Europe Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
Family:
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Total mushrooms fount: 1140

Edible
Tricholoma scalpturatum (Fr.) Qu?l. Gillet syn. Tricholoma argyraceum (Bull. ex St. Amans) syn. T. chrysites (Fr.) Gillet Silbergrauer Erdritterling S?rgul? pereszke Tricolome grav? Yellowing Knight. Cap 4?8cm across, pale grey or grey-brown to almost white, the cuticle often breaking into felty scales leaving the cap even paler in colour, often tinged yellowish-brown at the centre. Stem 40?80 x 6?12mm, white often faintly flushed with the cap colour. Flesh white in cap, greyish in stem. Taste and smell mealy. Gills emarginate, white becoming spotted with yellow especially when old and beginning to decay. Spore print white. Spores 5?6 x 3?4um. Habitat in pine or beech woods. Season early summer to late autumn. Occasional. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe.
Inedible
Tricholoma saponaceum (Fr.) Kummer. Soapy Knight or Soap Tricholoma, Tricolome ? odeur de savon, Seifenritterling, Szappanszag? pereszke, Agarico saponaceo, Zeepzwam. Cap 5?10cm across, convex at first then expanded with a broad umbo, grey-brown often with rusty or olivaceous tints, darker at the centre. Stem 50?100 x 10?30mm, white with reddish or olivaceous tints. Flesh white becoming more or less pink. Taste mushroomy, smell of soap. Gills rather distant, whitish sometimes with greenish tints or finally spotted reddish. Spore print white. Spores elliptical, 5?6 x 3.5?4um. Habitat in troops in deciduous or coniferous woods. Season late summer to late autumn. Occasional. Edible ? poor. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe. Note the first pictures shows a rather red form that will probably become a seperate variety, in fact this species contains a rather divers group of mushrooms that may well be split in the future. Comment Tricholoma saponaceum var. ardosiacum Bres. differs from the type in having a much darker, bluish-gray, almost black cap and sometimes gray or brown scales on the stem (the last of our pictures).
Poisonous/Suspect
Tricholoma psammopus (Kalchbr.) Qu?l. Schwammiger Ritterling, V?r?sfeny? pereszke, Larix-ridderzwam, Larch Knight. Cap 3?8cm across, convex then expanded, yellowish-brown to pale tan. Stem 40?80 x 10?15mm, apex whitish, becoming densely covered in minute reddish-brown cottony scales towards the base. Flesh yellowish-brown. Taste bitter, smell none. Gills white at first then straw-yellow becoming rust-spotted. Spore print white. Spores 6?7 x 4?5um. Habitat under larch. Season autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Edible
Tricholoma portentosum (Fr.) Qu?l. Tricolome pr?tentieux, Bise d'automne, Schwarzfaseriger Ritterling, Sz?rke pereszke, Tricoloma portentoso, Glanzende ridderzwam. Cap 5?10cm across, conical to bell-shaped, expanding with a broad umbo, light grey to grey-black covered in fine radiating innate streaks often with olivaceous or violaceous tints. Stem 40?100 x 10?20mm, white, often becoming flushed lemon-yellow. Flesh white. Taste and smell mealy. Gills white then lemon-yellow. Spore print white. Spores 5?6 x 3.5?5um. Habitat with conifers. Season autumn. Occasional. Edible with caution. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Tricholoma pardinum Qu??l. P?rducpereszke (pereszke). Cap 5-15cm across, convex becoming flatter; whitish with pale-gray to dark-gray scales; dry with hairy scales. Gills notched or adnexed, close, moderately broad; whitish very occasionally flushed pinkish. Stem 50-150 x 10-20mm, firm, solid, sometimes enlarged at the base; white, sometimes tinged gray; dry, smooth. Flesh thick, firm; white. Odor mealy. Taste mealy. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 8-10 x 5.5-6.5??. Deposit white. Habitat singly, scattered, or in groups on the ground in mixed and deciduous woods, especially under fir. Sporadically common and abundant, otherwise infrequent. Found in Europe and widely distributed in northern North America. Season August-October. Poisonous.
