5-15cm Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
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Total mushrooms fount: 945

Edible
Russula vinosa Lindblad syn. Russula obscura Romell. Borv-r-s galambgomba. Cap 5-15cm across; pale to dark blood red or livid purple; peeling only at margin. Gills somewhat distant; pale buff. Stem 40-150 x 15-30mm; white, flushing grayish black when bruised or with age. Flesh white, blackening. Odor not distinctive. Taste mild. Spores ovoid, 8-10 x 6.5-9-; warts up to 0.5- high, no connectives. Deposit ochre (E-F). Habitat in conifer woods and boggy areas. Found in Europe and northeastern North America. Season July-August. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.)
Edible
Russula vesca Fr. Bare-toothed Russula, Russule comestible, Fleischroter Speiset-ubling, R-ncos galambgomba, r-ncost-nk- galambgomba, Rossola edule, Smakelijke russula. Cap 5-10cm across, somewhat globose at first, later flattened convex, rather variable in colour, often with pastel tints, from dark or pale wine-coloured to buff, sometimes with olive or greenish tints, fleshy, firm, the skin half peeling, tending to retreat from the margin leaving the underlying flesh visible. Stem 30-100 x 15-25mm, white, rather hard, often with somewhat pointed base. Flesh white. Taste mild, nutty. Gills adnexed, whitish to very pale cream, rather closely spaced, narrow, forked, especially near stem. Gills and stem surface rapidly deep salmon when rubbed with an iron salt. Spore print whitish (A). Spores ovoid with small warts up to 0.5- high, very occasionally with short lines attached or joining pairs, 6-8 x 5-6-. Cap cystidia cylindrical or spindle-shaped, without septa, hardly reacting to SV. Cap hyphae with cylindrical or tapering terminal cells or sometimes a long, tapering, thick-walled hair; supporting cells rectangular. Habitat under broad-leaved trees. Season summer to autumn. Frequent. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Russula turci Bres. Jodoform-T-ubling, J-dszag- galambgomba. Cap 3-10cm across, convex, soon flattening and with a depression, mauve, dark or dull purple, wine coloured, bay or dark fawny, paling in places, fleshy, sticky or even glutinous when moist, drying matt and often powdered, one third peeling. Stem 30-70 x 10-25mm, white, rarely tinged rose, becoming dirty or brownish, cylindrical or narrow club-shaped. Flesh white. Taste mild, smell of iodoform at stem base. Gills adnexed, saffron, with connecting veins at their bases. Spore print pale ochre (G). Spores ovoid with warts up to 0.5- high, mostly joined by fine lines or ridges to form a well-developed network, 7-9 x 6-8-. Cap cystidia absent; hyphae with incrustations staining with fuchsin abundant. Habitat under conifers. Season early summer to autumn. Frequent in Scotland, rare in England. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Russula subfoetens Smith. Cap 5-10cm across, rounded then with a depressed center; dull honey yellow to brownish; margin coarsely tuberculate-striate, viscid when wet. Gills adnate, cream-yellow, often brown-spotted. Stem 50-100 x 10-25mm, narrowing near base, firm; pale honey yellow. Flesh pale straw, yellowing when cut, and turning bright golden in KOH. Odor slightly unpleasant, fetid. Taste hot in cap cuticle but mild in flesh. Spores oval-ellipsoid, 7-9 x 5-6-; warts 0.3-0.71- high, few connectives. Deposit cream (C-D). Habitat in mixed woods. Found in Europe and eastern North America, west to Michigan, south to North Carolina. Season July-September. Not edible.
Inedible
Russula sororia (Fr.) Romell (R. amoenolens Romagn.) Scharfer Bratt?ubling, Barna galambgomba, Russule soeur, Sepia Brittlegill. Cap 3?6cm across, convex, later flattening and with a depression, sepia to greyish sepia, rarely white, thinnish-fleshed, slightly sticky when moist, half-peeling; margin furrowed, with small, low warts. Stem 30?60 x 10?20mm, whitish, fairly firm to soft and fragile. Flesh white. Taste unpleasant, oily, slowly very hot; smell rancid or suggesting Camembert cheese. Gills adnexed, creamy to dirty whitish, edge browning. Spore print pale cream (B?D). Spores broadly elliptic with warts up to 0.7? high, a few joined by fine lines, no network, 7?9 x 5?7?. Cap cystidia narrow, tapering, poorly reacting to SV. Habitat under oak. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Russula sardonia Fr. Zitronenbl?ttriger T?ubling, Citromlemez? galambgomba, Russule ?cre, Russule ? couleur de sardoine, Primrose Brittlegill. Cap 4?10cm across, convex, later flattening and with a depression, violet-, purplish- or brownish-red, greenish or ochre to yellowish, hard, shortly peeling only. Stem 30?80 x 10?15mm, sometimes white but usually entirely pale lilac to greyish rose, firm; surface as if powdered. Flesh white. Taste very hot, smell slightly fruity. Gills adnexed to slightly decurrent, at first primrose, later pale golden yellow, narrow. Gills and flesh reacting rose with ammonia (distinguishes this species). Spore print cream (C?F). Spores ovoid with warts up to 0.5? high, joined into ridges or by fine lines to form a rather poorly developed network, 7?9 x 6?8?. Cap cystidia spindle-shaped or cylindrical, without septa, strongly reacting to SV. Habitat under pine. Season summer to autumn. Frequent. Found In Europe and western north America. Edibility suspect-not advisable.
