Agaricales Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
Family:
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Total mushrooms fount: 161

Inedible
Pholiota flammans (Fr.) Kummer Freuersch-ppling L-ngsz-n- t-kegomba (l-nggomba) Pholiote flamboyante Flaming Scalycap. Cap 2-8cm across, convex then expanded, tawny yellow covered in recurved lemon- to sulphur-yellow scales, margin incurved. Stem 40-80 x 4-10mm, bright yellow with concolorous cottony ring near the apex, densely covered in concolorous scales below. Flesh pale yellow. Gills pale yellow darkening to rusty yellow with age. Pleurocystidia lanceolate with pointed apex, staining deeply in cotton blue in lactic acid. Spore print rusty. Spores elliptic, 4-4.5 x 2-2.5um. Habitat singly or in tufts on conifer stumps or fallen trunks. Season late summer to autumn. Rare, more frequent in mountains. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Pholiota aurivella (Fr.) Kummer Rozsdas?rga (s?rga) t?kegomba. Cap 4-15cm across, bell-shaped to convex with a broad umbo; ochre-orange to tawny; sticky to slimy with large flattened spot-like scales, which may disappear or become somewhat sticky when wet. Gills adnate, close, moderately broad; pale yellowish becoming tawny brown. Stem 50-80 x 5-15mm, dry, solid, central or off-center; yellowish to yellow-brown; dry and cottony above the ring, hairy and with down-curving scales toward the base. Veil partial veil leaves evanescent ring or zone on upper stalk; white. Flesh firm; yellow. Odor sweet. Taste slight. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, with pore at apex, 7-9.5 x 4.5-6?. Deposit rusty brownish. Caulocystidia absent; pleurocystidia present. Habitat in clusters on living trunks and logs of hardwoods and conifers. Found Europe and in North America except the Southeast. Season June-November. Not edible.
Inedible
Pholiota alnicola (Fr.) Sing. syn. Flammula alnicola (Fr.) Kummer syn. Dryophila alnicola (Fr.) Qu?l. Erlen-Sch?ppling S?rga t?kegomba Alder Scalycap. Cap 2?6(11)cm across, convex to flattened, smooth and greasy, bright lemon-yellow at first becoming flushed olivaceous at the margin, remains of veil often adhering to the margin. Stem 20?80 x 5?10mm, pale lemon-yellow above the remains of the veil becoming rusty-brown towards the base, not viscid. Flesh yellow in cap, rusty towards the stem base. Taste mild to slightly bitter, smell pleasant and sweet. Gills pale yellow at first becoming cinnamon. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, hair-like, clavate. Spore print rusty brown. Spores oval, smooth, 8.5?11.5 x 5?5.5um. Habitat solitary or in small clusters on deciduous wood, especially alder, willow and birch. Season autumn. Uncommon. Inedible. Distribution, America and Europe. Note the two forms that I have collected seem to differ in form and will need to be rechecked.
Poisonous/Suspect
Phaeolepiota aurea (Matt. ex Fr.) Maire ex Konrad & Maublanc Aranys-rga t-kegomba. Cap 2-15cm across, obtuse to convex, becoming flatter with a central umbo and the margin often hung with veil remnants; orange-tan to golden brown; dry, granular to powdery. Gills adnate to free, close, broad; pale yellow becoming tawny to orange-brown. Stem 40-150 x 10-40mm expanded toward the base; orange to buff or similar to cap; smooth above the ring, powdery or granular below. Veil partial veil sheathing stalk; same color as cap; granular underneath, smooth above; leaving persistent flaring to drooping ring. Flesh thick; pale or yellowish. Spores ellipsoid, smooth to minutely roughened, 10-14 x 5-6-. Deposit yellowish brown to orange-buff. Habitat in groups or clusters on compost, rich soil, humus, or leaf litter under coniferous or deciduous trees. Quite rare but sometimes abundant. Found in Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. Season September-October. Not edible because it is mildly poisonous to some people. The field photograph was taken by Geoffrey Kibby.
