Grows on the ground Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
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Total mushrooms fount: 1094

Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita flavoconia Atkinson Yellow Patches Cap 3-7cm across, ovoid at first, then expanding to convex or flat with umbo; bright yellow to orange, with small bright yellow veil fragments loosely spread over surface; margin of cap without radial grooves. Gills free or slightly adnexed, crowded; white or with faint flush of yellow. Stem 50-100 X 5-15mm, white to yellow, with swollen basal bulb, covered on lower half with yellow floccose-crumbly veil fragments; with membranous white or yellow ring. Flesh white, unchanging. Odor slight, pleasant. Spores ovate-elliptic, smooth, amyloid, 7-8(9) x 4.5-5?. Deposit white. Habitat in mixed woods. Very common. Found in most of eastern North America. Season July-October. Edibility uncertain - best avoided. Comment Most likely to be confused with the much rarer Amanita frostiana, which differs in its striate cap margin, nonamyloid, globose spores, and often marginate basal bulb of stem. My third pictures shows a very white bleached form.
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita farinosa Schw. Cap 2.5-7cm across, broadly convex to flat with an upturned margin that is distinctly striate to plicate-striate; whitish gray but overlaid with a dense layer of mealy, brownish-gray, powdery volval material. Gills free, close, broad; white. Stem 30-65 x 3-9mm, tapering slightly toward the top; dirty white and smooth or with a white powder; no ring; smallish, white, oval-shaped basal bulb with a brown-gray band of volval remnant around its top. Odor strong, mink smell in old specimens. Spores ellipsoid, nonamyloid, 6.3-9.4 x4.5-7.9?. Deposit white. Habitat singly or scattered on the ground under coniferous and deciduous trees; also in grassy wood edges. Infrequent. Found widely throughout North America. Season June-November. Not edible - avoid; dangerous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita crocea (Qu?l.) K?hn. & Romagn. syn. A. vaginata var. crocea Qu?l. syn. Amanitopsis crocea (Qu?l.) Gilbert Orange Grisette Orangebrauner Scheidenstreifling, Falso farinaccio giallo, Narancssz?n? selyemgomba. Cap 4?10cm across, convex becoming flattened or turning up at margin, with a broad umbo, pale yellow orange or apricot at centre, paler towards the lined margin. Stem 100?150 x 10?20mm, gradually attenuated towards the apex, covered in silky or cottony tufts of the cap colour throughout the length, the non-bulbous base encased in a thick, persistent volva which is white on the outside and flushed with the cap colour on the interior surface, no ring. Flesh thin, white often pale orange below the cap cuticle. Smell sweet, taste sweet and nutty. Gills adnexed or free, cream. Spore print white. Spores subglobose, nonamyloid, 11?12.5 x 9?10?. Habitat amongst broadleaved trees especially birch. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Not known to be edible -best avoided. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe and north America from New York west to Colorado.
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita crenulata Pk. Cap 2.5-5.5cm across, convex then flat with a lined margin; grayish buff, tinged yellow with age; smooth; dotted with pallid cottony volval patches. Gills free or just reaching the stem, crowded; white. Stem 25-70 x9-11 mm, somewhat tapering upward with a large ovoid basal bulb; white; ring delicate becoming evanescent; woolly with volval remnants near the bulb. Flesh white staining slightly yellow. Odor slight. Spores globose to broadly ellipsoid, nonamyloid, 7.9-12.6 x 6.3-11.7?. Deposit white. Habitat on the ground in mixed woods. Uncommon. Found in northeastern North American. Poisonous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita calyptrata Pk. new syn. Amanita calyptroderma Cap 7.5-26cm across, convex, then broadly convex to flatter with a margin distinctly lined with warts; color varies from whitish yellow to greenish to orange-brown and yellowish on the margin, with a thick, white volval patch on the disc; sticky when moist, smooth. Gills adnate to free, crowded, broad; white to pale yellowish. Stem 100-240 x 8-30mm appearing bulbous but no basal bulb; whitish to yellowish, darkening where handled; smooth to minutely hairy. Veil membranous partial veil forms a large but fragile skirt-like ring on the middle or upper stem; the large volva is thick, white, membranous, and saclike. Flesh white but yellowish next to cap. Spores ellipsoid to elongate, nonamyloid, 9.1-14.6 x 5.9-7.9?. Deposit white. Habitat singly, scattered, or in groups on the ground in mixed woods. Sometimes common with madrone and coast live oak. Found in the Pacific Northwest, south to central California. Season spring, September-November. Said to be edible - but I advise against eating any amanitas as the possibility of missidentification could cause death. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.)
