Found in fields Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Text:

Total mushrooms fount: 143

Choice
Lepista saeva (Fr.) Orton syn. Tricholoma saevum (Fr.) Gillet syn. Rhodopaxillus saevus (Fr.) Maire syn. Tricholoma personatum (Fr. ex Fr.) Kummer Lepista personata of British authors. Field Blewit, Blue-leg, Pied violet, Rhodopaxille siniste, Lilat?nk? pereszke (t?lcs?rpereszke), Zweifarbener R?telritterling, Paarssteelschijnridder. Cap 6?10cm across, convex then flattened or depressed, often wavy at the margin, pallid to dirty brown. Stem 30?60?15?25mm, often swollen at the base, bluish-lilac, fibrillose. Flesh thick, whitish to flesh-coloured. Taste and smell strongly perfumed. Gills crowded, whitish to flesh-coloured. Spore print pale pink. Spores elliptic, minutely spiny, 7?8?4?5m. Habitat often in rings, in pastureland. Season autumn to early winter. Frequent. Edible ? excellent. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Inocybe adaequata (Britz.) Sacc. syn. I. jurana Pat. Borv?r?s susulyka. Cap 2?6cm across, conical to bell-shaped, buff with radiating darker brown fibres radiating from the centre, soon flushed reddish brown or sometimes vinaceous-purple; note, the black patches on the caps are mould. Stem 20?60 x 4?10mm, white soon reddish, base slightly swollen. Flesh white becoming flushed pink in cap and stem base. Taste mild or mealy, smell strongly mealy. Gills adnate or free, white at first then tinged clay, edge white at first then tinged clay, edge white. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, clavate, without apical encrustation. Spore print snuff-brown. Spores smooth, bean-shaped, 10?15 x 5?7m. Habitat deciduous or mixed woods especially beechwoods on chalk. Season autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Note I have adopted the earlier name.
Inedible
Ileodictyon cibarium Tul. The White Basket Fungus. A member of the Stinkhorn family. Found in Australia and new Zealand, but it may well occur in other countries as the spores are carried round the world. Found growing in grassland or on plant debris, especially wood chip mulch.
Inedible
Hygrophorus reai Maire Cap 1-3cm across, convex with a minutely scalloped margin; bright flame red on the disc becoming brilliant scarlet toward the edge, fading to deep chrome yellow overall in age; smooth, sticky, faintly translucently lined toward the edge. Gills bluntly adnate soon seceding, subdistant, broad, 2 layers; whitish becoming pale yellow. Stem 30-50 x 2-4mm, fragile, hollow; same color as cap; smooth, sticky, shining, often translucent. Flesh thin, brittle; same color as surface. Odor none. Taste very bitter. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, nonamyloid, 8.1-8.4 x 4.7-6.3?. Deposit white. Habitat in groups under conifers. Found Europe and in New York, Michigan, and Washington. Season July-October. Edibility not known.
