Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
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Flesh:
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Total mushrooms fount: 3066

Inedible
Baeospora myosura (Fr. ex Fr.) Sprig. Zapfenr-bling toboz feny-f-l-ke Conifercone Cap syn. Collybia myosura (Fr. ex Fr.) Qu-l. syn. C. conigena (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer Cap 1-3cm across, convex to almost flat, pallid-tan to date-brown. Stem 30-50-1-2mm, pallid flushed with cap colour, elongated into a hairy -root-. Flesh thin, brownish. Taste mild, smell mushroomy. Gills very crowded, whitish. Cheilocystida thin-walled, fusoid. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, amyloid, 3-3.5 x 1.5-2-. Habitat rooting on partly buried pine cones and coniferous debris. Season autumn to late winter. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Austroboletus subflavidus (Murr.) Wolf syn. Porphyrellus subflavidus (Murr.) Singer Cap 4-1l cm across, convex; pale cream, yellowish buff to clay, with a pink tint when old. Tubes pale grayish white with a vinaceous tint. Pores rather wide; concolorous with tubes. Stem 45-145 x 7-30mm, long, tapering; pallid yellowish white; with remarkable raised reticulation of 3-4mm deep flaps of tissue almost like wrinkled gills. Flesh pure white, in base of stem usually rich yellow, not changing on cutting. Odor slight, fruity. Taste rather bitter. Spores ellipsoid, 14.5-18(20) x 6.5-8.3(8.8)-, with a slightly crenulate outline, with thin cylindric spines. Deposit reddish brown. Habitat on sandy soil under oak. Very southern in distribution, Florida and in the south New Jersey pine barrens. Season June-October. Edibility not known but too bitter to eat.
Inedible
Austroboletus gracilis (Pk,) Wolfe syn. Porphyrellus gracilis (Pk.) Singer Cap 3-10cm across, convex to broadly convex; reddish chestnut brown to cinnamon brown; dry, granulose becoming cracked. Tubes up to 2 cm deep, deeply depressed around the stalk, uneven; white to flesh-colored then pinkish brown. Pores 1-2 per mm; white to pinkish brown. Stem 60-150 x 4-l0mm, long, solid, slender, often curved; same color as cap or paler cinnamon tan, white within, base white; longitudinally lined, with a bloom or finely granulose. Flesh white or tinged reddish near cuticle. Odor not distinctive. Taste mild. Spores ellipsoid, often punctate, 11-17 x 5-7?. Deposit dark reddish brown. Habitat singly or scattered on the ground in woods under aspen, oak, pine, and hemlock. Found in northeastern North America, south to Georgia. Season June-October. Edibility not known, possibly good, but to be experimented with extreem caution.
Edible
Auricularia auricula-judae St. Amans syn. Hirneola auricula-judae (St. Amans) Berk. syn. Auricularia auricula (Hook.)Underwood. Jew's Ear, Oreille de Judas, Judasohr, J?d?sf?legomba, j?d?sf?l, Orechio di Giuda, Judasoor. Fruit body 3?8cm across, ear-shaped, gelatinous when fresh drying hard and horny, outer surface tan-brown with minute greyish downy hairs, inner surface grey-brown, smooth, or often wrinkled and ear-like. Spores white, sausage-shaped, 16?18?6?8?. Basidia elongated cylindric with three transverse septa. Habitat on branches of frondose trees, usually elder. Season all year, especially autumn. Very common. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Aureoboletus cramesinus (Secr.) Watling syn. Boletus cramesinus Secr. Kirschroter Goldr?hrling Aranyb?l?s? tin?ru Bolet cramoisy, C?pe sanguine Cap 2.5?5cm, ochraceous peach to dirty pink, viscid. Stem 50?80 x 5?10mm, more or less rooting, narrowing towards the pointed base, smooth and viscid, yellow at apex flushed reddish buff or pink towards the base. Flesh whitish often pinkish under cap disc and lemon-yellow over the tubes. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes lemon-chrome then golden-yellow, unchanging on bruising. Pores similarly coloured. Spore print ochraceous buff. Spores subfusiform, 11?15 x 4.5?5.5?. Habitat in broad-leaved woods, occasionally on old bonfire sites. Season late summer to autumn. Rare. Edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Asero? rubra A stinkhorn from New Zealand. The whole fruit body is pink, arising from an oval white ?egg? with the glebal disk showing dark, sticky, spore mass, the ?tentacles? are strong reddish colour grouped in pairs, normally up to as much as 10cm in height. This is a very very rare fungus, only one record found outside greenhouses in the whole of the northern hemisphere. Found on mixed woodland litter on acid soil. It is native to New Zealand and Australia and other areas in the southern hemisphere. Presumably it was imported on garden plants that had been introduced from the southern hemisphere.
Inedible
Ascotremella faginea (Peck) Seaver B?kk?s t?ml?srezg?gomba, B?kk ?lrezg?gomba (rezg?gomba). A jelly like asco, fruit body crowded together with a very short stem, pink to violet, shiny when wet. Asci 8 spored, ascospores 7-9x4-4.5, with two drops and 3 or 4 strations (very difficult to see). Found on dead twigs of Alder and Beech. Europe and America. Not edible.
Poisonous/Suspect
Armillaria straminea (Krombh.) Kummer var. americana Mitchel & Smith Cap 4-18cm across, conical to convex, becoming umbonate then flat, with incurved, cottony margin that straightens in age; straw yellow fading to whitish with conspicuous, flattened, bright yellow or darker scales arranged in concentric circles; dry. Gills sinuate, close, broad; whitish then lemon yellow. Stem 50-125x 15-25mm, sometimes with a thick bulb; smooth and white above the ring, whitish with shaggy yellowish scales below. Veil partial veil leaving thick, yellowish, cottony ring on upper stalk. Taste mild. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, weakly amyloid, 6-8 x 4-5?. Deposit white. Habitat on the ground under aspen and in mixed woods. Often abundant. Found in the Pacific Northwest and the Rockies. Season July-October. Edibility not known. Comment There is also an albino form of this species.
