Found in fields Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Total mushrooms fount: 143

Edible
Bovista plumbea Pers. ex Pers. Bleigrauer Zwergbovist, Sz?rke s?t?tedőp?feteg, sz?rke p?feteg, Boviste couleur de plomb, Grey Puffball Fruit body 2–3cm across, subglobose without a sterile base but attached to the substrate by a clump of fibres which often break leaving the fruit body free to roll about in the wind, outer wall white at first flaking off in large scales at maturity to expose the lead-coloured fragile inner layer enclosing the spore mass and opening by a circular pore. Gleba clay to olive-brown. Capillitium of highly branched brown dendroid elements. Spores brown, oval with a long pedicel and finely roughened, 4.5–6 x 4.5–5.5ľ. Habitat amongst short grass on lawns, golf-courses and pasture. Season late summer to late autumn. Occasional. Edible when young. Found In Europe.
Edible
Bovista nigrescens Pers. ex Pers. Schwarzer Bovist, Feketed- p-feteg, Fekete s-t-ted-p-feteg, Boviste noir-tre, Brown Puffball Fruit body 3-6cm across, subglobose, slightly pointed below, without a sterile base but attached to the substrate by a single mycelial cord which often breaks leaving the fruit body free to roll about in the wind, outer wall white at first, flaking off in large scales at maturity to expose the dark purple-brown to blackish inner wall enclosing the spore mass and opening by a large irregular pore or extensive splitting and cracking. Gleba dark purple-brown. Capillitium of highly branched brown dendroid elements. Spores brown, subglobose with a long pedicel and finely warted, 4.5-6- diameter. Habitat in grass and pastureland. Season late summer to autumn but persisting in old dried condition for many months. Uncommon - more frequent in the North and West. Edible when young. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Bolbitius vitellinus (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr. New syn. Bolbitius titubans Goldmistpilz Bolbitius jaune d'oeuf Yellow Fieldcap Cap 1-4cm across, acorn-shaped then bell-shaped, finally expanding to almost flat, very thin and almost transparent, chrome yellow at first fading to grey-brown at the margin, somewhat viscid when young drying shiny with age, deeply grooved at the margin. Stem 30-100-2-4mm, very delicate, whitish-yellow with a fine mealy powdering, base downy. Flesh thin and membranous above the gills, stem hollow. Gills crowded, pale yellow at first, later cinnamon or rusty. Spore print rust brown. Spores smooth, elliptic, 11-15 x 6-9-. Habitat on rotting straw, manured grassland or wood chips. Season summer to late autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. Note There is a possibility that this well known fungus may have to change name to B. titubans in the future.
Inedible
Astraeus hygrometricus (Pers.) Morg. syn. Geastrum hygrometricum Pers. Wetterstern, Reped?ses csillaggomba, G?astre en ?toile, Barometer Earthstar Fruit body 1?5cm across, globose, outer wall ochraceous tan to dark brown, splitting into 6?15 pointed rays on maturity when moist, closing and becoming hard and leather-like when dry. Spore sac 1?3cm across, pallid to dark greyish, thin and papery opening by a slit or tear forming an irregular pore. Gleba cocoa-brown at maturity. Spores cinnamon-brown, globose and finely warted, 7?10.5? in diameter. Habitat dunes or sandy soil in woods, developing just below the surface and becoming exposed at maturity. Season autumn but persisting in good condition for up to a year. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Deadly
Amanita virosa (Fr.) Bertillon in De Chambre. Destroying Angel, Amanite vireuse, Weisser Knollenbl?tterpilz, Hegyeskalap? (k?pkalap?) gal?ca, Kleverige knolamaniet. Cap 5-12cm across, convex-conical at first, then expanded with broad umbo; pure white; smooth, slightly viscid when moist. Gills free, crowded; white. Stem 90-120 x 10-15mm, usually swelling toward base; white with surface often disrupted into shaggy fibrils; base enclosed in a baglike, white, sheathing volva; apex of stem fragile, ring often torn or incomplete. Flesh firm; white. Odor sweet and sickly. Spores globose, amyloid, 8.5-10(11) x (7)7.5-9?. Deposit white. Habitat in mixed woodlands. Common. Found in many parts of North America. Season June-November. Deadly poisonous-many deaths are caused by this fungus in North America. Comment Flesh turns instantly golden yellow with KOH, differentiating this species from the very similar Amanita verna (Bull. per Fr.) Roques (found in the Pacific Northwest), which has a smooth stem. Symptoms of poisoning Amanita virosa and its relative Amanita bisporigera both contain the deadly amatoxin poisons, and since they are so common in North America they have been responsible for many cases of severe poisoning and death. The first symptoms of poisoning are vomiting, persistent diarrhea, and severe stomach pains; the onset of symptoms normally occurs some eight to ten hours or as long as twenty-four hours after eating a meal containing these amanitas. After this there may be a period of apparent improvement before the second effect of the poisoning occurs; this is a deterioration in function of both the liver (hepatic failure) and the kidneys (renal failure). These will show up in the patient as yellowing or discoloration of the whites of the eyes and skin, as in hepatitis, and also in discoloration of the urine. Thus, it is crucial not to leave the patient untreated during the first stages. The sufferer should be taken immediately to the nearest hospital and the doctors informed that mushrooms were eaten during the past few days so that there is no possibility the doctors will misidentify the cause of the poisoning.
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita ovoidea (bull. Ex FR.) Qu?l. Nagy gal?ca. Cap 8?25cm across, it stays at the button stage for a long time and is hemispherical at first . Stem 100- 150 x 50mm, scaly with delicate mealy white scales and ending in a bulbous rooting base, the volval is sack like creamy white to ochraceous in age; the ring is white and of a delicate mealy texture, soon breaking up. Flesh white. Taste and smell slight. Gills free, crowded, white. Spore print white. Spores broadly elliptical, amyloid, 10?12 x 6.5?7.5m. Habitat near in or near mixed woodland, on calcareous soils. Season summer to autumn. Rare. Said to be Edible but easily confused with other deadly species, so we strongly advise never to eat it. Distribution Europe.
Edible
Orangeroter Becherling, Narancsv?r?s (narancss?rga) cs?szegomba, P?zize orang?e, Orange Peel Fungus Aleuria aurantia (Fr.) Fuckel syn. Peziza aurantia Fr. Cup 0.5?10cm across, cup shaped becoming wavy and flattened, inner surface bright yellowish-orange, outer whitish, covered in fine white down visible under a hand lens. Flesh thin and brittle, whitish. Asci 220?13?, not blued by iodine. Spores elliptical and coarsely reticulate, containing two oil drops, 17?24?9?11?. Habitat gregarious, on bare soil, or amongst grass in lawns or at roadsides. Season early autumn to early winter. Common. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Agrocybe semiorbicularis (Bull. ex St. Amans) Fayod syn. Naucoria semiorbicularis (Bull. ex St. Amans) Qu?l. Halbkugeliger Erdsch?ppling S?rga r?tgomba. Cap 1?2cm across, hemispherical to flattened convex, ochraceous to tan. Stem 25?40 x 2?3mm, pallid flushed with cap colour. Flesh ochraceous darkening to tan towards stem base. Smell mealy. Gills adnate, very broad, pale ochraceous at first gradually becoming dark cinnamon with age. Spore print cigar brown. Spores ovoid, 11?13 x 7.5?8?. Habitat amongst grass on lawns, roadsides and sand-dunes. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Edibility suspect -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Agrocybe praecox (Pers. ex Fr.) Fayod syn. Pholiota praecox (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer Fr?her Erdsch?ppling Tavaszi r?tgomba Pholiote pr?coce Spring Fieldcap Cap 3?6cm across, convex, ochraceous-cream or light tan, drying almost whitish with darker margin. Stem 40?60 x 4?8mm, cream, with ring. Flesh whitish cream becoming brown in stem with age. Smell mealy. Gills adnate, pale reddish-brown at first darkening with age. Spore print cigar brown. Spores ovoid-ellipsoid, 9?10 x 5?5.5?. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat amongst grass, usually in shady places, e.g. copses. Season late spring to late autumn. Uncommon. Said to be edible but best avoided. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Agrocybe pediades (Fr.) Fayod S?rga r?tgomba. Cap 1-3cm across, convex; ochre-buff to darker brown when wet; smooth. Gills adnate, crowded; cream then rust-brown. Stem 20-50 X 2-3mm; pale buff; fibrillose. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores truncate, 9-13 x 6.6-7.5?. Deposit dark brown. Habitat grasslands, pastures. Common. Found in Europe and throughout North America. Season May June. Not edible.
