Boletales Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
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Total mushrooms fount: 28

Edible
Boletus aereus, described by some as the Queen Bolete but just lately given the normal name Bronze Bolete in Britain and Ireland, is a most sought-after edible mushroom. It is merely as good as its famous close relative, Boletus edulis (Cep or Cent Bun Bolete) but its flesh is quite firmer. In the pub marketplaces of France, for example, these excellent boletes can be purchased as well as Boletus edulis and Boletus reticulatus, and customers are evenly happy with whichever of the meaty mushroom varieties can be found. A exceptional find in Ireland and Britain, where it is restricted to southern parts mainly, Boletus aereus is a lot more prevalent in southern European countries. Commonly bought at the sides, beside strolls or in clearings in oak and beech woodlands, Boletus aereus will berry just a little than boletus edulis later, which looks later than the summertime Bolete relatively, Boletus reticulatus. Most boletes, and certainly every one of the common ones within Britain and Ireland, are ectomycorrhizal fungi. Which means that they form mutualistic romantic relationships with the main systems of trees and shrubs or shrubs. The fungi help the tree to obtain moisture and essential minerals from the soil, and in exchange the main system of the tree gives energy-rich nutrients, the merchandise of photosynthesis, to the fungal mycelium. Although most trees and shrubs may survive without their mycorrhizal companions, boletes (and a great many other varieties of forest-floor fungi) cannot endure without trees; subsequently these so-called 'obligately mycorrhizal' fungi do not happen in wide open grassland. The medical name Boletus aerus started in Jean Baptiste Francois Pierre Bulliard's 1789 descriotipon of the varieties. Synonyms of Boletus aereus includeBoletus mamorensis Redeuilh. The universal name Boletus comes from the Greek bolos, indicating lump of clay; the foundation of the precise epithet aereus is Latin and means copper or bronze (in shade) - hence the normal name Bronze Bolete. Some individuals make reference to it as the Dark colored Porcini or the Dark Cover Bolete. Boletus aereus, the dark cep or bronze bolete, is a highly prized and much sought-after edible mushroom in the family Boletaceae. Dark cigar brown, bay to dark sepia, often dark brick-coloured near the margin, minutely cracking making the surface roughly textured, slightly downy at first then smooth. Stem 60-80 x 11-12mm, robust, covered with network which is brown near apex, clay pink or buff around the middle and rusty below. Flesh white, unchanging or becoming dirty vinaceous when bruised. Taste pleasant, smell strong and earthy. Boletus aereus comes with an earthy smell and a pleasurable mild taste. Habitat with broad-leaved trees, especially beech and oak. To Oct in Britain and Ireland august, this bolete are available from Oct to Feb in a few elements of southern European countries. ( Season summer to autumn ) Rare. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe. Cap: First downy but becoming gentle with a finely damaged or granular surface soon, the dark-brown to dark sepia-brown hats of Boletus aereus range between 7 to 20cm size at maturity. The cover margin is a far more reddish brownish than the centre often. When cut, the cover flesh remains white or very gradually converts somewhat purplish usually. Spores: Spores olivaceous snuff-brown, subfusiform, 13,5 - 16 x 4 - 5 ┬Ám. Pores and tubes: Tubes white to cream, finally sulphur-yellow. Pores similarly coloured but bruising vinaceous on handling and often flushed rust with age. The pipes of Boletus aereus (seen when the cover is damaged or chopped up) are white or pale cream, becoming smart sulphur yellow at maturity; they terminate in really small creamy white skin pores that become rust-coloured (see remaining) with years. When bruised or cut, the skin pores and pipes of Boletus aereus swiftly do not change shade, but after the right time they create a vinaceous tinge. Stem: A fine brown online structure (reticulum) is obvious on the pale darkish track record of the stem surface, darkest on the apex with the bottom and usually relatively paler and pinker near to the inflamed centre of the stem. Sometimes clavate (club-shaped) but more regularly barrel-shaped, the stem of Boletus aereus is 5 to 12cm high or more to 8cm in size at its widest point. The stem flesh is white and incredibly organization. Habitat & Ecological role: Boletus aereus develops on garden soil beneath broadleaf trees and shrubs, beech and oaks notably. Similar species Boletus edulis has a pale stem with a white reticulum; its dark brown cover has a whitish marginal region. Tylopilus felleus has a darker stem reticulum and a pinkish tinge to its skin pores; it has an extremely bitter taste.