Edible
Hygrophorus leucophaeus ([Scop.] Fr.) Karst. syn. Limacium leucophaeum ([Scop.] Fr.) P. Henn. R-tlicher Schneckling, Karcs- csigagomba, Igroforo dal piede bianco, Breedrandslijmkop. Cap 1.5-5cm across, convex, whitish buff with rusty brown at the prominent umbo, slightly viscid. Stem 30-70 x 4-7mm, whitish with a faint rust flush. Flesh thick at centre of cap, whitish. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills decurrent, whitish buff. Spore print white. Spores ovoid-ellipsoid, 6.5-8 x 4um. Habitat in deciduous woodland, especially beech. Season autumn. Occasional. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Hygrophorus dichrous K-hn & Romagn. Hygrophore bicolore, Zweifarbiger Schneckling, Olajbarna csigagomba, Olijfkleurige slijmkop. Cap 5-7cm across, convex with slight umbo, olive-brown with darker centre, slimy. Stem 50-80 x 10-18mm, white covered with thick, brownish gluten below the ring-like zone. Flesh thick, white. Smell odd. Gills adnate-decurrent, white. Spore print white. Spores broadly ovoid, 9-13 x 5-7.5um. Habitat in deciduous woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Hygrocybe vitellina (Fr.) Karst syn. Hygrophorus vitellinus Fr. Zitronengelber Saftling. Cap 1-2cm across, convex soon expanding and often slightly depressed, bright yellow, the margin often striate. Stem 10-35 x 1-3mm, concolorous with cap. Flesh thin, yellow. Taste none, smell delicate, slightly perfumed. Gills decurrent, bright yellow. Spore print white. Spores elliptic-ovoid, 6-8 x 4.5-5um. Habitat amongst damp moss. Season late summer to autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Hygrocybe subglobispora Orton syn. H. amoena f. silvatica Haller & M?trod Rotrandiger Saftling Hygrophore am?ne. Cap 2?7cm across, conical and irregularly lobed with a distinct umbo, bright chrome yellow flushed orange especially towards the margin, viscid when moist, drying silky. Stem 30?90 x 7?12mm, concolorous with the cap paling to lemon above the white base which has a tendency to bruise brownish-black. Flesh white in the centre of cap and stem, yellow below the cap cuticle, the stem soon hollow. Smell none. Gills free, pale lemon, edge white. Spore print white. Spores broadly ovoid to subglobose, 8?12 x 6?10um. Basidia either two- or four-spored. Habitat grassland and woods. Season early summer to autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Hygrocybe strangulata Orton syn. Hygrophorus strangulatus Orton Orangeroter Saftling Apr? ned?gomba. Cap 0.5?3.5cm across, convex, margin wavy when expanded and the centre becoming depressed and scurfy scaly in older specimens, scarlet-orange with bright yellow striate margin, drying ochraceous. Stem 18?50 x 3?6mm, tapering downwards and often becoming compressed, concolorous with cap, paler towards the white base. Flesh orange. Taste and smell none. Gills adnate or slightly decurrent, pale yellow at first, later orange. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid, constricted in some views, 7?9 x 4?5m. Habitat on sandy soil or heathland also in fields. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Edible
Cuphophyllus niveus (Fr.) Bon. Syn. Hygrocybe nivea (Scop.) Fr. syn. Camarophyllus virgineus (Wulf. ex Fr.) Fr. (of some authors) syn. Hygrophorus virgineus (Fr.) Fr. Snowy Waxcap, Hygrophore blanc de neige, Schneeweisser Saftling, Igroforo niveo, Sneeuwzwammerje, Feh-r nyirokgomba. Cap 1-3cm across, convex becoming flattened and depressed, white becoming ivory or tinged ochraceous with age especially at centre, striate when moist. Stem 25-50 x 2-4mm, tapering towards the base, white. Flesh thick at centre of cap, whitish. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills decurrent, widely spaced, whitish. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid or pip-shaped, 7-9 x 4-5.5um in four-spored forms but 10-12-5-6m in two-spored forms. Habitat amongst short grass in pasture and open woodland. Season autumn. Common. Edible (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe. Note Bon has now placed this fungus in Cuphophyllus.
Inedible
Hygrocybe nitrata (Pers. ex Pers.) W-nsche syn. Hygrophorus nitratus (Pers. ex Pers.) Fr. Seifen-Saftling Hygrophore nitreux Nitrous Waxcap. Cap 1.5-8cm across, convex then expanded, light sepia to date-brown, often yellow-brown at margin when fresh, drying pallid. Stem 30-100 x 3-12mm, creamy pallid darkening towards the base. Flesh whitish cream. Taste foul, soapy, smell nitrous. Gills whitish cream becoming tinged with cap colour. Spore print white. Spores 7-10 x 4.5-5.5um. Habitat amongst grass. Season late summer. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Hygrocybe nigrescens (Qu-l.) K-hn. syn. H. pseudoconica Lange syn. Hygrophorus nigrescens (Qu-l.) Qu-l. Schw-rzender Saftling, Igroforo nereggiante, Zwartwordende, Sz-nv-lt- ned-gomba. Cap 3.5-5.5cm across, bell-shaped or broadly conical often irregularly lobed, orange or scarlet blackening with age. Stem 30-70 x 6-10mm, yellow flushed scarlet with white base, becoming streaked black. Flesh yellowish in the cap, white in the stem, blackening on exposure to air. Taste mild, smell not distinctive. Gills adnexed or free, pale yellow. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid, 8-11 x 5-6um. Basidia four-spored. Habitat amongst grass in fields or woods. Season autumn. Occasional. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe.