Inedible
Panaeolus semiovatus (Sow. ex Fr.) Lund. syn. Anellaria separata (L. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. P. separatus (L. ex Fr.) Gillet Ring-D?ngerling Gy?r?s tr?gyagomba Egghead Mottlegill. Cap 2?6cm across, ovate-bell-shaped, never expanding, clay white tinged yellowish towards centre, viscid, drying shiny, velar remnants often adhering to margin. Stem 50?100 x 4?8mm, slightly thickened at base, whitish; ring white and membranaceous, persistent. Flesh whitish, yellowish in stem. Gills broad, whitish, soon brown-black, often with a white edge. Pleurocystidia in form of broad lanceolate chrysocystidia with pointed apices. Spore print black. Spores pip-shaped, 16?20 x 10?12um. Habitat on dung. Season spring to early winter. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Oudemansiella mucida (Schrad. ex Fr.) K?hn. syn. Armillaria mucida (Schrad. ex Fr.) Kummer. Porcelain fungus, Poached Egg Fungus, Collybie mucide, Buchen-Schleimr?bling, Gy?r?s f?l?ke, Agarico viscoso, Porseleinzwam. Cap 2?8cm across, convex then flattening, pale greyish when young becoming more white often with an ochraceous flush at the centre, semi-translucent, slimy. Stem 30?100?3?10mm, white striate above the membranous ring, slightly scaly below. Flesh thin, white. Cystidia thin-walled cylindric or utriform. Spore print white. Spores subglobose 13?18?12?15m. Cap cuticle hymeniform, of erect club-shaped cells. Habitat on the trunks of beech, often high up and in large clusters. Season late summer to late autumn. Common. Edible after washing to remove gluten. Found In Europe. The last shot is from Ted Green, thanks Ted.
Inedible
Mycena pura (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer Rettich-Helmling Retekszag- k-gy-gomba Myc-ne pur Lilac Bonnet. Cap 2-5cm across, rather variable in size, convex with a broad umbo, varying shades of lilac or pink, lined at margin when moist, paler when dry. Stem 50-100 x 4-10mm, rigid, flushed pink, base covered in fine white fibres, Flesh white. Taste mild, smell radishy. Gills adnate, pink. Cheilo- and pleurocystidia bottle-shaped. Spore print white. Spores subcylindric, amyloid, 6-8 x 3.5-4um. Habitat in beech litter. Season summer to winter. Common. Said to be edible -avoid. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Mycena polygramma (Bull. ex Fr.) S.F. Gray Rillstieliger Helmling Bar?zd?ltt?nkű k?gy?gomba Grooved Bonnet. Cap 2–5cm across, conical then expanded and umbonate, dark grey to grey-brown, faintly grooved towards margin. Stem 60–100 x 2–4mm, silvery grey, striate, base rooting. Flesh thin, whitish with pallid line above gills. Taste mild to slightly acrid, smell pleasant. Gills whitish to grey or pinkish. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, with swollen base and drawn-out pointed apex which may fork. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, amyloid, 9–10 x 6–7um. Habitat on twigs or buried wood. Season summer to late autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Mycena haematopus (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. M. cruenta (Fr.) Qu?l. Rotstieliger Helmling V?rz? k?gy?gomba Myc?ne ? pied rouge Burgundydrop Bonnet. Cap 2?4cm across, conical to bell-shaped, grey-brown with clay-pink tint, striate at margin when moist, drying light pink. Stem 40?100 x 2?3mm, grey-pink exuding a deep blood-red latex when broken, often fused together to form tufts. Flesh blood-red. Taste slightly bitter, smell not distinctive. Gills adnate, white becoming pale pink, often with darker edge. Cheilo- and pleurocystidia thin-walled with swollen base and an abrupt pointed apex. Spore print white. Spores ellipsoid, amyloid 7?10 x 5?6um. Habitat on old stumps. Season autumn. Occasional. Said to be edible -avoid. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Mycena arcangeliana Bresadola Syn. Mycena oortiana Hora syn. M. arcangeliana var. oortiana K-hn. Graubrauner Helmling Olajs-rg-s k-gy-gomba. Cap 1-4cm across, broadly conical, whitish to grey-brown with an olivaceous tint, striate. Stem 20-40 x 1-2mm, greyish, the colour fading with age, base covered in white down. Flesh white in cap, grey in stem. Taste mild, smell strongly iodoform. Gills crowded, adnexed, white at first later pinkish. Cheilocystidia abundant, thin-walled, clavate or ovate, hyaline, densely granulate-warted. Spore print whitish. Spores pip-shaped, amyloid 7-8 x 4.5-5um. Habitat on stumps and branches of deciduous trees. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Mycena acicula (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Marasmiellus aciculus (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Sing. Orangeroter Helmling Narancsv-r-s k-gy-gomba Orange Bonnet. Cap 2-10mm, hemispherical, bright orange becoming paler towards the margin, striate. Stem 20-50-1mm, bright yellow becoming paler towards the rooting, slightly hairy base. Flesh very thin, orange in cap. Taste mild, smell none. Gills ascending, pale yellow with whitish edge. Cheilo- and pleurocystidia not very prominent, thin-walled, hyaline, fusoid. Spore print white. Spores fusiform, nonamyloid, 9-12 x 3-4um. Habitat on dead twigs and other woody fragments. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Found In Europe and north America.
