Cream or yellowish Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
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Spore colour:
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Total mushrooms fount: 899

Inedible
Russula pectinatoides Pk. Enyhe galambgomba. Cap 3-8cm across, convex to centrally depressed, margin strongly striate- tuberculate; yellowish brown to dull straw color or cinnamon; viscid when wet; cuticle peels halfway or more. Gills thin; white to pale cream. Stem 25-50 x 5-l0mm, hollow, equal; white to pale yellowish or brown where bruised. Flesh white. Odor slightly oily or fetid. Taste mild or slightly acrid. Spores ovoid, 7.5-9 x 5.5-7.5?; warts 0.4-0.6? high, with an incomplete reticulum. Deposit cream (D-E). Habitat in mixed hardwoods. Quite common. Found in Europe and northeastern North America, west to Michigan, south to North Carolina. Season July-September. Not edible.
Edible
Russula parazurea J. Schaeff. Blaugr?ner Reift?ubling, K?kesz?ld galambgomba, deres galambgomba, Russule presque azur?e, Powdery Brittlegill. Cap 3?8cm across, convex then flattening, with greyish, dark colours, olive, violet-grey, greyish sepia or chestnut or tinged with dull green, wine or violet, firm, rather fleshy, sometimes greasy, usually matt, often as if powdered when dry, half to three quarters peeling. Stem 30?70 x 7?20mm, white. Flesh white. Taste mild or very slightly hot. Gills adnexed, pale buff, often forked. Spore print palish cream (C?D). Spores elliptic with warts up to 0.5? high, some isolated but mostly joined by lines forming a moderately developed network, 5.7?8.5 x 5?6.5?. Cap hyphae with the terminal cell usually tapering and the supporting cells rectangular. Cap cystidia cylindrical to narrow club-shaped, without septa, moderately reacting to SV. Habitat under broad-leaved trees. Season early summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Found In Europe.
Edible
Russula olivacea (Schaeff. ex Secr.) Fr. Rosastieger Ledert-ubling, Olajbarna galambgomba, v-r-st-nk- galambgomba, Russule oliv-tre, Olive Brittlegill. Cap 6-16cm across, almost globose at first, later flattened or slightly depressed, often irregular, varying considerably in colour from straw, pale ochre, shades of olive or brown to dull purple or purplish-red, firm or hard, thick-fleshed, peeling up to one-third only; margin inrolled at first. Stem 50-100 x 15-40mm, white, usually tinged rose or entirely so, yellowing slightly or browning around base, fairly hard. Flesh white, taste mild, nutty. Gills adnexed, deep buffy straw, forking and with cross connections near stem. Spore print ochre (G-H). Spores ovoid with warts up to 1.5- high, not or occasionally joined by lines, 8-11 x 7-9-. Cap cystidia absent, hyphae with rectangular, barrel- or ampoule-shaped cells, the terminal one sometimes strongly inflated. Phenol solution turns stem livid purple. Habitat under beech. Season summer to autumn. Occasional. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Russula ochroleuca (Pers. ex Secr.) Fr. Common Yellow Russula, Russule blanc ocr-, Zitronent-ubling, Fak-s-rga galambgomba, s-rga galambgomba, Geelwitte russula. Cap 4-10cm across, convex then flattening and with a depression, ochre, yellow or sometimes greenish yellow, fleshy, two-thirds peeling; margin eventually furrowed. Stem 40-70 x 15-25mm, white, greying slightly with age especially when waterlogged. Flesh white. Taste from mild to moderately hot. Gills adnexed, creamy. Spore print whitish to pale cream (A-C). Spores broadly ovoid with warts up to 1.2m high, joined by numerous fine lines forming a fairly well-developed network, 8-10 x 7-8-. Cap surface cystidia absent, hyphae 2-3- wide, often with yellow encrusting pigment. Habitat under broad-leaved trees and conifers. Season late summer to late autumn. Very common. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe.