Edible
Hortiboletus rubellus, commonly known as the ruby bolete, is a small, dainty, brightly coloured member of the family Boletaceae, with a reddish cap and stipe, and yellow pores. Like many boletes, it stains blue when cut or bruised. It is found in deciduous woodland in autumn. There is some question over its edibility, and it is reportedly of poor quality with a taste of soap. Until 2015, the species was known as Boletus rubellus.
Poisonous/Suspect
Tylopilus felleus (Fr.) Karst. syn Boletus felleus Fr. Bitter Boletus, Bolet de fiel, Bolet amer, Bolet chicotin, Gallenr?hrling, Epe?z? tin?ru, Boleto felleo, porcino di fiele, Bittere boleet. Cap 6?12cm, fulvous to snuff-brown, slightly downy at first, smooth with age. Stem 70?100 x 20?30 (60 at base) creamy ochre, lighter at apex, covered in a coarse snuff-brown network. Flesh soft, white to cream, clay-pink beneath cap cuticle. Taste very bitter, like bile, smell slightly unpleasant. Tubes slightly salmon or coral. Pores similarly coloured, bruising brownish. Spore print clay-pink to vinaceous. Spores subfusoid, 11?15?4?5m. Habitat coniferous and deciduous woodland. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Not edible due to very bitter taste. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Suillus luteus (Fr.) S. F. Gray syn. Boletus luteus Fr. Slippery Jack, Bolet Jaune, Nonnette voil-e, Bolet annulaire, Butterpilz, Barna gy-r-stin-ru (-tin-ru), Boleto giallo, Bruine Ringboleet. Cap 5-10cm, chestnut to sepia covered in brown gluten, becoming more rust-coloured with age, shiny on drying. Stem 50-100 x 20-30mm, pale straw-coloured at apex rapidly discoloured with darkening glandular dots, with a large white to cream ring which darkens to sepia, white below becoming vinaceous brown with age. Flesh white, often vinaceous at base of stem. Taste and smell not distinctive. Tubes lemon-yellow to straw-colour. Pores round, similarly coloured, becoming flushed sienna. Spore print clay to ochraceous. Spores subfusiform to elongate ellipsoid, 7-10 x 3-3.5um. Habitat with conifers, usually Scots pine. Season autumn. Common. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Suillus granulatus (Fr.) O. Kuntze. syn. Boletus granulatus Fr. K-rnchenr-hrling, Feny-tin-ru, szemcs-st-nk- feny--tin-ru, Bolet granul-, Nonnette pleureuse Weeping Bolete. Cap 3-9cm, rusty brown to yellowish, viscid, shiny when dry. Stem 35-80 x 7-10mm, lemon-yellow flushed vinaceous to coral towards the base, the upper region covered in white or pale yellow granules which exude pale milky droplets. Flesh lemon-yellow, lemon-chrome in stem, paler in cap. Taste and smell slight but pleasant. Tubes buff to pale yellow, unchanging. Pores small, similarly coloured, exuding pale milky droplets. Spore print ochraceous sienna. Spores subfusiform-ellipsoid, 8-10 x 2.5-3.5um. Habitat with conifers. Season late autumn. Common. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Leccinum variicolor Watling syn. L. oxydabile (Sing.) Sing. p.p. Verschiedenfarbiger Rauhfuss Tarkah?s? ?rdestin?ru (-tin?ru) Mottled Bolete. Cap 5?10cm, stippled mouse-grey to dark brown, initially felty and dry, later smooth and slightly viscid. Stem 125?180 x 20?25mm, white, with mouse-grey scales but bruising greenish yellow on handling. Flesh pink in the cap, intensely blue-green in stem base. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes white or pale cream. Pores small, similarly coloured, bruising pink or vinaceous. Spore print snuff-brown with cinnamon flush. Spores subfusiform, 14?20 x 5?6um. Habitat with birch. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible. Found In Europe.
