Light to dark brown Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Flesh:
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Total mushrooms fount: 276

Inedible
Gomphus clavatus (Fr.) S. F. Gray Schweinsohr Diszn-f-lgomba. Fruit body 2.5-10cm wide, up to 15cm high, compressed and partially fused, the cap flat with a sunken center and wavy margin; violet becoming yellowish buff; smooth, moist then dry, felty becoming scaly on the disc. Fertile undersurface shallow, wrinkled, sometimes with folds or pits; violet when young, becoming duller and more brownish in age. Stem 10-50 x 10-20mm, very short, often curved, sometimes fused with adjacent stems; buff to pale lilac; smooth to minutely hairy. Flesh solid; whitish to pale pink. Odor none or faintly earthy. Taste mushroomy. Spores ellipsoid to narrowly ovoid, warty, 10.3-15.5 x 4.3-7-. Deposit ochre to dark olive-buff. Habitat growing singly or in overlapping clusters or arcs or circles of up to 40 fruiting bodies, under conifers. Common in the Pacific Northwest, rarer in the East. Found in northern California and northern North America. Season August-October. Edibility questionable-some people get severe gastric upsets from it, others find it excellent.
Inedible
Gomphidius glutinosus (Fr.) Fr. syn. Gomphus glutinosus (Fr.) Kummer. Grosser Schmierling Barna ny-lk-sgomba Gomphide glutineux Slimy Spike. Cap 5-12cm across, greyish violet, glutinous. Stem 35-100 x 10-20mm, whitish above, grey-brown below, sometimes lemon-chrome at the base, glutinous with a glutinous veil connecting stem and cap margin which leaves a gelatinous blackening zone near the stem apex. Flesh whitish flushing vinaceous in the cap, strongly lemon-chrome towards the stem base. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills decurrent, distant, whitish then vinaceous grey, darkening with age. Spore print sepia. Spores subfusiform, 17-20 x 5.5-6um. Habitat with conifers. Season autumn. Rare. Edible but not recommended. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Geastrum triplex Jung. Kragen-Erdstern, H-rmas csillaggomba, G-astre - trois couches, Collard Earthstar. Fruit body 3-5cm across when unopened and bulb-shaped, opening to 5-10cm across, outer wall splitting into 4-8 pointed rays and covered in a thick, pinkish-brown, fleshy layer which cracks as the rays bend back under the fruit body leaving the spore sac sitting in a saucer-like base. Spore sac sessile, pale grey-brown with a paler ring round the slightly raised mouth. Spores dark brown, globose, warted, 3.5-4.5um in diameter. Habitat amongst leaf litter in deciduous woods. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional, perhaps the most common member of the genus in Europe. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Geastrum sessile (Sow.) Pouz. syn. G. fimbriatum Fr. syn. G. rufescens Pers. ex Kits Gewimperter Erdstern, K-z-ns-ges csillaggomba, G-astre frang-, Sessile Earthstar. Fruit body opening to 2-3cm across, globose at first, splitting into 5-8 pointed rays, pale cream with flesh tinge. Spore sac 8-15mm across, sessile, pale cream to buff, opening by a central pore surmounting a slightly raised mouth, not delineated from the spore sac. Spores dark brown, globose, minutely warted, 2.9-3.5um in diameter. Habitat on rich humus under deciduous trees. Season autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Geastrum rufescens Pers. syn. G. vulgatum Vitt. Rotbrauner Erdstern R-t csillaggomba G-astre roug-tre. Fruit body opening to 5-8cm across, subterranean until splitting into 7-9 pointed rays which curve back and are covered in a pale vinaceous fleshy layer, drying more ochraceous brown. Spore sac 1.5-4cm across, on a short indistinct stalk, pallid to brownish, opening by a central, slightly elevated, fringed pore. Spores dark brown, globose, warted, 3-4.5um in diameter. Habitat in deciduous and coniferous woods. Season summer to late autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Geastrum nanum Pers. Zwerg-Erdstern Kicsiny (f-s-s) csillaggomba G-astre nain. Fruit body opening to 2-3cm across, splitting into 5-8 pointed rays covered in a fleshy layer which cracks and flakes off. Spore sac on a short stalk, pallid to greyish, opening by a central pore surmounting a sharply pointed, brown beak-like mouth. Spores dark brown, globose, warted, 3.5-4um in diameter. Habitat in rich soil in deciduous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Geastrum fornicatum (Huds.) Fr. Nest-Erdstern, Cs?sz?s csillaggomba, G?astre en vo?te, Arched Earthstar. Fruit body 1-2.5cm across; comprises a brownish central globose spore sac with a fringed apical pore, borne on a short stem, and carried clear of the surrounding leaf litter on 4 tall, narrow, downward-pointing rays standing on the tips of 4 similar but shorter, broader, upward-pointing rays which form a mycelial mat or cuplike structure at the base of the fungus. Spore mass firm; white becoming blackish brown and powdery. Spores globose, warted, dark brown, 3.5-4.5 x 3.5-4.5?. Habitat scattered or in dense groups in leaf litter, humus, or organic debris in woods, near stables, or on rubbish or waste ground. Found in Europe and quite common in the Southwest of north America but rare elsewhere. Found widely distributed in North America. Season October-March. Not edible.