Inedible
Russula sanguinea (Bull. ex St. Amans) Fr. Blut-T?ubling, V?rv?r?s galambgomba, Russule sanguine, Bloody Brittlegill. Cap 5?10cm across, convex, later flattening or saucer-shaped, blood to purplish-red or rose, often with whitish areas, fleshy, rigid or even hard, peeling at margin only; surface soon dry and matt, rough or veined. Stem 40?100 x 10?30mm, white, pink or red, firm. Flesh white. Taste slightly to moderately hot, also sometimes bitter. Gills adnate-decurrent, cream or pale ochre, narrow, forking or with cross-connections. Spore print pale to deep cream (C?F). Spores ovoid with warts up to 1? high, with very few connecting lines, 7?10 x 6?8?. Cap cystidia cylindrical to narrow club-shaped, often teat-ended, with 0?2 septa, somewhat poorly reacting to SV. Habitat under conifers. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Russula pseudointegra Arn and Goris. Ockerbl?ttriger Zinnobert?ubling, Keser? galambgomba, Russule fausse Integra, Scarlet Brittlegill. Cap 4?10cm across, convex, later flattening, scarlet red to coral, sometimes with cream or whitish areas, fleshy, slightly sticky at first, later dry, sometimes slightly powdered, one- to two-thirds peeling. Stem 30?70 x 15?30mm, white. Flesh white. Taste slightly bitter, eventually with a suggestion of hotness, smell slightly of geranium with a touch of menthol. Gills free, pale golden yellow to saffron. Spore print pale ochre (F?G). Spores subglobose with warts up to 0.7? high, some isolated, mainly joined by fine lines forming a rather incomplete network, 7?9 x 6.5?8?. Cap cystidia absent, long, rather wide, hyphae with incrustations staining in fuchsin abundant. Habitat under broad-leaved trees especially oak on clay soils. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible but bitter -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Russula pectinatoides Pk. Enyhe galambgomba. Cap 3-8cm across, convex to centrally depressed, margin strongly striate- tuberculate; yellowish brown to dull straw color or cinnamon; viscid when wet; cuticle peels halfway or more. Gills thin; white to pale cream. Stem 25-50 x 5-l0mm, hollow, equal; white to pale yellowish or brown where bruised. Flesh white. Odor slightly oily or fetid. Taste mild or slightly acrid. Spores ovoid, 7.5-9 x 5.5-7.5?; warts 0.4-0.6? high, with an incomplete reticulum. Deposit cream (D-E). Habitat in mixed hardwoods. Quite common. Found in Europe and northeastern North America, west to Michigan, south to North Carolina. Season July-September. Not edible.
Edible
Russula parazurea J. Schaeff. Blaugr?ner Reift?ubling, K?kesz?ld galambgomba, deres galambgomba, Russule presque azur?e, Powdery Brittlegill. Cap 3?8cm across, convex then flattening, with greyish, dark colours, olive, violet-grey, greyish sepia or chestnut or tinged with dull green, wine or violet, firm, rather fleshy, sometimes greasy, usually matt, often as if powdered when dry, half to three quarters peeling. Stem 30?70 x 7?20mm, white. Flesh white. Taste mild or very slightly hot. Gills adnexed, pale buff, often forked. Spore print palish cream (C?D). Spores elliptic with warts up to 0.5? high, some isolated but mostly joined by lines forming a moderately developed network, 5.7?8.5 x 5?6.5?. Cap hyphae with the terminal cell usually tapering and the supporting cells rectangular. Cap cystidia cylindrical to narrow club-shaped, without septa, moderately reacting to SV. Habitat under broad-leaved trees. Season early summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Found In Europe.