Edible
Bolete Leccinum scabrum (Fr.) S. F. Gray syn. Boletus scaber Fr. Brown Birch Bolete, Bolet rude, Brauner Birkenpilz, Barna -rdestin-ru (-tin-ru), Porcinello grigio, cravetta grigia, Berkeboleet. Cap 5-15cm, hazel, fulvous or snuff-brown, dry but tacky in wet weather. Stem 70-200 x 20-30mm, white to grey covered with brownish-black scales becoming darker towards the base. Flesh white, very soft, watery, unchanging or flushing pale pink. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes white becoming dirty ochraceous. Pores small, white then dingy, bruising ochraceous. Spore print snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 14-20 x 5-6um. Habitat with birch. Season summer to autumn. Common. Edible - not worthwhile. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Leccinum holopus (Rostk.) Watling syn. Boletus holopus Rostk. Moor-Birkenpilz L-pi -rdestin-ru (-tin-ru) Ghost Bolete. Cap 4-7(10)cm, dirty white to pale buff becoming darker and flushed greenish with age, smooth, viscid when fresh. Stem 80-110-8-15(30)mm, white or pale buff, covered with white scales discolouring cinnamon with age. Flesh soft, white, blue green in stem base, often pink elsewhere or unchanging. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes white to clay-buff. Pores white to buff, flushed cinnamon with age or on bruising. Spore print cinnamon-ochraceous buff. Spores subfusiform, 17.5-20-5.5-6.5m. Habitat amongst sphagnum under birches. Season autumn. Rare. Edible - not worthwhile. Distribution, America and Europe. Thanks to the Pash family for the last picture.
Edible
Leccinum aurantiacum (Fr.) Gray syn. Boletus aurantiacus Espen-Rotkappe V?r?s ?rdestin?ru, t?lgyfa ?rdes tin?ru Bolet orang?. Cap 8?16cm across, orange to apricot, brown, smooth or slightly downy-fibrillose, cuticle overhanging tubes as an irregular skirt up to 3mm deep. Stem 80?140 x 18?48mm, initially covered in white scales which gradually turn rusty then dark brown. Flesh cream turning vinaceous in cap and stem base and sepia elsewhere. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes white, vinaceous on exposure to air. Pores very small, white or cream bruising vinaceous. Spore print ochraceous buff. Spores subfusiform, 14?16.5 x 4?5um. Habitat with aspens. Season late summer to autumn. Rare. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Deadly
Boletus satanas Lenz. Satan?s or Devil?s Bolete, Bolet satan, Satanpilz, S?t?ntin?ru (-tin?ru), Boleto satana, porcino malefico, Satansboleet. Cap 8?25cm, almost white with buff or sepia flush frequently with faint red flush at margin, becoming flushed ochre with age, slightly downy then smooth with minute cracks particularly at centre, bruising brown with handling. Stem 60?90 x 50?110mm, often markedly swollen at base, saffron orange to lemon-chrome at apex, red with ochre flush at base, covered with a red net. Flesh pale straw-coloured to saffron in cap, white or pale lemon in stem gradually becoming pale sky blue on cutting with rusty patches in stem and dirty buff fading to greenish blue or blotched with red at stem base. Taste and smell unpleasant. Tubes yellowish green then dark olivaceous, blue on cutting. Pores small, round, blood-red but orange towards the margin, finally tinged orange, bruising greenish. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 11?14 x 4.5?6.5?. Habitat with broad-leaved trees, especially beech and oak, usually on calcareous soils. Season summer. Very rare. Poisonous ? possibly deadly. