White Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Text:

Total mushrooms fount: 900

Edible
Smooth Chanterelle Cantharellus lateritius (Berk.) Singer syn. Craterellus cantharellus Schw. Cap 3-10cm across, convex then flattened and often depressed at center, margin inrolled and wavy or lobed; pale yellow-orange to orange; smooth to slightly tomentose. Fertile undersurface of cap without any gills; instead there is a smooth to very slightly wrinkled or veined surface, sometimes cross veined; pale orange-yellow to pinkish. Stem 25-100 x 5-25mm, thick, tapered toward base, often curved and off center; orange-yellow. Flesh solid but becoming hollow in stem; white. Odor fragrant, fruity, of apricot. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 7.5-12.5 x 4.5-6.5?. Deposit pinkish yellow. Habitat under oak, especially along path sides. Common to abundant. Found in northeastern North America. Season July-October. Edible.
Inedible
Cantharellus ignicolor Petersen Cap 1-5cm, convex with a slight depression and an inrolled margin, becoming flat with a deep depression and a decurved to wavy margin; apricot orange to yellow-orange, becoming somewhat dingy in age; smooth to rough or uneven. Fertile undersurface descending stem, narrow, distant, forked ridges with cross veins; orange-yellow, becoming wine-buff or violet-tinged when spores are mature. Stem 20-60 x 2-15mm, compressed, stuffed becoming hollow; dingy orange becoming paler. Flesh thin; concolorous with cap. Odor none or very slightly fragrant. Taste none. Spores broadly ellipsoid, smooth, nonamyloid, 9-13 x 6-9?. Deposit ochre-salmon. Habitat scattered, in groups, or in dense clusters on the ground under deciduous or coniferous trees. Found in eastern North America, south to Georgia and west to Michigan. Season July-September. Edibility not known
Edible
Cantharellus ferruginascens Orton Rostfleckiger Pfifferling. Cap 2-6cm across, convex then expanded-depressed, irregularly lobed and wavy at the upturned margin, ochraceous-buff bruising rusty ochraceous. Stem 20-40 x 5-20mm, robust, tapering towards the base, yellowish-cream, bruising like the cap. Flesh whitish to yellowish-cream. Taste mild, smell faint and pleasant. Gills decurrent, narrow, forked, interveined and fusing into one another, pale yellowish cream darkening with age. Spore print pale creamy-yellowish. Spores broadly elliptic, 7.5-10 x 5-6-. Habitat gregarious, in mixed woodland on chalk soils. Season late summer to early autumn. Rare. Edible. Found In Europe.
Edible
Red Chanterelle Cantharellus cinnabarinus Schw. Red Chanterelle. Cap 1-5cm across, nearly flat to slightly funnel-shaped; margin inrolled when young, irregular, lobed or scalloped; brilliant cinnabar red, then pinkish orange with age, finally nearly pallid. Gills decurrent, narrow, irregularly branched and vein-like, blunt-edged; pink. Stem 20-50 x 3-9mm; concolorous with cap. Flesh solid; white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, 6-11 x 4-6-. Deposit pinkish cream. Habitat in open areas at edges of mixed woods, often in large numbers. Common. Found widespread throughout North America. Season June-September (later in the West). Edible.
Choice
Cantharellus cibarius var.albidus Maire Syn. Cantherellus pallens Pilat. White Chanterelle Halv-ny r-kagomba. As Cantharellus cibarius but a white form. Cap 3-10cm across, at first flattened with an irregular incurved margin later becoming wavy and lobed and depressed at the centre, white to cream marking yellow when bruised. Stem 30-80 x 5-15mm, solid, concolorous with cap, tapering towards the base. Flesh ceamy. Taste watery at first then slightly peppery, with a slight bitter after taste. Smell faint, fragrant (of apricots). Gills narrow, vein-like, irregularly forked and decurrent, concolorous. Spore print ochraceous. Spores elliptical, 8-10 x 4.5-5.5-. Habitat in all kinds of woodland, but usually associated with frondose trees in Britain the collection photographed was with beech. Season summer to late autumn. Edible - excellent. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Amethyst Chanterelle Cantharellus amethysteus (Qu?l.) Sacc. syn. C. cibarius var. amethysteus. Amethyst Chanterelle, S?rga r?kagomba lil?s v?ltozat. Cap 3-6cm across, convex then soon flattened and depressed at centre with an irregular, wavy, and inrolled margin, dry and felty, dull orange with fine woolly or felty scales of purplish-lilac especially at the centre but sometimes overall. Stem 2-4x1-2cm, fleshy, tapering below, pale yellowish-orange, bruising deep tawny when handled. Flesh firm, pale cream yellow, then brownish-orange when cut. Smell and taste pleasant, faintly of apricots. Hymenium thin, resembling wrinkled, narrow and forking gills, running down the stem, pale yellow-orange to pinkish-orange, bruising darker orange. Spore print white. Spores 8-10 x 4.5-6?, broadly ellipsoid, smooth. Habitat in grass or leaf litter under broadleaf trees, oaks, beech and birch, rarely pine. Season late summer to autumn. Rare to occasional. Edible. Distribution Europe.