Inedible
Geastrum coronatum Pers. syn. Geastrum limbatum Fr. Hals-Erdstern Koron?s (s?t?t) csillaggomba G?astre couronn?. Fruit body opening to 5?10cm across, outer wall splitting into 5?8 pointed rays which curve downward and become irregularly cracked. Spore sac on a short thick stalk, subglobose, grey-brown, opening by a central pore. Spores dark brown, globose, warted, 3.5-4.5um in diameter. Habitat on soil in coniferous and deciduous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Ganoderma resinaceum Boud. ex Pat. syn. Fomes resinaceus (Boud.) Sacc. Lacquered Bracket, Harziger Lackporling, Harslakzwam. Bracket 10?45cm across and up to 10cm thick behind, semicircular, sessile, or on a thick rudimentary stem; upper surface concentrically grooved, strikingly glossy as if varnished, red-brown or maroon to almost black, margin obtuse and cream-coloured. Flesh soft, pale wood-coloured. Tubes 5?20mm long, rusty-brown. Pores 2?2.5 per mm, circular, pale greyish bruising brown. Spores brown, ellipsoid-ovate and truncate at one end, 9?11 x 5?7um. Hyphal structure trimitic; generative hyphae with clamp-connections. Habitat on stumps of oak. Season all year. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Ganoderma carnosum Pat. Syn. Ganoderma atkinsonii Jahn, Kotalba & Pouzar S-t-t lakkostapl- (tapl-). Very similar to Ganoderma lucidum which is found on hardwoods notably Oak. This species is found mainly on fir trees (Abies).Cap shiny and often zoned brown or yellowish, often with a distinct stem in similar colours. Spores 11-13.5x7.5-8.5um.
Inedible
Ganoderma applanatum (Pers. ex Wallr.) Pat. Artist-s Fungus, Ganoderme aplani, Flacher Lackporling, Deres tapl-, Platte tonderzwam. Bracket 10-90cm across, 5-60cm wide, 2-10cm thick, more or less flat, semicircular, hard, corky and glabrous, margin acute; upper surface knobbly and concentrically grooved, covered with a hard wrinkled crust, often pallid, grey-brown, umber or cocoa-coloured. Flesh cinnamon brown, thinner than the tube layer. Taste bitter, smell mushroomy. Tubes 7-25mm long in each annual layer, brown. Pores 4-5 per mm, circular, white, bruising brown. Spores brown ornamented, ovoid-ellipsoid, truncate at one end, 6.5-8.5 x 4.5-6um, mostly 8 x 5.5um. Hyphal structure trimitic; generative hyphae with clamp-connections but these may be very difficult to demonstrate. Habitat on the trunks of deciduous trees, especially beech, where it causes an intensive white rot. Season all year, perennial. Uncommon but until recently much confused with G. adspersum. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Fomes fomentarius (L. ex Fr.) Kickx. Hoof Fungus or Tinder Fungus, Amadouvier, Echter Zunderschwamm, B?kkfa-tapl?, b?kktapl?, Tonderzwam. Bracket 5?45cm across, 3?25cm wide, 2?25cm thick, hoof-shaped, hard and woody, usually discrete but several fruit bodies may occur on the same trunk; upper surface with a hard horny crust, concentrically grooved and zoned grey. Flesh hard, fibrous, cinnamon-brown. Taste acrid, smell slightly fruity. Tubes 2?7mm long in each layer, rusty-brown. Pores 2?3 per mm, circular, light grey-brown darkening when handled. Spores brownish, lemon-yellow, oblong-ellipsoid, 15?20 x 5?7um. Hyphal structure trimitic; generative hyphae with clamp-connections. Habitat usually on birch in Scotland and Northern England, but also on beech. The few record from Southern England are mostly on beech and sycamore. Season sporulating in spring to early summer, perennial. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Flammulaster carpophilus (Fr.) Earle. Cap .2-1cm across, white when young turning light ochre on maturity, domed. hung with thick white veil remnants especially when young. Gills the same colour as the cap. Stem white. long 25-50x2-3mm, base slightly bulbous when young, soon hollow , covered in fugitive white powder. Smell slight but distinctly of Pelargonium, taste mild. Spore print pale brown, spores apple pip-shaped, 6.5-10x4-6um. Found on old beech nut shells or beech foliage.
