Grows on wood Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Total mushrooms fount: 383

Inedible
Calocera glossoides (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr. syn. Dacryomitra glossoides (Pers.) Bref. Zungen-H?rnling. Fruit body 3?10mm high, yellow, conical to club-shaped and often compressed or longitudinally wrinkled with a short distinct stem which becomes dark blackish-brown or drying. Flesh firm gelatinous, yellow. Spores white, narrowly elliptical to subcylindric or sausage-shaped, 12?14(17) x 3?5?, becoming three-septate at maturity. Basidia shaped like tuning-forks. Habitat on dead branches or stumps of oak. Season early autumn to early winter. Uncommon. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Bulgaria rufa Schw. New syn. Galiella rufa Fruit body 2-7cm across, closed at first, then opening to become shallowly cup-shaped with an incurved margin; inner surface pale reddish or reddish brown, with a gelatinous layer giving a rubbery consistency; outer surface blackish brown with clusters of hairs. Stem up to 10 x 5mm, attached below by dense mass of black mycelium. Asci narrow, up to 275-300-. Spores ellipsoid, with ends strongly narrowed, 10 x 20-. Habitat in groups or dense clusters on buried sticks under leaf mold or soil. Often common. Found in eastern North America. Season May-June. Not edible.
Inedible
Buglossoporus pulvinus (Pers. ex Pers.) Donk. Syn. Polyporus quercinus (Shrad.) ex Fr. Bracket 5-10 (20) cm wide about 5 cm deep. Found only on Oak. Spores yellowish, 6-10x2.5-4. Very rare in Britain, must be protected.
Inedible
Bondarzewia montana (Qu-l.) Singer Hegyi likacsosgomba. Fruit body annual. Cap up to11cm across, 1cm thick, one or several on a branched stem, convex becoming flat and sunken; purplish brown or ochraceous brown; scurfy or finely felty becoming wrinkled. Tubes up to 2mm deep, often decurrent on stem, continuous with flesh; cream-colored. Pores 1-3 per mm, angular; surface cream-colored. Stem up to 120 x 40mm, central or off center; brown; velvety, rooting. Flesh up to 1cm thick, firm, hard; cream-colored. Odor pleasant, nutlike. Spores globose to subglobose, amyloid, ornamented with irregular short amyloid ridges, 6-8 x 5-7-. Deposit white. Hyphal structure dimitic. Habitat on the ground or on buried wood under conifers - pine, spruce, fir, Douglas fir. Found in the Pacific Northwest and California. Season September-November. Edible.
Edible
Bondarzewia berkeleyi (Fr.) Bond. et Singer syn. Polyporus berkeleyi Fr.Berkeley's Polypore Fruit body annual. Cap up to 25cm across, 15cm wide, 3cm thick, one or several overlapping in large clusters, usually fan-shaped; tan to yellowish; smooth, finely felty or rough and pitted. Tubes up to 2cm deep, decurrent, continuous with the flesh; pale buff. Pores1-2 per mm, circular to angular; surface tan. Stem up to 8cm thick, lateral, usually branched, developing from an underground sclerotium; yellowish. Flesh up to 3cm thick, corky; pale bull. Spores globose to subglobose, ornamented with short irregularly arranged amyloid ridges, 7-9 x 6-8?. Deposit ochraceous. Hyphal structure dimitic. Habitat growing from the base or stumps of hardwood and deciduous trees, particularly oak and chestnut. Found in eastern North America, west to Texas and Louisiana. Season July-October. Edible with caution.
Edible
Boletus lignicola Kallenbach syn. Pulveroboletus lignicola (Kalchbr.) Pilat. Cap 5-20cm across, convex with inrolled margin; reddish brown to yellow-brown or rust; subtomentose, floccose at first, then smooth. Tubes decurrent on stem; bright yellow. Pores bright yellow, bruising blue-green. Stem 30-80 x 5-25mm, often eccentric, tapered below; rust-yellow to brown; dry, pulverulent. Flesh firm; pale lemon yellow. Odor faint, aromatic. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, 6.5-9 x 2.8-3.8-. Deposit olive. Habitat always on stumps or trunks of conifers, exceptionally on sawdust; often associated with the polypore Phaeolus schweinitzii. Rare. Found in northern Europe and widely distributed in eastern North America. Season July-September. Edible.
Poisonous/Suspect
Bolbitius reticulatus (Pers. Ex Fr.) Ricken Sz?rk?s k?r?szgomba. Cap 3-6cm across darker in the centre violet-grey with with a netted-veined appearance. Stem 5-6 cm long. Spores rusty brown 10-11x5-6um. Found on beech wood or stumps. Europe not recorded for America.
Inedible
Bjerkandera fumosa (Fr.) Karst. Kr?msz?n? likacsosgomba (tapl?). The fruit bodies are small brackets up to a maximum of 14cm across. Ochre-brown sometimes concentrically zoned, the under surface is cream coloured, browning slightly when handled. The pores are small 2-4 per mm. Spores smooth, elliptical 5-6.5x2.5-3.5. Mostly found on willow but also on other trees including a report on conifers. Tough ?not edible. Europe.
