5-15cm Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
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Total mushrooms fount: 945

Choice
Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Pil?t Zuchtchampignon Agaric cultiv?, Pratelle, Champignon de Paris, K?tsp?r?s csiperke, termesztett csiperke, Cultivated Mushroom. Cap 5?12cm across, hemispherical expanding convex, greyish-brown to umber covered in brown radiating fibres and often slightly scaly with age. Stem 35?55 x 8?14mm, white, often flaky below the membranous sheathing ring. Flesh white bruising faintly red. Taste and smell mushroomy. Gills dirty pinkish darkening with age. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, elongate-clavate, 17?44 x 7?14?. Spore print brown. Spores ovate to subglobose, 4?7.5 x 4?5.5?. Basidia two-spored, separating this species from the rest of this genus which all have four-spored basidia. Habitat on manure heaps, garden waste and roadsides, not in grass. Season late spring to autumn. Occasional. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe. This species is believed to be the wild ?parent? of many of the cultivated crop varieties, all of which have two-spored basidia.
Edible
Agaricus bernardii (Qu?l.) Sacc. syn. A. campestris subsp. bernardii (Qu?l.) Konrad & Maubl. D?nen-Egerling, Sziki csiperke. Cap 1?15cm across, hemispherical then flattened convex and often depressed, whitish to light brown, bruising reddish on handling, surface soon disrupting into coarse brownish scales. Stem 50?70 x 20?40mm, whitish, narrowing slightly at the greyish-brown base; ring sheathing, whitish and narrow. Flesh white becoming reddish orange on cutting. Taste slightly unpleasant, smell fishy. Gills pale grey then flesh-coloured becoming dark brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, elongate, cylindric, clavate or fusiform. Spore print dark brown. Spores broadly ovoid, 5.5?7 x 5?5.5?. Habitat on sand dunes and meadows near the sea or sodic lakes, also on roadsides inland, possibly due to the practice of salting the roads in icy weather. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edible. Found In Europe.
Edible
Agaricus altipes M?ller Cap 4-7cm across, convex to broadly flattened; white to slightly buff on disc; smooth to slightly tomentose-floccose. Gills free, crowded; bright rosy pink when young, brown when old. Stem 80-100 x 12-20mm equal to slightly clavate; white, bruising slightly pinkish-buff color; fibrillose below; ring high on stem, white, thin, fragile, simple. Flesh firm; white bruising flesh-color. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores ovate, 6.5-7.5 x 4.5-5.5?. Deposit deep chocolate brown. Habitat in grass in mixed woods, mostly conifers. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season September. Edible. Comment This collection agreed very well with the European Agaricus altipes, differing only in the disagreeable odor of the original description; the odor may have been missed if the flesh was not bruised, or perhaps the specimens were too young.
Inedible
Mycoacia uda (Fr.) Donk. syn. Acia uda (Fr.) Bourd. & Galz. Fruit body resupinate, very thin, bright lemon-yellow becoming more ochraceous with age, covered in crowded slender spines which become purple when treated with a drop of KOH. Cystidioles thin-walled, fusoid. Spores narrowly ellipsoid, 4?6.5 x 2?3.5um. Habitat on fallen branches of deciduous trees. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Abortiporus biennis (Bull. ex Fr.) Sing. syn Heteroporus biennis (Bull. ex Fr.) Laz. syn. Daedalea biennis Bull. ex Fr., Blushing Rosette, Rõt likacsosgomba. Fruit body variable, irregularly top-shaped, or rosette-like, or fused together into amorphous masses, 3-9cm across, 0.5-1.5cm thick, flattened to concave, surface downy to felty, whitish soon becoming pinkish. Tubes 2-6mm long, decurrent. Pores 1-2 per mm, angular and irregular, becoming maze-like, whitish bruising reddish. Spores elliptic-ovate to subglobose, 4-7 x 3.5-4.5µ. Long undulating worm-like refractive gloeocystidia present in the hymenium. In addition to the normal basidiospores the fungus also produces similarly shaped chlamydospores in the flesh and hymenium. Habitat on the ground from roots or wood chips of deciduous trees. Season autumn, annual. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
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