Poisonous/Suspect
Deadly
Amanita bisporigera Atkinson Cap 3-10cm across, convex to flat or depressed; white, sometimes with a faint tinge of pale brown on the disc; smooth and slightly sticky when moist. Gills free to just reaching the stem, crowded, attenuate; white. Stem 60-140 x 7-18mm, solid, tapering slightly toward the top; white; often woolly or scaly; ball-shaped basal bulb; the white ring near the top of the stem is thin, delicate, and drooping or shredded in a mature specimen; the volva is a white membranous sac. Flesh white. Spores globose, amyloid, 7.8-9.6 x 7-9?. Basidia mostly 2-spored. Deposit white. Habitat singly in mixed coniferous and deciduous forests. Fairly common. Found in eastern North America. Season June-September. Deadly poisonous. Comment This is extremely similar to the deadly poisonous Amanita virosa,which has mostly 4-spored basidia.
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita atkinsoniana Coker Cap 6-13cm across, convex becoming flatter or concave with veil fragments hanging from the margin; white to cream and pale graying brown, lighter toward the margin: veil become yellow and slimy in age; small, reddish-brown warts from the volva become loose, cottony patches on the cap margin. Gills free, crowded, moderately broad; pale cream with a faint reddish stain. Stem 65-210 x 10-30mm, usually tapering slightly toward the top; whitish; smooth to finely hair a pale, fairly fragile ring persists for a time, then collapses against the stem; the turnip-shaped basal bulb is usually covered with volval remnants forming rings of reddish-brown warts on the bulb, sometimes extending slightly up the stem. Flesh white, occasional, staining yellowish or pinkish. Odor faintly of chloride of lime. Spores ellipsoid, amyloid, 9-12.9 x 5.3-7.9?. Deposit white. Habitat singly or scattered on the ground in coniferous and mixed woods. Fairly common, particularly in the Southeast. Found widely distributed in eastern north America. Season August. Possibly poisonous -avoid, dangerous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita abrupta Pk. Cap 4-10cm across, flatly convex to flat with a margin that is hung with small fragments; white; smooth, shiny, and dry; covered with small, white, conical warts that appear to be woolly at the margin. Gills free, crowded, narrow; white. Stem 65-125 x 5-15mm, solid to stuffed, tapering toward the top; white; slightly hairy or smooth with a few warts of volval remnants; the subabrupt to abrupt basal bulb usually large; the white ring near the top is thin and drooping, usually with a thick edge, lined above and woolly below. Flesh moderately thick at center of cap, thin toward margin; white. Spores globose to ellipsoid, amyloid, 6.5-9.5 x 5.5-8.5? Deposit white. Habitat in mixed coniferous or deciduous woods. Common. Found in eastern north America. Season September-November. probably poisonous - avoid; dangerous.
Edible
Sheep Polypore Albatrellus ovinus (Fr.) Murr. syn. Polyporus ovinus Fr. Schafporling Fak? zsemlegomba. Fruit body annual. Cap 5-15cm across, usually single but sometimes several fused together, circular to irregular when fused, convex then depressed, dish-shaped; white to pale buff, tan; dry, smooth, or a little scaly with age. Tubes 1-2mm deep, decurrent; white. Pores 2-4 per mm, angular; white to yellowish. Stem 20-75 x 10-30mm, slightly swollen, pointed at base, usually central; white bruising pinkish; smooth. Flesh 5-20mm thick, firm; white, dries yellowish. Odor pleasant, fungusy, aromatic. Taste mild, sometimes slightly bitter (see Comment). Spores subglobose-ellipsoid, 3-4.5 x 3-3.5?. Deposit white. Hyphal structure monomitic. Habitat on the ground by conifers, especially at high elevations. Found in Europe especially Finland (where it is considered a fine edible,)and throughout North America. Season August to winter. Edible. Comment Similar are Albatrellus confluens (Fr.) Kotlaba & Pouz., which is darker, orange-hued, with a bitter flavor, and Albatrellus subrubescens (Murr.) Pouz., which bruises orange.
