Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
Family:
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Total mushrooms fount: 3066

Inedible
Boletus piperatus Bull. ex Fr. new syn. Chalciporus piperatus syn. Suillus piperatus (Fr.) Kuntze. Peppery Boletus, Bolet Poivr-, Pfefferr-hrling, Borsos tin-ru, Boleto pepato, Peperboleet. Cap 3-7cm, cinnamon to sienna, at first slightly viscid then dry, smooth and shiny. Stem 40-75 x 5-20mm, concolorous with cap, slender, tapering towards base, where it is a distinctive lemon-chrome. Flesh flushed red above tubes and under cuticle, intensely lemon-chrome in stem base. Taste peppery, smell not distinctive. Tubes cinnamon then rust-coloured, not bruising, decurrent or subdecurrent. Pores angular, rich rust-coloured at maturity. Spore print snuff-brown flushed ochraceous cinnamon. Spores subfusiform to ellipsoid, 8-11 x 3-4-. Habitat variable, particularly in birch scrub or mixed pine and birch on sandy soil. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible - peppery flavoured. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Boletus piedmontensis Grund & Smith New syn. Boletus firmus Cap 5-18cm across, convex becoming flatter; pinkish cinnamon to pinkish olive when older, sometimes grayish or pallid when young; dry, with a faint bloom, becoming smoother in age. Tubes 6-l0mm deep, moderated, depressed to depressed-decurrent; greenish yellow, blueing. Pores 2-4 per mm, subangular and round; deep red to orange-red with occasional patches of dark olive-brown in age, blueing when bruised. Stem 50-100 x 25-50mm, bulbous when young, equal in age; buff-yellow overlaid with rose red; reticulate at apex only, base with dull grayish tomentum. Flesh thick, firm; white with yellow patches, blue when cut. Odor pleasant. Taste mild to slightly bitter. Spores oblong to narrowly ellipsoid, 9-12.5 x 4-4.5?. Deposit light olive-green. Habitat under mixed hardwoods. Found in North Carolina. Season August-September. Not edible.
Inedible
Boletus parasiticus Bull. ex Fr. syn. Xerocomus parasiticus (Fr.) Qu?l. Parasitenr?hrling ?l?sdi tin?ru C?pe parasite Cap 2?4cm, olivaceous straw-colour to sienna, slightly downy. Stem up to 40 x 10mm concolorous with cap often curved around or beneath host, tapering towards base. Flesh pale lemon-yellow, unchanging, flushed rust near stem base. Taste and smell not distinctive. Tubes lemon-yellow to ochraceous or even rust-coloured, adnate to subdecurrent. Pores lemon yellow becoming rust. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores elongate, 11?21 x 3.5?5?. Habitat unique, on Scleroderma citrinum, and therefore easily recognized. Season autumn. Rare. Said to be edible but not recommended.
Edible
Ornate-stalked Bolete Boletus ornatipes Pk. Cap 4-20cm across; with a whitish bloom when young, then gray to yellowish or olive, sometimes strongly yellow; dry and dull to slightly tomentose, slightly viscid when wet. Tubes lemon yellow to tawny. Pores small; lemon yellow bruising orange-brown. Stem 80-150 x 15-30mm, cylindric to slightly clavate, usually rather long; chrome yellow throughout, bruising orange-brown; surface with a prominent network, or reticulum, of raised ridges. Flesh chrome yellow. Odor none. Taste slightly bitterish. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, subfusiform, 9-13 x 3-4?. Deposit olive-brown to yellow-brown. Habitat solitary or often clustered on path sides, woodland edges, and clearings under deciduous trees, usually beech or oak. Common. Found in northeastern North America. Season July-September. Edible-quite good; although some authors report bitterness in the flesh, this collection was mild. Comment When young the stem is usually a brilliant yellow, but with age it may become white.
Inedible
Boletus morrisii Pk.Red-speckled Bolete Cap 3-10cm across, broadly convex; deep smoky brown to olivaceous, becoming reddish brown at center, with orange-yellow margin; dry, finely pulverulent, then smooth. Tubes usually deeply depressed around stem; yellow to ochre, reddish where bruised. Pores small; orange to brick red. Stem 40-80 x 8-15mm, equal to slightly swollen; bright yellow with very distinct and quite widely separate bright red squamules or dots nearly to apex. Flesh yellow with discolored areas of vinaceous or dark purple, especially in stem. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores ellipsoid-subfusiform, 10-15(16) x 3.5-5.5(6.5)-. Deposit olivaceous. Habitat gregarious or even subcaespitose in deciduous woods. Rather rare. Found from Massachusetts to northern Georgia, not known from western North America. Season July-September. Edibility not known.
