Agaricales Mushrooms identifications

Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:

Total mushrooms fount: 161

Lycoperdon perlatum Pers. syn. L. gemmatum Batsch Flaschenst?ubling, Flaschenbovist, Bimb?s p?feteg, Vesse-de-loup ? pierreries, Common Puffball. Fruit body 2.5?6cm across, 2?9cm high, subglobose with a distinct stem, white at first becoming yellowish brown, outer layer of short pyramidal warts especially dense on the head, rubbing off to leave an indistinct mesh-like pattern on the inner wall which opens by a pore. Gleba olive-brown at maturity; sterile base spongy, occupying the stem. Spores olivaceous-brown, globose, minutely warted, 3.5?4.5m. Habitat woodland. Season summer to late autumn. Common. Edible and good -when the flesh is pure white. Distribution, America and Europe.
Leucocortinarius bulbiger (Alb. & Schw. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Armillaria bulbigera (Alb. & Schw. ex Fr.) Kummer Knolliger Schleierritterling Gum-s pereszke Leucocortinaire bulbeux White Webcap. Cap 5-9cm across, convex, pale clay-brown, sometimes with debris of veil leaving brownish cobwebby patches, especially near the margin. Stem 50-100 x 10-12mm, base swollen into a large flattened bulb 25-30mm across, whitish, the remains of the cobwebby veil leaving a distinct ring zone. Flesh white, becoming pale clay in the stem. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills white at first becoming cream to pale clay, never rust. Spore print white. Spores broadly elliptic, 7-9 x 4-5um. Habitat with conifers. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility suspect -avoid. Found In Europe. Note the curved appearance of my specimens is caused by them expanding lying down in a box after I collected them.
Leucoagaricus leucothites (Vitt.) Wasser syn. Lepiota leucothites (Vitt.) Orton syn. L. naucina (Fr.) Kummer L?piote pudique Rosabl?tteriger Schirmpilz Tarl?gomba. Cap 5?8cm across, convex expanding to almost flattened, smooth and silky, whitish becoming flushed flesh-colour or pale cream-ochre. Stem 60?80 x 8?20mm, concolorous with the cap; ring concolorous, narrow, free of the stem. Flesh thick and white in the cap, browning in the stem. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills white becoming pale flesh-colour with age. Spore print white. Spores ovoid, dextrinoid, 7?9 x 4.5?5um. Habitat in gardens or at roadsides. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edible but best avoided due to possible confusion with poisonous species. Distribution, America and Europe.
Lepista sordida (Fr.) Sing. syn. Tricholoma sordidum (Fr.) Kummer Fleischbrauner R?telritterling Sz?rk?slila pereszke (t?lcs?rpereszke). Cap 3?8cm across, convex becoming flattened, depressed or slightly umbonate, often wavy, lilac to lilac-brown, fading with age. Stem 40?60?5?8mm, concolorous with cap, fibrous, often slightly thickened at base. Flesh greyish tinged with lilac. Taste mild, smell scented. Gills lilac fading or becoming lilac-brown with age. Spore print pale, greyish-lilac. Spores elliptic, minutely roughened, 6?7 x 3.5?4um. Habitat woodland, often around piles of rotting vegetation. Season summer to late autumn. Uncommon. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe.
Lepista nuda (Bull. ex Fr.) Cooke syn. Tricholoma nudum (Bull. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Rhodopaxillus nudus (Bull. ex Fr.) Maire. Wood Blewit, Pied bleu, Rhodopaxille nu, Violetter R-telritterling, Lila pereszke, lila t-lcs-rpereszke, Agarico nudo, agarico violetto, Paarse schijnridder. Cap 6-12cm across, flattened-convex becoming depressed and wavy, bluish lilac at first then more brownish, drying paler. Stem 50-90-15-25mm, often slightly bulbous at the base, bluish-lilac, fibrillose. Flesh thick, bluish-lilac. Taste and smell strongly perfumed. Gills crowded, bluish-lilac fading with age to almost buff. Spore print pale pink. Spores elliptic, minutely spiny, 6-8-4-5m. Habitat in woodland, hedgerows and gardens. Season autumn to early winter. Common. Edible - excellent. Distribution, America and Europe.
