Light to dark brown Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Flesh:
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Total mushrooms fount: 276

Inedible
Coltricia cinnamomea (Pers.) Murr. Fruit body annual. Cap up to 5cm across, single but often joined to other fruit bodies, circular, flat to funnel-shaped, with a thin lined or slightly fringed margin; brown to deep reddish brown with concentric bands of color; dry, velvety, shiny. Tubes up to 2mm deep, 1mm thick, narrow, pliant and fibrous; rusty to reddish brown. Pores 2-4 per mm, thin-walled, angular; surface reddish brown. Stem up to 40 x 6mm, central, expanded toward base; yellowy, brownish red to deep reddish brown; finely velvety. Flesh thin, reddish brown. Spores oblong to ellipsoid, smooth, 6-10 x 4.5-7?. Hyphal structure monomitic. Habitat on the ground in dense masses and along paths in deciduous woods. Found in forest regions in many parts of eastern and western North America. Season June-November. Edibility not known.
Inedible
Climacocystis borealis (Fr.) Kotlaba & Pouz. ?szaki likacsosgomba. Fruit body annual; no stem. Bracket 15cm across, 8cm wide. 4cm thick, fan-shaped to broadly stalk-less, fiat and semicircular, often overlapping; white to cream or straw-colored when fresh, becoming darker when dry; soft and watery when fresh, dry, brittle and often with radial lines when dry; felty to hairy, becoming partly smooth and partly covered in stiff hairs when dry. Tubes up to 5mm deep; same color as pores. Pores 1-2 per mm, thin-walled, angular; white to cream or light straw. Flesh duplex, with a lower dense layer up to 2cm thick; whitish. Taste mild. Spores broadly ellipsoid, smooth, thin-walled, 4.5-6.5 x 3-4.5?. Hyphal structure monomitic. Habitat on dead or living conifers and rarely on deciduous wood. Often abundant. Found widely distributed in coniferous forests in North America, excluding the southern pine region. Also in Europe. Season August-November. Not edible.
Edible
Calbovista subsculpta Morse Fruit body 8-15cm across, 6-9cm high, nearly round or sometimes a bit broader; whitish to dingy; covered with flattened warty scales with grayish tips and brownish hairs at the center. Spore mass white becoming brownish. Sterile base one-quarter to one-third of mushroom; dull, white, firm. Spores globose, almost smooth, 3-5 x 3-5?. Habitat singly or scattered or in small groups in open areas along roadsides and wood edges in subalpine places. Sometimes abundant. Found in the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific coastal ranges. Season April-August. Edible but only when the spore mass is white; excellent.
Inedible
Boletus luridus f. Primulicolor The pure yellow form of Boletus luridus. The flesh turns reddish at the stem base otherwise slowly blue. Stem with a strong distinct reticulum, yellowish. Pores yellow. Spores 9-17x5-7um. Found in woods, rare.
Edible
Boletopsis subsquamosa (Fr.) Kotlaba & Pouz. S?t?t tapl?tin?ru (tin?ru), v?r?s?d? zsemlegomba Fruit body annual. Cap up to 15cm across, 4cm thick in center, circular to irregular outline, with thin wavy margin; bluish black to grayish brown tinged with olive; fleshy becoming soft or brittle and slightly wrinkled when dry. Tubes up to 8mm deep; white to greenish white, paler than the flesh. Pores 1-3 per mm, angular, thin-walled, decurrent; surface white drying pale grayish. Stem up to 7 x 3cm, central to lateral; gray to sordid olive-brown; smooth or with fine dark scales, fleshy becoming wrinkled when dry. Flesh up to 3cm thick; white when fresh but darkens when touched, becoming greenish gray when dry, often darker just above the tubes. Odor slight. Taste weak to bitterish when fresh, sweetish to spicy when dry. Spores angular to oval, with warty projections, 5-7 x 4-5?. Deposit light or dark brown. Hyphal structure monomitic; clamps present. Habitat on the ground in deciduous or coniferous woods, especially pine. Found in eastern North America, the Pacific Northwest, and California. Season September-October. Edible. Comment Although the name suggests a boletus, this is, in fact, a polypore.
Inedible
Battarraea phalloides (Dicks.) Pers. Stielstaubpilz Homoki ?lsz?m?rcs?g Sandy Siltball Fruit body 10?25cm high, consisting of a spore-sac borne on a rigid ochre-brown stem covered in shaggy fibres which is seated in a loose whitish membranous cup. Initially the fruit body is contained within the volva buried in sandy soil, then as the stem elongates rapidly the spore sac is pushed through the soil surface where it splits all round exposing the powdery rusty brown spore mass. Spores brown, subglobose to ovate, 5.0?5.5(6.5)?. Habitat on sandy soil. Season summer. Very rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Aureoboletus cramesinus (Secr.) Watling syn. Boletus cramesinus Secr. Kirschroter Goldr?hrling Aranyb?l?s? tin?ru Bolet cramoisy, C?pe sanguine Cap 2.5?5cm, ochraceous peach to dirty pink, viscid. Stem 50?80 x 5?10mm, more or less rooting, narrowing towards the pointed base, smooth and viscid, yellow at apex flushed reddish buff or pink towards the base. Flesh whitish often pinkish under cap disc and lemon-yellow over the tubes. Taste and smell pleasant. Tubes lemon-chrome then golden-yellow, unchanging on bruising. Pores similarly coloured. Spore print ochraceous buff. Spores subfusiform, 11?15 x 4.5?5.5?. Habitat in broad-leaved woods, occasionally on old bonfire sites. Season late summer to autumn. Rare. Edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Apiognomonia veneta The fungus that attacks London Plane trees with its Discula anamorph. In spring Planes get a severe leaf drop as the fungus develops, it occurs when the new leaves are approaching full size and seems to affect around 5% of leaves. It attacks the petioles and leaf stems infecting up into the leaf veins. The trees then carry on seeming to be able to survive and continue to build foliage throughout the season. The oriental plane is more resistant, the American plane less resistant to this disease, the London Plane being a hybrid seems to fall somewhere in the middle. Not Edible. USA and Europe.