Choice
Armillaria ponderosa (Pk.) Sacc. New syn. Tricholoma magnivelare White Matsutake Cap 5-20cm across, convex becoming flatter with an inrolled, cottony margin becoming somewhat uplifted in age; white with flattened reddish-brownish scales and spots, particularly over the center; tacky becoming dry with streaks of brown fibers near the margin. Gills adnexed, crowded, narrow to broad; whitish staining pinkish brown. Stem 50-150 x 20-40mm, hard, firm; white becoming pinkish brown from scales and patches of veil remnants; white and cottony above the ring. Veil partial veil leaves thick, soft, membranous ring on the upper stalk. Flesh firm; white. Odor distinctly fragrant. Spores broadly ellipsoid to globose, smooth, nonamyloid, 5-7 x 4.5-5.5?. Deposit white. Habitat scattered to numerous under pine and in sandy soil, especially near coastal areas. Common. Found in northern North America and the Rockies. Season August-November (December-February in California). Edible-excellent. Comment. Known among Orientals as the White Matsutake. This is one of the most sought after edible mushrooms.
Poisonous/Suspect
Armillaria gallica Marxm?ller & Romagnesi Syn. A. bulbosa and A. lutea Gum?s (s?rgapelyhes) tusk?gomba. Ricken Cap 3?15cm across, very variable, convex to shield shapped, yellow brown, tawny, to dark brown, often with an olivaceous tinge, covered in darker fibrillose scales especially at the centre. Stem 60?150?5?15mm, often bulbous towards the base, yellowish becoming reddish-brown at the base, initially with a thick whitish to yellow cottony ring. Flesh white. Taste astringent, smell strong. Gills white at first then yellowish becoming pinkish-brown and often darker spotted with age. Spore print pale cream. Spores elliptic, 8?9 x 5?6?. Habitat in clusters on or around trunks or stumps of deciduous and coniferous treesor shrubs. Season summer to early winter. Very common. Edible when cooked but should only be eaten in small amounts as some forms are known to cause stomach upsets. Distribution, America and Europe. The fungus spreads by long black cords called rhizomorphs resembling bootlaces which can be found beneath the bark of infected trees, on roots or in the soil where they can travel large distances to infect other trees. This is one of the most dangerous parasites of trees, causing an intensive white rot and ultimately death; there is no cure and the fungus is responsible for large losses of timber each year.
Poisonous/Suspect
Armillaria caligata (Viv.) Gilbert syn. Tricholoma caligatum (Viv.) Ricken Krokodil pereszke. Cap 5-12cm across, broadly convex with margin sometimes uplifted in age and hung with veil remnants; creamish flesh showing beneath cinnamon-brown patches or scales; dry. Gills adnate, close, narrow to moderately broad; white, staining brownish with age. Stem 50-100x20-30mm; white above the ring, below cinnamon-brown zones and patches of veil remnants. Veil partial veil leaving membranous ring on the upper stem and brownish patches below. Odor fragrant, pleasant or foul, disgusting (see Comment). Taste slight, mild, or bitter (see Comment). Spores broadly ellipsoid, smooth, nonamyloid, 6-7.5 x 4.5-5.5?. Deposit white. Habitat on the ground, sometimes in sandy soil, under hardwoods, particularly oak, in the East; under conifers in the West. Found in Europe and widely distributed in North America. Season July-November. Edible-excellent, much treasured in Japan. Comment Various forms of this mushroom exist. In Colorado and the West, found under spruce, it is usually fragrant and mild tasting; in the East, under hardwoods, I have found the foul, disgusting smelling variety with the bitter taste.
Inedible
Apiognomonia veneta The fungus that attacks London Plane trees with its Discula anamorph. In spring Planes get a severe leaf drop as the fungus develops, it occurs when the new leaves are approaching full size and seems to affect around 5% of leaves. It attacks the petioles and leaf stems infecting up into the leaf veins. The trees then carry on seeming to be able to survive and continue to build foliage throughout the season. The oriental plane is more resistant, the American plane less resistant to this disease, the London Plane being a hybrid seems to fall somewhere in the middle. Not Edible. USA and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Antrodia xantha (Fr. Fr.) Ryv. A crust found mainly on broad leaved branches or stumps but also on dead conifer wood. 1-5(10)mm thick forming patches on the dead wood, cream or whitish, or light yellow. Soft when fresh then brittle, bitter tasting. Pores small 4-6 per mm. Spores small, smooth 4-5x1-1.5um. Very similar in appearance to Antrodia serialis which has larger spores.
Inedible
Antrodia sinuosa (Fr.) Karst. A creamy coloured rusipinate crust with rudimentary caps with exposed tubes, the leathery growth can be quite extensive, it can quite easily be detached from the substrate. Spores are smooth 6.5-9x3-4um. Found on dead spruce wood and occasionally on other conifers. It can be found at any time of year.
Inedible
Antrodia serialis (FR.) Donk Szalagtapl? (tapl?). A rusupinate which forms patches on spruce wood that can be at least 20 cm. Across, tending to form mini tough leathery brackets. Where it turns up to make the little brackets it shows ochre-brown colours, the pore /under surface is white, pores 2-4 per mm. Found on dead conifer wood (mostly on spruce (Picea), at any time of the year. Not common. Spores 6.5-9x3-4um.
Poisonous/Suspect
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