Inedible
Russula nigricans (Bull. ex M-rat) Fr. Blackening Russula, Russule noircissante, Dickbl-ttriger Schwarzt-ubling, Szenes galambgomba, rossola nereggiante, Grofplaatrussula. Cap 5-20cm across, convex, soon with a deep depression, dirty white, becoming brown and finally black, dry, fleshy, three-quarters peeling; margin incurved at first. Stem 30-80 x 10-40mm, white, then dull brown and or red, finally black, hard. Flesh white, becoming red on exposure and finally grey to black. Taste slowly hot, smell fruity. Gills adnate, straw to olive, greyish rose on bruising, eventually black, very thick and widely spaced, brittle, with numerous shorter gills between them. Spore print white (A). Spores ovoid with small warts under 0.5- high, mostly connected by fine lines to form a fairly well-developed, but partial network, 7-8 x 6-7-. No cap cystidia. Habitat under broad-leaved trees and conifers. Season summer to late autumn. Very common. Edible but poor in taste (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Geriefter Weicht-ubling. Russula nauseosa (Pers. ex Secr.) Fr. Cap 2-7cm across, convex, later flattening and finally with a shallow depression, wine coloured to red or often pale, washed-out colours, greyish rose, pale brownish, dull yellowish or tinged greenish, thin-fleshed, fragile, easily peeling; margin often shallowly warty and furrowed. Stem 20-75 x 5-15mm, white, often tinged brownish or yellowish, often narrow club-shaped, soft, fragile. Flesh white, stem often hollow. Taste mild or slightly hot. Gills almost free, saffron, thin, connected by veins at their bases. Spore print pale ochre to ochre (G-H). Spores ovoid to elliptic, with warts up to 1.2- high, isolated or occasionally with fine lines attached, 7-11 x 6-9-. Cap cystidia abundant, mainly club-shaped, with up to two septa. Habitat under conifers, possibly only in Scotland. Season late spring to early autumn. Rare. Edible - possibly best avoided due to its hot taste. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Russula lutea (Huds. ex Fr.) S.F. Gray. Weicher Dottert-ubling, Baracks-rga galambgomba, Russule jaune. Cap 2-7cm across, convex, later flattening or with a saucer-shaped depression, often entirely golden or egg-yolk yellow, but sometimes apricot, peach, flesh coloured or coral in part or entirely, thin-fleshed, rather fragile, three-quarters to almost totally peeling. Stem 20-60 x 5-15mm, white, cylindrical or club-shaped, soft, fragile. Flesh white. Taste mild, smell nil when young, later fruity and suggesting apricots. Gills deep saffron, strongly interlined. Spore print ochre (H). Spores ovoid-elliptic with warts up to 1- high, mostly isolated, very occasionally joined by a line, 7.5-9 x 6-8-. Cap cystidia absent; hyphae staining in fuchsin abundant, strongly encrusted, other hyphae often with club-shaped termination or with a round head (capitate). Habitat under broad-leaved trees. Season summer to early autumn. Frequent. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Russula lepida Fr. Harter Zinnobert-ubling, R-zs-s galambgomba, piros galambgomba, Russule jolie, Cul rouge, Rouget. Cap 4-10cm across, convex, later flattening or slightly depressed, red, often paler and white or yellowish white in places or occasionally entirely, fleshy, hard; surface matt, dry, sometimes as if powdered, hardly peeling. Stem 30-70 x 15-35mm, white or flushed pink or red in part or entirely, often club-shaped or swollen slightly in the middle, powdered. Flesh white. Taste mild, of cedarwood pencils, sometimes bitter, smell slightly fruity with a suggestion of menthol. Gills almost free, pale cream. Spore print pale cream (B-C). Spores almost globose with warts up to 0.5- high, joined by lines and ridges to form a well-developed network, 8-9 x 7-8-. Cap cystidia frequent, cylindrical, tapering, spindle-shaped or narrow club-shaped, not reacting with SV; hyphae staining in fuchsin also present but granules that stain are rather sparse and scattered. Habitat with deciduous trees especially beech. Season summer to early autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Russula ionochlora Romagn.Schiefergrauer T?ubling, Oilslick Brittlegill. Cap 4.5?7cm across, convex, later flattening, often with low bosses and somewhat irregularly waved, pale coloured, typically a mixture of dull bluish, yellowish to ochreous pale greens, often with greyish lilac to pale wine border, moderately fleshy, half peeling. Stem 30?70 x 12?20mm, white or faintly tinged violet, salmon if rubbed with iron salts. Flesh white. Taste distinctly hot when young, later mild. Gills almost free, pale cream. Spore print pale cream (B?C). Spores ovoid with warts up to 0.5? high, isolated or occasionally in short chains, no fine lines, 6.5?7.5 x 4.7?6?. Cap surface hyphae with terminal cell usually broadly cylindrical with rounded ends; supporting cells rectangular to somewhat inflated. Cap cystidia mostly club-shaped, not septate. Habitat under beech. Season summer to early autumn. Occasional. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Found In Europe.
