Cantharellales Mushrooms identifications

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Total mushrooms fount: 8

In theory, this species of Hericium is easy to identify: it is the only species that forms a single clump of dangling spines, rather than hanging its spines from a branched structure. Additional identifying features include the fact that it typically appears on the wounds of living or very recently cut hardwoods, and the fact that its spines are mostly more than 1 cm in length. That's the theory. In practice positive identification is more difficult, since immature specimens of the branched species of Hericium often begin more or less as a single clump, and develop their branches with age. Further confusion stems from the fact that the long-spined species of Hericium, like Hericium erinaceus, may have short spines (1 cm in length or less) when they are young. In short, you must be sure that your specimen is mature (look for signs of brownish or yellowish discoloration) before betting the house on your identification of Hericium erinaceus. Description: Ecology: Saprobic and parasitic; usually growing alone or in pairs; fruiting from the wounds of living hardwoods (especially oaks); late summer and fall, or over winter and spring in warmer climates; widely distributed in North America. The illustrated and described collections are from Illinois. Fruiting Body: 8-16 cm across; consisting of one, unbranched clump of 1-5 cm long, soft spines hanging from a tough, hidden base that is attached to the tree; spines white, or in age discoloring brownish to yellowish. Odor and Taste: Odour not distinctive; when cooked the taste is reportedly delicious and, to some at least, rather like lobster cooked in butter. Habitat Saprobic, nearly always on beech and oak trees, stumps and fallen logs in Britain, but sometimes on other hardwoods. Bearded Tooth fungus is also reported to fruit occasionally on piles of sawdust. Microscopic Features: Spores 5-6 x 5.5-6 µ; globose to subglobose or subellipsoid; smooth or minutely roughened; hyaline and uniguttulate in KOH; amyloid. Gloeoplerous hyphae present, sometimes extending into hymenium to become cystidia (up to 50 x 6 µ, cylindric with knobbed apices, smooth, thin-walled).
Hydnum rufescens Fr. syn. H. repandum var. rufescens (Fr.) Barla R-tlicher Stoppelpilz, V-r-sbarna (s-rg-sv-r-s) gerebengomba, Hydne roussisant, Terracotta Hedgehog. Differs from H. repandum in the orange-brown colour of the cap, the smaller and less robust form, the non-decurrent spines and slightly larger spores, 8-10-6-7m. Habitat deciduous and coniferous woods. Season autumn. Occasional. Edible. Found In Europe.
Hydnum repandum L. ex Fr. Syn. Dentinum repandum (Fr.) S.F.G. Semmel-Stoppelpilz S?rga gerebengomba Pied de mouton, Chevrette, Hydne sinu?, Wood Hedgehog, Hedgehog Fungus. Fruit body usually single. Cap 3?17cm across, flattened convex or centrally depressed, even, velvety at first then more suede-like, cream, yellowish or pale flesh-coloured. Stem 35?75 x 15?40mm, often off-centred, cylindrical, finely downy, white bruising yellow near the base. Taste bitter after a few seconds, smell pleasant. Spines 2?6mm long, whitish to salmon pink. Spores white, broadly ellipsoid to subglobose, 6.5?9 x 5.5?7um. Habitat deciduous or coniferous woods. Season late summer to late autumn. Frequent. Edible ? excellent, commonly sold in European markets. Distribution, America and Europe.
Clavaria rugosa Fr. Wrinkled Club, Clavaire rugueuse, Runzelige Koralle, Bar-zd-s fak--korallgomba, bar-zd-s bunk-gomba, Rimpelige koraalzwam. Fruit body 4-12cm high, white or cream, solitary, gregarious, simple or with a few antler-like side branches, the surface often wrinkled and uneven. Spores white, broadly ovoid-ellipsoid to subglobose, 9-14-8-12-. Habitat terrestrial, in woods. Season late summer to late autumn. Common. Said to be edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Clavulina cinerea (Fr.) Schroet. syn. Clavaria cinerea Fr. Graue Koralle Sz-rke korallgomba Clavaire cendr-e Grey Coral Fruit body 2.5-10cm high, grey or ash-coloured, solitary, or gregarious forming densely branched tufts. Spores white, subglobose or broadly ellipsoid, 6.5-11-6-10-. Habitat terrestrial, in woods. Season summer to autumn. Common. Edible but not worthwhile. Distribution, America and Europe.
Cantharellus tubaeformis Fr. Trompeten-Pfifferling, T?lcs?res r?kagomba, Chanterelle en tube, Trumpet Chanterelle. Cap 2?5cm across, convex with depressed centre, becoming funnel-shaped with an irregular wavy margin, dark dingy brown. Stem 50?80 x 4?9mm, hollow dirty yellow, often grooved or flattened. Flesh thin and tough, yellowish. Taste bitter, smell aromatic. Gills narrow, irregularly branched and vein-like, yellowish at first then grey, decurrent. Spore print yellowish. Spores 9?12 x 6.5?8?. Habitat on acid soils in deciduous or coniferous woods. Season autumn. Occasional. Edible. Also edible is C. lutescens which differs in the fruit body being entirely yellowish. Distribution, America and Europe.
Cantharellus cibarius Fr. Chanterelle, Chanterelle commune, Girolle, Pfifferling, Eierschwamm, S?rga r?kagomba, Gallinaccio, garitola, finferlo, Hanekam of cantharel. Cap 3?10cm across, at first flattened with an irregular incurved margin later becoming wavy and lobed and depressed at the centre, pale to deep egg-yellow fading with age. Stem 30?80 x 5?15mm, solid, concolorous with cap or paler, tapering towards the base. Flesh yellowish. Taste watery at first then slightly peppery, smell faint, fragrant (of apricots). Gills narrow, vein-like, irregularly forked and decurrent, egg-yellow. Spore print ochraceous. Spores elliptical, 8?10 x 4.5?5.5?. Habitat in all kinds of woodland, but usually associated with frondose trees in Britain. Season summer to late autumn. Edible ? excellent. Distribution, America and Europe.
Craterellus cornucopioides (L. ex Fr.) Pers. syn. Cantharellus cornucopioides L. ex Fr. Horn of Plenty, Black Trumpets, Trompette des morts, Corne d'abondance, Herbsttrompete, Kraterpilz, S?t?t trombitagomba, Trombetta dei morti, corno dell'abbondanza, Hoorn van overvloed. Cap 2?8cm across, deeply tubular with flared mouth, becoming irregularly crisped and wavy at the margin, thin and leathery, dark brown to black and scurfy scaly when moist drying paler and greyish brown. Spore-bearing or outer surface ashy grey, smooth in young specimens becoming somewhat undulating with age. Spores white, elliptic, 10?11 x 6?7?. Habitat gregarious or clustered amongst leaf litter of deciduous woods. Season late summer to late autumn. Occasional but locally abundant. Edible ? good. Distribution, America and Europe.