Edible
Russula olivacea (Schaeff. ex Secr.) Fr. Rosastieger Ledert-ubling, Olajbarna galambgomba, v-r-st-nk- galambgomba, Russule oliv-tre, Olive Brittlegill. Cap 6-16cm across, almost globose at first, later flattened or slightly depressed, often irregular, varying considerably in colour from straw, pale ochre, shades of olive or brown to dull purple or purplish-red, firm or hard, thick-fleshed, peeling up to one-third only; margin inrolled at first. Stem 50-100 x 15-40mm, white, usually tinged rose or entirely so, yellowing slightly or browning around base, fairly hard. Flesh white, taste mild, nutty. Gills adnexed, deep buffy straw, forking and with cross connections near stem. Spore print ochre (G-H). Spores ovoid with warts up to 1.5- high, not or occasionally joined by lines, 8-11 x 7-9-. Cap cystidia absent, hyphae with rectangular, barrel- or ampoule-shaped cells, the terminal one sometimes strongly inflated. Phenol solution turns stem livid purple. Habitat under beech. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Russula ochroleuca (Pers. ex Secr.) Fr. Common Yellow Russula, Russule blanc ocr-, Zitronent-ubling, Fak-s-rga galambgomba, s-rga galambgomba, Geelwitte russula. Cap 4-10cm across, convex then flattening and with a depression, ochre, yellow or sometimes greenish yellow, fleshy, two-thirds peeling; margin eventually furrowed. Stem 40-70 x 15-25mm, white, greying slightly with age especially when waterlogged. Flesh white. Taste from mild to moderately hot. Gills adnexed, creamy. Spore print whitish to pale cream (A-C). Spores broadly ovoid with warts up to 1.2m high, joined by numerous fine lines forming a fairly well-developed network, 8-10 x 7-8-. Cap surface cystidia absent, hyphae 2-3- wide, often with yellow encrusting pigment. Habitat under broad-leaved trees and conifers. Season late summer to late autumn. Very common. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe.
Inedible
Russula nigricans (Bull. ex M-rat) Fr. Blackening Russula, Russule noircissante, Dickbl-ttriger Schwarzt-ubling, Szenes galambgomba, rossola nereggiante, Grofplaatrussula. Cap 5-20cm across, convex, soon with a deep depression, dirty white, becoming brown and finally black, dry, fleshy, three-quarters peeling; margin incurved at first. Stem 30-80 x 10-40mm, white, then dull brown and or red, finally black, hard. Flesh white, becoming red on exposure and finally grey to black. Taste slowly hot, smell fruity. Gills adnate, straw to olive, greyish rose on bruising, eventually black, very thick and widely spaced, brittle, with numerous shorter gills between them. Spore print white (A). Spores ovoid with small warts under 0.5- high, mostly connected by fine lines to form a fairly well-developed, but partial network, 7-8 x 6-7-. No cap cystidia. Habitat under broad-leaved trees and conifers. Season summer to late autumn. Very common. Edible but poor in taste (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Geriefter Weicht-ubling. Russula nauseosa (Pers. ex Secr.) Fr. Cap 2-7cm across, convex, later flattening and finally with a shallow depression, wine coloured to red or often pale, washed-out colours, greyish rose, pale brownish, dull yellowish or tinged greenish, thin-fleshed, fragile, easily peeling; margin often shallowly warty and furrowed. Stem 20-75 x 5-15mm, white, often tinged brownish or yellowish, often narrow club-shaped, soft, fragile. Flesh white, stem often hollow. Taste mild or slightly hot. Gills almost free, saffron, thin, connected by veins at their bases. Spore print pale ochre to ochre (G-H). Spores ovoid to elliptic, with warts up to 1.2- high, isolated or occasionally with fine lines attached, 7-11 x 6-9-. Cap cystidia abundant, mainly club-shaped, with up to two septa. Habitat under conifers, possibly only in Scotland. Season late spring to early autumn. Rare. Edible - possibly best avoided due to its hot taste. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Russula lutea (Huds. ex Fr.) S.F. Gray. Weicher Dottert-ubling, Baracks-rga galambgomba, Russule jaune. Cap 2-7cm across, convex, later flattening or with a saucer-shaped depression, often entirely golden or egg-yolk yellow, but sometimes apricot, peach, flesh coloured or coral in part or entirely, thin-fleshed, rather fragile, three-quarters to almost totally peeling. Stem 20-60 x 5-15mm, white, cylindrical or club-shaped, soft, fragile. Flesh white. Taste mild, smell nil when young, later fruity and suggesting apricots. Gills deep saffron, strongly interlined. Spore print ochre (H). Spores ovoid-elliptic with warts up to 1- high, mostly isolated, very occasionally joined by a line, 7.5-9 x 6-8-. Cap cystidia absent; hyphae staining in fuchsin abundant, strongly encrusted, other hyphae often with club-shaped termination or with a round head (capitate). Habitat under broad-leaved trees. Season summer to early autumn. Frequent. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Russula lepida Fr. Harter Zinnobert-ubling, R-zs-s galambgomba, piros galambgomba, Russule jolie, Cul rouge, Rouget. Cap 4-10cm across, convex, later flattening or slightly depressed, red, often paler and white or yellowish white in places or occasionally entirely, fleshy, hard; surface matt, dry, sometimes as if powdered, hardly peeling. Stem 30-70 x 15-35mm, white or flushed pink or red in part or entirely, often club-shaped or swollen slightly in the middle, powdered. Flesh white. Taste mild, of cedarwood pencils, sometimes bitter, smell slightly fruity with a suggestion of menthol. Gills almost free, pale cream. Spore print pale cream (B-C). Spores almost globose with warts up to 0.5- high, joined by lines and ridges to form a well-developed network, 8-9 x 7-8-. Cap cystidia frequent, cylindrical, tapering, spindle-shaped or narrow club-shaped, not reacting with SV; hyphae staining in fuchsin also present but granules that stain are rather sparse and scattered. Habitat with deciduous trees especially beech. Season summer to early autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Russula ionochlora Romagn.Schiefergrauer T?ubling, Oilslick Brittlegill. Cap 4.5?7cm across, convex, later flattening, often with low bosses and somewhat irregularly waved, pale coloured, typically a mixture of dull bluish, yellowish to ochreous pale greens, often with greyish lilac to pale wine border, moderately fleshy, half peeling. Stem 30?70 x 12?20mm, white or faintly tinged violet, salmon if rubbed with iron salts. Flesh white. Taste distinctly hot when young, later mild. Gills almost free, pale cream. Spore print pale cream (B?C). Spores ovoid with warts up to 0.5? high, isolated or occasionally in short chains, no fine lines, 6.5?7.5 x 4.7?6?. Cap surface hyphae with terminal cell usually broadly cylindrical with rounded ends; supporting cells rectangular to somewhat inflated. Cap cystidia mostly club-shaped, not septate. Habitat under beech. Season summer to early autumn. Occasional. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Found In Europe.
Edible
Russula integra Fr. Barn?sv?r?s galambgomba. Cap 6-15cm across, soon flattened-depressed; firm, fleshy; reddish brown to dull brown; smooth. Gills moderately spaced, broad; deep yellow. Stem 40-60 x 15-25mm, equal, firm; white or slightly yellowish at base. Flesh white. Odor pleasant. Taste mild. Spores broadly ovoid, 8-8.5 x 7?; warts up to 1? high, with almost no connectives. Deposit deep ochre (G). Habitat under beech and oak. Not common. Found in Europe and western and eastern North America. Season August-October. Edible - good. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous)
Edible
Russula heterophylla (Fr.) Fr. Gr?ner Speiset?ubling, Di??z? galambgomba, Russule verte, Greasy Green Brittlegill. Cap 5?10cm across, almost globose at first, later flattening and with a depression, various shades of green, brown or even ochre or (var. chlora) yellow, fairly firm, smooth or with radial branching veins. Stem 30?60 x 10?30mm, white, browning, firm, salmon when rubbed with an iron salt (this distinguishes it from R. cyanoxantha var. peltereaui). Flesh white. Taste mild. Gills slightly decurrent at first, later adnexed, white to very pale cream, very closely spaced, thin, from somewhat flexible with an oily feel to somewhat brittle. Spore print whitish (A). Spores almost globose to elliptic or pear-shaped, with warts 0.2?0.6? high, mostly isolated, occasionally two to three joined together or connected by a line, 5?7 x 4?6? (smallest in genus.) Cap hyphae terminations tapering or sometimes prolonged into a narrow, thick-walled hair, supporting cells rectangular or inflated; cap cystidia club-shaped, cylindrical, spindle-shaped or tapering. Habitat under broad-leaved trees. Season summer to early autumn. Occasional (var. chlora rare). Distribution, America and Europe. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.)
Edible
Russula grisea (Pers. ex Secr.) Fr.Braungrauer Reift-ubling, Sz-rk-sz-ld galambgomba, Russule grise, Russule gorge de pigeon. Rather similar to R. ionochlora and only reliably distinguished by its microscopic characters. The cap colours are rather more dingy, being more dull brownish or greyish. Spores are slightly deeper coloured, cream (D) instead of pale cream (B), 6.5-8 x 5.5-6.5-, elliptic; warts up to 0.9-1.2- high, some joined in chains or by fine lines to form an incipient network and only rarely enclosing a mesh. Mainly distinguished by the terminal cells of the cap hyphae being long and narrow, cylindrical or tapering, and not short and broad as in R. ionochlora. Habitat mainly under beech. Season summer to early autumn. Apparently uncommon but perhaps because not easily recognized. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Found In Europe.
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