Edible
Tricholoma orirubens Qu?l. syn. T. horribile Rea. Tricolome ? marge rougissante, R?tlicher Erdritterling, R?zs?slemez? pereszke, Blozende ridderzwam. Cap 4?8cm across, conical then expanded with an acute umbo, dark grey often paler at the margin, covered in black cottony or felty scales. Stem 40?80 x 10?15mm, white becoming flecked with red often marked green or blue at the base, arising from pale sulphur yellow mycelium. Flesh white, eventually reddening. Taste not distinctive, smell strongly of meal. Gills white to greyish when young, then often turning pink and sometimes spotted. Spore print white. Spores broadly ovate to subglobose, 4?6.5 x 3?4.5um. Habitat in deciduous, or less frequently, coniferous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Edible with caution. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Tricholoma myomyces (Fr.) Lange, Feny?pereszke, eg?rsz?rke pereszke. Cap I-7cm across, obtusely conic expanding to convex, then flat with a low umbo; margin incurved at first, then often wavy; dark drab gray to brownish gray or blackish gray, generally paler on the margin; dry, densely matted, and hairy on the disc and hairy to scaly elsewhere. Gills arcuate to sinuate, close, broad; light gray, fading near the stem in age, very rarely discoloring with dull yellow spots. Stem 15-70 x 5-10mm, solid or hollow, generally rounded or abruptly tapered; white to pale gray; silky with white or gray hairs. Veil a cortina of white or gray hairs that leaves a faint, quickly disappearing zone on the stem. Flesh pale gray. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, nonamyloid, 6.7-7.6 x 4.3-4.8? (4-spored form), 8.6-1 1.4 x 3.8-5.7? (2-spored form). Deposit white. Habitat in groups or dense clusters under conifers in woods or on lawns. Frequent and sometimes abundant. Found in Europe and widely distributed in northern North America. Season August-October. Edibility not known -avoid.
Inedible
Tricholoma lascivum (Fr.) Gillet. Unversch?mter Ritterling, ?mely?t? (szem?rmetlen) pereszke, Vuilwitte ridderzwam, Aromatic Knight. Cap 4?7cm across, convex then flattened and finally slightly depressed, dirty whitish to pallid tan, silky smooth. Stem 75?110 x 10?15mm, white discolouring pale brownish. Flesh white. Taste sweet and mealy, smell pleasant, sweet-scented. Gills crowded, whitish then cream. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, 6?7 x 3.5?4m. Habitat deciduous woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Suspect ? avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Tricholoma imbricatum (Fr. ex Fr.) Kummer. Tricolome Imbriqu?, Feinschuppiger Ritterling, Apr?pikkely? pereszke, Fijnschubbige ridderzwam, Matt Knight. Cap 3?9cm across, conico-convex, smooth at first then minutely scaly, dull brown or reddish brown. Stem 35?45 x 10?12mm, whitish at apex, concolorous with cap below. Flesh white. Taste slightly bitter. Gills whitish becoming spotted reddish-brown. Spore print white. Spores 5?8.5 x 4?5.5um. Habitat in coniferous woods, especially with pines. Season autumn. Occasional. Edible ?not recommended. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Tricholoma fulvum (DC. ex Fr.) Sacc. syn. T. flavobrunneum (Fr. ex Pers.) Kummer. Tricolome brun et jaune, Gelbbl?ttriger Ritterling, S?rgalemez? pereszke, Tricoloma giallo-bruno, Berkeridderzwam, Birch Knight. Cap 4-8cm across, expanded convex with a slight umbo, brown to reddish-brown and finely streaky. Stem 30-70 x 8-14mm, concolorous with the cap, fibrous. Flesh whitish in cap, yellow in stem. Taste mild, smell mealy. Gills yellowish becoming spotted brownish with age. Spore print white. Spores elliptical, 5-7 x 3-4.5um. Habitat in deciduous or mixed woods, usually with birches. Season autumn. Commmon. Edible ? poor. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe. Wikipedia: Edible.