Edible
Melanoleuca cognata (Fr.) Konrad & Maubl. syn. Tricholoma cognatum (Fr.) Gillet. Fr?hlings-Weichritterling, Korai l?gypereszke, fak?s?rga pereszke, Okerkleurige veldridder, Spring Cavalier. Cap 4?10(12)cm across, expanded convex and umbonate, ochre-brown to grey-brown, shiny. Stem 60?120 x 10?15mm, swollen at the base, cream flushed ochre to grey-brown. Flesh whitish to cream. Taste sweetish, smell floury. Gills ochraceous cream. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, lanceolate, sometimes encrusted with crystals at apex. Spore print ochraceous cream. Spores elliptic, minutely warted, amyloid 9?10 x 5.5?6um. Habitat coniferous woods. Season spring and autumn. Occasional. Said to be edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe.
Inedible
Megacollybia platyphylla (pers.) Kotl.& Pouz wellknown as Tricholomopsis platyphylla (Pers. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Oudemansiella platyphylla (Pers. ex Fr.) Moser syn. Collybia platyphylla (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer Breitbl?ttriger Holzritterling Sz?leslemez? f?l?ke Collybie ? feuillets ?pais, Collybie ? chapeau ray?. Cap 4?10cm across, hemispherical soon expanded with depressed centre, dark grey-brown with an ochraceous tint, somewhat streaky surface sometimes disrupting in minute scurfy scales towards the margin. Stem 30?50 x 10?13mm, tough, whitish fibrillosely striate often flushed with cap colour, passing into long rooting mycelial strands. Flesh white. Taste bitter, smell not distinctive. Gills very broad, whitish cream. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, swollen pear-shaped, 50?60 x 15?25um. Spore print white. Spores subglobose 6?8 x 6?7um. Habitat attached to deciduous stumps or pieces of buried wood by the tough white mycelial strands. Season summer to autumn. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Marasmius rotula (Scop. ex Fr.) Fr. Fallschirm-Schwindling Nyak?rves szegf?gomba Marasme petite roue Collared Parachute. Cap 0.5?1.5cm across, convex, centrally flattened and ribbed like a parachute with the margin scalloped, whitish, sometimes dark brown in the depressed centre. Stem 20?70 x 1mm, white at apex dark brown below. Flesh white in cap, brown in stem. Gills whitish cream, attached to a collar free of the stem. Spore print white. Spores elongate elliptical, 7?10 x 3.5?5um. Cuticular cells subglobose with tiny dense finger-like processes. Habitat gregarious on dead twigs and roots, less frequently on leaves. Season summer to winter. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Marasmiellus ramealis (Bull. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Marasmius ramealis (Bull. ex Fr.) Fr. Ast-Schwindling F?nterm? szegf?gomb?cska. Cap 3?10(15)mm across, convex then flattened or centrally depressed, whitish pink often darker in the centre, membranous and often wrinkled. Stem 3?20 x 1mm, scurfy, concolorous with cap, darkening towards the curved base. Flesh thin, concolorous. Gills distant, white or pinkish. Spore print white. Spores elongate, elliptical, 8.5?10.5 x 3?4um. Habitat on old stems. Season early summer to autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Choice
Macrolepiota procera (Scop. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Lepiota procera (Scop. ex Fr.) S.F. Gray syn. Leucocoprinus procerus (Scop. ex Fr.) Pat. Parasol Mushroom, L?piote ?lev?e, Coulemelle, Nagy ?zl?bgomba, Parasol, Riesenschirmpilz, Parasol, Bubbola maggiore, Fungo parasole, Mazza da tamburo, Grote parasolzwam. Cap 10?25cm across, button spherical or egg-shaped expanding flattened with a prominent umbo, pale buff or grey-brown covered in darker shaggy scales. Stem 150?300 x 8?15mm, 40mm at the bulb, white, with a grey-brown felty covering which becomes split into snake-like markings as the stem expands; ring large, double, white on upper surface, brown below, movable on the stem. Flesh thin, soft, white. Taste sweet, smell slight, indistinctive. Gills free, white. Spore print white. Spores ovate with a germ-pore, dextrinoid, 15?20 x 10?13um. Habitat in open woods and pastures. Season summer and autumn. Uncommon. Edible ? excellent. Distribution, America and Europe. Note the American form of this fungus is rather more delicate in form than the more robust European variety. The third photograph was taken by Geoffrey Kibby.
