Agaricales Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
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Total mushrooms fount: 161

Inedible
Tricholomopsis decora (Fr.) Sing. syn. Tricholoma decorum (Fr.) Qu?l. Sch?ner Holzritterling, Olajs?rga fapereszke, Prunes and Custard. Cap 6?17cm across, convex at first becoming centrally depressed, deep golden yellow covered in tiny brownish-black fibrillose scales especially at the centre. Stem 80?180 x 5?15mm, yellow. Flesh deep yellow. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills deep yellow. Cheilocystidia large, thin-walled, club-shaped, 20?30m wide. Spore print white. Spores 6?8 x 4?5m. Habitat on conifer stumps in northern regions. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Tricholoma cingulatum (Fr.) Jacobasch syn. T. ramentacea (Bull. ex Fr.) Kummer. Tricolome ceintur?, Beringter Ritterling, ?ves (f?zfa) pereszke, Geringde ridderzwam, Girdled Knight. Cap 3.5?6cm across, expanded convex with a slight umbo, pale grey covered in fine grey-brown felt. Stem 50?80 x 8?12mm, whitish with a somewhat woolly ring. Flesh white. Taste and smell mealy. Gills emarginate, whitish. Spore print white. Spores 4?5.5 x 2.5?3.5um. Habitat usually with willows. Season late summer to late autumn. Occasional. Edible -caution. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe.
Edible
Melanoleuca polioleuca (Fr) K-hner & Maire syn. Melanoleuca melaleuca (Pers. ex Fr.) Murr. syn. Tricholoma melaleucum (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer Gemeiner Weichritterling V-ltoz-kony (m-rv-nyos) l-gypereszke. Cap 3-8cm, convex then flattened, often slightly depressed with a central boss, smooth, dark brown when moist drying buff. Stem 40-70 x 8-14mm, slightly bulbous, whitish covered in dark grey-brown longitudinal fibres. Flesh white in cap, flushed ochraceous to ochre-brown from stem base upwards. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills crowded, sinuate, whitish to cream. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, harpoon-shaped. Spore print cream. Spores elliptic, minutely ornamented, amyloid, 7-8.5 x 5-5.5um. Habitat woods and pastures. Season late summer to late autumn. Common. Said to be edible - not recommended. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Lyophyllum connatum (Schum. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Clitocybe connata (Schum ex Fr.) Gillet. Weisser Rasling, Feh?rcsokros ?lpereszke, Witte bundelridderzwam, White Domecap. Cap 3?7cm across, pure white, margin often wavy. Stem 30?60 x 8?15mm, tapering towards the base, white. Flesh white. Gills slightly decurrent, white. Spore print white. Spores 6?7 x 3.5?4um. Flesh and gills gradually turn violet with FeSO4. Habitat in dense tufts amongst grass in mixed woodland. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown. Found In Europe this species is a European species that I am reporting for the first time from Colorado.
Edible
Lycoperdon mammiforme Pers. syn. L. velatum Vitt. Warzenbovist, Venus Puffball. Fruit body 4?7cm across, 4?9cm high, subglobose with a broad umbo, tapering into a short stem, white at first then ochre-brown, outer wall breaking into large white or creamy cottony scales and leaving a ring-like zone around the base of the swollen head, inner wall thin and papery, opening by a central pore. Gleba finally dark purplish-brown; sterile base spongy, well developed. Spores chocolate brown, globose, warted, 4?5m in diameter. Habitat in frondose woods on chalk soil. Season summer to autumn. Rare. Edibile when the flesh is pure white. Found In Europe.