Inedible
Hygrocybe konradii Haller syn. Hygrophorus konradii (Haller) Orton syn. H. obrusseus (Fr.) Fr. (of some authors) Chromgelber Saftling Hygrophore dor- G-mb-ly-sp-r-s ned-gomba. Cap 2-6cm across, conical and irregularly lobed with a prominent umbo, chrome yellow with richer colour at margin and sometimes at umbo. Stem 30-80 x 7-10mm, chrome yellow, white at stem base. Flesh white. Smell not distinctive. Gills pale yellow, deepening with age. Spore print white. Spores ovoid, 9-11 x 6.5-8um. Habitat in grassland. Season summer. Uncommon. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Edible
Hygrocybe ceracea (Wulf. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Hygrophorus ceraceus (Wulf. ex Fr.) Fr. Wachsiger Saftling Butter Waxcap. Cap 1-2.5cm across, convex then flattened, deep yellow to pale orange, greasy, faintly striate at margin. Stem 25-50 x 2-4mm, dry, concolorous with cap, narrowing towards the base which is sometimes covered in fine white down. Flesh thin, yellow, becoming hollow in the stem. Taste and smell and distinctive. Gills adnate-decurrent and connected by veins, yellow with a paler edge. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid 5.5-7 x 3um. Habitat in short grass in pastures and lawns. Season autumn. Occasional. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Flavoscypha cantharella (Fr.) Harmaja syn. Otidea cantharella (Fr.) Sacc. Gelber Ohrling Citroms?rga f?lesgomba. Cup 1?5cm tall, elongate ear-shaped, inner and outer surface bright sulphur-yellow, base whitish. Flesh thin, white. Asci 150 x 10?, not blued by iodine. Paraphyses slender, curved at the tip. Spores elliptical containing two oil drops, 10?12 x 5?6?. Habitat in soil roadsides and parks in mixed woods. Season late summer to autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Entoloma lazulinum (Pers. Ex Fr.) Hesl. syn. Leptonia lazulina (Fr.) Qu?l. syn. Rhodophyllus lazulinus (Fr.) Qu?l. New syn. Entoloma chalybeum var. lazulinum Schwarzblauer Zartling K?klemez? pitykegomba, feketek?zep? d?ggomba. Cap 1?2cm across, convex, blackish-blue, almost black at disc, covered in darker radiating fibres, margin striate. Stem 30?40 x 1?2mm, dark blue to blue-black or violet-blue. Flesh thin, dark blue. Smell strongly mushroomy. Gills at first deep bright blue or blue-grey becoming more pink with age. Spore print pink. Spores angularly oblong, 10?12 x 6.5?8um. Habitat grassland and heaths. Season autumn. Occasional ? more common in the North and West. Poisonous. Found In Europe. The collection illustrated shows caps which are more conical than those found typically.
Inedible
Deconica coprophila (Bull. ex Fr.) Karst syn. Psilocybe coprophila (Bull. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Stropharia coprophila (Bull. ex Fr.) Lange Mist-Kahlkopf Gan?j badargomba. Cap 0.5?2.5cm across, hemispherical to broadly bell-shaped, often with an umbo, tan to reddish-pallid, covered with a detachable viscid layer. Stem 25?40 x 1?3mm, pallid flushed with cap colour, covered in fine cottony tufts below. Flesh thin, concolorous. Taste mealy. Gills crowded, broad, pale grey-brown darkening with age. Spore print violaceous. Spores lemon-shaped, 12?14 x 6.5?8?. Habitat on dung. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
1
2
...
3
4
5
6
7
8