Grows in woods Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
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Total mushrooms fount: 1134

Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Agaricus xanthodermus Genevier syn. Psalliota xanthoderma (Genevier) Richon & Roze. Yellow Stainer, Agaric jaunissant, Giftchampignon, Agarico giallescente, Karbolchampignon, S?rgul? csiperke, karbolszag? csiperke. Cap 5?15cm across, subspherical with the top flattened later expanded convex, white at first later often with tiny indistinct greyish-brown scales and bruising bright chrome-yellow, especially towards the margin. Stem 50?150 x 10?20mm, white, bulbous at the base; ring white with a thickened edge which can cause it to appear double. Flesh white, staining chrome-yellow in the stem base. Taste slightly unpleasant, smell slightly of ink. Gills white at first then pale pink, finally grey-brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, sub-globose or ovate, hyaline, 10?20 x 8?14?. Spore print purple-brown. Spores ellipsoid, 5?6.5 x 3?4?. Habitat in woods, meadows and gardens. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Poisonous. The symptoms are sweating, flushing and severe stomach cramps, but only some people are affected. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Agaricus vaporarius (Vitt.) Mos. syn. Psalliota vaporaria (Vitt.) M?ller & Schaeff. Garten-Egerling Agaric de Bernard, Psalliote de Bernard, Komposztcsiperke, ?ves csiperke, Clustered Mushroom. Cap 10?15cm across, subglobose at first expanding to flattened convex, dirty brown soon breaking up into large scales. Stem 60?120 x 25?50mm, tapering at the base which is deeply buried in the soil, white and smooth although initially with brown fibrous scales; ring thick and white, pendulous. Flesh white, reddening only slightly on cutting. Taste nutty, smell mushroomy. Gills pale pink at first later chocolate brown. Cheilocystidia numerous, thin-walled, clavate, hyaline, 18?28 x 4?10?. Spore print brown. Spores subglobose, 6?7?4.5?6m. Habitat gardens and deciduous woods often developing below ground and pushing up through the soil as it expands. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility suspect -avoid. Found In Europe.
Edible
Agaricus subrutilescens (Kauffman) Hot. & Stuntz Cap 5-13cm across, convex; whitish; fibrillose-striate, to slightly scaly; fibers deep vinaceous brown. Gills free, crowded, narrow; whitish pink then deep brown. Stem 60-150 x 10-25mm, clavate; whitish; smooth above the ring, with white to vinaceous veil remnants below, often in bands; ring large, thin, woolly below, high on stem. Flesh white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, 4.5-6 x 3-4?. Deposit deep brown. Habitat in mixed woods. Found on the West Coast of north America. Season August-December. Edible. Dan Manders wrote:I eat it whenever I find it, it's quite good. It's listed in David Arora's book as being a good edible, though less meaty than most other Agaricus, which I've found to be true as well. In Oregon I find it mostly on slopes in mixed company with sword ferns & Oregon grape.
Edible
Agaricus silvicola (Vitt.) Peck. Wood Mushroom, Agaric des bois, D?nnfleischiger Anisegerling, Agarico di boschi, Slanke anijchamignon, Karcs? csiperke. Cap: 5 - 10cm across, convex, cream, readily bruising ochraceous and becoming more yellow with age. Hymenium is free ( cap is convex or flat ). Stem: 50 - 80 x 10 - 15mm, concolorous with the cap, base usually bulbous. Stipe: has a ring. Ring: large and pendulous, upper surface white, lower drab. Flesh: thin, white. Taste: mushroomy, smell of aniseed. Gills: free, pale greyish-pink at first later chocolate brown. Smell: Aniseed. Cheilocystidia numerous, thin-walled, oval to subglobose, hyaline, 10 - 20 x 7 - 20. Spore print purple-brown. Spores ellipsoid 5-6 x 3-4-. Habitat in coniferous and deciduous woods. Season autumn. Occasional. ---- The cap is light cream, and bruises yellow ochre when damaged. It is much the same colour as the cap, and has a fragile drooping ring. The flesh is thin and white, and smells of aniseed. It looks fairly similar to a young death cap, it is believed by some mycologists. ---- Agaricus silvicola grows in both deciduous and coniferous woodland in Britain, Europe, and North America. Appearing in the autumn, it is rarely seen in huge numbers, usually just a few, or solitary ( Season: August to November ). Often found in loose groups. ---- It is suspected to have caused an allergic reaction in a few people in North America. ---- Agaricus xanthodermus, the yellow stainer looks very alike but bruises chrome yellow when handled or cut and smells of Indian ink or Agaricus pilatianus which stains yellow on cutting and smells of carbolic. Both do not smell edible. People can mistake some of the Amanitas for field mushrooms but on inspection they are quite different.