Inedible
Agrocybe paludosa (Lange) K?hn. & Romagn. syn. Pholiota praecox var. paludosa LangeSumpf-Ackerling Pholiote des marais Cap 1.5?3cm across, convex then flattened with broad umbo, dirty cream to pale tan, especially at the centre. Stem 40?70 x 2?3mm, cream flushed with cap colour, ring near apex, rather broad and fragile. Flesh thin, whitish in cap, brownish in stem. Smell of meal. Gills adnate, pale at first then darker brown. Spore print light cigar-brown. Spores ovoid-ellipsoid, 9?10 x 5?5.5?. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat in marshy meadows. Season late spring in summer. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Agrocybe erebia (Fr.) K?hn. syn. Pholiota erebia (Fr.) Gillet Lederbrauner Erdsch?ppling S?t?t r?tgomba Dark Fieldcap. Cap 3?6cm across, convex becoming flattened with a broad umbo, the margin wavy in older specimens, dull clay-brown when dry, darker and slightly viscid when moist. Stem 60?80 x 8?12mm, whitish at first gradually darkening brown from base upwards, with whitish grooved ring. Flesh pale brownish. Gills pale at first then dark umber brown. Spore print very dark brown. Spores ellipsoid, 10?13 x 5?6?. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat on bare soil or in leaf litter in deciduous woods. Season autumn. Frequent. Not edible ? easily confused with poisonous species. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Agrocybe dura (Bolt. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Pholiota dura (Bolt. ex Fr.) Kummer, Rissiger Ackerling, Kerti r?tgomba, Pholiote dure, Bearded Fieldcap Cap 3?7cm across, convex expanding to almost flat, ivory white to yellowish cream. Stem 50?80 x 3?7mm, whitish with cottony ring near apex. Flesh thick, firm, whitish. Taste slightly bitter, smell mushroomy. Gills adnate, pale at first then darker clay. Spore print light cigar brown. Spores ovoid-ellipsoid, 12?13 x 6?7.5?. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat singly in grass at roadsides or in meadows. Season spring to late summer. Occasional. Edible ? poor. Distribution, Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Agrocybe cylindracea (DC. ex Fr.) Maire syn. Pholiota aegerita (Brig.) Qu?l. Pappel-Sch?ppling, D?li t?kegomba, d?li r?tgomba, Albarelle, Pholiote du peuplier Poplar Fieldcap Cap 4?10cm across, hemispherical convex becoming flattened and sometimes cracked at centre and often wavy near the margin, pale buff to almost white with rust flush at centre when young becoming darker brown with age. Stem 50?100 x 10?15mm, cream at first, darker brown with age, with persistent ring which soon becomes dusted brown by the spores. Flesh white in the cap and stem, brown in the stem base. Taste nutty, smell of old wine casks. Gills adnate or slightly decurrent, cream at first then tobacco brown due to the spores. Spore print tobacco brown. Spores ovoid-ellipsoid, 8.5?10.5 x 5?6?. Cap cuticle cellular. Habitat in tufts wood especially willows and poplars. Season all year round. Rare. Edible. Found In Europe.
Edible
Agaricus littoralis (Wak. & Pears.) Pilat. syn. A. spissicaulis. Strandegerling, Szeksz?rdi csiperke, nyomott-t?nk? csiperke. Cap 5-13cm across, convex at first but soon flattened and later with a central depression. Margin of cap often incurved and overhanging gills. White or greyish-white to pale brown, smooth or with faint, flattened, darker scales at centre, with small fragments of veil hanging at margin. Stem 25-70 x 12-20mm, whitish to pale buff, stout, swollen and slightly bulbous at base, slightly browning on handling, with a narrow, pendent white ring about half way up. Base of stem usually has distinct white ?roots? or rhizomorphs. Flesh white with a brownish tint, thick in cap, faintly discolouring to pale orange-buff to pale reddish-brown when cut, smelling slightly of anise or almonds when fresh, later rather sour. Taste is pleasant and nutty. Gills free from stem, rather crowded and at first pale pinkish-brown then soon greyish-brown then dark brown. Spore print dark, chocolate brown. Spores ellipsoid, 6.5-8.5x5-6.5?, smooth. Gill edge appearing sterile but with sparse, swollen cystidia. Habitat solitary or in small groups in dry sandy pastures, coastal dunes, or even along roadsides. Season summer to late autumn. Uncommon to rare. Edible but poor. Distribution, North America, Europe and North Africa. The first picture was taken by Geoffrey Kibby.
Inedible
Mycoacia uda (Fr.) Donk. syn. Acia uda (Fr.) Bourd. & Galz. Fruit body resupinate, very thin, bright lemon-yellow becoming more ochraceous with age, covered in crowded slender spines which become purple when treated with a drop of KOH. Cystidioles thin-walled, fusoid. Spores narrowly ellipsoid, 4?6.5 x 2?3.5um. Habitat on fallen branches of deciduous trees. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
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