North america Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Flesh:
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Total mushrooms fount: 1241

Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita jacksonii Pomerleau, formally refered to as America Amanita caesaria and other names. Cap 80-120mm. strong bright red, with marked striations. Stem 80-140 x 10-15mm., yellow or orange, marked with lighter patches, with a distinct floppy ring. The volva is lage and firm when young later floppy.Gills yellow or with a hint of orange. Spores white 7.5-10 x 5.8-7.5 (8.5)um. Found in wastern Canada and easten USA, in oak and pine woods. Also present in Japan see the pictures that have been sent in.
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita gemmata (Fr.) Gillet syn. A. junquillea Qu?l. syn. Amanitopsis adnata (W. G. Smith) Sacc. Jewelled Amanita, Amanite ? pierreries, Zitronengelber Knollenbl?tterpilz, Amanita giunchiglia, Narcisamaniet, S?rga gal?ca. Cap 5?7cm across, flattened convex, pale yellow with more ochre centre, covered in snow-white patches of veil remnants, margin striate. Stem 70?100 x 10?14mm, white with pale yellow flush, with a large basal bulb encased in a short thin volva. Flesh white, flushed pale yellow in the stem. Smell faint. Gills adnexed, white. Spore print white. Spores ovoid ? subglobose, nonamyloid, 8.5?9 x 7?7.5?. Habitat in coniferous woods. Season spring to autumn. Very rare. Deadly poisonous causing symptoms as in A. pantherina poisoning. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Amanita fulva (Schaeff.) Secr. syn. Amanitopsis vaginata var. fulva (Schaeff.) Fr. Tawny Grisette, Rotbrauner Scheidenstreifling, Falso farinaccio fulvo, Roodbruine slanke amaniet, R?t selyemgomba. Cap 4-9cm across, ovoid at first, expanding to almost flat with a low umbo and a distinctly grooved margin; orange-brown; slightly paler toward the margin; smooth, slightly sticky when moist then dry. Gills free, close, broad; white to creamy. Stem 70-150 x 5-12mm, slender, hollow, quite fragile, tapering toward the top; white tinged with orange-brown and very fine white hairs; no ring; no basal bulb, but base of stem encased in large baglike volva, white tinged with orange-brown. Flesh white. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores globose, nonamyloid; 9.7-12.5 x 9.7-12.5?. Deposit white. Habitat singly or in small groups on the ground in deciduous and coniferous woods. Fairly common. Found widely distributed throughout North America. Season July-September (January-March in California). Edible but I advise avoiding it as I would all amanitas, because there are so many deadly poisonous species.
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita frostiana (Pk.) Sacc. Cap 2-8cm across, convex becoming flat with a fairly distinctly lined margin; bright orange, slightly darker at the disc; smooth, sticky when moist, and dotted with yellow or cream cottony patches of volval material, becoming woolly toward the margin. Gills free, close; white. Stem 47-62 x 4-11 mm, stuffed, tapering slightly toward the top; white to yellowish, slightly hairy, a yellowish, drooping ring that sometimes falls off in age; a white oval-shaped basal bulb with yellowish, cottony patches of volval material on it and the lower stem. Flesh off-white, yellowish. Spores globose, nonamyloid, 7-10.2 x 7-10.2?. Deposit white. Habitat singly or in small groups on the ground in mixed woods or under conifers. Rare. Found in eastern North America. Season August. Not edible avoid many Amanitas contain toxins some deadly.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita flavoconia Atkinson Yellow Patches Cap 3-7cm across, ovoid at first, then expanding to convex or flat with umbo; bright yellow to orange, with small bright yellow veil fragments loosely spread over surface; margin of cap without radial grooves. Gills free or slightly adnexed, crowded; white or with faint flush of yellow. Stem 50-100 X 5-15mm, white to yellow, with swollen basal bulb, covered on lower half with yellow floccose-crumbly veil fragments; with membranous white or yellow ring. Flesh white, unchanging. Odor slight, pleasant. Spores ovate-elliptic, smooth, amyloid, 7-8(9) x 4.5-5?. Deposit white. Habitat in mixed woods. Very common. Found in most of eastern North America. Season July-October. Edibility uncertain - best avoided. Comment Most likely to be confused with the much rarer Amanita frostiana, which differs in its striate cap margin, nonamyloid, globose spores, and often marginate basal bulb of stem. My third pictures shows a very white bleached form.