Edible
Russula integra Fr. Barn?sv?r?s galambgomba. Cap 6-15cm across, soon flattened-depressed; firm, fleshy; reddish brown to dull brown; smooth. Gills moderately spaced, broad; deep yellow. Stem 40-60 x 15-25mm, equal, firm; white or slightly yellowish at base. Flesh white. Odor pleasant. Taste mild. Spores broadly ovoid, 8-8.5 x 7?; warts up to 1? high, with almost no connectives. Deposit deep ochre (G). Habitat under beech and oak. Not common. Found in Europe and western and eastern North America. Season August-October. Edible - good. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous)
Edible
Russula heterophylla (Fr.) Fr. Gr?ner Speiset?ubling, Di??z? galambgomba, Russule verte, Greasy Green Brittlegill. Cap 5?10cm across, almost globose at first, later flattening and with a depression, various shades of green, brown or even ochre or (var. chlora) yellow, fairly firm, smooth or with radial branching veins. Stem 30?60 x 10?30mm, white, browning, firm, salmon when rubbed with an iron salt (this distinguishes it from R. cyanoxantha var. peltereaui). Flesh white. Taste mild. Gills slightly decurrent at first, later adnexed, white to very pale cream, very closely spaced, thin, from somewhat flexible with an oily feel to somewhat brittle. Spore print whitish (A). Spores almost globose to elliptic or pear-shaped, with warts 0.2?0.6? high, mostly isolated, occasionally two to three joined together or connected by a line, 5?7 x 4?6? (smallest in genus.) Cap hyphae terminations tapering or sometimes prolonged into a narrow, thick-walled hair, supporting cells rectangular or inflated; cap cystidia club-shaped, cylindrical, spindle-shaped or tapering. Habitat under broad-leaved trees. Season summer to early autumn. Occasional (var. chlora rare). Distribution, America and Europe. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.)
Edible
Russula grisea (Pers. ex Secr.) Fr.Braungrauer Reift-ubling, Sz-rk-sz-ld galambgomba, Russule grise, Russule gorge de pigeon. Rather similar to R. ionochlora and only reliably distinguished by its microscopic characters. The cap colours are rather more dingy, being more dull brownish or greyish. Spores are slightly deeper coloured, cream (D) instead of pale cream (B), 6.5-8 x 5.5-6.5-, elliptic; warts up to 0.9-1.2- high, some joined in chains or by fine lines to form an incipient network and only rarely enclosing a mesh. Mainly distinguished by the terminal cells of the cap hyphae being long and narrow, cylindrical or tapering, and not short and broad as in R. ionochlora. Habitat mainly under beech. Season summer to early autumn. Apparently uncommon but perhaps because not easily recognized. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Found In Europe.