Poisonous/Suspect
Agaricus porphyrizon (Cke.) Orton Lil?sv?r?s csiperke. Cap 4-10cm across, convex; whitish with purplish-lilac adpressed scales and fibrils, darker at center, bruising dull yellow; smooth. Gills free, crowded; white to pinkish then brown. Stem 50-100 x 12-20mm, clavate; white, staining yellow when touched; smooth; ring membranous, thin, simple. Flesh white staining yellowish in stem, especially at base. Odor pleasant, of almonds. Taste pleasant, of almonds. Spores ovoid, 4.5-5.6 x 3.2-3.8?. Deposit deep brown. Habitat in mixed woodlands, mostly conifers. Found in Colorado. Season September. Edible. Comment This species does not satisfactorily fit any current American taxa but does agree very well with the European name given here, particularly in the very narrow spores.
Poisonous/Suspect
Agaricus pocillator, a woodland mushroom, is distributed through southeastern North America in ranges a minimum of as far north as Illinois. It will be distinguished within the field by its dark center, its small, bulbous base, that stains yellow, and its relatively slight stature. It's very similar to agaricus placomyces, however is a slightly smaller mushroom with a scalier cap and a more northern range among the united states. Edibility isn't certain for agaricus pocillator, however many other yellow-staining agaricus species ar poisonous. Hikers are typically warned to avoid eating it when spotted. ---- Cap: Whitish to dingy, developing vaguely concentric brown to greyish scales towards the middle. 3-10 cm; Convex to broadly convex or nearly flat in age, sometimes with an obscure, darker bump; Dry; Gills: Free from the stem; Close; White, turning into pink, then brown. Stem: With a small bulbous base that bruises yellow; with a ring that usually persists into maturity; 4 - 8 cm long; 0.5 - 1 cm. thick; Partial veil when covering the gills not developing dark droplets. Flesh: Staining bright yellow in the base; White throughout; Taste: Odor typically unpleasant, however sometimes not distinctive; Taste not distinctive or somewhat unpleasant. Spores: 4.5 - 6 x 3 - 3.8 ยต. Chem. Reacti.: Flesh and cap yellow with KOH. Ecology: They are saprobic, meaning that they survive by decomposing dead or decaying organic material. Growing alone or gregariously beneath hardwoods and in mixed woods; Saprobic; Summer and fall.
Poisonous/Suspect
Agaricus placomyces Peck syn. Psalliota meleagris Schaeff. Grossschuppiger Egerling Tintaszag? csiperke. Cap 5?9cm across, ovoid at first becoming expanded, densely covered with tiny grey-brown scales, especially towards the centre, on a whitish ground. Stem 60?90 x 10?12mm, bulbous, whitish, initially covered in conspicuous flakes below the large membranous ring. Flesh white, discolouring faintly yellowish and later pale brown. Cap, stem and flesh bruise yellow. Taste and smell strong and unpleasant. Gills remaining light pink for a long time, at length blackish-brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, globose or pear-shaped. Spore print brown. Spores elliptic, 4?6 x 3?4?. Habitat woodland. Season summer. Uncommon. Poisonous. Distribution, America and Europe.
Choice
Agaricus langei (M?ller) M?ller syn. Psalliota langei M?ller Grosser Waldegerling Hegyi csiperke Scaly Wood Mushroom Cap 4?12cm across, convex, densely covered in fine rust brown fibrous scales. Stem 30?120 x 15?30mm, whitish with pink tinge and slightly mealy beneath the white pendulous ring. Flesh white gradually becoming bright red on cutting. Taste and smell pleasant and mushroomy. Gills pale fawny-pink at first becoming darker with age. Cheilocysitidia numerous, thin-walled, tufted, ovate to broadly-clavate, hyaline or brownish, 20?50 x 10?30?. Spore print purple-brown. Spores elliptic, 7?9 x 3.5?5?. Habitat in coniferous or mixed woods. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible ? good. Found In Europe.
