Light to dark brown Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
Family:
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Total mushrooms fount: 276

Poisonous/Suspect
Galerina mycenopsis (Fr. ex Fr.) Kuhn. syn. Galera mycenopsis (Fr. ex Fr.) Qu?l. Glockiger H?ubling Sz?last?nk? sisakgomba. Cap 0.5?2cm across, hemispherical then broadly bell-shaped, bright ochre-brown and distinctly striate when moist drying pale yellow. Stem 30?60 x 1?2mm, ochraceous with white silky fibres when young. Flesh yellowish. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills yellowish, paler than cap. Spore print ochraceous. Spores elliptic, smooth 9?13 x 5?6.5um. Habitat amongst moss. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Not edible -suspect. Found In Europe.
Fuscoboletinus ochraceoroseus (Snell) Pomerleau & Smith Cap 8-25cm across, convex becoming broadly convex and slightly umbonate, with an incurved margin sometimes adorned with veil remnants; variable in color but generally lemon yellow along the margin and rose-pink toward the disc; dry, uneven, with a dense, whitish felt sometimes becoming scurfy. Tubes 5mm deep, adnate to decurrent; yellow, ochre, or dingy brown. Pores elongated to angular, radially arranged. Stem 30-50 x 10-30mm, solid, sometimes swollen at the base; yellowish, and often reddish or brownish at base; netlike pattern, unpolished or felty below ring. Veil thin, membranous, whitish to yellowish; leaving remnants on cap margin and evanescent ring. Flesh thick, soft; yellowish, with a pink zone under the cuticle, may slightly bruise bluish green. Odor acid. Taste slightly acrid. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 7.5-9.5 x 2.5-3.2-. Deposit reddish brown. Habitat scattered or in groups under western larch. Common. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season August-October. Edibility suspect-not advisable.
Edible
Fuscoboletinus aeruginascens (Seer.) Pomerleau & Smith syn. Suillus aeruginascens (Seer.) Snell Cap 3-12cm across, round becoming convex then almost flat; smoky gray to wood brown, becoming paler, yellowish or almost whitish, in age with dingy spots; slimy when moist, finely hairy to somewhat scaly, sometimes cracking when dry. Tubes 6-9mm deep, adnate or subdecurrent; white or pale brown at first, becoming brownish gray to smoke gray, bruising bluish green. Pores round, becoming irregular and angular; same color as tubes. Stem 40-60 x 8-12mm, solid, tapering slightly upward; whitish above the ring, smoke gray or brownish gray below; somewhat sticky with netlike ridges. Veil cottony, grayish to yellowish; leaving a flattened ring. Flesh firm at first, then soft; whitish to yellowish, turning bluish green where bruised or handled. Odor not distinctive. Taste mild, fruity. Spores ellipsoid to subfusiform, smooth, 8-12 x 3.5-5-. Deposit pinkish brown. Habitat scattered or in groups under larch. Common. Found widely distributed in northern North America. Season July-October. Edible - good.
Inedible
Deconica muscorum Orton syn. Psilocybe bullacea (Bull. ex Fr.) Kummer s. Lange. Moos-Kahlkopf. Cap 0.5?2cm across, hemispherical to broadly convex, chestnut brown covered with a detachable viscid layer, drying ochraceous. Stem 15?30 x 2?3mm, paler than the cap, covered in white cottony fibres. Flesh concolorous. Taste and smell none. Gills broad, whitish at first later tan to umber. Spore print violaceous brown. Spores almond-shaped, 7?9 x 5?6?. Habitat amongst moss or lichens. Season spring. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Deconica coprophila (Bull. ex Fr.) Karst syn. Psilocybe coprophila (Bull. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Stropharia coprophila (Bull. ex Fr.) Lange Mist-Kahlkopf Gan?j badargomba. Cap 0.5?2.5cm across, hemispherical to broadly bell-shaped, often with an umbo, tan to reddish-pallid, covered with a detachable viscid layer. Stem 25?40 x 1?3mm, pallid flushed with cap colour, covered in fine cottony tufts below. Flesh thin, concolorous. Taste mealy. Gills crowded, broad, pale grey-brown darkening with age. Spore print violaceous. Spores lemon-shaped, 12?14 x 6.5?8?. Habitat on dung. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Crepidotus crocophyllus (Berk.) Sacc. Cap 0.5-1.5cm across, convex to kidney-shaped or fan-shaped; ochraceous brown; covered in minute appressed scales. Gills rather broad, crowded, rounded behind; yellow to ochre-orange. No stem. Flesh soft, thin. Spores subglobose, slightly roughened, pale ochre-yellow, 5.7-6 x 5.7-6-. Deposit dull brown to cinnamon brown. Habitat on dead or decaying hardwood logs and stumps. Found widely distributed in North America. Season May possibly through to September. Edibility not known.
