Europe Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Flesh:
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Total mushrooms fount: 1140

Inedible
Boletus piperatus Bull. ex Fr. new syn. Chalciporus piperatus syn. Suillus piperatus (Fr.) Kuntze. Peppery Boletus, Bolet Poivr-, Pfefferr-hrling, Borsos tin-ru, Boleto pepato, Peperboleet. Cap 3-7cm, cinnamon to sienna, at first slightly viscid then dry, smooth and shiny. Stem 40-75 x 5-20mm, concolorous with cap, slender, tapering towards base, where it is a distinctive lemon-chrome. Flesh flushed red above tubes and under cuticle, intensely lemon-chrome in stem base. Taste peppery, smell not distinctive. Tubes cinnamon then rust-coloured, not bruising, decurrent or subdecurrent. Pores angular, rich rust-coloured at maturity. Spore print snuff-brown flushed ochraceous cinnamon. Spores subfusiform to ellipsoid, 8-11 x 3-4-. Habitat variable, particularly in birch scrub or mixed pine and birch on sandy soil. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible - peppery flavoured. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Boletus parasiticus Bull. ex Fr. syn. Xerocomus parasiticus (Fr.) Qu?l. Parasitenr?hrling ?l?sdi tin?ru C?pe parasite Cap 2?4cm, olivaceous straw-colour to sienna, slightly downy. Stem up to 40 x 10mm concolorous with cap often curved around or beneath host, tapering towards base. Flesh pale lemon-yellow, unchanging, flushed rust near stem base. Taste and smell not distinctive. Tubes lemon-yellow to ochraceous or even rust-coloured, adnate to subdecurrent. Pores lemon yellow becoming rust. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores elongate, 11?21 x 3.5?5?. Habitat unique, on Scleroderma citrinum, and therefore easily recognized. Season autumn. Rare. Said to be edible but not recommended.
Inedible
Boletus luridus f. Primulicolor The pure yellow form of Boletus luridus. The flesh turns reddish at the stem base otherwise slowly blue. Stem with a strong distinct reticulum, yellowish. Pores yellow. Spores 9-17x5-7um. Found in woods, rare.
Edible
Boletus lignicola Kallenbach syn. Pulveroboletus lignicola (Kalchbr.) Pilat. Cap 5-20cm across, convex with inrolled margin; reddish brown to yellow-brown or rust; subtomentose, floccose at first, then smooth. Tubes decurrent on stem; bright yellow. Pores bright yellow, bruising blue-green. Stem 30-80 x 5-25mm, often eccentric, tapered below; rust-yellow to brown; dry, pulverulent. Flesh firm; pale lemon yellow. Odor faint, aromatic. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, 6.5-9 x 2.8-3.8-. Deposit olive. Habitat always on stumps or trunks of conifers, exceptionally on sawdust; often associated with the polypore Phaeolus schweinitzii. Rare. Found in northern Europe and widely distributed in eastern North America. Season July-September. Edible.
Poisonous/Suspect
Boletus leonis Reid Honiggelber R?hrling C?pe couleur de lion Boletus leonis Reid Cap 3?5cm, bright sienna or ochre becoming buff, surface covered in irregularly downy patches particularly at the centre, elsewhere smooth. Stem 30?75 x 90?135mm, with rooting base, cream at apex, more ochraceous below. Flesh cream, with lemon-yellow tinge towards stem base. Taste and smell not distinctive. Tubes greenish yellow or lemon yellow. Pores lemon chrome unchanging. Spore print ochraceous citrine. Spores subfusiform to ellipsoid, 9?13 x 4.5?5.5?. Habitat in parkland with oak. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Boletus fragrans Vitt. Starkriechender R-hrling Cap 5-12cm across, convex then expanded, umber to date-brown, velvety at first becoming smooth. Stem 70-90 x 30-50mm, spindle-shaped, apex yellow becoming flushed red below, whitish above base in young specimens, extreme base black. Flesh lemon-yellow flushed red below cap cuticle, blueing only after several hours. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes lemon-yellow sometimes with olivaceous flush. Pores lemon-yellow at first, later chrome-yellow, bruising faintly bluish. Spores elliptic, 9-16 x 4.5-6.5-. Habitat deciduous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Said to be edible -avoid. Distribution, Europe espcially southern, rare in North America.