Poisonous/Suspect
Endoptychum agaricoides Czerniaiev New syn. Chlorophyllum agaricoides Cap 1-7cm across, 2-10cm high, oval to rounded and generally wider at the base; white becoming dingy to tan; smooth with minute hairs, sometimes becoming scaly. Spore mass like contorted gills, chambered; whitish becoming pale brown in maturity; sometimes slightly powdery. Stem barely exposed, extending up into gleba, attached by a cord to the ground; whitish becoming yellowish. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, brownish, 6.5-8 x 5.5-7?. Habitat scattered, in groups, or even in dense clusters on lawns, flower beds, pastures, and cultivated or wasteland. Sometimes abundant. Found widely distributed throughout North America. Season May-October. Edibility not known.
Inedible
Datronia mollis (Sommerf.) Donk syn. Trametes mollis (Sommerf.) Fr. syn. Antrodia mollis (Sommerf.) Karst. Weiche Tramete Common Mazegill Hanyattfekv? egyr?t?tapl?. Fruit body generally consisting of long narrow shelf-like, undulating, rather thin but tough, leathery brackets, often in tiers, measuring 1?7cm long, 0.5?2.5cm wide, 0.2?0.6cm thick, which are velvety and umber brown on the upper surface when fresh, later smooth and darker brown to almost black. Flesh pale brownish. Tubes 0.5?5mm long. Pores 1?2 per mm, angular, irregularly elongated or slot-like, greyish due to a whitish bloom which disappears on handling leaving the pore-surface yellowish-brown or umber. Spores sybculindric, 8?10 x 2.5?3.5?. Hyphal structure dimitic. Habitat on dead deciduous wood. Season all year. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Daedaleopsis confragosa (Bolt. ex Fr.) Schroet. syn. Trametes rubescens (A. & S.) Fr. Blushing Bracket, Tram?te rougissante, Rauhe Tramete, R?zsasz?nes egyr?t?tapl?, Roodporiehoutzwam. Bracket 8?22cm across, 4?10cm wide, 1.5?5cm thick, corky, single or tiered, margin thin and acute; upper surface radially wrinkled and concentrically ridged, reddish-brown. Flesh white then pinkish, finally pale brownish. Taste slightly bitter, smell none. Tubes 5?15mm long, cream-coloured. Pores large, usually somewhat elongate or slot-like, whitish readily bruising pink to red on handling when fresh, staining violet with ammonia. Spores white, cylindric 8?11 x 2?3?. Hyphal structure trimitic. Habitat on deciduous trees, especially willow. Season all year. Frequent. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Daedalea quercina L. ex Fr. syn. Trametes quercina (L. ex Fr.) Pil?t. Mazegill, D?dal?e, Tram?te, Lenzite du ch?ne, Eichenwirrling, Labirintustapl?, Fungo della quercia, Doolhofzwam. Bracket 4?20cm across, 3?8cm wide, 1.5?5cm thick, hard and corky, singly or occasionally in shelved groups; upper surface uneven, creamy or ochraceous tinged with grey, drying pallid or umber. Flesh pale wood-coloured. Smell faintly acrid or fungusy. Tubes 10?30mm long, ochraceous-cream coloured. Pores large, irregular and maze-like, often elongate resembling gills. Spores ellipsoid, 6?7.5 x 3?3.5?. Hyphal structure trimitic. Habitat on dead deciduous wood, virtually restricted to oak in this country. Season from spring onwards. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Crepidotus mollis (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. C. calolepis (Fr.) Karst Gallertfleischiges Stummelfusschen Kocsony?s kacskagomba Crepidote mou Peeling Oysterling. Cap 1.5?6cm across, bell- or kidney-shaped, bracket-like and often densely tiered, ochre brown, margin grey-brown and striate when moist drying creamy-ochre, to almost white, surface with a gelatinous covering. Stem absent or rudimentary. Gills crowded, pallid becoming cinnamon. Spore print snuff-brown. Spores broadly elliptic, smooth, 7?9 x 5?7um. Habitat on decaying trunks of frondose trees. Season summer to late autumn. Occasional. Edibility unknown ? best avoided. Distribution, America and Europe.
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