Edible
Boletus mirabilis Murr. Cap 5-15cm across, convex-flattened, margin inrolled; deep reddish brown, liver-colored; moist to soon dry, woolly or even squamulose. Tubes depressed around stem; yellowish. Pores olive-yellow when mature. Stem 80-150 x 35-50mm; deep brown; smooth with reticulum at apex. Flesh firm; white, pinkish in stem. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, 19-24 x 7-9?. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat on or near logs of fir, hemlock, or western red cedar. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season September-December. Edible - good.
Inedible
Boletus miniato-pallescens Smith & Thiers Cap 8-20cm across, convex to plane; brick red fading to apricot buff or orange-yellow; smooth, glabrous to minutely fibrillose, dry, soon with surface cracked. Tubes adnate to subdecurrent; bright yellow. Pores very small (l-2 per mm); chrome yellow to wax yellow, often flushed orange-red with age, bruising greenish blue. Stem 60-140 x 10-40mm, tapered below or equal; bright yellow above, flushed orange to brick red below; strongly pruinose when young, more or less persistently. Flesh pale yellow, turning blue when cut. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores subfusiform, (11)12-16(17) x 4-5-. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat usually under oak. Probably quite common. Found in eastern North America, west to Michigan. Season July-September. Edibility not known.
Inedible
Boletus luridus f. Primulicolor The pure yellow form of Boletus luridus. The flesh turns reddish at the stem base otherwise slowly blue. Stem with a strong distinct reticulum, yellowish. Pores yellow. Spores 9-17x5-7um. Found in woods, rare.
Edible
Boletus longicurvipes Snell & Smith Cap 2-6cm across, convex; reddish orange to dull ochre; glabrous, viscid-tacky, with separable pellicle, often wrinkled-reticulate. Tubes pale yellow. Pores small; yellow then greenish. Stem 50-100 x 6-15mm, long, slender, and often curved; pale pinkish brown, dull red with age; surface scabrous-scurfy. Flesh soft; white to pale yellow. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores narrowly subfusiform, 13-17 x 4-51?. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat Northeastern North America, west to Michigan, south to New Jersey. Season August-September. Edible.
Edible
Boletus lignicola Kallenbach syn. Pulveroboletus lignicola (Kalchbr.) Pilat. Cap 5-20cm across, convex with inrolled margin; reddish brown to yellow-brown or rust; subtomentose, floccose at first, then smooth. Tubes decurrent on stem; bright yellow. Pores bright yellow, bruising blue-green. Stem 30-80 x 5-25mm, often eccentric, tapered below; rust-yellow to brown; dry, pulverulent. Flesh firm; pale lemon yellow. Odor faint, aromatic. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, 6.5-9 x 2.8-3.8-. Deposit olive. Habitat always on stumps or trunks of conifers, exceptionally on sawdust; often associated with the polypore Phaeolus schweinitzii. Rare. Found in northern Europe and widely distributed in eastern North America. Season July-September. Edible.
Poisonous/Suspect
Boletus leonis Reid Honiggelber R?hrling C?pe couleur de lion Boletus leonis Reid Cap 3?5cm, bright sienna or ochre becoming buff, surface covered in irregularly downy patches particularly at the centre, elsewhere smooth. Stem 30?75 x 90?135mm, with rooting base, cream at apex, more ochraceous below. Flesh cream, with lemon-yellow tinge towards stem base. Taste and smell not distinctive. Tubes greenish yellow or lemon yellow. Pores lemon chrome unchanging. Spore print ochraceous citrine. Spores subfusiform to ellipsoid, 9?13 x 4.5?5.5?. Habitat in parkland with oak. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Boletus inedulis Murr. Cap 4-10cm across, convex to flattened; pale, whitish at first, then buff to tan; dry, subtomentose when young, often conspicuously areolate when old. Tubes pale greenish yellow, turning blue when cut. Pores small (1.5-2 per mm); pale yellow, blue on bruising. Stem 60-100 x 10-25mm, equal; yellow overall with a pink flush over base; surface reticulate over upper half, very fine and often almost smooth. Flesh firm; yellowish then pale blue when cut. Odor pleasant. Taste bitter. Spores subfusiform, 9-12 x 3.3-4.5?. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat in oak and hickory woods. Found in northeastern North America, west to Michigan and south to New York. Season July-September. Not edible. Comment It is often mistaken for Boletus calopus), from which it differs in its slender stature, finer reticulum, and small spores.