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Boletus pruinatus Fr. & H?k Bereifter R?hrling Pomp?s nemezestin?ru (-tin?ru). Cap 4?10cm, dark red-brown or chestnut when young becoming lighter and more pink with age, with a hoary bloom which is destroyed by handling. Stem 90?100 x 20?30mm lemon-yellow or yellow-chrome at apex, irregularly covered with fine blood-red dots, base more red and arising from apricot-coloured mycelium. Flesh lemon-chrome throughout with darker brown base, slowly turning blue-green on cutting. Taste and smell not distinctive. Tubes lemon-yellow, becoming bluish with age. Pores small, similarly coloured. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 11.5?14 x 4.5?5.5?. Habitat mixed broad-leaved woods, especially when beech is present. Season summer and autumn. Rare. Edible but not worthwhile. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Boletus luridus Schaeff. ex Fr. Netzstieliger Hexenr-hrling V-ltoz-kony tin-ru Bolet blafard Lurid Bolete Cap 6-14cm, snuff brown or olive brown with rusty or bay tints, slightly downy at first then becoming smooth and polished, bruising dark brownish or blue-black. Stem 80-140 x 10-30mm yellowish red with orange-red net, bruising blue. Flesh lemon-yellow in cap soon becoming greenish-blue to dark blue on cutting with a persistent red line above tubes, lemon in stem and blackish-red in stem base. Taste and smell not distinctive. Tubes yellowish-green, blue on cutting. Pores small, orange-red, more yellow at margin, bruising dark blue. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spore subfusiform to broadly ellipsoid, 11-15 x 4.5-6.5-. Habitat in broad-leaved woods, particularly with oak or beech and on calcareous soils. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible when cooked, but has been known to cause gastric upsets. (Two forms illustrated.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Boletus impolitus Fr. syn. Xerocomus impolitus (Fr.) Qu-l Fahler R-hrling Okkersz-n- varg-nya (tin-ru) Iodine Bolete Cap 5-15cm, clay coloured, sometimes with tawny or olive tints with a pale grey hoariness at first, dry, slightly velvety, then smooth. Stem 60-100 x 30-50mm, robust, straw-coloured at apex, darker brown towards the base. Flesh pale lemon-yellow with deeper yellow region above the pores, becoming faintly pink or very rarely faintly blue after some time on cutting. Taste mild, smell of iodoform in stem base. Tubes lemon-yellow then lemon-chrome. Pores small, similarly coloured. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 10-14 x 4.5-5.5-. Habitat on rides in broad-leaved woods, particularly oak and often on clay soils. Season early summer to autumn. Rare. Edible. (Two forms illustrated.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Choice
Boletus edulis Bull. ex Fr. King Bolete, Porcini, Cep or Penny Bun, C?pe de Bordeaux, Bolet comestible, Champignon polonais, Steinpilz, ?zletes varg?nya (tin?ru), Porcino, brisa, Eekhoorntjesbrood, Borowik prawdziwy. Cap 8?20(30)cm, brown often with a whitish bloom at first gradually lost on expanding leaving a white line at the margin, smooth and dry initially becoming greasy, in wet weather slightly viscid and polished. Stem 30?230 x 30?70(110)mm, robust, pallid with white net. Flesh white, unchanging, flushed dirty straw-colour or vinaceous in cap. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes white becoming grey-yellow. Pores small and round, similarly coloured. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 14?17 x 4.5?5.5?. Habitat coniferous, broad-leaved or mixed woodland. Season summer to late autumn. Common. Edible ? excellent. Distribution, America and Europe. This fungus is perhaps the most important edible species, it can often be found on sale in continental markets. Commercially it is dried and used as flavouring for soups. Comment Var. aurantio-ruber Dick & Snell differs in its ferruginous-red cap, and pores staining yellow-olive when bruised.
