Grows on wood Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
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Total mushrooms fount: 383

Inedible
Polyporus brumalis Fr. T?li likacsosgomba. Fruit body annual. Cap 1.5-10cm across, circular, convex or depressed with an inrolled margin; yellow-brown to reddish brown or blackish brown; dry, densely hairy when young, becoming almost smooth. Tubes 1-3mm deep, slightly decurrent. Pores 2-3 per mm, circular to angular; whitish. Stem 20-60 x 1-5mm, central or off center; grayish or brownish; minutely hairy or smooth. Flesh 1-2mm thick; white. Spores cylindrical to sausage-shaped, smooth, 5-7 x 1.5-2.5?. Deposit white. Habitat on dead hardwoods, especially birch. Common. Found in eastern North America, west to the Great Plains, and occasionally in the Pacific Northwest. Season June-October. Not edible.
Inedible
Polyporus badius (Pers. ex S. F. Gray) Schur. syn. P. picipes Fr. Schwarzfussporling Barna likacsosgomba Polypore - pied couleur de poix. Cap 5-20cm across, infundibuliform, often lopsided and lobed, viscid when fresh drying smooth and shiny, pallid grey-brown at first then chestnut, darker at the centre, very thin. Stem 20-35 x 5-15mm, usually eccentric, black at least at the base. Taste bitter. Tubes 0.5-2.5mm long, white later cream, decurrent down the stem. Pores 4-7 per mm, circular, white to cream. Spores white, elongate-ellipsoid, 5-9 x 3-4um. Hyphal structure dimitic with generative and binding hyphae; generative hyphae lacking clamps. Habitat on dead or living deciduous trees. Season spring to autumn, annual. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Pluteus salicinus (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer Grauer Dachpilz Plut?e du saule Sz?rke csengetty?gomba Willow Shield. Cap 2?5cm across, convex then flattened and slightly umbonate, bluish- or greenish-grey darker at the centre, faintly striate when moist. Stem 30?50 x 2?6mm, white, sometimes becoming tinged with cap colour at the base. Flesh white with greyish tinge. Gills white then pink. Pleurocystidia fusiform with slightly thickened walls and an apical crown of hooked processes. Spore print pink. Spores elliptic, 8?9 x 6?7um. Habitat on deciduous wood. Season spring to autumn. Frequent. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Pluteus leoninus (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Kummer s. Lange L?wengelber Dachpilz Plut?e couleur de lion Lion Shield S?rga csengetty?gomba. Cap 4?6cm across, convex to flattened and slightly umbonate, minutely velvety, deep yellow to bright golden, striate at the margin. Stem 50?75 x 3?10mm, whitish becoming flushed yellow from the base up. Flesh thin, whitish turning brownish in stem base. Gills pale pink, often edged with yellow. Pleurocystidia fusiform. Spore print pink. Spores subglobose, 6.5?7.5 x 5?6um. Cap cuticle flamentous. Habitat on wood of deciduous trees. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown ?avoid. Distribution, America and Europe. The photograph taken in the field was by Geoffrey Kibby.