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita farinosa Schw. Cap 2.5-7cm across, broadly convex to flat with an upturned margin that is distinctly striate to plicate-striate; whitish gray but overlaid with a dense layer of mealy, brownish-gray, powdery volval material. Gills free, close, broad; white. Stem 30-65 x 3-9mm, tapering slightly toward the top; dirty white and smooth or with a white powder; no ring; smallish, white, oval-shaped basal bulb with a brown-gray band of volval remnant around its top. Odor strong, mink smell in old specimens. Spores ellipsoid, nonamyloid, 6.3-9.4 x4.5-7.9?. Deposit white. Habitat singly or scattered on the ground under coniferous and deciduous trees; also in grassy wood edges. Infrequent. Found widely throughout North America. Season June-November. Not edible - avoid; dangerous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita crocea (Qu?l.) K?hn. & Romagn. syn. A. vaginata var. crocea Qu?l. syn. Amanitopsis crocea (Qu?l.) Gilbert Orange Grisette Orangebrauner Scheidenstreifling, Falso farinaccio giallo, Narancssz?n? selyemgomba. Cap 4?10cm across, convex becoming flattened or turning up at margin, with a broad umbo, pale yellow orange or apricot at centre, paler towards the lined margin. Stem 100?150 x 10?20mm, gradually attenuated towards the apex, covered in silky or cottony tufts of the cap colour throughout the length, the non-bulbous base encased in a thick, persistent volva which is white on the outside and flushed with the cap colour on the interior surface, no ring. Flesh thin, white often pale orange below the cap cuticle. Smell sweet, taste sweet and nutty. Gills adnexed or free, cream. Spore print white. Spores subglobose, nonamyloid, 11?12.5 x 9?10?. Habitat amongst broadleaved trees especially birch. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Not known to be edible -best avoided. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe and north America from New York west to Colorado.
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita crenulata Pk. Cap 2.5-5.5cm across, convex then flat with a lined margin; grayish buff, tinged yellow with age; smooth; dotted with pallid cottony volval patches. Gills free or just reaching the stem, crowded; white. Stem 25-70 x9-11 mm, somewhat tapering upward with a large ovoid basal bulb; white; ring delicate becoming evanescent; woolly with volval remnants near the bulb. Flesh white staining slightly yellow. Odor slight. Spores globose to broadly ellipsoid, nonamyloid, 7.9-12.6 x 6.3-11.7?. Deposit white. Habitat on the ground in mixed woods. Uncommon. Found in northeastern North American. Poisonous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita calyptrata Pk. new syn. Amanita calyptroderma Cap 7.5-26cm across, convex, then broadly convex to flatter with a margin distinctly lined with warts; color varies from whitish yellow to greenish to orange-brown and yellowish on the margin, with a thick, white volval patch on the disc; sticky when moist, smooth. Gills adnate to free, crowded, broad; white to pale yellowish. Stem 100-240 x 8-30mm appearing bulbous but no basal bulb; whitish to yellowish, darkening where handled; smooth to minutely hairy. Veil membranous partial veil forms a large but fragile skirt-like ring on the middle or upper stem; the large volva is thick, white, membranous, and saclike. Flesh white but yellowish next to cap. Spores ellipsoid to elongate, nonamyloid, 9.1-14.6 x 5.9-7.9?. Deposit white. Habitat singly, scattered, or in groups on the ground in mixed woods. Sometimes common with madrone and coast live oak. Found in the Pacific Northwest, south to central California. Season spring, September-November. Said to be edible - but I advise against eating any amanitas as the possibility of missidentification could cause death. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.)
Poisonous/Suspect
Deadly
Amanita bisporigera Atkinson Cap 3-10cm across, convex to flat or depressed; white, sometimes with a faint tinge of pale brown on the disc; smooth and slightly sticky when moist. Gills free to just reaching the stem, crowded, attenuate; white. Stem 60-140 x 7-18mm, solid, tapering slightly toward the top; white; often woolly or scaly; ball-shaped basal bulb; the white ring near the top of the stem is thin, delicate, and drooping or shredded in a mature specimen; the volva is a white membranous sac. Flesh white. Spores globose, amyloid, 7.8-9.6 x 7-9?. Basidia mostly 2-spored. Deposit white. Habitat singly in mixed coniferous and deciduous forests. Fairly common. Found in eastern North America. Season June-September. Deadly poisonous. Comment This is extremely similar to the deadly poisonous Amanita virosa,which has mostly 4-spored basidia.