Choice
Lepista saeva (Fr.) Orton syn. Tricholoma saevum (Fr.) Gillet syn. Rhodopaxillus saevus (Fr.) Maire syn. Tricholoma personatum (Fr. ex Fr.) Kummer Lepista personata of British authors. Field Blewit, Blue-leg, Pied violet, Rhodopaxille siniste, Lilat?nk? pereszke (t?lcs?rpereszke), Zweifarbener R?telritterling, Paarssteelschijnridder. Cap 6?10cm across, convex then flattened or depressed, often wavy at the margin, pallid to dirty brown. Stem 30?60?15?25mm, often swollen at the base, bluish-lilac, fibrillose. Flesh thick, whitish to flesh-coloured. Taste and smell strongly perfumed. Gills crowded, whitish to flesh-coloured. Spore print pale pink. Spores elliptic, minutely spiny, 7?8?4?5m. Habitat often in rings, in pastureland. Season autumn to early winter. Frequent. Edible ? excellent. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Lepiota magnispora Murrill syn. Lepiota ventriosospora Reid L. metulaespora (Berk. & Br.) Sacc. of some European authors Herbstschirmpilz, S?rgapelyh? ?zl?bgomba. Cap 4?8cm across, conico-convex expanding to almost flattened, ochraceous with yellow to brown scales, centre darker and smooth. Stem 30?40 x 4?8mm, concolorous with cap, covered in large yellowish cottony scales, especially towards the base. Flesh thin, whitish in cap, brown or reddish brown in the stem. Gills white. Cheilocystidia variable, ovate, clavate, or lageniform 9?15m wide. Spore print white. Spores fusoid, dextrinoid, 14.5?17.5 x 4?5um. Surface hairs comprising the scales on the cap elongated, thin-walled, unicellular, with rounded obtuse or slightly narrowed apex. Habitat deciduous woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Lepiota felina (Pers. ex Fr.) Karst. Dunkler Shirmpilz, Feketepikkelyes -zl-bgomba. Cap 2-3cm across, slightly umbonate, the whole cap is dark brown to almost black when in bud, the cuticle breaks up into minute erect scales as the cap expands. Stem 30-50 x 2-4mm, fibrillose, whitish sprinkled with blackish scales towards the base; ring membranous, white on upper surface, dark grey-brown below. Flesh white, becoming tinged brownish. Smell strongly fungusy. Gills white. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, clavate to obtusely fusiform, hyaline, surface squamules formed of tufts of elongated hairs. Spore print white. Spores ovoid, 6.5-7.5 x 3.5-4um. Habitat in coniferous woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Not edible -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Laccaria tortilis ([Bolt.] S. F. Gray) Cke. syn. Omphalia tortilis (Bolt.) S. F. Gray syn. Clitocybe tortilis ([Bolt.] S. F. Gray) Gillet. Gedrehter Lacktrichterling, Apr? p?nzecskegomba, Gekroesde fopzwam, Twisted Deceiver. Cap 0.5?1.5cm across, flattened to centrally depressed, irregularly wavy at margin, pale pinkish-brown or more reddish and striate from margin to centre when moist, drying paler flesh-pink and scurfy. Stem 2?10 x 1?2mm, concolorous with cap, base covered in fine white down. Flesh thin, concolorous. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills distant, pale pink. Spore print white. Spores globose, spiny, 11?14m in diameter. Basidia two-spored. Habitat on bare soil in damp woods, often on banks of streams or ponds. Season autumn. Uncommon. inedible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Hypholoma marginatum (Pers. ex Fr.) Schroet. apud Cohn Nadelholzsch?ppling Foltost?nk? (d?szest?nk?) k?nvir?ggomba Snakeskin Brownie. Cap 1.5?4cm across, bell-shaped, dull tan with paler buff margin. Stem 30?70 x 2?5mm, brownish, covered in white silky fibres producing a silvery effect, becoming brownish on handling. Flesh whitish in cap becoming brownish towards the stem base. Taste very bitter, smell mushroomy. Gills pale yellowish when young soon olivaceous brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, hair-like or bottle-shaped. Pleurocystidia clavate with long beak-like apex. Spore print dark brown. Spores elliptic with a distinct pore, 7?9.5 x4?5um. Habitat under conifers. Season autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Gymnopus ocior (Pers.) Antonin & Noordel , Collybia ocior (pers.) vilgalys &O.k. Mill. V?r?ses f?l?ke Collybie ambr?e Looks very like a Collybia as the French common name implies. Cap brown sometimes lighter at the edge, can be a little funnel shaped but normally flat or domed. Stem smooth, pliable white to tinged orange-brown. Known from America and Europe, more common in northern climates.
Poisonous/Suspect
Gymnopilus junonius (Fr.) Orton syn. G. spectabilis var. junonius (Fr.) K-hn. & Romagn. syn. Pholiota spectabilis (Fr.) Kummer Beringter Fl-mmling Pholiote remarquable, Gymnopile remarquable Spectacular Rustgill Aranys-rga t-kegomba (l-nggomba). Cap 5-15cm across, convex then expanded, rich golden tawny covered in small fibrous adpressed scales. Stem 50-120-15-35mm, usually swollen in the lower part but narrowed again at base, chrome to ochre-buff, fibrous; ring membranous, yellowish becoming rusty from the spores, soon collapsing. Flesh pale yellowish. Taste bitter, smell not distinctive. Gills yellow then rusty-brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, skittle-shaped. Spore print rust. Spores elliptic to almond-shaped, roughened, 8-10-5-6m. Habitat in dense clusters at the base of deciduous trees or on stumps or logs. Season late summer to early winter. Common. Not edible -suspect. Distribution, America and Europe.
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