Inedible
Boletus calopus Fr. Dickfussr-hrling, Farkastin-ru (tin-ru) C-pe beau pied, Bitter Beech Bolete syn. B. pachypus Fr. Cap 5-14cm, smoke-grey or flushed olivaceous, slightly downy at first then smooth, sometimes slightly cracked or scaly at centre with age. Stem 70-90 x 35-40(50)mm, robust, lemon-yellow at apex, elsewhere red although frequently brown at base, covered with a white or straw-coloured network. Flesh pale straw-coloured to pale lemon-yellow becoming whitish immediately on cutting then flushed blue especially in stem apex and over the tubes, sometimes patchily red at base of stem. Taste bitter, smell strong. Tubes dirty sulphur-yellow, bruising bluish-green. Pores similarly coloured, also bruising bluish-green. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 12-16 x 4.5-5.5-. Habitat in mixed woodland, particularly with beech or oak. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Suillus placidus (Bon.) Singer syn. Boletus placidus Bon. White Suillus. Cap 3-10cm across, convex then expanded and often slightly umbonate, finally flattened; white to ivory white at first, then discoloring yellowish or even olive when wet; surface sticky, appearing shiny when dry. Tubes slightly decurrent; white then soon yellowish to ochre. Pores white then yellowish to ochre, often exuding pinkish droplets when young. Stem 40-120 x 10-30mm, cylindrical; white to pinkish vinaceous, covered with dark pinky-brown glandular dots, surface yellowing with age. No veil. Flesh white then yellow, bruising pale pinky-brown when cut. Odor mild to acidulous. Taste mild. Spores ellipsoid-oblong, smooth, 7-9 x 2.5-4-. Deposit dull cinnamon. Habitat under white pine. Often abundant. Found throughout the tree's range, except in the drier states. Season July-October. Edible-good.
Edible
Suillus grevillei (Klotsch) Sing. syn. Boletus elegans Schum. ex Fr. Larch Bolete, Bolet el-gant, C-pe jaune des M-l-zes, Goldr-hrling, S-rga gy-r-stin-ru (-tin-ru), Boleto elegante, boleto dei larici, laricino, Gele ringboleet. Cap 3-10cm, yellow to chrome becoming flushed rust, viscid with pale lemon gluten, shiny when dry. Stem 50-70 x 15-20mm, yellow above the whitish ring and punctate or occasionally netted, flushed cinnamon below. Flesh pale yellow in cap, darker lemon-chrome in the stem. Taste and smell not distinctive. Tubes pale yellow. Pores small, angular, lemon-yellow becoming flushed sienna, bruising rust. Spore print ochre to sienna. Spores subfusiform-ellipsoid, 8-11 x 3-4um. Habitat with larch. Season late summer to autumn. Very common. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Suillus brevipes is a species of fungus in the family Suillaceae. First described by American mycologists in the late 19th century, it is commonly known as the stubby-stalk or the short-stemmed slippery Jack. The fruit bodies (mushrooms) produced by the fungus are characterized by a chocolate to reddish-brown cap covered with a sticky layer of slime, and a short whitish stipe that does not have either a partial veil or prominent dark or colored glandular dots. The cap can reach a diameter of about 10 cm (3.9 in), while the stipe is up to 6 cm (2.4 in) long and 2 cm (0.8 in) thick. Like other bolete mushrooms, S. brevipes produces spores in a vertically arranged layer of spongy tubes with openings that form a layer of small yellowish pores on the underside of the cap. Suillus brevipes grows in a mycorrhizal association with various species of two- and three-needled pines, especially lodgepole and ponderosa pine. The fungus is found throughout North America, and has been introduced to several other countries via transplanted pines. In the succession of mycorrhizal fungi associated with the regrowth of jack pine after clearcutting or wildfires, S. brevipes is a multi-stage fungus, found during all stages of tree development. The mushrooms are edible, and are high in the essential fatty acid linoleic acid.
Edible
Suillus bovinus (Fr.) O. Kuntze syn. Boletus bovinus Fr. Kuhpilz Teh-ntin-ru (-tin-ru), teh-n feny-tin-ru Bolet des bouviers, Bovine Bolete. Cap 3-10cm, clay-pink with cinnamon or ochraceous flush, with a distinct white margin, viscid with pale sticky covering. Stem 40-60 x 5-8mm, sienna-yellow, arising from pink mycelium. Flesh whitish or yellowed gradually becoming clay pink particularly in cap or the stem base, rusty-coloured in stem. Taste sweet, pleasant, smell fruity. Tubes grey vinaceous. Pores large, angular, compound, olivaceous buff at first then ochre, finally clay-buff with ochraceous flush. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores ellipsoid subfusiform, 8-10 x 3-4um. Habitat in coniferous woods, especially with Scots pine. Season late autumn. Common. Edible. Found In Europe.
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