Light to dark brown Mushrooms identifications

Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:

Total mushrooms fount: 276

Hydnellum geogenium (Fr.) Banker syn. Hydnum geogenium Fr. K-ns-rga gereben. Fruit body single or often fused with others. Cap 5-25cm across, irregular in outline, flattened; thin, pliant, rather zoned; olive-brown, deep brown to buff, and often with bright yellow tomentum, especially when young; surface fibrous, knobby, and pitted at center. Spines on undersurface decurrent for entire length of stem; olive-yellow to olive-brown, but usually brighter yellow at margin. Stem very short or almost absent, concolorous with cap, with numerous strands of yellow mycelium in soil around base. Flesh thin; olive. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores angular to subglobose, tuberculate, 3-4.5 x 3-4-. Deposit brown. Habitat in coniferous woods. Common. Found on Atlantic seaboard from Quebec to North Carolina. Season August-October also in Europe. Not edible
Hydnellum concrescens (Pers. ex Schw.) Banker syn. H. zonatum (Fr.) Karst syn. H. velutinum var. zonatum (Fr.) Maas G. Gezonter Korkstacheling, Szalagos gereben, Hydne zon?, Zoned Tooth. Fruit bodies usually fusing together. Cap 2?7cm across, centrally depressed, radiately ridged, covered in coarse knobs or secondary caps, white to creamy-pink and velvety at first becoming fibrous-scaly and tan to dark brown in concentric zones, often with blackish blotches. Stem 5?5.5 x 2?10mm, velvety to matted, concolorous with cap. Smell mealy. Spines 1?3mm long, whitish, then pinkish-brown, finally dark purplish-brown. Spores of irregular outline, 5.5?6 x 4?4.5um. Habitat coniferous and deciduous woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Inedible. Found In Europe.
Hebeloma truncatum (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Kummer Dickst?mmiger F?lbling Kaka?sz?n? fak?gomba. Cap 4?6cm across, convex, dark tan to cocoa-brown, greasy. Stem 50?80 x 5?10mm, white. Flesh white. Taste bitter, smell faintly of radish. Gills white at first, later milky coffee. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, clavate with apex about 6m wide. Spore print brown. Spores almond-shaped, virtually smooth, 7?11 x 4.5?5.5um. Habitat grassy coniferous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown -avoid, as many Hebelomas contain toxins.. Found In Europe.
Hebeloma pusillum Lange Zwergf?lbling Apr? fak?gomba. Cap 1?2.5cm across, conico-convex then expanded, often with a small umbo, pallid tan darkening to rufuos or date brown at the centre, slightly viscid. Stem 20?40 x 2?3mm, mealy, white discolouring brownish towards the base. Flesh thin, pallid. Taste bitter, smell of radish. Gills pallid then clay-brown. Spore print clay-brown. Spores almond-shaped, finely warted, 10?14 x 5.5?7um. Habitat under willow. Season summer to autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown -avoid, as many Hebelomas contain toxins. Found In Europe.
Hebeloma edurum M?trod syn. Hebeloma sinuosum (Fr.) Qu?l. Ors?st?nk? fak?gomba. Cap 3-10cm across, convex with inrolled margin, the edge wrinkled-furrowed when young; pale cream-ochre to hazel brown at center, to pale pinkish; dry. Gills sinuate; whitish then dull milky coffee. Stem 30-100 x 10-20mm, base swollen, slightly rooting radicant, difficult to dig up intact; whitish to pale clay; fibrous. Veil present. Flesh white. Odor faint, like cocoa, or absent. Taste mild to slightly radishy. Spores almond-shaped, warty, 9-12 x 5-6.5?. Deposit pale brown. Habitat in circles around pine. Found in New Jersey. Season October-November. Not edible -suspect.
