatilis Glimmeriger Scheibchentintling Gyenge ?ltintagomba Pleated Inkcap Cap 0.5?1.5cm high, cylindric-ovoid expanding to shallowly convex or flat with depressed centre, buff with cinnamon centre, soon deeply grooved and greying from margin inwards. Stem 30?70 x 1?2mm, white discolouring buff from the base upwards. Smell none. Gills clay pink then grey, finally black, hardly deliquescing. Spore print black. Spores ellipsoid to almond-shaped, 10?13-8.5?10.5um. Habitat in grass on lawns at pathsides. Season spring to late autumn. Common. Edible ? not worthwhile. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Conocybe pseudopilosella (Kuhn.) Kuhn. & Romagn. syn. C. pubescens var. pseudopilosella Kuhn. Ockergelbes Samthaubchen. Cap 0.5?1.2cm across, remaining conical to bell-shaped and not expanding, ochraceous drying paler almost cream. Stem 40?80 x 1?2mm, fragile, pale at apex, concolorous with cap below, darkening towards the base. Flesh very thin, ochraceous, soon hollow in the stem. Gills adnate, ochraceous cinnamon. Spore print ochraceous-brown. Spores 13?14.5 x 7?8.5?. Cheilocystidia skittle-shaped, head 2.5?4.5? in diameter. Habitat amongst grass in woods and in lawns. Season autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Clathrus ruber Mich.: Pers. Syn. Clathrus cancellatus. Kos?rkagomba Basket Stinkhorn. Fruit body egg shaped, white to greyish at first then the volva bursting open to show a orange-red lattice, 10 x 6cm. spongy and rather brittle in texture, the greenish black spore baring material is on the inside of the lattice, odour, strong, fetid, attractive to flies. The mycelium commonly forms into ?rooting? rhizomorphs. Spores 4.5 ?5.5 x x2-2.5um olive-brown. Habitat gardens and rubbish heaps. Throughout Europe, rare in the north, reported and seemingly becoming more common in north America. Not edible. The two latest images were sent to me by Sheri from South Florida USA. The one just breaking out of the 'egg@ came from Ronnie Plews in France.
Inedible
Chamaemyces fracidus (Fr.) Donk Syn. Drosella fracida (Fr.) Sing. syn. Lepiota irrorata Qu?l. Schleimiger Schirmpilz Foltosod? ?zl?bgomba. Cap 2.5?10cm across, convex, pale yellowish at first then straw-coloured, covered in dew-like drops when fresh which on drying often leave dark brown or blackish spots. Stem 30?40 x 7?10mm, whitish and smooth above the membranaceous ring covered in small yellow or brownish scales below, often exuding yellowish or orange-brown droplets. Flesh white. Smell unpleasant. Gills white then yellowish cream. Cheilo- and Pleurocystidia abundant, thin-walled, hyaline, clavate or fusiform, and very conspicuous. Spore print white. Spores ovoid, 4?5 x 4?. Habitat pasture and open woodland. Season early summer to autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown. Found In Europe.
Edible
Calvatia excipuliformis (Pers.) Perdek. syn. Handkea excipuliformis (Scop.) Kreisel syn. Lycoperdon saccatum Schaeff. ex Fr. syn. C. saccata (Fr.) Morgan syn. L. excipuliformis Schaeff. ex Pers. Beutel-St?ubling V?ltoz?kony sz?tes?p?feteg, v?ltoz?kony p?feg Lycoperdon en sac. Fruit body 8?20cm high, pestle-shaped, head 3?12cm across, pale buff at first then brownish, outer surface of small spines or warts which soon disappear exposing the yellowish, papery inner wall of which the upper portion breaks away to expose the spores. Gleba purplish-brown at maturity; sterile base of sponge-like texture, brownish and occupying the entire stem. Spores olive-brown, globose and warted, 3.5?5.5? in diameter. Habitat on waste ground, heaths, pastures and woodland. Season late summer to autumn but the sterile stalk and empty cup-like base of the head may persist for many months. Common. Edible when young. Distribution, America and Europe. Unusually short-stemmed specimens; the young one is the most typically shaped.
Choice
Calocybe gambosa (Fr.) Sing. syn. Tricholoma gambosum (Fr.) Kummer syn. Lyophyllum georgii (L. ex Fr.) K-hn. & Romagn. St George-s Mushroom, Tricolome de la Saint-Georges, Mousseron vrai, Mairitterling, M-jusi pereszke, prugnolo, spinarolo, maggengo, Voorjaarspronkridder. Cap 5-15cm across, subglobose then expanding, often irregularly wavy and sometimes cracking, margin inrolled, white. Stem 20-40-10-25mm, white. Flesh white, soft. Taste and smell mealy. Gills narrow, very crowded, whitish. Spore print white. Spores elliptical, 5-6 x 3-4-. Habitat in grass on roadsides and wood edges or in pastureland. Season found traditionally on 23 April, St George-s Day, whence it gets its name although more frequently maturing a week or so later. Occasional. Edible - good. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
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