Over 15cm Mushrooms identifications

Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:

Total mushrooms fount: 94

Tylopilus alboater (Schw.) Murr. Cap 3-20cm across, convex, soon flattened; deep blackish brown with white bloom when young; dry, velvety. Tubes adnate, sunken around stem; pallid then pink. Pores small; pinkish. Stem 40-110 x 20-40mm, equal; white to slightly pink. Odor pleasant. Taste mild. Spores fusiform, smooth, 8-11 X 3.5-5?. Deposit pinkish. Habitat under deciduous trees, especially oak. Frequent. Found in eastern North America, west to Michigan and Texas. Season July-September. Edible.
Tricholomopsis decora (Fr.) Sing. syn. Tricholoma decorum (Fr.) Qu?l. Sch?ner Holzritterling, Olajs?rga fapereszke, Prunes and Custard. Cap 6?17cm across, convex at first becoming centrally depressed, deep golden yellow covered in tiny brownish-black fibrillose scales especially at the centre. Stem 80?180 x 5?15mm, yellow. Flesh deep yellow. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills deep yellow. Cheilocystidia large, thin-walled, club-shaped, 20?30m wide. Spore print white. Spores 6?8 x 4?5m. Habitat on conifer stumps in northern regions. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Sparassis herbstii Pk. Fruit body a large mass of flattened, wavy, or lobed branches, the whole fungus resembling a cabbage or cauliflower-like mass, 15-30cm across, 15-20cm high. Individual branches are a pale creamy yellow and are variously lobed, curled, and twisted, uniting at the base into a root-like structure. Flesh tough; white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ovate, smooth, 4-7 x 3-4?. Deposit white. Habitat at base of trees, often pine or oak. Found in eastern North America. Season July-October. Edible-good. Comment This fungus is often called Sparassis crispa Wulf. ex Fr., but the true crispa has much tighter, more densely packed, smaller lobes.
Sarcodon imbricatum (L. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Hydnum imbricatum L. ex Fr. Habichtpilz, Cserepes gerebengomba, Hydne ou Sarcodon Imbriqu?, Barbe de bouc, Scaly Tooth. Fruit body single. Cap 5?20cm across, flattened convex at first later depressed, velvety then felty soon cracking deeply into coarse overlapping upturned scales of a dark reddish- or purplish-brown contrasting with the pale pink or flesh-coloured background. Stem 50?80 x 20?50mm, tapering or swollen at the base, whitish at first becoming brownish from the base upwards. Taste slight but bitter after a few minutes, smell slight, not distinctive. Spines 1?10mm long, whitish finally purplish-brown. Spores brownish, warted with irregular outline, 7?8 x 5?5.5um. Habitat coniferous woods, especially on sandy soils. Season autumn. Rare ? more frequent in Scottish pine forests. Edible.
Rigidoporus ulmarius is a plant pathogen found mainly on broad-leaved trees. White/cream coloured thick woody bracket, often covered in algae giving it a green look. Lower rim edge can show cinamon colour, which is the tube layer. Pores white at first then developing orange/red, fading to pink. Trees list: Elm, Horse Chestnut, Poplar, Oak, Maple. Mode Of Decay: Parasitic. Brown Rot leading to cubical cracks toward the core of the trunk. Bracket 12-50cm across ( rarely above 50 ), 6-15cm wide, 4-8cm thick, bracket-shaped, hard and woody, surface knobbly; concentrically ridged, white to ochraceous becoming dirty-brown in older specimens. Tubes 1-5mm long in each layer, pinkish to orange when young, browning with age, each layer separated by a thin contrasting band of white flesh. Pores 5-8 per mm, red-orange fading to clay-pink or buff with age. Spores pale yellow, globose, 6-7.5um in diameter. Hyphal structure monomitic; generative hyphae lacking clamps. Habitat at the base of trunks of deciduous trees, usually elm. Season all year, perennial. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe. ---- Rigidoporus ulmarius is a member of Shelf Fungi Shelf Fungi (Order Polyporales) The Polyporales are an order of fungi in the division Basidiomycota, subclass Agaricomycetidae. The order includes some (but not all) polypores as well as many corticioid fungi and a few agarics (mainly in the genus Lentinus). Species within the order are saprotrophic, most of them wood-rotters. Those of economic importance include several important pathogens of forest and amenity trees and a few species that cause damage by rotting structural timber. Some of the Polyporales are commercially cultivated and marketed for use as food items or in traditional Chinese medicine. ---- Common bracket found on Willow, Elm and Horse Chestnut. Sometimes mistaken for 'Perenniporia