Lepista irina (Fr.) Bigelow syn. Tricholoma irinum (Fr.) Kummer syn. Rhodopaxillus irinus (Fr.) M?trod Veilchen R?telritterling L?piste tricholome, Szagos pereszke (t?lcs?rpereszke), Rhodopaxille ŕ odeur d'Iris Flowery Blewit. Cap 5–10cm across, hemispherical then flattened-convex, often wavy at the margin, clay-pink to reddish-brown. Stem 60–100 x 10–20mm, dirty white to pallid, covered in long fibres and often ochraceous near the base. Flesh thick, white. Taste and smell strongly perfumed. Gills emarginate, crowded, flesh-coloured becoming more reddish-brown or cinnamon. Spore print dirty pink. Spores very minutely spiny, 7–9 x 3.5–4um. Habitat in open woodland. Season autumn. Rare. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Lepiota ignivolvata Bousset-Joss. L-piote - base couleur de feu, Braunbuckliger Schirmpilz, Cs-kosgall-r- (v-r-sl-b-) -zl-gbomba. Cap 4-10cm across, convex then expanded and umbonate, centre reddish-brown, disrupting into tiny crowded ochraceous cream scales which become more dispersed towards the margin. Stem 60-120 x 6-15mm, slightly bulbous, with bright orange zone on the edge of the bulb which often becomes more obvious after collection; there is often a similar orange colour on the underside of the ring. Flesh white. Taste foul, smell strong and rank. Gills white to cream. Spore print white. Spores fusoid, 11-13 x 6um. Habitat deciduous and coniferous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Not edible -avoid. Found In Europe.
Lepiota crostata Kummer. L?piote cr?t?e, L?piote cr?pe, Kleiner Stinkschirmling, B?d?s ?zl?bgomba, Lepiota crestata, Stinkparasolzwam, Stinking Dapperling. Cap 2?5cm across, irregularly bell-shaped and umbonate, cuticle reddish-brown and soon broken up, except at centre, into small scales on a white silky background. Stem 20?35 x 3?4mm, white tinged flesh-colour; ring membranous and deciduous. Flesh thin, white. Taste pleasant, smell unpleasant, strongly fungusy. Gills white, becoming brownish with age. Spore print white. Spores bullet-shaped, dextrinoid, 6?7.5 x 3?3.5um. Habitat in woods, garden refuse or in leaf litter. Season summer to autumn. Frequent. Edibility suspect ? avoid. Distribution, America and Europe. The collection on the blue background was made in America, but differs from European material in the much longer stem.
Laccaria proxima (Bond.) Pat. Fuchsiger Lacktrichterling, Schubbige fopzwam, Pikkelyes p?nzecskegomba. Cap 2-8cm across, convex-flattened; reddish brown to ochre when dry; usually rather coarsely scaly-scurfy at center. Gills adnexed, broad, thick; pallid to pale pink. Stem 30-130x3-5mm, fibrous; concolorous with cap, with white down at base. Flesh whitish ochre. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ovate, spiny, 7-9.5 x 6-7.5?. Deposit white. Habitat under conifers and mixed woods. Uncommon. Found in Europe and eastern and northern North America. Season August-October. Edible.
Laccaria laccata (Scop. ex Fr.) Cke. syn. Clitocybe laccata (Scop. ex Fr.) Kummer. Deceiver, Clitocybe laqu?, R?tlicher Lacktrichterling, Fopzwam, H?sbarna p?nzecskegomba. Cap 1.5?6cm across, convex then flattened, often becoming finely wavy at the margin and centrally depressed, tawny to brick-red and striate at the margin when moist drying paler to ochre-yellow, surface often finely scurfy. Stem 50?100 x 6?10mm, concolorous with cap, tough and fibrous, often compressed or twisted. Flesh thin reddish-brown. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills pinkish, dusted white with spores when mature. Spore print white. Spores globose, spiny, 7?10m in diameter. Habitat in troops in woods or heaths. Season summer to early winter. Very common but very variable in appearance and therefore often difficult to recognize at first sight, hence the popular name ?Deceiver?. Edible but not worthwhile. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe. Comment Laccaria laccata var. pallidifolia (Pk.) Pk. Differs from the type form in its very pallid, whitish gills and generally smaller stature.