Poisonous/Suspect
Boletus illudens Pk. Cap 3-9cm across, convex to flattened; pale pinkish buff to cinnamon, brighter, more lemon yellow at margin; dry, velvety, then moist but not viscid. Tubes adnate-decurrent; honey yellow to olivaceous. Pores large, angular; lemon yellow, then brownish where bruised or old. Stem 30-90 x 6-12mm, tapered below; pale brownish above becoming yellowish to mustard yellow at base; usually with coarse ridges and wrinkles above, but not truly reticulate. Flesh pallid, mustard yellow in base and below stem cortex. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores subfusiform, 10-14 x 4-5-. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat in oak or mixed woods. Often common. Found in northeastern North America. Season July-September. Edible. Comment A drop of ammonia on the cap cuticle produces a deep green reaction; the similar Boletus subtomentosus and Boletus nancyae Smith & Thiers turn purple-brown with ammonia.
Inedible
Boletus huronensis Smith & Thiers Cap 8-15 cm, convex inrolled at the margin, dry, dull ochre-brown to cinnamon-brown. Pores minute dull yellowish ochre, staining blue-green reddish-brown in age. Stem up to 15 cm long up to 5cm wide thicker towards the base whitish or slightly ochre-brown, not reticulate. Flesh white, usually colouring blue when cut or damaged. Taste and smell slight. Spore print snuff-brown, olivaceous, 12-15 x3.5-5um smooth. I found these specimens in mixed woods in Connecticut, In Boletes of Michigan it is noted that they are found in association with Hemlock. Not edible (I and friends have eaten and enjoyed them, but they have been reported to cause upset in some people and there is a death that has possibly been put down to this fungus). These pictures were previously included under Boletus impolitus in this website and are also to be found under that name in the app. and in my book of North American fungi.
Edible
Boletus hortonii Smith & Thiers syn. Boletus subglabripes var. corrugis Pk. Cap 4-12cm across, convex-flattened; pale reddish tan; dry, extremely wrinkled-rugulose to pitted. Tubes yellow, sometimes weakly staining blue. Pores very small; yellow, sometimes bruising weakly blue. Stem 60-100 x 10-20mm, equal to clavate; pale yellow to tan or reddish; smooth. Flesh firm; almost white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores subfusiform, 12-15 x 3.5-4.5-. Deposit olive-yellow. Habitat in mixed deciduous woods. Rather rare. Found in eastern North America, west to Michigan. Season July-September. Edible. Comment Distinguished from the superficially similar Leccinum rugosiceps by the smooth stem, more rugose cap, and flesh not turning red.
Poisonous/Suspect
Boletus frostii Russ. apud Frost Frost's Bolete Cap 5-15cm across, convex then flat; deep blood red with a white bloom at first, soon disappearing, margin of cap with a very narrow yellow zone; smooth, quite viscid at first, then tacky to dry. Tubes sunken around stem; yellow to yellow-green, bruising blue. Pores very fine; intense deep blood red to purple, with white bloom when young, fading to orange-red when old. Stem 40-120 x 15-25mm, equal to slightly clavate; colored as cap but with prominent raised network over entire surface, the ridges of the network yellow overlying the blood-red background. Flesh yellow, instantly turning blue when cut. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores fusiform, smooth, 11-15 x 4-5-. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat in oak woods. Often locally common. Found throughout eastern North America from the Great Lakes region to Florida. Season July-September. Edible but not recommended.
Inedible
Boletus fragrans Vitt. Starkriechender R-hrling Cap 5-12cm across, convex then expanded, umber to date-brown, velvety at first becoming smooth. Stem 70-90 x 30-50mm, spindle-shaped, apex yellow becoming flushed red below, whitish above base in young specimens, extreme base black. Flesh lemon-yellow flushed red below cap cuticle, blueing only after several hours. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes lemon-yellow sometimes with olivaceous flush. Pores lemon-yellow at first, later chrome-yellow, bruising faintly bluish. Spores elliptic, 9-16 x 4.5-6.5-. Habitat deciduous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Said to be edible -avoid. Distribution, Europe espcially southern, rare in North America.
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