Inedible
Volvariella parvula (Weins.) Orton syn. Volvaria parvula (Weins.) Kummer syn. V. pusilla (Pers. ex Fr.) Qu?l. Kleiner Scheidling Apr? bocskorosgomba, barnabocskor? bocskorosgomba. Cap 1?3cm across, conical then bell-shaped becoming almost flat, whitish tinged yellow at the centre, slightly viscid at first drying silky. Stem 25?40 x 2?4mm, white, silky, base encased in the white, membranaceous, lobed volva. Flesh white. Gills white at first, later dark flesh-pink. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, broad, subcylindric to clavate. Spore print pink. Spores elliptic, 5?7 x 3?5um. Habitat amongst grass in pasture, gardens and open woodland. Season late spring to autumn. Rare. Edible ? not worthwhile. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Verpa conica Swartz ex Pers. Spitze Glokenmorchel Simas?veg? (sima s?veg?)kucsmagomba Verpe conique Thimble Morel. Fruit body 4?9cm high, fertile pendulous head ovoid then bell-shaped, attached to the stalk at the centre, dark olive-brown; stalk cylindrical, whitish covered in brownish granules arranged in irregular horizontal bands. Asci 350 x 23?. Spores elliptic, 20?24 x 12?14?. Habitat under hawthorn scrub on chalk soil. Season late spring. Uncommon. Edible with caution. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Trichopilus porphyrophaeus Orton Syn. Entoloma porphyrophaeum (Fr.) Karst. syn. Rhodophyllus porphyrophaeus (Fr.) Lange. Braunroter R-tling Lil-sbarna d-ggomba, s-t-tlemez- d-ggomba Lilac Pinkgill. Cap 3-9cm across, convex to bell-shaped with a distinct umbo, dark grey-brown to date-brown often with a faint purplish-brown tinge at margin, covered in radiating fibres. Stem 40-80 x 5-10mm, purplish-grey-brown and fibrous, base covered in fine white down. Flesh thin, whitish. Gills rather distant, dirty white at first then dark flesh pink. Cystidia thin-walled, fusiform, often with capitate apex. Spore print pink. Spores angularly oblong, 10-13 x 5-7um. Habitat in pasture and grassland. Season late spring to late autumn. Uncommon. Said to be edible but best avoided due to possible confusion with poisonous species. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Stropharia cyanea (Bolton ex Secr.) Tuomikoski Z?ldesk?k harmatgomba. Cap 3-8cm across, convex then obtuse-umbonate; bluish green to yellow-green, soon discolored to pale straw yellow with only hint of green; viscid, with fine, evanescent white veil flakes at margin. Gills emarginate; pale vinaceous buff to tobacco brown when old. Stem 40-100 x 3-12mm; colored as cap; with fugacious ring zone. Flesh pale blue-green. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores ellipsoid, 7-9 x 4.5-5?. Deposit umber-brown. Habitat in grass and leaf litter. Found in Europe and in Washington State, probably widespread in the Northwest. Season August-October. Not edible. Comment This species has long been confused with Stropharia aeruginosa, which is more strongly colored blue-green and has a copious white veil and white then darker, purple-brown gills.