Inedible
Russula fragilis (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr. Fragile Russula, Russule fragile, Wechselfarbiger Speit?ubling, T?r?keny galambgomba, Colombina fragile, Broze Russula. Cap 2?5cm across, convex, then flattening or depressed, variable in colour, usually purplish or violet-tinted and rather pale, or purplish-red, purple-violet, olive-greenish, even lemon yellow, often with combinations of these, with a darker, paler or olive-tinted centre, thin-fleshed, usually delicate and fragile, three-quarters peeling. Stem 25?60 x 5?15mm, white, cylindrical to slightly club-shaped. Flesh white. Taste very hot, smell slightly fruity. Gills adnexed, white to very pale cream, with tiny nicks along their edges. Spore print whitish (A?B). Spores somewhat globose with warts up to 0.5? high, joined by fine lines forming an almost complete network, 7.5?9 x 6?8?. Cap cystidia cylindrical to club-shaped, with 0?2 septa, reacting strongly with SV. Habitat under broad-leaved trees or conifers. Season late summer to late autumn. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Russula foetens (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr. Fetid Russula, Russule fetide, Stinkt?ubling, B?d?s galambgomba, Rossola fetente, colombina fetida, Stinkende russula. Cap 5?12cm across, globose at first, later convex, finally flattening, at times with a central depression, dull brownish ochre to honey-coloured, thick-fleshed, rigid, slimy or glutinous; margin furrowed and with small, low warts. Stem 50?120 x 15?40mm, whitish to buff, cylindrical or swollen in the middle, hard and rigid but easily breaking. Flesh white, irregular cavities forming in stem. Taste of gills very hot, of stem flesh almost mild, in addition bitter or oily, smell strongly oily or rancid. Gills adnexed, creamy, often brown spotted, thickish and well spaced. Spore print pale to medium cream (B?D). Spores somewhat globose with strong warts, up to 1.5? high, isolated or an occasional fine line joining them, 8?10 x 7?9?. Cap cystidia cylindrical, tapering or spindle-shaped, not reacting to SV. Habitat under broad-leaved trees or conifers. Season late summer to late autumn. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Russula fellea (Fr.) Fr. Geranium-scented Russula, Russule trompeuse, Russule de fiel, Gallent-ubling, Epe-z- galambgomba, Rossola di fiele, Okerkleurige beukerussla. Cap 4-9cm across, convex, soon flattening, often with a broad umbo, straw-coloured to pale ochre-honey or buff, fairly fleshy, slightly sticky when moist, peeling at margin only, which is smooth to slightly furrowed. Stem 20-60 x 10-20mm, coloured as cap but slightly paler, firm, cream if rubbed with iron salts. Flesh white. Taste very hot, smell of geraniums. Gills adnexed, coloured as stem. Spore print whitish to pale cream (A-C). Spores ovoid with warts up to 0.7- high, mostly joined by fine lines to form a well-developed network, 7.5-9 x 6-7-. Cap cystidia abundant, cylindrical to narrow club-shaped, strongly reacting with SV. Habitat under beech. Season late summer to late autumn. Very common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Russula emetica (Schaeff. ex Fr.) S.F. Gray. Sickener, Emetic Russula, Russule -m-tique, Colombe rouge, Kirschroter Speit-ubling, H-nytat- galambgomba, Colombina rossa, rossetta, Berijpte russula. Cap 3-10cm across, convex, later flattening or with a shallow depression, scarlet, cherry or blood red, sometimes with ochre-tinted to white areas, somewhat thin-fleshed, fragile, shiny, sticky when moist; skin easily peeling to show pink to red coloured flesh beneath, margin often furrowed when old. Stem 40-90 x 7-20mm, white, cylindrical or more usually somewhat swollen towards the base, fragile. Flesh white, red immediately beneath cap cuticle. Taste very hot, smell slightly fruity. Gills adnexed to free, cream then pale straw. Spore print whitish (A). Spores broadly ovoid; with large warts, 1.2- high, connected by fine lines to form a large-meshed, almost complete network, 9-11 x 7.5-8.5-. Cap cystidia mostly narrowly club-shaped with 0-1 septa. Habitat under pines. Season summer to late autumn. Common. Poisonous. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Russula densifolia (Secr.) Gillet syn. R. acrifolia Romagn. Russule ? feuillets denses, Feketed? galambgomba, Crowded Brittlegill. Cap 3?12cm across, flattened convex at first, later with a depression, cup- or funnel-shaped, whitish or dull brown in the centre or all over, eventually blackish, sticky when moist, fleshy; margin incurved at first. Stem 25?80 x 6?30mm, white then dull brown to blackish, reddish on bruising, hard. Flesh white at first when cut, then tinged reddish and soon greyish as well, finally dark grey to brownish blackish. Taste hot or very hot, but sometimes almost mild, smell not distinctive. Gills slightly decurrent, white to pale cream, closely spaced, rather narrow and not thick, interspersed with shorter gills. Spore print whitish (A). Spores ovoid with small warts under 0.5? high, joined by numerous fine lines to form a well-developed network, 7?9 x 6?7?. Cap hyphae cylindrical or narrowing towards the apex, 3?4? wide; cap cystidia few, narrow, not reacting to SV. Habitat under both broad-leaved trees and conifers. Season summer to autumn. Common. Edibility suspect- not recommended; other members of this group have caused poisonings. Distribution, America and Europe
Inedible
Russula delica Fr. Milk-white Russula, Russule sans lait, Blaubl?ttriger T?ubling, F?ldtol? galambgomba, Colombina bianca, roseola delicata, Witte russula. Cap 5?16cm across, convex, cup- or funnel-shaped, whitish, often tinged yellow brownish, matt, dry, thick-fleshed; margin strongly inrolled. Stem 20?60 x 20?40mm, white, often bluish at apex, hard. Flesh white, unchanging. Taste hot and acrid with a bitter tang; smell distinctive, slightly of bugs and reminiscent of certain Lactarius, sometimes fishy. Gills decurrent, whitish, often tinged bluish towards the stem, often forked or with cross-connections, interspersed with numerous short gills. Spore print white, to slightly creamy (A?B). Spores ovoid with warts 0.5?1.5? high, often in chains or occasionally joined by fine lines not enclosing meshes, or sometimes more abundant and forming a network, 8?12 x 7?9?. Cap cystidia worm-like to narrow cylindrical, hardly reacting to SV. Habitat under both broad-leaved and coniferous trees. Season autumn. Common. Edible ? poor, unpleasant tasting -avoid. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Russula decolorans (Fr.) Fr. Orangeroter Graustielt?ubling, Tarkah?s? galambgomba, Russule d?color?e, Copper Brittlegill Cap 4.5?11cm across, subglobose at first then convex and flattening, finally with a depression, brownish red or orange, reddish sienna, tawny or cinnamon, staining black or brown, firm, sticky when moist, peeling at margin only; margin finally furrowed. Stem 45?100 x 10?25mm, white, greying strongly, firm, often with club-shaped base. Flesh thick, greying strongly on exposure. Taste mild. Gills adnexed, pale ochre, blackening, connected by veins at their bases. Spore print deep cream to pale ochre (E or F). Spores ovoid to elliptic with spines of various heights up to 1.5?, mostly isolated but some connected by thin lines to form a very incomplete network with only 1?2 meshes, 9?14 x 7?12?. Cap surface with numerous slightly club-shaped dermatocystidia with one or no septa. Habitat under conifers. Season summer to autumn. Uncommon in the UK ? confined to the Highland region of Scotland. Edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Russula cyanoxantha (Schaeff. ex Secr.) Fr. Charcoal Burner, Russule charbonni?re, Charbonnier, Frauent?ubling, K?kh?t? galambgomba, Colombina iridescente, colombina maggiore, moreleto, Regenboogrussula. Cap 5?15cm across, first globose, later flattening to depressed at the centre, sometimes one colour but usually a mixture, dullish lilac, purplish, wine-coloured, olive, greenish or brownish, sometimes entirely green (var. peltereaui), firm to hard, greasy when moist, with faint branching veins radiating from centre, half peeling. Stem 50?100 x 15?30mm, white, sometimes flushed purple, hard, giving no or a slightly greenish reaction when rubbed with iron salts not salmon as in most Russulas. Flesh white. Taste mild. Gills adnexed to slightly decurrent, whitish to very pale cream, rather narrow, oily to the touch and flexible, not brittle as in most Russulas, forked at times. Spore print whitish (A). Spores broadly elliptic, with low, up to 0.6? high warts; fine lines absent, 7?9 x 6?7?. Cap cystidia scattered, small, short and narrow (2?4?), cylindrical, teat-ended. Habitat under broad-leaved trees. Season summer to late autumn. Very common. Edible ? good.(Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous)Distribution, America and Europe.
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