Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
Family:
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Total mushrooms fount: 3066

Poisonous/Suspect
Boletus flammans Dick & Snell Cap 4-12cm across, convex, sometimes irregular; deep red to red-brown, becoming deep rosy red to brick red with age, bruising blue; dry, subtomentose, viscid when wet. Tubes depressed around stem, 8-12mm deep; pale yellow. Pores small; bright red to carmine, blue when bruised. Stem 65-80 x 10-15mm, equal; with bright red reticulations on upper half, brownish red to yellowish below; smooth or longitudinally ridged below. Flesh pale yellow, rapidly blue when cut. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores subfusiform, 10-13 x 3.5-5-. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat under conifers. Found from Nova Scotia to Pennsylvania. Season July-September. Edibility not known- not advised.
Poisonous/Suspect
Edible
Boletus chrysenteron Bull. ex St. Amans syn. Xerocomus chrysenteron (Bull. ex St. Amans) Qu?l. Red Cracking Boletus,C?pe ? pied rouge, Bolet ? chair jaune, Rotfussr?hrling, Aranytin?ru (tin?ru), Boleto dorato, Roodstelige fluweelboleet. Cap 4?11cm, dingy brown to pale sepia or buff with olivaceous flush, or with a pinkish red flush particularly late in the season, slightly velvety at first then smooth, later cracking irregularly to show coral flesh, making this an easily recognizable species. Stem 40?80 x 10?15mm, lemon-yellow at apex, red from middle downwards becoming more buff towards base. Flesh cream or lemon-yellow in cap, brown to reddish-buff in stem, usually pale red just below cap, turning slightly blue above the tubes and in base of stem but only slowly. Taste and smell slight but not distinctive. Tubes sulphur or lemon yellow, becoming greenish with age. Pores large, angular, similarly coloured and sometimes bruising greenish. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 12?15 x 3.5?5?. Habitat with broad-leaved trees. Season autumn. Very common. Edible but mushy when cooked. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Boletus caespitosus Pk. Cap 2-8cm across, convex to flattened; ochre-brown to reddish brown or pinkish; dry to distinctly viscid when wet. Tubes bright gold. Pores chrome yellow to golden yellow, unchanging. Stem 25-80 x 5-15mm usually swollen-attenuate at base, narrowed at apex and often caespitose; pale to yellow to pinkish buff below, brown on handling; dry to slightly viscid. Flesh pallid buff. Odor when crushed, strong unpleasant, like earthballs (scleroderma species). Taste mild. Spores ovoid to ellipsoid or fusiform, 8-11 x 3.5-5-. Deposit olive-ochre. Habitat usually in dense clusters in mixed hardwoods, especially along stream and river edges. Found in northeastern North America, south to North Carolina. Season July-September. Edible. Comment This species is usually confused with Boletus auriporus, from which it differs in its smaller spores and the odor of Earth balls. The latter feature does not appear to have been noted by any previous author but has been confirmed on numerous collections by several different persons.
Choice
Boletus bicolor Pk. Two-colored Bolete Cap 5-15cm across, convex then flattened; deep rose red to pinkish, fading with age, paler toward margin; dry, subtomentose, then soon smooth with age, often cracking in dry weather. Tubes yellow. Pores I-2 per mm; bright yellow, blue when bruised. Stem 50-100 x 10-30mm equal to slightly clavate below; colored as cap for lower two-thirds, yellow above, slowly bruising blue; smooth, dull, dry. Flesh firm; pale yellow, slowly bruising blue. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores ellipsoid, 8-11 x 3.5-4.5(5)?. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat in oak woods. Common. Found widespread in eastern North America. Season July-October. Edible-good, but see Comment. Comment The very similar Boletus sensibilis, which has been reported as poisonous, differs in its brick-red cap and its instant color change to blue when cut. Boletus miniato-olivaceus Frost also has a red cap, but it has a mostly yellow stem.