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita atkinsoniana Coker Cap 6-13cm across, convex becoming flatter or concave with veil fragments hanging from the margin; white to cream and pale graying brown, lighter toward the margin: veil become yellow and slimy in age; small, reddish-brown warts from the volva become loose, cottony patches on the cap margin. Gills free, crowded, moderately broad; pale cream with a faint reddish stain. Stem 65-210 x 10-30mm, usually tapering slightly toward the top; whitish; smooth to finely hair a pale, fairly fragile ring persists for a time, then collapses against the stem; the turnip-shaped basal bulb is usually covered with volval remnants forming rings of reddish-brown warts on the bulb, sometimes extending slightly up the stem. Flesh white, occasional, staining yellowish or pinkish. Odor faintly of chloride of lime. Spores ellipsoid, amyloid, 9-12.9 x 5.3-7.9?. Deposit white. Habitat singly or scattered on the ground in coniferous and mixed woods. Fairly common, particularly in the Southeast. Found widely distributed in eastern north America. Season August. Possibly poisonous -avoid, dangerous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Poisonous/Suspect
Amanita abrupta Pk. Cap 4-10cm across, flatly convex to flat with a margin that is hung with small fragments; white; smooth, shiny, and dry; covered with small, white, conical warts that appear to be woolly at the margin. Gills free, crowded, narrow; white. Stem 65-125 x 5-15mm, solid to stuffed, tapering toward the top; white; slightly hairy or smooth with a few warts of volval remnants; the subabrupt to abrupt basal bulb usually large; the white ring near the top is thin and drooping, usually with a thick edge, lined above and woolly below. Flesh moderately thick at center of cap, thin toward margin; white. Spores globose to ellipsoid, amyloid, 6.5-9.5 x 5.5-8.5? Deposit white. Habitat in mixed coniferous or deciduous woods. Common. Found in eastern north America. Season September-November. probably poisonous - avoid; dangerous.
Poisonous/Suspect
Alboleptonia sericella (Fr.) Largent & Benedict syn. Entoloma sericellum var. sericellum (Fr.) Rummer Feh?rpityke d?ggomba. Cap 1-2.5cm across, convex becoming expanded, sometimes with a depressed disc, margin sometimes slightly lined in age; white becoming pinkish; dry, sometimes felty to scaly on the disc. Gills adnate often with a decurrent tooth, close to subdistant, broad to moderately broad; white then pale pinkish tawny. Stem 15-60 x 1-3mm, solid or becoming hollow; whitish becoming dingy or vinaceous in age; smooth, silky, with a bloom toward the top. Flesh thin, fragile; white. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores nodulose, 8.5-11 x 6-7.5?. Deposit pinkish. Habitat growing on soil under conifers and hardwoods. Found in central and eastern -North America and in Washington. Season July-September. Not edible.
Edible
Sheep Polypore Albatrellus ovinus (Fr.) Murr. syn. Polyporus ovinus Fr. Schafporling Fak? zsemlegomba. Fruit body annual. Cap 5-15cm across, usually single but sometimes several fused together, circular to irregular when fused, convex then depressed, dish-shaped; white to pale buff, tan; dry, smooth, or a little scaly with age. Tubes 1-2mm deep, decurrent; white. Pores 2-4 per mm, angular; white to yellowish. Stem 20-75 x 10-30mm, slightly swollen, pointed at base, usually central; white bruising pinkish; smooth. Flesh 5-20mm thick, firm; white, dries yellowish. Odor pleasant, fungusy, aromatic. Taste mild, sometimes slightly bitter (see Comment). Spores subglobose-ellipsoid, 3-4.5 x 3-3.5?. Deposit white. Hyphal structure monomitic. Habitat on the ground by conifers, especially at high elevations. Found in Europe especially Finland (where it is considered a fine edible,)and throughout North America. Season August to winter. Edible. Comment Similar are Albatrellus confluens (Fr.) Kotlaba & Pouz., which is darker, orange-hued, with a bitter flavor, and Albatrellus subrubescens (Murr.) Pouz., which bruises orange.
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