Edible
Macrolepiota excoriata (Fr.) Wasser syn. Lepiota excoriata (Schaeff ex. Fr.) Kummer syn. Leucocoprinus excoriatus (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Pat. L?piote excori?e, Coulemelle excori?e, Ackerschirmpilz, Csipk?s ?zl?bgomba, Bubbola buona, Tubiet, Rafeligeparasolzwam. Cap 6?10cm across, ovate at first then convex and slightly umbonate, covered in fine adpressed ochre-buff scales on a white ground. Stem 40?60 x 8?10mm, slightly thickened at the base, smooth, white; ring narrow and persistent. Flesh white. Smell none. Gills white to cream. Spore print white to pale ochraceous. Spores oval, 12?15 x 8?9um. Habitat pastureland. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Edible with caution because of other white poisonous mushrooms. Distribution, America and Europe. Unfortunately a specimen of L. leucothites has crept into this collection (bottom right).
Inedible
Cucumber Cap Macrocystidia cucumis (Pers.: Fr.) Joss. Cucumber Cap Hamvas uborkagomba. Cap 0.8-5cm, conical to bell-shaped, dry and smooth, expanding with age, dark, blackish-brown to purplish-brown when young and moist, becoming paler, reddish-brown as it ages and dries, often with much paler margin. Stem 20-60 x 1-3mm, slender, cylindrical or slightly flattened, pale cream above, darker orange-brown to blackish at base, surface usually distinctly velvety. Flesh thin, pale brown. Smell very strong, a mixture of raw fish and cucumber. Taste very unpleasant, rancid, or with cod-liver oil component. Spore print dull pinkish brown. Spores 7.5-10x3.5-5.0?, smooth, narrowly ellipsoid. Cystidia on edge of gill large, swollen with long, narrow point. Habitat in woodlands and gardens in humus-rich, nitrogen-rich places, now becoming very common on woodchip mulches in gardens. Season early summer to late autumn. Frequent to common. Not Edible. Distribution Europe. Thanks to Geoffrey Kibby for this picture and text.
Choice
Lyophyllum decastes (Fr. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Clitocybe decastes (Fr. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Tricholoma aggregatum (Schaeff. ex Secr.) Gill. Tricolome agr?g?, Lyophille en touffes, Brauner Rasling, Csoportos ?lpereszke, Csoportos pereszke, Agarico conglobato, Bruine bundelridderzwam, Chicken Mushroom, Clustered Domecap. Cap 4?10cm across, convex then expanded, becoming wavy, grey-brown to brown, with silky or silvery streaks. Stem 30?60 x 10?20mm, tough, fibrous, often excentric, white at apex becoming brownish towards the base. Flesh whitish. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills white to greyish. Spore print white. Spores subglobose, 5?7 x 5?6um. Habitat in clusters on the ground in open woodland. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible ? good, This is a much sought after edible species in America but should be tried with caution as there have been some reports of gastric upset. Distribution, America and Europe. Note some mycologists synonomise Lyophyllum decastes and Lyophyllum loricatum. There also seem to be differences in colour between European specimens and American specimens.
Edible
Lycoperdon pyriforme Schaeff. ex Pers. Birnenst?ubling K?rtealak? (k?rte alak?) p?feteg Vesse-de-loup en poire, Stump Puffball. Fruit body 1.5?4cm across, 3.5cm high, subglobose to club-shaped, attached to the substrate by mycelial strands, whitish at first finally yellowish- or greyish-brown, outer layer of scurfy spines, warts, or granules, inner wall becoming smooth and papery, opening by an apical pore. Gleba olive-brown; sterile base occupying the stem spongy, but the cavities forming rather small cells. Spores olive-brown, globose, smooth, 3?4um in diameter. Capillitium distinctive in being formed of brownish branched threads which lack all trace of tiny hyaline pores, all other members of the genus have poroid capillitial threads. Habitat in groups or swarms on rotten logs or stumps, often appearing to grow in soil but in reality attached to buried wood by the characteristic white mycelial cords. Season summer to late autumn. Common. Edible when young. Distribution, America and Europe.
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