Edible
Pluteus cervinus (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Kummer Rehbrauner Dachpilz Plut-e couleur de cerf Deer Shield Barna (v-ltoz-kony) csengetty-gomba. Cap 4-12cm across, bell-shaped then convex to flattened, sepia to dark umber with radiating streaks. Stem 70-100 X 5-15mm, slightly swollen at the base, white becoming streaked with umber fibres. Flesh white. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills white, later dull pink. Cystidia fusoid with thickened walls and crowned with several apical prongs. Spore print pink. Spores broadly elliptic, 7-8 x 5-6um. Habitat on rotting stumps, trunks and sawdust of deciduous trees. Season early summer to late autumn, but also sporadically throughout the year. Very common. Edible - not worthwhile, some members of a foray group in north America were taken ill after eating it. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Qu?l Lungen-Seitling Ny?ri laskagomba Pale Oyster. Cap 2?10cm across, fan- or shell-shaped in overlapping groups, white to cream. Stem very short, lateral. Flesh white. Smell of flour or ammonia. Gills crowded, white then ochraceous-cream. Spore print white. Spores cylindric, 7.5?11 x 3?4um. Habitat in clusters on deciduous trees. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Choice
Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. ex Fr.) Kummer. Oyster Mushroom, Pleurote en forme d'hu-tre, Oreillette, Mouret, Poule de bois, Austernseitling, Austernpilz, K-s-i laskagomba, Gelone, orgella, agarico ostreato, pinnella, Oesterzwam. Cap 6-14cm across, shell-shaped, convex at first then flattening or slightly depressed and often wavy and lobed at the margin or splitting, variable in colour; flesh-brown or deep blue-grey later more grey-brown. Stem 20-30-10-20cm, excentric to lateral, or absent, white with a woolly base. Flesh white. Taste and smell pleasant. Gills decurrent, white at first then with a yellowish tinge. Spore print lilac. Spores subcylindric, 7.5-11 x 3-4um. Habitat often in large clusters on stumps and fallen or standing trunks, usually of deciduous trees, especially beech. Season all year. Common. Edible and good. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Pleurotus dryinus (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer, Pih?s laskagomba. Cap 5-15cm across, convex then slowly expanding, margin inrolled; white to cream; surface dry, felty-hairy to slightly scaly. Gills decurrent, crowded, narrow, often cross-veined on the stem; white. Stem 50-100 x 10-30mm, lateral to just off-center; white; felty, with a slight membranous ring at apex when young, soon vanishing or leaving fragments on cap margin. Flesh firm; white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores cylindrical, 9-12 x 3.5-4?. Deposit white. Habitat on deciduous timber. Found in Europe and throughout most of northern North America. Season July-October. Edible.
Edible
Pleurotus cornucopiae (Paul. ex Pers.) Rolland syn. P. sapidus (Schulz. apud Kalchbr.) Sacc. Rillstieliger Seitling Erest?nk? laskagomba Pleurote corne d'abondance Branching Oyster. Cap 5?12cm across, convex then depressed to funnel-shaped, often becoming wavy or cracked at the margin, cream at first and covered in a whitish bloom then smooth and tinged ochraceous, finally ochre-brown. Stem 20?50 x 10?25mm, frequently excentric, usually several fused into a common base, whitish becoming tinged with cap colour. Flesh white. Taste pleasant, smell of flour or ammonia. Gills deeply decurrent, white to pale flesh. Spore print pale lilac. Spores subcylindric, 8?11 x 3.5?5um. Habitat in dense clusters on the cut stumps of deciduous trees, usually elm or oak. Season spring to autumn. Occasional. Edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Piptoporus betulinus (Bull. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Polyporus betulinus Bull. ex Fr. Birch Polypore or Razorstrop Fungus, Polypore du bouleau, Birkenporling, Ny?rfa-tapl?, ny?rtapl?, Berkezwam. Bracket 10?20cm across, 2?6cm thick, subglobose at first, expanding to hoof-shaped often with a rudimentary stem, margin thick and rounded; upper surface with a thin separable skin, smooth, whitish when young darkening to fleshy grey-brown with age. Flesh white, rubbery. Taste slightly bitter, smell strong and pleasant. Tubes 1.5?5mm long, white. Pores 3?4 per mm, circular, white at first, later pale grey-brown. Spores cylindric to bean-shaped, 4.5?6 x 1.3?1.5um. Habitat on birch. Season all year, annual, although fruit bodies remain intact from one year into the next. Very common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Phyllotopsis nidulans (Fr.) Singer Nemezes narancsoslaska. Fruit body a laterally attached, bracket-like cap without a stem. Cap 3-8cm across, circular to kidney-shaped, margin inrolled when young; bright yellow-orange when young, then tawny buff, densely hairy surface. Gills narrow, rather crowded; bright orange-yellow. Flesh pale orange-buff. Odor sharp, very unpleasant. Taste sharp, very unpleasant. Spores sausage-like, smooth, 6-8 x 3-4?. Deposit pinkish. Habitat on fallen timber, often in overlapping clusters. Found in Europe and throughout most of North America. Season August-October. Not edible.