fraxinea' which favours Poplar, Elm and Ash. Both have perenial brackets. Although niether are on the Red data list of threatened brittish fungi, P. fraxinea is thought to be somewhat rare. The easy way to distinguish the difference, is when you cut a slice out. P. fraxinea has flesh and tube layers of the same colour. Whereas Rigi has orange fading tubes which contrast sharply against the spongy white flesh. Green algal and/or moss growth on the top surface is pretty typical. Decay type is Brown cubicle rot. ---- Facts: The largest known basidioma (mushroom or fruiting body) was that of a Rigidioporus ulmarius (Agaricomycetes), hidden-away in a shady corner of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England. This fruiting body was mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records (Matthews, 1994). At the beginning of every New Year the Annual Mensuration Ceremony of the fruiting body took place, and on 19 January 1996 it had increased to 170 cm maximum length (up from 159 in 1995) and 146 cm maximum width (up from 140 in 1995). It also grew 4 cm taller from the soil level, measuring 54 cm. The weight of the fruiting body was estimated to be 284 kg (625 pounds)! Amid rumors of its destruction, Dr. Brian M. Spooner, Head of Mycology, Royal Botanic Gardens, has brought us up to date on the fate of the record specimen. Unfortunately, the basidioma began to rot at the edges a few years ago, likely because the hyphal body of the fungus digested away its elm root substrate, reminding us that a fungus needs a good dispersal system to escape the substrate that eventually inevitably is destroyed. In the life of the fruiting body many trillions of spores must have been produced, and some of these surely fell on an appropiate substrate to establish a new infection. The final insult to the fruiting body came from a fox that burrowed under one side and caused it to collapse. ---- P.S. Often confused with Perenniporia fraxinia ---- Keywords: wald, autumn, herbst, pilz, baumpilz, hard, elm, hart, oktober, holzig, october, ungenießbar, ungeniessbar, porling, ulmenporling, rigidoporus ulmarius, knobbly, not edible ---- Synonyms: Rigidoporus ulmarius (Sowerby) Imazeki 1952 Ungulina cytisina (Berk.) Murashk. 1940 Polyporus cytisinus Berk. 1836 Scindalma ulmarium (Sowerby) Kuntze 1898 Rigidoporus geotropus (Cooke) Imazeki 1955 Coriolus actinobolus (Mont.) Pat. 1903 Rigidoporus geotropus (Cooke) Dhanda 1981 Fomes geotropus (Cooke) Cooke 1885 Haploporus cytisinus (Berk.) Domanski 1973 Leucofomes ulmarius (Sowerby) Kotl. & Pouzar 1957 Fomitopsis ulmaria (Sowerby) Bondartsev & Singer 1941 Polyporus ulmarius (Sowerby) Fr. 1821 Ungulina incana (Quél.) Pat. 1900 Polyporus geotropus Cooke 1884 Fomes ulmarius (Sowerby) Gillet 1878 Microporus actinobolus (Mont.) Kuntze 1898 Polyporus fraxineus Lloyd 1915 Scindalma cytisinum (Berk.) Kuntze 1898 Fomes ulmarius Fr. 1874 Boletus ulmarius Sowerby 1797 Mensularia ulmaria (Sowerby) Lázaro Ibiza 1916 Polyporus actinobolus Mont. 1854 Placodes ulmarius (Sowerby) Quél. 1886 Placodes incanus Quél. 1886 Polyporus sublinguaeformis Schulzer 1882 Scindalma geotropum (Cooke) Kuntze 1898 Ungulina ulmaria (Sowerby) Pat. 1900 Polystictus actinobolus (Mont.) Cooke 1886
Ramaria magnipes Marr & Stuntz Fruit body 9-25cm high, 14-25cm wide; several thick primary branches dividing into numerous compact, cauliflower-like branch systems that end in crowned molar-like tips; young branches and tips butter yellow becoming light yellow, then aging to brownish pale orange, often changing to brick red when bruised or exposed to frost. Base 7-14cm, single, large, tapering steeply or broadly conical in shape, rooting; off-white to brownish; weakly amyloid. Flesh fleshy-fibrous becoming hard or rather chalky-friable; white. Odor mild or rather unpleasant. Taste mild when fresh, becoming slightly bitter with cooking. Spores cylindrical, no ornamentation or very obscure warts, 10-14 x 3-4.5?. Clamps present. Habitat on the ground under vine maple or in mixed coniferous forests. Found in Idaho and westward to the Pacific. Season May-August. Edibility not known -avoid, many Ramarias can cause stomach upset.
Pycnoporellus alboluteus (Ellis & Ev.) Kotlaba & Pouz. Fruit body annual; sponge like to cushion-shaped, 5-100cm across, with pores splitting into long spine like teeth; bright orange-ochre to paler whitish yellow with age. Tubes 2cm deep; same color as flesh. Pores 1-3cm across. No stem. Flesh thin; orange, turns red in KOH. Spores cylindrical, 6-9 x 2.5-4 ?. Deposit white. Habitat on undersides of conifer logs. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season July-October. Inedible.