Inedible
Coriolopsis trogii (Berk.) Domanski. Syn. Trametes trogii Berk. and Funalia trogii (Berk. ) Bond. & Sing. Fruit body an ochraceous-orange to fawn bracket, up to about 10cm across. Pores creamy grey, up to 1mm in diameter. Spores smooth 6.5-11 x 3-3.5um. Found mainly on dead Poplar (Populus) wood, or on other hard woods. America and Europe.
Inedible
Coriolopsis gallica (Fr. ) Ryv. Syn. Trametella extenuate (Dur. Et Mont.) Domanski. Barna egyr?t?tapl? (tapl?). Fruit body may be entirely resupinate or may form brackets, brown to rusty 10-15 com across or combining to make a larger mass. Pores rounded or oval 1-2(3) per mm. Spores 10-15x4.5-5.5um. Found mostly on living or dead Ash (Fraxinus) occasionally on other hardwoods.
Poisonous/Suspect
Conocybe subovalis (Kuhn.) Kuhn. & Romagn. syn. Galera tenera (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Quel. s. Lange syn. G. tenera var. subovalis Kuhn. Braunstieliges Samthaubchen. Cap 1.5?3.5cm across, convex to bell-shaped, dull ochre, flushed with cinnamon, drying pale ochraceous cream, smooth. Stem 60?100 x 1?2mm, ochraceous cinnamon, minutely powdered whitish towards the base which ends in a small, distinct, more or less marginate bulb. Flesh very thin ochraceous cream in cap, cinnamon in stem. Gills free, rather crowded, ochraceous buff becoming more cinnamon. Spore print pale rust brown. Spores oval, 11?14 x 6?8um. Cheilocystidia skittle-shaped, head usually 5?6.5um in diameter. Habitat in pastures. Season autumn. Rare. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Conocybe rickenii (Schaeff.) Kuhn. syn. Galera rickenii Schaeff. Dung-Samthaubchen Tr?gya haranggomba. Cap 1?2.5cm across, conical to bell-shaped, cream tinged ochre-brown or more grey-brown at the centre, almost never striate. Stem 40?70 x 1?2mm, whitish cream darkening to dirty brown with age. Flesh thin, grey-brown in cap, cream to ochre-brown in the stem, darkening towards the base. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills ochraceous-cream at first darkening to rusty-ochre. Spore print brown. Spores elliptic to oval, 10?20 x 6?12um. Basidia two-spored. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat on rich soil, compost heaps or dung. Season autumn. In Europe. Inedible. Occasional
Poisonous/Suspect
Conocybe ochracea (Kuhn.) Sing. syn. C. siliginea var. ochracea Kuhn.Ockerbraunes Samthaubchen. Cap 1?C2cm across, bell-shaped, ochre to tawny brown, drying paler, striate from margin to halfway to centre. Stem 30-60 x 2-3mm, pale at the apex, concolorous with cap below, towards the base covered in fine white fibres. Flesh pale ochraceous buff. Gills adnexed or free, clay-buff at first later ochraceous. Spore print ochraceous. Spores 8.5-11.5 x 5-7?. Cheilocystidia skittle-shaped, head 3-5? in diameter. Habitat in lawns. Season summer. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Conocybe lactea (Lange) Metrod syn. Galera lactea Lange New syn. Conocybe apala Milchweisses Samthaubchen Tejfeh?r haranggomba. Cap 1-2.5cm across, conical to narrowly bell-shaped, whitish to yellowish-cream, not hygrophanous or striate. Stem 30-110 x 1-2mm, ending in a rounded bulb, white, powdery near apex. Flesh thin. Gills cinnamon. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, skittle-shaped with swollen body, narrow neck and distinct head 4.5-5.7? wide. Spores elliptic, with a germ-pore, 11.5-15 x 7-10?. Basidia four-spored. Habitat on lawns, roadsides, sawdust and sand-dunes. Season late summer to late autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Deadly