Hapalopilus nidulans (Fr.) Karst. syn. Polyporus nidulans Fr. Zimtfarbiger Weichporling Agyags?rga (dombor?) likacsosgomba syn. P. rutilans Pers. ex Fr. Bracket 5?10cm across, 2?4cm wide, 1?4cm thick, fan-shaped; upper surface downy at first becoming smooth, ochraceous to cinnamon. Flesh cinnamon becoming paler towards the cuticle. Smell sweetish. Tubes up to 10mm long, ochraceous. Pores 2?4 per mm, angular, ochraceous to cinnamon-brown. Spores ellipsoid to cylindrical, 3.5?5 x 2?3um. Hyphal system monomitic; generative hyphae thin- to thick-walled with clamp-connections. KOH stains all parts bright violaceous. Habitat on dead deciduous wood. Season annual, summer to autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Gymnopilus luteus (Pk.) Hesler Cap 5-10cm across, convex, with an incurved margin; saffron yellow to buff-yellow, often a little darker at the center; dry, silky or minutely downy, or sometimes with minute woolly scales toward the middle. Gills adnexed, thin, close, moderately narrow; pale yellow, becoming dark rust-red with age. Stem 40-75 x 6-16mm, solid; same color as cap, becoming rusty yellowish when handled; minutely hairy. Veil forms a hairy or submembranous ring. Flesh firm; pale yellow. Odor pleasant. Taste bitter. Spores ellipsoid, minutely warty, 6-9 x 4-5-. Deposit brownish rust. No caulocystidia; clamp connections present. Habitat on decaying wood, stumps, logs, and trees. Found in eastern North America. Season August-September. Not edible -suspect. Comment Often mistaken for Gymnopilus junonius (Fr.) P. D. Orton.
Gymnopilus aeruginosus (Pk.) Singer Cap 2-6cm across, convex; dull bluish gray-green or variegated with pink or red patches, becoming warm pinkish buff then drab brown when dried; dry then covered with small tawny or blackish scales and patches. Gills adnexed to adnate, crowded, broadish, numerous; creamy buff to pale yellowish orange. Stem 40-120 x 10-20mm, solid, becoming more or less hollow; similar color as cap; smooth or minutely hairy, sometimes lined with a hairy base. Veil fibrillose, yellowish, often leaving a slight zone at top of stem. Flesh whitish tinged greenish or bluish green, becoming yellowish or pinkish brown when dry. Odor mild. Taste bitter. Spores ellipsoid, minutely hairy, 6-8.5 x 4-4.5?. Deposit dark reddish orange or brownish rust. Pleurocystidia rare; clamp connections present. Habitat in tufts on logs or stumps on hardwoods and conifers. Found widely distributed throughout North America. Season May-November. Not edible -suspect. Comment Occasionally the cap can reach 23cm across. My photograph does not show the bluish gray-green colors very distinctly.
Gomphus floccosus (Schw.) Singer syn. Cantharellus floccosus Schw.Scaly Vase Chanterelle. Fruit body up to 20cm high by 1-3cm across at base; cap and stem forming at first a small cylindrical fruit body but soon expanding to form a deeply funnel- shaped mushroom, hollow almost to base. Cap 3-15cm across; yellow-orange, ochre, or tawny; surface may be smooth to fibrillose or even coarsely scaly. Fertile undersurface broad, low ridges or wrinkles arranged longitudinally, covering almost the entire outer surface; bully ochre to slightly vinaceous or brownish where bruised. Stem white at base, pale cream to buff above, becoming yellowish with age and bruising brownish; smooth. Flesh firm; whitish. Spores cylindrical to ellipsoid, 11.5-20 x 6-10-; surface roughened, with ornamentation of coarse warts and ridges up to 0.5- high. Deposit dull ochre. Habitat often in rings, in mixed woods. Found over most of North America with the exception (perhaps) of the southwestern United States. Season June-September. Edible but not recommended; contains indigestible acids which are often sour. Comment Gomphus bonarii (Morse) Singer can look very similar in some of its forms, although it is usually a more reddish hue with paler, whitish hymenium. Both species vary in their scaliness, and microscopic examination is often necessary in difficult cases; the spores of Gomphus bonarii are less warty.