Edible
Albatrellus caeruleoporus (Pk.) Pouz. Fruit body annual. Cap up to 6cm wide, one or several growing from a branched base, circular, with an acute or rounded margin; indigo to blue-gray, becoming grayish brown or orange-brown in age; smooth to slightly rough and scaly. Tubes up to 3mm deep; indigo becoming reddish orange. Pores 2-3 per mm, angular; surface gray to blue, becoming grayish brown to bright reddish orange when dry. Stem up to 75 x 25mm, central or off center; indigo, discoloring with age; smooth to slightly pitted. Flesh up to l0mm thick, firm when dry; cream-colored to pale buff. Odor slight. Taste mild, pleasant. Spores ovoid to subglobose, smooth, 4-6 x 3-5-. Deposit white. Hyphal structure monomitic. Habitat singly or gregariously on the ground in mixed hemlock and deciduous woods. Found in northeastern North America. Season September-October. Edible.
Inedible
Agrocybe erebia (Fr.) K?hn. syn. Pholiota erebia (Fr.) Gillet Lederbrauner Erdsch?ppling S?t?t r?tgomba Dark Fieldcap. Cap 3?6cm across, convex becoming flattened with a broad umbo, the margin wavy in older specimens, dull clay-brown when dry, darker and slightly viscid when moist. Stem 60?80 x 8?12mm, whitish at first gradually darkening brown from base upwards, with whitish grooved ring. Flesh pale brownish. Gills pale at first then dark umber brown. Spore print very dark brown. Spores ellipsoid, 10?13 x 5?6?. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat on bare soil or in leaf litter in deciduous woods. Season autumn. Frequent. Not edible ? easily confused with poisonous species. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Agaricus pocillator, a woodland mushroom, is distributed through southeastern North America in ranges a minimum of as far north as Illinois. It will be distinguished within the field by its dark center, its small, bulbous base, that stains yellow, and its relatively slight stature. It's very similar to agaricus placomyces, however is a slightly smaller mushroom with a scalier cap and a more northern range among the united states. Edibility isn't certain for agaricus pocillator, however many other yellow-staining agaricus species ar poisonous. Hikers are typically warned to avoid eating it when spotted. ---- Cap: Whitish to dingy, developing vaguely concentric brown to greyish scales towards the middle. 3-10 cm; Convex to broadly convex or nearly flat in age, sometimes with an obscure, darker bump; Dry; Gills: Free from the stem; Close; White, turning into pink, then brown. Stem: With a small bulbous base that bruises yellow; with a ring that usually persists into maturity; 4 - 8 cm long; 0.5 - 1 cm. thick; Partial veil when covering the gills not developing dark droplets. Flesh: Staining bright yellow in the base; White throughout; Taste: Odor typically unpleasant, however sometimes not distinctive; Taste not distinctive or somewhat unpleasant. Spores: 4.5 - 6 x 3 - 3.8 ยต. Chem. Reacti.: Flesh and cap yellow with KOH. Ecology: They are saprobic, meaning that they survive by decomposing dead or decaying organic material. Growing alone or gregariously beneath hardwoods and in mixed woods; Saprobic; Summer and fall.
Edible
Agaricus littoralis (Wak. & Pears.) Pilat. syn. A. spissicaulis. Strandegerling, Szeksz?rdi csiperke, nyomott-t?nk? csiperke. Cap 5-13cm across, convex at first but soon flattened and later with a central depression. Margin of cap often incurved and overhanging gills. White or greyish-white to pale brown, smooth or with faint, flattened, darker scales at centre, with small fragments of veil hanging at margin. Stem 25-70 x 12-20mm, whitish to pale buff, stout, swollen and slightly bulbous at base, slightly browning on handling, with a narrow, pendent white ring about half way up. Base of stem usually has distinct white ?roots? or rhizomorphs. Flesh white with a brownish tint, thick in cap, faintly discolouring to pale orange-buff to pale reddish-brown when cut, smelling slightly of anise or almonds when fresh, later rather sour. Taste is pleasant and nutty. Gills free from stem, rather crowded and at first pale pinkish-brown then soon greyish-brown then dark brown. Spore print dark, chocolate brown. Spores ellipsoid, 6.5-8.5x5-6.5?, smooth. Gill edge appearing sterile but with sparse, swollen cystidia. Habitat solitary or in small groups in dry sandy pastures, coastal dunes, or even along roadsides. Season summer to late autumn. Uncommon to rare. Edible but poor. Distribution, North America, Europe and North Africa. The first picture was taken by Geoffrey Kibby.
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