Inedible
Pholiota squarrosa (M-ller ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Dryophila squarrosa (M-ller ex Fr.) Qu-l. Shaggy Scalycap, Pholiote squarreuse, Sparriger Sch-ppling, T-sk-s t-kegomba, Schubbige bundelzwam. Cap 3-10(15)cm across, convex becoming flattened, the margin remaining inrolled, pale straw-yellow densely covered in coarse red-brown, upturned scales, not viscid. Stem 50-120 x 10-15mm, smooth and pale yellow above torn membranous ring, covered in red-brown recurved scales below and darkening at the base. Flesh tough, pale yellowish becoming red-brown in stem base. Taste and smell radishy. Gills crowded, pale yellow at first later cinnamon. Pleurocystidia clavate with mucronate apex. Spore print rust brown. Spores oval, smooth, 5.5-9 x 3.5-5um. Habitat in dense clusters at the base of deciduous and very occasionally coniferous trees. Season autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Pholiota highlandensis (Pk.) Smith & Hesler Cap 2-5cm across, broadly convex becoming flatter and somewhat depressed, sometimes with a low umbo; yellowy orange to cinnamon reddish brown with a paler margin, fading to ochraceous-buff colors; smooth except for veil remnants on the margin, hygrophanous. Gills adnate, close, broad, edges even or eroded; pallid or pale yellowish becoming cinnamon brown. Stem 20-40 x 3-6mm; top portion whitish to yellowish becoming dingy brown, lower portion pallid then brownish (darker than the top), with patches of pale yellow or buff veil remnants. Flesh thin; yellow. Odor not distinctive. Taste slightly disagreeable or none. Spores ellipsoid to oval, smooth, distinct pore at apex, 6-8 x 4-4.5?. Deposit cinnamon brown. Habitat on burned-over soil or charred wood. Found in many parts of North America, though apparently not in the Northeast. Season April-November. Not edible.
Inedible
Pholiota flavida (Fr.) Singer Cap 3-7cm across, convex expanding to almost flat, with an incurved margin with some faint veil remnants; yellow to dingy, watery yellow-ochre or tawny; thinly sticky and smooth. Gills adnate to adnexed, close, narrow to moderately broad, edges even; pallid, becoming pale rusty brown in age. Stem 50-110 x 5-15mm, solid, slightly tapering to the base; pallid above fine hairy zone of evanescent yellowish veil, dark rust-brown from base upward; grooved and finely hairy in lower part. Flesh thick, firm, yellowish. Odor faintly fragrant. Taste mild. Spores oval to subellipsoid, smooth, distinct pore at apex, 7-9 x 4-5-. Deposit cigar brown. No pleurocystidia; cheilocystidia versiform and caulocystidia similar. Habitat in large clusters on logs and stumps and at the base of coniferous and hardwood trees. Found in Europe Maine and the Pacific Northwest of America. Season August-November. Not edible.
Inedible
Pholiota flammans (Fr.) Kummer Freuersch-ppling L-ngsz-n- t-kegomba (l-nggomba) Pholiote flamboyante Flaming Scalycap. Cap 2-8cm across, convex then expanded, tawny yellow covered in recurved lemon- to sulphur-yellow scales, margin incurved. Stem 40-80 x 4-10mm, bright yellow with concolorous cottony ring near the apex, densely covered in concolorous scales below. Flesh pale yellow. Gills pale yellow darkening to rusty yellow with age. Pleurocystidia lanceolate with pointed apex, staining deeply in cotton blue in lactic acid. Spore print rusty. Spores elliptic, 4-4.5 x 2-2.5um. Habitat singly or in tufts on conifer stumps or fallen trunks. Season late summer to autumn. Rare, more frequent in mountains. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Pholiota aurivella (Fr.) Kummer Rozsdas?rga (s?rga) t?kegomba. Cap 4-15cm across, bell-shaped to convex with a broad umbo; ochre-orange to tawny; sticky to slimy with large flattened spot-like scales, which may disappear or become somewhat sticky when wet. Gills adnate, close, moderately broad; pale yellowish becoming tawny brown. Stem 50-80 x 5-15mm, dry, solid, central or off-center; yellowish to yellow-brown; dry and cottony above the ring, hairy and with down-curving scales toward the base. Veil partial veil leaves evanescent ring or zone on upper stalk; white. Flesh firm; yellow. Odor sweet. Taste slight. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, with pore at apex, 7-9.5 x 4.5-6?. Deposit rusty brownish. Caulocystidia absent; pleurocystidia present. Habitat in clusters on living trunks and logs of hardwoods and conifers. Found Europe and in North America except the Southeast. Season June-November. Not edible.
