Purplish to black Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
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Spore colour:
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Total mushrooms fount: 119

Poisonous/Suspect
Psathyrella pyrotricha (Holms. ex Fr.) Moser apud Gams. syn. Lacrymaria pyrotricha (Holms. ex Fr.) Konr. & Maubl. Similar to P. lacrymabunda. Orangegelber Saumpilz T?zpiros porhany?sgomba. Cap 4?8cm across, bright orange, as is the veil. Spores 10?12 x5.5?7um. Not edibile -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Psathyrella pellucidipes (Romagn.) Galland syn. Drosophila pellucidipes Romagn. Glanzstieliger Faserling. Cap 1?2cm across, convex to bell-shaped, hygrophanous, dark tan drying light yellow-brown, striate. Stem 50?70 x 2?3mm, rooting, whitish to pale brown. Flesh thin, brown in cap, paler in stem. Gills broadly adnate, grey, edge white. Spore print black. Spores elliptic to almond-shaped, 11.5?13.5 x 6.5?7um. Habitat sandy soil. Season spring to autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Psathyrella ochracea (Romagnesi) Kits van Waveren Cap 0.8-2cm across, conical-campanulate; ochre to reddish yellow, drying paler; wrinkled-veined. Gills adnate, distant; dull sooty brown. Stem 20-40 x 1-2mm; yellowish to ochraceous. Flesh watery pallid. Spores ellipsoid, 12.5-15 x 6.5-7?.. Deposit purplish brown. Pleurocystidia sharp, awl-like. Habitat on soil. Found in the Pacific Northwest and possibly elsewhere. Season July-October. Not edible.
Inedible
Psathyrella obtusata (Fr.) Smith syn. Drosophila obtusata (Fr.) K?hn. & Romagn. Stumpfer-Faserling. Cap 1?3cm across, hemispherical then flattened convex, dark date-brown when moist drying pale ochre-buff often with a tan flush at the centre. Stem 30-70 x 2-4mm, white and silky, fragile. Flesh thin, whitish, hollow in stem. Gills pinkish brown then chocolate brown. Cystidia thin-walled, hyaline, obtusely fusoid. Spore print dark brown. Spores oblong, 7.5-10 x 4.5-5.5um. Habitat on the ground in woods. Season spring to late autumn. Common. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Psathyrella longistriata (Murr.) Smith Cap 3-10cm, convex-umbonate; vinaceous brown to gray-brown; with thin coating of veil fibers. Gills adnate seceding, crowded, broad; buff to dull brown. Stem 40-100 x 4-l0mm; white; with veil fragments below membranous, striate ring. Flesh white. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores ellipsoid, slightly truncate, 7-9 x 4-5?. Deposit purplish brown. Pleurocystidia ventricose with acute apex. Habitat on leaf litter and needle duff in mixed woods. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season August-December. Not edible.
Inedible
Psathyrella hirta Pk. syn. Psathyrella coprobia (Lange) Smith Tr?gya porhany?sgomba. Cap 1-2.5cm across, convex; dark brown; covered with white veil flakes. Gills adnate, crowded; pallid then purple-brown. Stem 25-50 x 2-3mm; white with fine squamules. Flesh pallid. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, 10-13 x 5.5-6.5?. Deposit purple-brown. Cystidia swollen with long throat. Habitat on animal dung. Found widely distributed throughout North America. Season June-October. Not edible.
Inedible
Psathyrella gossypina (Bull. ex Fr.) Pearson & Dennis Cap 1-2.5cm across, hemispherical to bell-shaped, expanding slightly, margin hung with cottony white veil fragments; chestnut brown drying ochre; partly covered with veil remnants, striate. Gills adnexed, crowded, narrow; pallid becoming purple-gray. Stem 20-50 x 3-6mm, slightly enlarged toward the base; white, cream below; minutely cottony. Flesh yellow in the stem when young. Spores ellipsoid, 6-8 x 3.5-4?. Deposit black-brown. Cystidia lance-shaped. Habitat on the ground often on fire sites. Rare but probably under recorded. Found in the Pacific Northwest. Season September-October. Not edible.
Inedible
Psathyrella delineata (Pk.) Smith Cap 3-10cm across, convex-flattened, margin slightly appendiculate; dark rusty brown; surface often rugulose (wrinkled), with fine fibrillose coating. Gills adnate, crowded, broad; deep brown. Stem 50-100 x 5-15mm; white; fibrillose. Flesh white. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores slightly bean-shaped, 6.5-9 x 4.5-5.5?. Deposit purplish brown. Pleurocystidia with fingerlike apical projection. Habitat on woody debris of hardwoods. Found throughout eastern North America. Season July-September. Edibility not known -avoid.
Inedible
Psathyrella caputmedusae (Fr.) Konrad & Maublanc Med?za porhany?sgomba. Cap 4-5cm across, campanulate; dull date brown when moist, with small fibrillose scales that have darker tips. Gills adnate, crowded, narrow; white then pinkish gray to brown. Stem 50-100 x 7-8mm; white; fibrillose-scaly below a membranous ring. Flesh white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ovoid to ellipsoid, 9-12 x 4.5-6p?. Deposit purplish brown. Pleurocystidia obtuse to rounded. Habitat on conifer wood. Rather rare. Found in Europe and the Pacific Northwest. Season September-November. Edibility not known -avoid.