Choice
Boletus badius Fr. syn. Xerocomus badius (Fr.) K-hn. Bay Boletus, Bolet bai, C-pe des ch-taigniers, Maronenr-hrling, Barna tin-ru, Boleto baio, Kastanjeboleet. Cap 4-14cm, bay to dark brick-colour later flushed ochraceous brown, downy when young, soon becoming smooth and polished, slightly viscid in wet weather. Stem 45-125 x 8-40mm, concolorous with cap or paler, surface slightly cottony. Flesh white to lemon-yellow on cutting becoming faintly blue particularly in stem apex and above tubes, vinaceous in cap. Taste and smell mild and mushroomy. Tubes cream to lemon-yellow, bruising bluish green. Pores large, readily bruising blue-green. Spore print olivaceous snuff-brown. Spores subfusiform, 13-15 x 4.5-5.5-. Habitat in mixed woods. Season autumn. Common throughout British Isles. Edible - very good and usually free of maggots. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Boletus auriporus Pk. Gold-pored Bolete Cap 3-7cm across, convex then flattened; dull yellow-brown to reddish or pinkish brown; dry but soon viscid, tacky when wet or when handled for any length of time, with innate fibrils. Tubes brilliant chrome yellow, unchanging. Pores 2-3 per mm; concolorous with tubes, unchanging. Stem 30-60 x 10-15mm, often swollen at center, spindle-shaped; pale yellow to pinkish brown, darker stains developing where handled; viscid when wet, smooth. Flesh pale yellow, unchanging when cut. Odor none. Taste slightly acidic. Spores smooth, subellipsoid, 8-11 x 3.5-4.5?. Deposit olive-brown. Pleurocystidia in tubes of remarkable size, 38-70(100) x 9-161., filled with golden sap. Habitat under mixed deciduous trees. Uncommon to rare. Found in eastern North America. Season July-August. Edible. Comment Easily confused with other bright pored boletes, such as Boletus illudens, but that species does not develop the noticeably sticky cap of this fungus, however wet it becomes.
Edible
Boletus auripes Pk. Cap 6-15cm across, convex to flattened; yellow-brown to gold when young, soon uniformly brown when old; dry, subtomentose to pruinose. Tubes bright yellow. Pores soon free of stem; bright yellow, unchanging. Stem 60-120 x 10-45mm, bulbous to equal; bright golden yellow; surface finely reticulate on upper half. Flesh firm; yellow. Odor pleasant. Taste mild. Spores ellipsoid to subfusiform, 9.5-15 x 3.5-5?. Deposit ochre-brown. Habitat in mixed hardwood trees. Rather uncommon. Found in eastern North America. Season August-September. Edible. Comment The cap of this species changes color markedly from young to old and is strongly reminiscent of Xanthoconium (=Boletus) affine (Pk.) Singer, with which it might be better grouped.
Edible
Boletus affinis Pk. Spotted Bolete Cap 5-10cm across, convex; color very variable, reddish brown, vinaceous brown to yellow-brown, often spotted and blotched with pallid, yellowish spots in the var. maculosus; dry, often with white bloom. Tubes sunken around stem; white to yellowish. Pores off-white to pale buff with age, bruising olivaceous. Stem 50-120 x 10-20mm, cylindrical to clavate; pale fawn, reddish brown in mid portion, white at base, in the var. maculosus sometimes completely pallid; dry, smooth to very slightly reticulate. Flesh white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores smooth, ellipsoid, (9)12-16 x 3-4(5)?. Deposit yellow-brown. Habitat abundant at times under deciduous trees. especially beech. Found widespread in eastern North America, from eastern Canada to Florida. Season June-October. Edible. Comment The young buttons are dark brown and the mature specimens often light tan. Var. maculosus has a more spotted cap.