Laccaria bicolor (Maire) Oroton syn. L. proxima var. bicolor (Maire) K?hn. & Romagn. Zweifarbiger Lacktrichterling, Tweekleurige fopzwam, K?tsz?n? p?nzecskegomba, Bicoloured Deceiver. Cap 2?4.5cm across, convex then flattened, often centrally depressed and incurved at the margin, ochraceous-tan drying pinkish to ochraceous-buff, surface scurfy. Stem 50?140 x 4?10mm, ochraceous-buff to rusty-tan, fibrillose, with distinctive lilac down covering the lower third. Flesh thin, whitish tinged pinkish to ochraceous. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills pale lilac at first becoming clay-lilac and finally pallid. Spore print white. Spores broadly elliptic to subglobose, spiny, 7?9.5 x 6?7.5m. Habitat in mixed birch and pine woods. Season late summer to autumn. Uncommon. Edible ? not worthwhile (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe and reported it from north America.
Kuehneromyces mutabilis (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Sing. & Smith syn. Galerina mutabilis (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Orton syn. Pholiota mutabilis (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Kummer Stockschw?mmchen ?zletes t?kegomba Pholiote changeante Sheathed Woodtuft. Cap 3?6cm across, convex then expanded and usually umbonate, bright orange-cinnamon when moist drying pale ochraceous from the centre and often appearing distinctly two-coloured. Stem 30?80 x 5?10mm, whitish above becoming darker tan to blackish towards the base, scaly below the ring. Flesh white tinged brownish. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills pallid at first later cinnamon. Spore print deep ochre. Spores ovoid to slightly almond-shaped with germ-pore, 6?7.5 x 4?5um. Habitat in dense clusters on stumps or trunks of deciduous trees. Season spring to early winter. Common. Edible ? good. Take great care not to confuse this species with other smallish brown poisonous fungi. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inocybe geophylla (Sow. ex Fr.) Kummer. Erdbl?ttriger Faserkopf, Inocbye terrestre, White Fibrecap, Selymes susulyka. Cap 1.5?3.5cm across, conical, soon expanding, with prominent umbo, smooth and silky, white with yellowish tinge. Stem 10?60 x 3?6mm, white, silky fibrillose. Flesh white, unchanging. Taste mild, smell earthy or mealy. Gills crowded, adnexed, cream at first darkening to clay. Cystidia thick-walled, fusoid with apical encrustation. Spore print snuff-brown. Spores smooth, almond-shaped, 8?10.5 x 5?6?. Habitat on pathsides in deciduous, mixed and coniferous woods. Season early summer to late autumn. Common. Poisonous. Distribution, America and Europe.
Hypholoma fasciculare (Huds. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Geophila fasciculari (Huds. ex Fr.) Qu?l. syn. Naematoloma fasciculare (Huds. ex Fr.) Karst. Sulphur Tuft, Hypholome en touffe, Gr?nbl?ttriger Schwefelkopf, S?rga k?nvir?ggomba, Falso chiodino, zolfino, Gewone zwavelkop. Cap 2?7cm across, convex or slightly umbonate, remains of the pale yellow veil often adhering to the margin, bright sulphur-yellow tinged orange-tan towards the centre. Stem 40?100 x 5?10mm, often curved, sulphur at the apex becoming dirty brownish towards the base with a faint ring zone often made more obvious by trapped purple-brown spores. Flesh sulphur-yellow, more brownish towards the stem base. Taste very bitter, smell mushroomy. Gills sulphur-yellow becoming olivaceous, finally dark brown. Spore print purplish-brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, cylindric, hair-like. Pleurocystidia broadly clavate with beak-like apex. Spores oval, with pore 6?7 x 4?4.5um. Habitat in dense clusters on stumps of deciduous and coniferous tress. Season all year. Very common. Not edible very bitter. -Now known to be poisonous, deaths have been recorded due to this fungus. Distribution, America and Europe.