Pseudotrametes gibbosa (Pers. ex Pers.) Bond. & Sing. syn. Trametes gibbosa (Pers. ex Pers.) Fr. Buckeltramete Tram?te bossu, Lumpy Bracket. Bracket 5?20cm across, 8?12cm wide, 1?8cm thick, semicircular often with a hump, single or in groups, upper surface downy or minutely velvety at first later smooth, greyish-white sometimes flushed cinnamon or yellowish (or greenish due to the growth of algae amongst the surface hairs), margin thick when young becoming acute. Flesh white, corky. Tubes 3?15mm long, whitish to yellow. Pores 1?2 per mm, elongated, slot-like, grey-white then creamy. Spores white, subcylindric, 4?5 x 2?2.5um. Hyphal structure trimitic. Habitat on dead deciduous trees, especially beech. Season all year (sporulating in late spring). Frequent. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Polyporus radicatus Schw. Cap 3.5-25cm across, circular, convex to sunken; yellowish brown to soot brown; dry, velvety to scurfy. Tubes 1-5mm deep, decurrent. Pores 2-3 per mm, angular; whitish to yellowish. Stem 60-140 x 5-25mm, central, with a long black rooting base; dingy yellow; scurfy to slightly scaly. Flesh white, dense. Spores ovoid to ellipsoid, smooth, 12-15 x 6-8-. Deposit white. Habitat usually singly on the ground around stumps or attached to buried roots. Not common. Found in central and eastern North America. Season August-October. Not edible.
Pholiota destruens (Brond.) Gillet Ny?rfa t?kegomba. Cap 8-20cm across, convex when young, expanding to more broadly convex in age, with a margin shaggy from veil remains; whitish, creamy, or ochre, sometimes gradually darkening on the disc to nut brown or dark yellow-brown, with dingy white or buff, woolly scales or patches of veil remnants. Gills adnate to sinuate, close, broad, edges even; white when young, becoming deep rusty cinnamon from the spores. Stem 50-150x 10-30mm, enlarged to 70mm at the base, hard, solid; white then brownish in age, particularly in the lower section; numerous thick white cottony patches up to the evanescent, cottony ring; silky at the top. Flesh thick, firm; white. Odor not distinctive or mildly fungusy. Taste slightly disagreeable but hardly distinctive. Spores ellipsoid to oval, smooth, with pore at tip, 7-9.5 x 4-5.5?. Deposit cinnamon brown. No pleurocystidia; caulocystidia abundant. Habitat singly or in clusters on logs and dead wood, particularly poplar, cottonwood, and aspen. Found in central and northern North America and New Mexico. Season September-November. Said to be edible.
Phellinus igniarius (L. ex Fr.) Qu-l. syn. Fomes igniarius (L. ex Fr.) Gill. Gemeiner Feuerschwamm, Par-zstapl- (tapl-), Faux amadouvier, Tinder Box Fungus, Willow Bracket. Bracket 10-40cm across, 2-8cm wide, 5-20cm thick, hoof-shaped, very hard and woody; concentrically ridged, rusty brown when young later grey and finally black with the surface becoming cracked; margin obtuse, long-remaining rusty brown and velvety. Flesh rusty brown, hard. Taste sour or bitter, smell fungusy. Tubes 3-5mm long in each annual layer, rusty-brown. Pores 4-6 per mm, circular, rusty-cinnamon to maroon. Spores white, more or less globose, 4.5 x 6.5 x 4-5um. Setae thick-walled, very dark brown, fusoid with acute apex. Habitat parasitic on deciduous trees, especially willow, causing intensive white rot. Season sporulating from spring to late autumn, perennial. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Panus strigosus Berk. & Curt. Cap 10-40cm across, fan-shaped to broadly convex, becoming flatter or slightly sunken; whitish to buff, creamy, or yellowish; dry, coarsely hairy all over. Gills decurrent, close to subdistant, broad; whitish tinged brownish or pale mauve, yellowing in age. Stem 20-150 x 10-40mm, generally lateral or off center, solid, sometimes thicker below; white to buff, yellowish in age; tough, coarsely hairy toward the base. Flesh thick, quite tough; white or yellowish. Taste mild. Spores oblong, smooth, nonamyloid, 11-13 x 3.5-5?. Deposit white. Habitat singly or in small clusters of 3-4 in the wounds of living hardwoods, especially maple and yellow birch. Rare. Found widely distributed in eastern and western North America. Season August-October. Said to be edible but too tough and rare to be worthwhile.
Neolentinus schaefferi (Weinm.) Redh. & Ginns syn. Lentinus cyathiformis. Fruiting body: cap up to 20cm, convex to depressed, fleshy, velvety to finely scaly, cream brownish to reddish brown. Gills thick, decurrent, cream colour, in fact a longated maze. (It is related to Gloeophyllum). Stem stocky, paler than cap Microscopy: spores cilindric, 10-14x4-5?m, whitish en masse. Flesh: very thick, softer for younger specimens while older specimens are tough and leathery, whitish. No particular smell or taste. Habitat: dead wood of broadleaved trees. Rare, but common along the rivers Sava and Danube. Edibility: edible when young.
Laetiporus cincinnatus Syn. Laetiporus sulphureus var. semialbinus. Found at the base of hard wood trees normally Oak. Distinct from Laetiporus sulphureus because the pore surface is white not yellow. Tom Volk the American expert on tree growing fungi says this species is even better to eat than the yellow pored form, (make sure it is well cooked). Cap large up to at least 50-60 cm wide. Spores 5-7 x 3.5-5 um, print white. For recipe see Laetiporus sulphureus.