Geastrum striatum DC. Not often recorded but known since 1805. Gall?ros csillaggomba, Beaked Earth Star. Fungus dull cream colour, 1.5-3cm across, with 6-8 spreading (star-like)segments . The fungus has a rather tall distinct stem with a prominent collar below the spore bearing head. Spores brown 4.5-6.2. Found in broad leaved woods, possibly in conifers also.
Geastrum saccatum Fr. Zacsk?s csillaggomba. Fruit body a round, bulblike sac whose outer wall splits, unfolds, and bends back into 4-8 star-like rays. Spore sac 0.5-2cm across, round to flattened with a disc-like depression or mouth area set off from the rest of the spore sac by a distinct ring or shallow groove; buff, dull gray, or brownish, paler at the mouth area; smooth. Spore mass firm; white becoming brownish and powdery. Rays 2-4cm long; upper surface pallid to tan or ochre-brown, undersurface buff to pale tan; rubbery when fresh, sometimes cracking. Spores globose, warty, 3.5-4.5 x 3.5-4.5?. Habitat singly or in groups around decaying stumps or in leaf litter in hardwood forests or under juniper and conifers. Quite common. Found widely distributed in North America and Europe. Season July-October, but often persisting for months. Not edible.
Geastrum quadrifidum Pers. ex Pers. Kleiner Nesterdstern Koron-s (f-szkes) csillaggomba G-astre - quatre branches, Rayed Earthstar. Fruit body opening to 0.5-3cm across, outer wall splitting into 4-8 pointed rays which bend strongly downwards, the tips adhering to a basal membranous cup in the substrate as in G. fornicatum. Spore sac on a short stalk 1.5-2.5mm long which forms a ridge-like collar below the lead-grey spore sac, opening by a central pore surmounting a pallid, conical mouth. Spores brown, globose, warted, 3.5-5um. Habitat in coniferous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Ganoderma adspersum (Schulz.) Donk. Krustiger Lackporling Vastagk-rg- tapl-. Bracket 7-60cm across, 5-25cm wide, 3-30cm thick, upper surface with a thick dark brown hard knobbly crust which is concentrically ridged, margin thick and obtuse, white in the growing season. Flesh dark brown, thicker than the tube-layer. Tubes stratified, reddish-brown. Pores 3-4 per mm, circular, white to pale yellow-ochre, discolouring when handled. Spores brown, ovate, truncate at one end, 8-13 x 5.5-9um, mostly about 10 x 6.5um. Hyphal structure trimitic; generative hyphae with clamp-connections but these often difficult to demonstrate. Habitat parasitic on deciduous trees, usually found on the lower part of the trunks; the cocoa-like spore deposit is often very dense on top of the cap and on the wood above it. Season all year, perennial. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Galerina phillipsii sp. nov Sumpf-H-ubling. Cap 8-18mm across, conico-convex then expanded and acutely umbonate, hygrophanous, dark olive-brown when moist drying rusty-brown and striate. Stem 20-40-2-3mm, concolorous with cap except for the paler apex. Flesh concolorous with cap and stem. Smell not distinctive. Gills olive-brown to rust. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, subcylindric to bottle-shaped, 30-50 x 5-8m, sometimes swollen to 10m at the base. Spore print brown. Spores almond-shaped, ornamented, 9-12 x 4.5-5(6)um. Habitat amongst moss on marshy firesite. Season late spring. Rare. Not edible -suspect. Found In Europe. Latin description by Reid in Bulletin of the British Mycological Society Vol. 15, II.
Galerina pallidispora Smith Cap 1-2.5cm across, flatly cone-shaped expanding to bell-shaped; russet becoming dingy yellowish tawny, fading to pale yellow or buff; smooth, moist, hygrophanous. Gills bluntly adnate, close, moderately broad; ochraceous tawny. Stem 30-40 x 2-3mm, sometimes slightly enlarged downward; same color as cap; covered with a bloom above, smooth below, with mycelium around the base. Spores narrowly ovoid, smooth or minutely dotted, 9-13 x 5-6.5?; pale in 3 percent KOH. Deposit ochre. No pleurocystidia; cheilocystidia often curved. Habitat scattered on hardwood logs, especially alder. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season May-June. Not edible -suspect.