Conocybe filaris Fr. syn. Pholiotina filaris (Fr.) Singer Faden-Samthaubchen Fool's Conecap. Cap 0.5-2.5cm across, conical to convex- umbonate; yellow-brown; glabrous. Gills sinuate-adnate, crowded, broad; pallid to rust-brown. Stem10-40 x 1-1.5mm, equal; yellow to yellow-orange; a distinct, membranous ring on stem apex. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores smooth, with germ pore at tip, 7.5-13 X 3.5-6.5?. Deposit cinnamon brown. Habitat in grass or on wood chips. Found throughout most of North America and Europe. Season July-October. Deadly poisonous. Comment This mushroom contains poisons similar to those of the Destroying Angel, Amanita virosa. Note it has been pointed out to me that the illustrations look very different. The more flat capped specimens were collected in America, but they fit well with the pictures in the Fungi of Switzerland volume 4. The other specimens were checked by Dr Derek Reid at Kew and they fit the description of 'Conecap' very much better. I think it all goes to show that the age of the specimens is very important as they can change quite radically.
Inedible
Coniophora puteana (Schum.) Karst. syn. C. cerebella Pers. syn. Corticium puteanum (Schum.) Fr. Gelber Holzschwamm Vastagb?r? foltgomba Wet Rot. Fruit body resupinate, forming irregular patches 4?20cm across, creamy white at first then pale yellow becoming dirty chrome to olivaceous, margin broad, white, radiating, surface irregular, rough and warted. Flesh very thin. Spores olivaceous-brown, broadly elliptic, 11?13 x 7?8?. Habitat on trunks, decaying wood or timbers; it is one of the major causes of wet rot in damp buildings. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Coltricia montagnei (Fr.) Murr. Fruit body annual. Cap up to 12cm across, 1-2cm thick, circular or irregular, depressed toward the stem, with a wavy margin; cinnamon to deep reddish, rusty brown when older, sometimes with uneven furrowed bands of color and a paler margin in growing specimens; velvety or finely felty becoming hairy, warted, or scaly, particularly toward the center. Tubes up to 4mm deep, rarely 8mm near the stem. Pores 1-3mm, angular, often expanded and radially elongated toward the stem; in some specimens the pores join together to form pseudogills with 1-3mm between the pseudogills; pore surface cinnamon to rusty brown. Stem 10-40 x 5-l0mm, central or lateral, expanding toward the pore surface; cinnamon to deep rusty brown; felty to warted with smooth patches in age. Flesh up to 2cm thick at center; cinnamon to rusty brown; upper part soft then corky, lower part distinctly denser. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 9-14 x 5.5-7.5?. Deposit pale brown. Hyphal structure monomitic. Habitat on the ground, often on footpaths and clay banks in hardwood forests. Found in eastern North America and in Oregon. Season July-October. Not edible too tough. Comment In the past, this fungus has been split into two varieties. Those with the concentric pseudogills were known as Coltricia montagnei var. greenii Fr., which was also known as Cyclomyces greenii Berk., and the poroid variety, known as Coltricia montagnei Fr. var. montagnei.
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