Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
Family:
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Total mushrooms fount: 3066

Edible
Agaricus bernardii (Qu?l.) Sacc. syn. A. campestris subsp. bernardii (Qu?l.) Konrad & Maubl. D?nen-Egerling, Sziki csiperke. Cap 1?15cm across, hemispherical then flattened convex and often depressed, whitish to light brown, bruising reddish on handling, surface soon disrupting into coarse brownish scales. Stem 50?70 x 20?40mm, whitish, narrowing slightly at the greyish-brown base; ring sheathing, whitish and narrow. Flesh white becoming reddish orange on cutting. Taste slightly unpleasant, smell fishy. Gills pale grey then flesh-coloured becoming dark brown. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, elongate, cylindric, clavate or fusiform. Spore print dark brown. Spores broadly ovoid, 5.5?7 x 5?5.5?. Habitat on sand dunes and meadows near the sea or sodic lakes, also on roadsides inland, possibly due to the practice of salting the roads in icy weather. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edible. Found In Europe.
Choice
Cap 10-20cm across, obtusely ovoid at first expanding convex, yellowish-brown covered in chestnut-brown fibrous scales. Stem 100-200 x 20-40mm, whitish with small scales below the ring which discolour brownish with age, bruising yellowish; ring white, large and pendulous. Flesh thick and white, becoming tinged reddish with age. Taste mushroomy, smell strongly of bitter almonds. Gills free, white at first then brown. Cheilocystidia formed of chains of bladder-shaped elements. Spore print purple brown. Habitat in coniferous and deciduous woods. Season late summer to autumn. Uncommon. Distribution, America and Europe. ---- The beautiful Agaricus augustus is considered by many to be the most delicious of the edible Agaricus species. It is a happy find for any mushroom hunter, although it is reported to be difficult to find them before the worms do! Like other Agaricus species, the Prince grows on rich organic substrate, often as a litter decomposer in nature. It is probably a secondary decomposer, which means that bacteria and other fungi have to break down raw materials before Agaricus can grow. On a commercial scale this is the process known as composting. The Prince can have caps about one foot (30 cm) in diameter, although many mycophagists prefer to eat them when unexpanded because of their better texture and odor. The gills turn chocolaty brown when the spores are mature. However, even somewhat expanded caps can show gills that are still white. The beautiful veil and scruffy to shaggy stem (at least when young) are also hallmarks of this species.
Edible
Agaricus arvensis Schaeff. ex Secr. s. Lange non Cooke syn. Psalliota arvensis (Schaeff. ex Secr.) Kummer. Horse Mushroom, Agaric des jach?res, Boule de neige, Anischampignon, Erd?sz?li csiperke, Prataiolo, maggiore, Anijschampignon, Akkerchampignon. Cap 8?20cm across, ovate at first expanding convex, creamy white yellowing slightly with age or on bruising. Stem 80?100 x 20?30mm, often slightly clavate at the base, concolorous with the cap, the ring is formed of a double membrane, the lower splitting into a star-shape around the stem. Flesh white, thick and firm in the cap, pithy in the stem which tends to become hollow. Taste mushroomy, smell of aniseed. Gills free, white at first then flesh-pink, finally chocolate brown with age. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, ovate balloon-shaped 11?26 x 9?18(21)?. Spore print dark purple-brown. Spores ellipsoid, 7?8 x 4.5?5?. Habitat amongst grass in pasture or thickets often in rings. Season autumn. Frequent. Edible ? excellent. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Agaricus altipes M?ller Cap 4-7cm across, convex to broadly flattened; white to slightly buff on disc; smooth to slightly tomentose-floccose. Gills free, crowded; bright rosy pink when young, brown when old. Stem 80-100 x 12-20mm equal to slightly clavate; white, bruising slightly pinkish-buff color; fibrillose below; ring high on stem, white, thin, fragile, simple. Flesh firm; white bruising flesh-color. Odor mild. Taste mild. Spores ovate, 6.5-7.5 x 4.5-5.5?. Deposit deep chocolate brown. Habitat in grass in mixed woods, mostly conifers. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season September. Edible. Comment This collection agreed very well with the European Agaricus altipes, differing only in the disagreeable odor of the original description; the odor may have been missed if the flesh was not bruised, or perhaps the specimens were too young.
Inedible
Mycoacia uda (Fr.) Donk. syn. Acia uda (Fr.) Bourd. & Galz. Fruit body resupinate, very thin, bright lemon-yellow becoming more ochraceous with age, covered in crowded slender spines which become purple when treated with a drop of KOH. Cystidioles thin-walled, fusoid. Spores narrowly ellipsoid, 4?6.5 x 2?3.5um. Habitat on fallen branches of deciduous trees. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Abortiporus biennis (Bull. ex Fr.) Sing. syn Heteroporus biennis (Bull. ex Fr.) Laz. syn. Daedalea biennis Bull. ex Fr., Blushing Rosette, Rõt likacsosgomba. Fruit body variable, irregularly top-shaped, or rosette-like, or fused together into amorphous masses, 3-9cm across, 0.5-1.5cm thick, flattened to concave, surface downy to felty, whitish soon becoming pinkish. Tubes 2-6mm long, decurrent. Pores 1-2 per mm, angular and irregular, becoming maze-like, whitish bruising reddish. Spores elliptic-ovate to subglobose, 4-7 x 3.5-4.5µ. Long undulating worm-like refractive gloeocystidia present in the hymenium. In addition to the normal basidiospores the fungus also produces similarly shaped chlamydospores in the flesh and hymenium. Habitat on the ground from roots or wood chips of deciduous trees. Season autumn, annual. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
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