Edible
Boletus chrysenteron Bull. ex St. Amans syn. Xerocomus chrysenteron (Bull. ex St. Amans) Qu?l. Red Cracking Boletus,C?pe ? pied rouge, Bolet ? chair jaune, Rotfussr?hrling, Aranytin?ru (tin?ru), Boleto dorato, Roodstelige fluweelboleet. Cap 4?11cm, dingy brown to pale sepia or buff with olivaceous flush, or with a pinkish red flush particularly late in the season, slightly velvety at first then smooth, later cracking irregularly to show coral flesh, making this an easily recognizable species. Stem 40?80 x 10?15mm, lemon-yellow at apex, red from middle downwards becoming more buff towards base. Flesh cream or lemon-yellow in cap, brown to reddish-buff in stem, usually pale red just below cap, turning slightly blue above the tubes and in base of stem but only slowly. Taste and smell slight but not distinctive. Tubes sulphur or lemon yellow, becoming greenish with age. Pores large, angular, similarly coloured and sometimes bruising greenish. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 12?15 x 3.5?5?. Habitat with broad-leaved trees. Season autumn. Very common. Edible but mushy when cooked. Distribution, America and Europe.
Choice
Boletus badius Fr. syn. Xerocomus badius (Fr.) K-hn. Bay Boletus, Bolet bai, C-pe des ch-taigniers, Maronenr-hrling, Barna tin-ru, Boleto baio, Kastanjeboleet. Cap 4-14cm, bay to dark brick-colour later flushed ochraceous brown, downy when young, soon becoming smooth and polished, slightly viscid in wet weather. Stem 45-125 x 8-40mm, concolorous with cap or paler, surface slightly cottony. Flesh white to lemon-yellow on cutting becoming faintly blue particularly in stem apex and above tubes, vinaceous in cap. Taste and smell mild and mushroomy. Tubes cream to lemon-yellow, bruising bluish green. Pores large, readily bruising blue-green. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 13-15 x 4.5-5.5-. Habitat in mixed woods. Season autumn. Common throughout British Isles. Edible - very good and usually free of maggots. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Bolbitius reticulatus (Pers. Ex Fr.) Ricken Sz?rk?s k?r?szgomba. Cap 3-6cm across darker in the centre violet-grey with with a netted-veined appearance. Stem 5-6 cm long. Spores rusty brown 10-11x5-6um. Found on beech wood or stumps. Europe not recorded for America.
Inedible
Bjerkandera fumosa (Fr.) Karst. Kr?msz?n? likacsosgomba (tapl?). The fruit bodies are small brackets up to a maximum of 14cm across. Ochre-brown sometimes concentrically zoned, the under surface is cream coloured, browning slightly when handled. The pores are small 2-4 per mm. Spores smooth, elliptical 5-6.5x2.5-3.5. Mostly found on willow but also on other trees including a report on conifers. Tough ?not edible. Europe.
Inedible
Battarraea phalloides (Dicks.) Pers. Stielstaubpilz Homoki ?lsz?m?rcs?g Sandy Siltball Fruit body 10?25cm high, consisting of a spore-sac borne on a rigid ochre-brown stem covered in shaggy fibres which is seated in a loose whitish membranous cup. Initially the fruit body is contained within the volva buried in sandy soil, then as the stem elongates rapidly the spore sac is pushed through the soil surface where it splits all round exposing the powdery rusty brown spore mass. Spores brown, subglobose to ovate, 5.0?5.5(6.5)?. Habitat on sandy soil. Season summer. Very rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Bankera fuligineo-alba (Schmidt ex Fr.) Pouz. syn. Hydnum fuligineo-album Schmidt R?tender Stacheling Drab Tooth Cap 4?15cm across, flat becoming centrally depressed, fleshy, initially pallid becoming yellowish-brown and darkening with age, usually found covered in vegetable debris. Stem 10?50 x 8?25mm, with well-defined white apex, brownish below. Flesh whitish in cap occasionally flushed pink, pallid to yellowish-brown in stem. Smell of fenugreek when dry. Spines 1?6mm long, whitish then greyish. Spores white, oval, minutely spiny, 4.5?5.5 x 2.5?3.5?. Habitat pine woods. Season autumn. Rare except in Highland pine forests. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Baeospora myosura (Fr. ex Fr.) Sprig. Zapfenr-bling toboz feny-f-l-ke Conifercone Cap syn. Collybia myosura (Fr. ex Fr.) Qu-l. syn. C. conigena (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer Cap 1-3cm across, convex to almost flat, pallid-tan to date-brown. Stem 30-50-1-2mm, pallid flushed with cap colour, elongated into a hairy -root-. Flesh thin, brownish. Taste mild, smell mushroomy. Gills very crowded, whitish. Cheilocystida thin-walled, fusoid. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, amyloid, 3-3.5 x 1.5-2-. Habitat rooting on partly buried pine cones and coniferous debris. Season autumn to late winter. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Auricularia auricula-judae St. Amans syn. Hirneola auricula-judae (St. Amans) Berk. syn. Auricularia auricula (Hook.)Underwood. Jew's Ear, Oreille de Judas, Judasohr, J?d?sf?legomba, j?d?sf?l, Orechio di Giuda, Judasoor. Fruit body 3?8cm across, ear-shaped, gelatinous when fresh drying hard and horny, outer surface tan-brown with minute greyish downy hairs, inner surface grey-brown, smooth, or often wrinkled and ear-like. Spores white, sausage-shaped, 16?18?6?8?. Basidia elongated cylindric with three transverse septa. Habitat on branches of frondose trees, usually elder. Season all year, especially autumn. Very common. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Aureoboletus cramesinus (Secr.) Watling syn. Boletus cramesinus Secr. Kirschroter Goldr?hrling Aranyb?l?s? tin?ru Bolet cramoisy, C?pe sanguine Cap 2.5?5cm, ochraceous peach to dirty pink, viscid. Stem 50?80 x 5?10mm, more or less rooting, narrowing towards the pointed base, smooth and viscid, yellow at apex flushed reddish buff or pink towards the base. Flesh whitish often pinkish under cap disc and lemon-yellow over the tubes. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes lemon-chrome then golden-yellow, unchanging on bruising. Pores similarly coloured. Spore print ochraceous buff. Spores subfusiform, 11?15 x 4.5?5.5?. Habitat in broad-leaved woods, occasionally on old bonfire sites. Season late summer to autumn. Rare. Edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Asero? rubra A stinkhorn from New Zealand. The whole fruit body is pink, arising from an oval white ?egg? with the glebal disk showing dark, sticky, spore mass, the ?tentacles? are strong reddish colour grouped in pairs, normally up to as much as 10cm in height. This is a very very rare fungus, only one record found outside greenhouses in the whole of the northern hemisphere. Found on mixed woodland litter on acid soil. It is native to New Zealand and Australia and other areas in the southern hemisphere. Presumably it was imported on garden plants that had been introduced from the southern hemisphere.
Inedible
Ascotremella faginea (Peck) Seaver B?kk?s t?ml?srezg?gomba, B?kk ?lrezg?gomba (rezg?gomba). A jelly like asco, fruit body crowded together with a very short stem, pink to violet, shiny when wet. Asci 8 spored, ascospores 7-9x4-4.5, with two drops and 3 or 4 strations (very difficult to see). Found on dead twigs of Alder and Beech. Europe and America. Not edible.
Poisonous/Suspect
Armillaria gallica Marxm?ller & Romagnesi Syn. A. bulbosa and A. lutea Gum?s (s?rgapelyhes) tusk?gomba. Ricken Cap 3?15cm across, very variable, convex to shield shapped, yellow brown, tawny, to dark brown, often with an olivaceous tinge, covered in darker fibrillose scales especially at the centre. Stem 60?150?5?15mm, often bulbous towards the base, yellowish becoming reddish-brown at the base, initially with a thick whitish to yellow cottony ring. Flesh white. Taste astringent, smell strong. Gills white at first then yellowish becoming pinkish-brown and often darker spotted with age. Spore print pale cream. Spores elliptic, 8?9 x 5?6?. Habitat in clusters on or around trunks or stumps of deciduous and coniferous treesor shrubs. Season summer to early winter. Very common. Edible when cooked but should only be eaten in small amounts as some forms are known to cause stomach upsets. Distribution, America and Europe. The fungus spreads by long black cords called rhizomorphs resembling bootlaces which can be found beneath the bark of infected trees, on roots or in the soil where they can travel large distances to infect other trees. This is one of the most dangerous parasites of trees, causing an intensive white rot and ultimately death; there is no cure and the fungus is responsible for large losses of timber each year.
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