Inedible
Stropharia albonitens (Fr.) Karsten. Feh?r harmatgomba. Cap 2-6cm across, convex, often umbonate; white to cream with yellowish center; smooth, viscid. Gills sinuate; pale violet-gray-brown. Stem 40-80 x 3-5mm; white, yellow-floccose below the apical ring zone. Flesh thin; white. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores ellipsoid, 8-9 x 4-5?. Deposit purple-black. Habitat in grassy meadows. Found in Europe and the Pacific Northwest. Season July-November. Not edible.
Inedible
Rickenella swartzii (Fr: Fr.) Kuyper Syn. Mycena swartzii (Fr. ex Fr.) A. H. Smith syn. Omphalia fibula var swartzii (Fr. ex Fr.) Karst. Nabel-Helmling K?kes moha-k?gy?gomba. Cap 0.5?1cm, convex then flattened, often depressed at centre, ochraceous cream with dark brown centre. Stem 20?40 x 1?2mm, violet at apex, pallid below. Flesh thin, cream. Taste mild, smell slight, not distinctive. Gills decurrent, white or cream. Cheilo- and pleurocystidia thin-walled, fusoid. Spore print white. Spores narrowly ellipsoid, 4?5 x 2um. Habitat in short grass or moss in damp places. Season late summer to early winter. Frequent. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Psathyrella pellucidipes (Romagn.) Galland syn. Drosophila pellucidipes Romagn. Glanzstieliger Faserling. Cap 1?2cm across, convex to bell-shaped, hygrophanous, dark tan drying light yellow-brown, striate. Stem 50?70 x 2?3mm, rooting, whitish to pale brown. Flesh thin, brown in cap, paler in stem. Gills broadly adnate, grey, edge white. Spore print black. Spores elliptic to almond-shaped, 11.5?13.5 x 6.5?7um. Habitat sandy soil. Season spring to autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Pholiota terrestris Overholts Ground Pholiota. Cap 2-10cm, obtusely conical to convex, becoming flatter with a slight umbo; sepia to cinnamon brown to dark gray-brown; slimy beneath the numerous hairy scales, with veil remnants hanging from the margin. Gills adnate, crowded, narrow, edges slightly uneven; pale becoming grayish brown to brown. Stem 30-100 x 5-l0mm, solid but soon hollowed; grayish staining yellow or brownish at base or around worm holes, covered with dark brown down-curved scales; finely hairy above the ring, sheath-like below. Flesh rather thick, pliant, and tending to be rough; watery buff to brown. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores ellipsoid, smooth small pore at tip, 4.5-6.5 x 3.5-4.5?. Deposit brown. Cheilocystidia numerous. Habitat on the ground in dense clusters in woods, on lawns, along roadsides, and more rarely on buried wood. Found widely distributed in western North America eastward to Michigan. Season June-January. Said to be edible -suspect. Comment This species appears to be terrestrial, but it has also been found growing on buried wood to which its mycelium may be attached, so its name is rather deceptive.
Inedible
Panaeolus subbalteatus (Berk. & Br.) Sacc. Garten-D-ngerling R-zv-r-s tr-gyagomba. Cap 2-6cm across, convex at first expanding to almost flat with a broad umbo, dark reddish-brown when moist drying buff to pale tan from centre outwards leaving a darker zone at margin. Stem 60-90 x 3-5mm, buff or pale brown with paler apex. Flesh thin, brownish. Taste not distinctive, smell mushroomy. Gills adnate, pale tan at first rapidly blackening. Spore print black. Spores lemon-shaped, 12-14 x 7.5-8.5um. Habitat in manured places especially gardens or compost heaps. Season early summer to autumn. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
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