Hypholoma capnoides (Fr. ex Fr.) Kummer Syn Naemateloma capnoides (Fr.) Kar. Graubl?ttriger Schwefelkopf Hypholome capno?de Conifer Tuft Feny? k?nvir?ggomba. Cap 2?6cm across, convex with an indistinct umbo, pale ochraceous flushed tan in the centre, margin buff. Stem 40?100 x 5?10mm, ochraceous buff flushed tan from base up, with white cortinal zone. Flesh yellowish. Taste sweetish, smell not distinctive. Gills whitish at first then greyish-lilac. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, cylindric, hair-like. Pleurocystidia broadly clavate with beak-like apex. Spore print dark brown. Spores ellipsoid-ovate with a distinct pore, 7?8 x 4?5um. Habitat conifer stumps. Season spring to late autumn. Uncommon. Said to be edible -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Hebeloma sinapizans (Paulet ex Fr.) Gillet Rettichf?lbling Retekszag? fak?gomba H?b?lome couleur moutarde Bitter Poisonpie. Cap 4?12(20)cm across, convex then flattened and often wavy or upturned at the margin, ochre-brown or tan paling to cream or buff at the margin, greasy at first. Stem 50?120 x 10?20mm, swollen at the base, white covered in brownish scales forming a pattern of bands around the stem. Flesh whitish, becoming hollow in the stem often with a piece of the cap flesh hanging down into the stem cavity. Smell of radish. Gills pale clay-buff later with a cinnamon flush. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, with a slightly swollen body and a narrower neck. Spore print rust. Spores almond-shaped, warted, 10?14.5 x 6?8um. Habitat in deciduous and mixed woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Poisonous. Distribution, America and Europe.
Hebeloma mesophaeum (Pers.) Qu?l Dunkelscheibiger F?lbling Veiled Poisonpie S?t?tl?b? fak?gomba. Cap 2?4.5cm across, convex then expanded, yellowish-brown, darker tan to date-brown at the centre, viscid when moist, margin covered in white fibrous remains of veil in young specimens. Stem 40?70 x 4mm, whitish above, with a poorly developed fibrillose ring zone, brownish towards the base. Flesh white in cap, brownish towards stem base. Taste bitter, smell strongly of radish. Gills clay-brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, elongate-cylindric with obtuse apex, base often slightly enlarged. Spore print rusty-clay. Spores elliptic, very minutely punctate, 8?10 x 5?6um. Habitat damp woodland, often on burnt ground. Season late summer to early winter. Occasional. Edibility unknown ?avoid, as many Hebelomas contain toxins. Distribution, America and Europe.
Hebeloma crustuliniforme (Bull. ex St. Amans) Qu?l. Poison Pie, H?b?lome ?chaud?, Tr?nender Rettichf?lbling, Radijsvaalhoed, Zsemlesz?n? (retekszag?) fak?gomba. Cap 3-11 cm across, convex then expanded and often obtusely umbonate, the margin remaining inrolled for a long time and often lobed; buff to pale ochre-tan, darker at the center; slightly greasy to sticky when moist. Gills adnate or notched, crowded; pale clay-brown exuding watery droplets in moist conditions, spotted when dry. Stem 40-130 x 5-20mm, solid with an enlarged base; whitish or tinged with cap color; top powdery or finely flaky, center finely hairy, base with white mycelium. Veil not showing when cap is extended. Flesh thick; white. Odor strongly of radish. Taste bitter. Spores almond-shaped, smooth or finely warted, 9-13 x 5.5-7.5?. Deposit rust-brown. Cheilocystidia club-shaped, thin-walled, hyaline. Habitat singly or in groups on the ground on wood edges, on lawns, or under trees. Common. Found widely distributed in North America. Season September-November (through May in California). Poisonous.
Gymnopilus penetrans (Fr. ex Fr.) Murr. syn. Flammula penetrans (Fr. ex Fr.) Quid. Geflecktbl-tteriger Tannenfl-mmling Common Rustgill Foltoslemez- l-nggomba (t-kegomba). Cap 2-5cm across, bell-shaped to convex then flattened, often with a wavy margin; chrome yellow to golden then tawny and fading yellowish in age; smooth. Gills adnate, close, moderately broad; gold or yellowish white becoming tawny-spotted. Stem 40-60 x 4-7mm, sometimes enlarged toward base; yellowish; base whitish with downy hairs. Veil white, fibrous; leaves no ring. Flesh whitish. Odor none or mild. Taste bitter. Spores ellipsoid, warted 7-9 x 4-5.5- Deposit orange-brown. Cheilocystidia present; no pileocystidia; clamp connections present. Habitat singly or in small tufts on hardwoods and conifers. Found throughout North America. Season July-October. Not edible, some species of Gymnopilus can be deadly poisonous.
Galerina paludosa (Fr.) Kuehn. L-pi turj-ngomba. Cap ochre brown to reddish-ochre, 1-3cm finely granular, conical to convex. Gills adnate. Stem when young fibrous and flaky, with a distinct ring.4-12x1.5-3mm. Spore print rusty-yellowish brown, spores 9.5-11x6-7umfinely warty. Growing on sphagnum moss.