Edible
Tricholoma columbetta (Fr.) Kummer. Tricolome columbette, Columbette, Weisseidiger Ritterling, Galambpereszke, Colombetta, Witte duifridderzwam, Blue Spot Knight. Cap 5?10cm across, convex then expanding, silky white sometimes with greenish, pinkish or violet-blue spots when old. Stem 40?100 x 10?20mm, rooting, white sometimes blue-green at base. Flesh white, firm. Taste none, smell not distinctive. Gills white, crowded. Spore print white. Spores oval, 5.5?7 x 3.5?5um. Habitat deciduous and coniferous woods. Season late summer to early autumn. Occasional. Edible ? good but somewhat fibrous. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Tricholoma atrosquamosum (Chev.) Sacc. syn. T. terreum var. atrosquamosum (Chev.) Schwarzschuppiger Ritterling, Feketepikkelyes (pikkelyest?nk?) pereszke, Massee, Zwartschubbige ridderzwam, Dark Scaled Knight. Cap 4?12cm across, flattened convex with a slight umbo, grey or pale clay densely covered in blackish-grey pointed scales. Stem 30?80 x 10?20mm, paler than the cap, greyish with blackish scales. Flesh greyish. Taste slightly mealy, smell aromatic or peppery. Gills white to grey with black dotted edge. Spore print white. Spores 4.5?9 x 3?6um. Habitat in coniferous and deciduous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Edible -caution. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Tricholoma acerbum (Bull. ex Fr.) Qu?l. Tricolome acerbe, Gerippter Ritterling, Keser? pereszke, Agarico acerbo, Krulzoomridderzwam, Bitter Knight. Cap 7?12cm across, convex, margin strongly incurved, and usually ribbed, yellowish-buff to tan. Stem 30?70 x 20?30mm, bulbous and often pointed at base, apex covered in densely crowded minute yellowish granular scales, becoming yellowish-buff below. Flesh thick, white. Taste peppery and bitter, but sometimes mild, smell fruity. Gills crowded, whitish to yellowish at first becoming spotted reddish-brown. Spore print white. Spores subglobose to ovate. 4?6 x 3?4um. Habitat mixed woodland. Season autumn. Rare. Slightly poisonous although eaten in some places after parboiling; of poor quality. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Trichoglossum hirsutum (Pers. ex Fr.) Boud. Hairy Earthtongue. Fruit body 2?8cm high, 0.3?0.8cm wide, black, fertile head varying from flattened-cylindric to more club-shaped tapering into the slender compressed, velvety stalk. Asci 220 x 20?. Setae projecting between the asci numerous, thick-walled, black, stiff and pointed. Spores brown, subcylindric, 100?150 x 6?7?, fifteen-septate at maturity. Habitat in grassland or amongst sphagnum on acid solid. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. Trichoglossum hirsutum var. capitatum Trichoglossum hirsutum var. capitatum (Pers. ex Fr.) Boud. Differing from T. hirsutum only in the distinctly spade-shaped fertile head, identical in all other respects. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Tremella mesenterica Retz. ex Hook, syn Tremella lutescens Fr. Yellow Brain Fungus, Tr?melle m?sent?rique, Goldgelber Zitterling, Aranyos rezg?gomba, Tremella arancione, Gele trilzwam. Fruit body 2?10cm across, comprising soft, flabby, gelatinous lobes and folds, golden-yellow to orange, drying dark orange, horny, and brittle. Spores white, broadly ovate to subglobose, 7?10 x 6?10?. Basidia resembling hot cross buns when seen from above. Habitat on dead deciduous branches, sometimes still attached to the tree. Season all year, especially late autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. Note some specimens found in America were white, this needs further investigation.