Edible
Auricularia auricula-judae St. Amans syn. Hirneola auricula-judae (St. Amans) Berk. syn. Auricularia auricula (Hook.)Underwood. Jew's Ear, Oreille de Judas, Judasohr, J?d?sf?legomba, j?d?sf?l, Orechio di Giuda, Judasoor. Fruit body 3?8cm across, ear-shaped, gelatinous when fresh drying hard and horny, outer surface tan-brown with minute greyish downy hairs, inner surface grey-brown, smooth, or often wrinkled and ear-like. Spores white, sausage-shaped, 16?18?6?8?. Basidia elongated cylindric with three transverse septa. Habitat on branches of frondose trees, usually elder. Season all year, especially autumn. Very common. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Ascotremella faginea (Peck) Seaver B?kk?s t?ml?srezg?gomba, B?kk ?lrezg?gomba (rezg?gomba). A jelly like asco, fruit body crowded together with a very short stem, pink to violet, shiny when wet. Asci 8 spored, ascospores 7-9x4-4.5, with two drops and 3 or 4 strations (very difficult to see). Found on dead twigs of Alder and Beech. Europe and America. Not edible.
Choice
Armillaria ponderosa (Pk.) Sacc. New syn. Tricholoma magnivelare White Matsutake Cap 5-20cm across, convex becoming flatter with an inrolled, cottony margin becoming somewhat uplifted in age; white with flattened reddish-brownish scales and spots, particularly over the center; tacky becoming dry with streaks of brown fibers near the margin. Gills adnexed, crowded, narrow to broad; whitish staining pinkish brown. Stem 50-150 x 20-40mm, hard, firm; white becoming pinkish brown from scales and patches of veil remnants; white and cottony above the ring. Veil partial veil leaves thick, soft, membranous ring on the upper stalk. Flesh firm; white. Odor distinctly fragrant. Spores broadly ellipsoid to globose, smooth, nonamyloid, 5-7 x 4.5-5.5?. Deposit white. Habitat scattered to numerous under pine and in sandy soil, especially near coastal areas. Common. Found in northern North America and the Rockies. Season August-November (December-February in California). Edible-excellent. Comment. Known among Orientals as the White Matsutake. This is one of the most sought after edible mushrooms.
Poisonous/Suspect
Armillaria gallica Marxm?ller & Romagnesi Syn. A. bulbosa and A. lutea Gum?s (s?rgapelyhes) tusk?gomba. Ricken Cap 3?15cm across, very variable, convex to shield shapped, yellow brown, tawny, to dark brown, often with an olivaceous tinge, covered in darker fibrillose scales especially at the centre. Stem 60?150?5?15mm, often bulbous towards the base, yellowish becoming reddish-brown at the base, initially with a thick whitish to yellow cottony ring. Flesh white. Taste astringent, smell strong. Gills white at first then yellowish becoming pinkish-brown and often darker spotted with age. Spore print pale cream. Spores elliptic, 8?9 x 5?6?. Habitat in clusters on or around trunks or stumps of deciduous and coniferous treesor shrubs. Season summer to early winter. Very common. Edible when cooked but should only be eaten in small amounts as some forms are known to cause stomach upsets. Distribution, America and Europe. The fungus spreads by long black cords called rhizomorphs resembling bootlaces which can be found beneath the bark of infected trees, on roots or in the soil where they can travel large distances to infect other trees. This is one of the most dangerous parasites of trees, causing an intensive white rot and ultimately death; there is no cure and the fungus is responsible for large losses of timber each year.
Poisonous/Suspect
Antrodia xantha (Fr. Fr.) Ryv. A crust found mainly on broad leaved branches or stumps but also on dead conifer wood. 1-5(10)mm thick forming patches on the dead wood, cream or whitish, or light yellow. Soft when fresh then brittle, bitter tasting. Pores small 4-6 per mm. Spores small, smooth 4-5x1-1.5um. Very similar in appearance to Antrodia serialis which has larger spores.
Inedible
Antrodia sinuosa (Fr.) Karst. A creamy coloured rusipinate crust with rudimentary caps with exposed tubes, the leathery growth can be quite extensive, it can quite easily be detached from the substrate. Spores are smooth 6.5-9x3-4um. Found on dead spruce wood and occasionally on other conifers. It can be found at any time of year.
Inedible
Antrodia serialis (FR.) Donk Szalagtapl? (tapl?). A rusupinate which forms patches on spruce wood that can be at least 20 cm. Across, tending to form mini tough leathery brackets. Where it turns up to make the little brackets it shows ochre-brown colours, the pore /under surface is white, pores 2-4 per mm. Found on dead conifer wood (mostly on spruce (Picea), at any time of the year. Not common. Spores 6.5-9x3-4um.
Edible
Agrocybe cylindracea (DC. ex Fr.) Maire syn. Pholiota aegerita (Brig.) Qu?l. Pappel-Sch?ppling, D?li t?kegomba, d?li r?tgomba, Albarelle, Pholiote du peuplier Poplar Fieldcap Cap 4?10cm across, hemispherical convex becoming flattened and sometimes cracked at centre and often wavy near the margin, pale buff to almost white with rust flush at centre when young becoming darker brown with age. Stem 50?100 x 10?15mm, cream at first, darker brown with age, with persistent ring which soon becomes dusted brown by the spores. Flesh white in the cap and stem, brown in the stem base. Taste nutty, smell of old wine casks. Gills adnate or slightly decurrent, cream at first then tobacco brown due to the spores. Spore print tobacco brown. Spores ovoid-ellipsoid, 8.5?10.5 x 5?6?. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat in tufts wood especially willows and poplars. Season all year round. Rare. Edible. Found In Europe.
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