Inedible
Panaeolus subbalteatus (Berk. & Br.) Sacc. Garten-D-ngerling R-zv-r-s tr-gyagomba. Cap 2-6cm across, convex at first expanding to almost flat with a broad umbo, dark reddish-brown when moist drying buff to pale tan from centre outwards leaving a darker zone at margin. Stem 60-90 x 3-5mm, buff or pale brown with paler apex. Flesh thin, brownish. Taste not distinctive, smell mushroomy. Gills adnate, pale tan at first rapidly blackening. Spore print black. Spores lemon-shaped, 12-14 x 7.5-8.5um. Habitat in manured places especially gardens or compost heaps. Season early summer to autumn. Rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Panaeolus campanulatus (Bull. ex Fr.) Qu?l. Bell-shaped Mottlegill, Coprin diss?min?, Glockend?ngerling, Csipk?s (fak?) tr?gyagomba, Zwerminktzwam. Cap 2?4cm across, hemispherical, pale buff at margin, reddish-brown towards centre which is slightly viscid in wet weather. Stem 70?100 x 2?3mm, grey or grey-brown. Flesh buff. Smell faint, not distinctive. Gills adnate grey soon becoming black. Spore print black. Spores lemon-shaped, 12?14 xc 7?8um. Habitat in pastureland, especially on horse dung. Season late summer to autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution Europe and north America.
Inedible
Panaeolus ater (Lange) K?hn. & Romagn. syn. P. fimicola (Fr.) Qu?l. s. Ricken. Dunkler D?ngerling, S?t?t tr?gyagomba. Cap 1.5?4.5cm across, hemispherical with slight umbo, dark brown when moist drying buff or tan from margin inwards. Stem 20?80 x 2?5mm, buff or tan to darker brown, paler at apex, base covered in fine white down. Flesh thin, brown. Taste mushroomy, smell none. Gills adnate, grey at first soon becoming mottled black then finally totally black. Spore print black. Spores lemon-shaped, 10?14 x 7?8um. Habitat on lawns or in short grass under trees. Season spring to autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Lacrymaria velutina (Pers. ex Fr.) Konrad & Maubl. syns. Hypholoma velutinum (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer Psathyrella lacrymabunda (Bull.) New syn. Lacrymaria lacrymabunda Moser. Weeping Widow, Lacrymaire velout-, Tr-nender Saumpilz, K-nnyez- sz-lk-sgomba (porhany-sgomba), Agarico vellutato, Tranende franjehoed, K-nnyez- sz-lk-sgomba. Cap 1.5-10cm across, convex with a broad umbo becoming more flattened, ochre-brown to tan at first, covered in woolly fibrils but then smooth, veil remnants often adhering to the margin giving a fringed cottony appearance. Stem 40-80-5-10mm, whitish at the apex becoming flushed with cap colour towards the base, covered in small fibrous scales below the cottony fibrillose ring zone which is often made more prominent by the almost black spores which are trapped in it. Flesh ochraceous to brownish. Taste slightly bitter. Gills crowded, mottled, dark purplish-brown with white edge, -weeping- when moist. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, clavate, with rounded head. Spore print black. Spores lemon-shaped, warted, with truncate germ-pore, 8-11-5-6m. Habitat amongst tufted grass on woodland paths and roadsides. Season late spring to late autumn. Common. Edible - but bitter -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Hypholoma olivaceotinctum Kauffman Cap 1.5-3cm across, bell-shaped to flattened; dull olive-drab or greenish, to pinkish buff when dry. Gills adnate, close, thin; pale olive-buff. Stem 30-50 x 1.5-2.5mm, equal, brittle; bright reddish brown. Flesh thin. Odor not distinctive. Taste not distinctive. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 9-12 x 4.5-55-. Deposit purplish brown. Habitat on rich humus and debris in wet areas of conifer forests. Found in northern North America from the Pacific Northwest to New York. Season August-October. Not edible.
Poisonous/Suspect
Hypholoma elongatum (Pers. ex Fr.) Ricken syn. Psilocybe elongata (Pers. ex Fr.) Lange. Langstieliger Schwefelkopf Sphagnum Brownie T-zegmoha k-nvir-ggomba. Cap 1-2cm across, convex to bell-shaped then flattened, pale honey-yellow to olivaceous when moist drying ochre-buff. Stem 50-100 x 1-3mm, elongated, concolorous with cap, paler at apex, base covered in white down. Flesh thin, whitish yellow. Taste and smell mushroomy. Gills pallid then pinkish. Spore print dark brown. Spores elliptic, with pore, 9.5-11.5 x 6-6.5um. Habitat usually amongst sphagnum and polytrichum moss, also on bare peat. Season autumn. Frequent. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Hypholoma elongatipes Pk. Cap 1-2.5cm across, bell-shaped, conical; honey yellow to olive; margin slightly sulcate. Gills adnate; pallid then gray-brown. Stem 40-100 x 1-2mm, whitish, darker reddish at base. Flesh thin. Taste bitterish. Spores ellipsoid, 9-13 x 5.5-7?. Deposit purple-brown. Habitat in moss in swamps and marshes. Found widely distributed throughout northern North America. Season August-October. Not edible.
Poisonous/Suspect
Hypholoma dispersum (Fr.) Quel. syn. Naematoloma dispersum (Fr.) Karsten Cap 1-4cm across, conic-convex then expanded; tawny brown to orange-brown, paler, more ochre with age; dry, smooth. Gills adnate, crowded; pallid to olive-yellow then purplish brown. Stem 60-100 x 2-5mm, equal; deep reddish brown below, paler above; silky-fibrillose. Flesh thin. Odor pleasant. Taste mild. Spores ellipsoid, 7-10 x 4-5?. Deposit purplish brown. Habitat usually single but often in troops, on fragments of conifer wood or wood-chip trails. Found in Europe and northern North America. Season August-November. Not edible.
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