Edible
Boletopsis subsquamosa (Fr.) Kotlaba & Pouz. S?t?t tapl?tin?ru (tin?ru), v?r?s?d? zsemlegomba Fruit body annual. Cap up to 15cm across, 4cm thick in center, circular to irregular outline, with thin wavy margin; bluish black to grayish brown tinged with olive; fleshy becoming soft or brittle and slightly wrinkled when dry. Tubes up to 8mm deep; white to greenish white, paler than the flesh. Pores 1-3 per mm, angular, thin-walled, decurrent; surface white drying pale grayish. Stem up to 7 x 3cm, central to lateral; gray to sordid olive-brown; smooth or with fine dark scales, fleshy becoming wrinkled when dry. Flesh up to 3cm thick; white when fresh but darkens when touched, becoming greenish gray when dry, often darker just above the tubes. Odor slight. Taste weak to bitterish when fresh, sweetish to spicy when dry. Spores angular to oval, with warty projections, 5-7 x 4-5?. Deposit light or dark brown. Hyphal structure monomitic; clamps present. Habitat on the ground in deciduous or coniferous woods, especially pine. Found in eastern North America, the Pacific Northwest, and California. Season September-October. Edible. Comment Although the name suggests a boletus, this is, in fact, a polypore.
Inedible
Boletinellus merulioides (Schw.) Murr. Cap 5-15cm across, soon flattened and then depressed, margin incurved, often wavy, irregular in shape; dull yellow-brown or tan; dry, subtomentose to polished when old. Tubes decurrent, 3-5mm deep, with a radiating pattern; light yellow changing to dark olive, reddish brown when bruised. Pores large, compound, with shallower pores within pores. Stem 25-50 x 5-l0mm, often positioned off-center; concolorous with cap. Flesh pallid to yellowish, sometimes stains pale blue-green when cut. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores ovate, smooth, 7-10 X 6-7.5?. Deposit olive-brown. Habitat often in large numbers on moist ground under ash trees. Common. Found widespread throughout northern and eastern North America. Season June-September. Edible but not very good.
Poisonous/Suspect
Bolbitius reticulatus (Pers. Ex Fr.) Ricken Sz?rk?s k?r?szgomba. Cap 3-6cm across darker in the centre violet-grey with with a netted-veined appearance. Stem 5-6 cm long. Spores rusty brown 10-11x5-6um. Found on beech wood or stumps. Europe not recorded for America.
Inedible
Bjerkandera fumosa (Fr.) Karst. Kr?msz?n? likacsosgomba (tapl?). The fruit bodies are small brackets up to a maximum of 14cm across. Ochre-brown sometimes concentrically zoned, the under surface is cream coloured, browning slightly when handled. The pores are small 2-4 per mm. Spores smooth, elliptical 5-6.5x2.5-3.5. Mostly found on willow but also on other trees including a report on conifers. Tough ?not edible. Europe.
Inedible
Battarraea phalloides (Dicks.) Pers. Stielstaubpilz Homoki ?lsz?m?rcs?g Sandy Siltball Fruit body 10?25cm high, consisting of a spore-sac borne on a rigid ochre-brown stem covered in shaggy fibres which is seated in a loose whitish membranous cup. Initially the fruit body is contained within the volva buried in sandy soil, then as the stem elongates rapidly the spore sac is pushed through the soil surface where it splits all round exposing the powdery rusty brown spore mass. Spores brown, subglobose to ovate, 5.0?5.5(6.5)?. Habitat on sandy soil. Season summer. Very rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Bankera fuligineo-alba (Schmidt ex Fr.) Pouz. syn. Hydnum fuligineo-album Schmidt R?tender Stacheling Drab Tooth Cap 4?15cm across, flat becoming centrally depressed, fleshy, initially pallid becoming yellowish-brown and darkening with age, usually found covered in vegetable debris. Stem 10?50 x 8?25mm, with well-defined white apex, brownish below. Flesh whitish in cap occasionally flushed pink, pallid to yellowish-brown in stem. Smell of fenugreek when dry. Spines 1?6mm long, whitish then greyish. Spores white, oval, minutely spiny, 4.5?5.5 x 2.5?3.5?. Habitat pine woods. Season autumn. Rare except in Highland pine forests. Not edible. Found In Europe.
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