Inedible
Pholiota alnicola (Fr.) Sing. syn. Flammula alnicola (Fr.) Kummer syn. Dryophila alnicola (Fr.) Qu?l. Erlen-Sch?ppling S?rga t?kegomba Alder Scalycap. Cap 2?6(11)cm across, convex to flattened, smooth and greasy, bright lemon-yellow at first becoming flushed olivaceous at the margin, remains of veil often adhering to the margin. Stem 20?80 x 5?10mm, pale lemon-yellow above the remains of the veil becoming rusty-brown towards the base, not viscid. Flesh yellow in cap, rusty towards the stem base. Taste mild to slightly bitter, smell pleasant and sweet. Gills pale yellow at first becoming cinnamon. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, hair-like, clavate. Spore print rusty brown. Spores oval, smooth, 8.5?11.5 x 5?5.5um. Habitat solitary or in small clusters on deciduous wood, especially alder, willow and birch. Season autumn. Uncommon. Inedible. Distribution, America and Europe. Note the two forms that I have collected seem to differ in form and will need to be rechecked.
Inedible
Phellinus pini (Fr.) Ames. Feny-tapl- Pine Conk. Bracket 2-20cm across, 1-15cm thick; hoof-shaped, fan-shaped, or shelf-like; tawny to dark reddish brown or brownish black in age, with the margin often brighter; hard, crusty, rough or cracked, minutely hairy, generally curved. Tubes up to 6mm deep. Pores circular to angular; dingy yellow-tawny. Stem minute or none. Flesh tough; tawny to tan or ochre. Spores globose or subglobose, smooth, 4-6 x 3.5-5-. Deposit brown. Habitat singly or in rows on living or recently dead coniferous trunks. Common. Widely distributed in North America. Season perennial. Not edible. Comment A very destructive fungus that attacks the heartwood of living trees, resulting in "conk rot" causing more timber loss than any other fungus.
Inedible
Phaeolus schweinitzii (Fr.) Pat. syn. Polyporus schweinitzii Fr. Feny- likacsosgomba (tapl-). Fruit body sometimes forming amorphous cushions, more often subcircular, 10-30cm across with a short thick stalk, soft and spongy when fresh drying fragile and light; upper surface concave, rough, hairy, concentrically grooved at first, dark sulphur-yellow becoming rusty or dark brown and finally blackish with age. Stem brown, very short and thick, merging into the cap and covered in tubes. Flesh rusty brown, fibrous. Tubes 3-6mm long, decurrent, concolorous with the upper surface. Pores 0.3-2.5mm across, circular, angular or irregular, yellow, olivaceous or tinged rust, finally maroon brown, often glistening in the light. Spores whitish tinged yellowish, ovate to elliptic, 5.5-7.5 x 3.5-4um. Hyphal structure monomitic; generative hyphae lacking clamps. Habitat parasitic on conifers, usually arising from the roots. Season autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Peniophora quercina (Fr.) Cke. Eichen-Rindenpilz T?lgyfa ter?l?gomba. Fruit body resupinate, forming ochraceous pink to purple grey patches 0.1?0.5mm thick which dry hard and brittle rolling away from the substrate and back on themselves to show the dark brown or black underside. Flesh relatively thick almost gelatinous, hyaline except for a narrow brownish zone adjacent to the substrate. Cystidia thick-walled, hyaline, fusiform, heavily encrusted with crystalline material, and often becoming buried as the hymenium thickens. Spores light red, curved cylindric, 8?12 x 3?4um. Habitat on dead branches of deciduous trees especially oak. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
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