Inedible
Tremella foliacea Fries Fodros rezg?gomba. Known as Brown Witches? Butter. The fungus is an irregular gelatinous arrangement of lobes and cups fused at the base 5-15 cm wide. The colour is brown to reddish-ochre, lighter when fresh and young. Spores dull cream-yellowish, 8-11 x 6-9um nearly spherical. Smell and taste slight. Growing on hardwood twigs and logs in autumn right up to winter; Found in both Europe and North America . Said to be edible but I advise not eating it. The pictures were sent to me by Lorand Barth? in Hungary the second one was taken by Edit Szilv?sy to both of them I am most grateful.
Inedible
Thelephora terrestris (Ehrh.) Fr. Earthfan, T?l?phore terrestre, Erdledepilz, Talajlak? szem?lcsgomba (szem?lcs?sgomba), Franjezwam. Fruit body 3?6cm across, fan-shaped, vertical to horizontal, forming large clustered groups, reddish- to chocolate-brown, darkening to almost black with age, covered in radiating fibres, becoming paler and fringed at the margin. Lower or fertile surface clay-brown to pallid, irregularly wrinkled. Spores purple-brown, angular and warted, 8?9 x 6?7?. Habitat in conifer woods or heaths, usually on sandy soil. Season late summer to early winter. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Thelephora palmata (Scop.) Fr. Stinkende Lederkoralle B?d?s szem?lcs?sgomba (szem?lcsgomba), b?d?s b?r-korallgomba. Fruit body 2?5cm high, 1?3cm across, comprising several erect, flattened, palmate purple-brown branches arising from a common stem 10?15 x 2?5mm. Flesh leathery. Smell fetid or strongly of garlic. Spores reddish-brown, angular and spiny, 8?11 x 7?8?. Habitat on the ground near conifers. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Easily recognized by the strong smell. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Suillus variegatus (Fr.) O. Kuntze syn. Boletus variegatus Fr. Sandr-hrling, Semmelpilz, Tarka feny-tin-ru (-tin-ru), Bolet mouchet-, C-pe tachet- ou verget-, Velvet Bolete. Cap 6-13cm, rusty tawny or ochraceous to olivaceous, speckled with darker, small, flattened scales, initially slightly downy becoming slightly greasy with age, tacky in wet weather. Stem 50-90 x 15-20mm, ochre, more yellow towards apex, flushed rust-colour below. Flesh pale lemon in cap, more deeply coloured in stem base, sometimes tinged with blue throughout or above the tubes. Taste slight, smell strongly fungusy. Tubes dark buff. Pores subangular and compound, ochre with olivaceous tint at first becoming more cinnamon. Spore print snuff-brown. Spores subfusoid-elongate to ellipsoid, 9-11 x 3-4um. Habitat with conifers. Season late summer. Occasional. Edible. Found In Europe and north America.
Edible
Suillus luteus (Fr.) S. F. Gray syn. Boletus luteus Fr. Slippery Jack, Bolet Jaune, Nonnette voil-e, Bolet annulaire, Butterpilz, Barna gy-r-stin-ru (-tin-ru), Boleto giallo, Bruine Ringboleet. Cap 5-10cm, chestnut to sepia covered in brown gluten, becoming more rust-coloured with age, shiny on drying. Stem 50-100 x 20-30mm, pale straw-coloured at apex rapidly discoloured with darkening glandular dots, with a large white to cream ring which darkens to sepia, white below becoming vinaceous brown with age. Flesh white, often vinaceous at base of stem. Taste and smell not distinctive. Tubes lemon-yellow to straw-colour. Pores round, similarly coloured, becoming flushed sienna. Spore print clay to ochraceous. Spores subfusiform to elongate ellipsoid, 7-10 x 3-3.5um. Habitat with conifers, usually Scots pine. Season autumn. Common. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
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