Edible
Agaricus excellens (M?ller) M?ller syn. Psalliota excellens M?ller Seidenweisser Egerling Cap 10?15cm across, convex, white and silky, yellowing slightly at the centre especially with age, densely covered in minute fibrous scales of the same colour. Stem 100?140 x 20?35mm, white; ring thick and white, the underside scaly. Flesh thick, white, becoming more or less pink on cutting. Taste sweet and mushroomy, smell slightly of aniseed. Gills pale grey-pink. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, globose or ovate to broadly clavate, hyaline, 10?38 x 5?16?. Spore print brown. Spores elliptic, 9?12 x 5?7?. Habitat amongst grass in open woodland, especially spruce. Season autumn. Rare. Edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Agaricus bresadolianus Bohus syn. A. campestris var. radicatus Vitt. Wurzelstieliger Egerling Ak?ccsiperke (-csiperke). Cap 5?10cm across, convex becoming expanded and slightly depressed at the centre, margin finally wavy, whitish to buff covered in buff to grey-brown fibrils, more densely so towards the centre. Stem 30?70 x 8?16mm, slightly swollen towards the rooting base; white flushed yellowish-buff especially at the base; ring white and narrow, short-lived, leaving an indistinct ring zone in older specimens. Flesh whitish, bruising faintly brown beneath the cap cuticle. Taste and smell slight and pleasant. Gills crowded, pale pink, finally blackish-brown. Cheilocystidia absent. Spore print dark brown. Spores elliptical to ovate, 6?7 x 4?4.5?. Habitat amongst grass in open deciduous woodland or gardens. Season summer. Very rare. Edibility unknown. Found In Europe.
Choice
Agaricus bohusii Bon illustrated by Cooke as Agaricus elvensis 539 (522) Csoportos csiperke Serbian name: BUSENASTI ?AMPINJON Fruiting body: cap up to 20(30)cm, half-rounded and then flattened, covered with brown cuticula which is breaking up into triangular scales except in the middle, margin somewhat appendiculate. Gills close, at first salmon later dark brown coloured, sterile edge pale. Stem: up to 25x3cm, spindle-shaped, swollen in the middle, at first whitish then becoming brown with age, staining reddish brown and then dark brown on handling. Ring double, white, with lower layer peronate, becoming brown and torn. Microscopy: spores egg-shaped, 6-7x4,5-6μm, brown colour en masse. Cheilocystidia numerous, club shaped. Flesh: whitish, slightly brownish in stem, when cut flashing red then brownish or immediately brownish Habitat: caespitose under broadleaved trees, especially under Ash (Fraxinus), rarely under Cedar (Cedrus) and then usually single; after showers in summer and early autumn. Edibility: edible and prized. Rare in Britain but common in Serbia and southern Europe.
Edible
Agaricus altipes M?ller Cap 4-7cm across, convex to broadly flattened; white to slightly buff on disc; smooth to slightly tomentose-floccose. Gills free, crowded; bright rosy pink when young, brown when old. Stem 80-100 x 12-20mm equal to slightly clavate; white, bruising slightly pinkish-buff color; fibrillose below; ring high on stem, white, thin, fragile, simple. Flesh firm; white bruising flesh-color. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores ovate, 6.5-7.5 x 4.5-5.5?. Deposit deep chocolate brown. Habitat in grass in mixed woods, mostly conifers. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season September. Edible. Comment This collection agreed very well with the European Agaricus altipes, differing only in the disagreeable odor of the original description; the odor may have been missed if the flesh was not bruised, or perhaps the specimens were too young.
Inedible
Mycoacia uda (Fr.) Donk. syn. Acia uda (Fr.) Bourd. & Galz. Fruit body resupinate, very thin, bright lemon-yellow becoming more ochraceous with age, covered in crowded slender spines which become purple when treated with a drop of KOH. Cystidioles thin-walled, fusoid. Spores narrowly ellipsoid, 4?6.5 x 2?3.5um. Habitat on fallen branches of deciduous trees. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
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