Inedible
Cantharellula cyathiformis (Bull. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Clitocybe cyathiformis (Bull. ex Fr.) Kummer New syn. Pseudoclitocybe cyathiformis. The Goblet, Clitocybe en coupe, Becher-Trichterling, K?v?barna ?lt?lcs?rgomba, Bruine Schijntrechterzwam. Cap 2?7cm across, funnel-shaped with a strongly inrolled margin, dark grey-brown to umber drying paler. Stem 40?80?5?10mm, paler than the cap with a silky white fibrous covering, swollen towards the downy base. Flesh thin, pallid. Taste mild, smell mushroomy. Gills more or less decurrent, pale grey becoming brownish with age. Spore print white. Spores ovoid, amyloid, 8?11 x 5?6?. Habitat amongst grass, leaf litter, on very rotten logs or other debris in mixed woodland. Season late autumn to winter. Occasional. Inedible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Caloscypha fulgens (Pers. ex Fr.) Bond. Narancssz-n- foltos cs-szegomba. Cup 1-5cm wide, irregularly cup-shaped; inner surface deep yellow staining blue-green and drying orange, outer surface blue to greenish blue. No stem. Asci 8-spored, 150 x 10-. Spores globose, smooth, 5-7 x 5-7-. Habitat singly to clustered in wet, boggy places in mountainous coniferous areas. Sometimes common. Found in northern North America and California and Europe. Season April-July. Not edible.
Inedible
Calocera glossoides (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr. syn. Dacryomitra glossoides (Pers.) Bref. Zungen-H?rnling. Fruit body 3?10mm high, yellow, conical to club-shaped and often compressed or longitudinally wrinkled with a short distinct stem which becomes dark blackish-brown or drying. Flesh firm gelatinous, yellow. Spores white, narrowly elliptical to subcylindric or sausage-shaped, 12?14(17) x 3?5?, becoming three-septate at maturity. Basidia shaped like tuning-forks. Habitat on dead branches or stumps of oak. Season early autumn to early winter. Uncommon. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Byssonectria fusispora (Berk.) Rogerson & Korf An Ascomycete. Fruit bodies orange balls with a cup opening .5-3mm across. Found on burnt sites (not on moss!). Arising from a creamy coloured mycelial carpet. Autumn sometimes through the winter. Asci 8 spored up to 250um long, spores 20-25 x 8-10um. Not edible. Rare but possibly under reported.
Inedible
Bulgaria rufa Schw. New syn. Galiella rufa Fruit body 2-7cm across, closed at first, then opening to become shallowly cup-shaped with an incurved margin; inner surface pale reddish or reddish brown, with a gelatinous layer giving a rubbery consistency; outer surface blackish brown with clusters of hairs. Stem up to 10 x 5mm, attached below by dense mass of black mycelium. Asci narrow, up to 275-300-. Spores ellipsoid, with ends strongly narrowed, 10 x 20-. Habitat in groups or dense clusters on buried sticks under leaf mold or soil. Often common. Found in eastern North America. Season May-June. Not edible.
Inedible
Buglossoporus pulvinus (Pers. ex Pers.) Donk. Syn. Polyporus quercinus (Shrad.) ex Fr. Bracket 5-10 (20) cm wide about 5 cm deep. Found only on Oak. Spores yellowish, 6-10x2.5-4. Very rare in Britain, must be protected.
Inedible
Bankera fuligineo-alba (Schmidt ex Fr.) Pouz. syn. Hydnum fuligineo-album Schmidt R?tender Stacheling Drab Tooth Cap 4?15cm across, flat becoming centrally depressed, fleshy, initially pallid becoming yellowish-brown and darkening with age, usually found covered in vegetable debris. Stem 10?50 x 8?25mm, with well-defined white apex, brownish below. Flesh whitish in cap occasionally flushed pink, pallid to yellowish-brown in stem. Smell of fenugreek when dry. Spines 1?6mm long, whitish then greyish. Spores white, oval, minutely spiny, 4.5?5.5 x 2.5?3.5?. Habitat pine woods. Season autumn. Rare except in Highland pine forests. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Baeospora myosura (Fr. ex Fr.) Sprig. Zapfenr-bling toboz feny-f-l-ke Conifercone Cap syn. Collybia myosura (Fr. ex Fr.) Qu-l. syn. C. conigena (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer Cap 1-3cm across, convex to almost flat, pallid-tan to date-brown. Stem 30-50-1-2mm, pallid flushed with cap colour, elongated into a hairy -root-. Flesh thin, brownish. Taste mild, smell mushroomy. Gills very crowded, whitish. Cheilocystida thin-walled, fusoid. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, amyloid, 3-3.5 x 1.5-2-. Habitat rooting on partly buried pine cones and coniferous debris. Season autumn to late winter. Frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Auricularia auricula-judae St. Amans syn. Hirneola auricula-judae (St. Amans) Berk. syn. Auricularia auricula (Hook.)Underwood. Jew's Ear, Oreille de Judas, Judasohr, J?d?sf?legomba, j?d?sf?l, Orechio di Giuda, Judasoor. Fruit body 3?8cm across, ear-shaped, gelatinous when fresh drying hard and horny, outer surface tan-brown with minute greyish downy hairs, inner surface grey-brown, smooth, or often wrinkled and ear-like. Spores white, sausage-shaped, 16?18?6?8?. Basidia elongated cylindric with three transverse septa. Habitat on branches of frondose trees, usually elder. Season all year, especially autumn. Very common. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Armillaria straminea (Krombh.) Kummer var. americana Mitchel & Smith Cap 4-18cm across, conical to convex, becoming umbonate then flat, with incurved, cottony margin that straightens in age; straw yellow fading to whitish with conspicuous, flattened, bright yellow or darker scales arranged in concentric circles; dry. Gills sinuate, close, broad; whitish then lemon yellow. Stem 50-125x 15-25mm, sometimes with a thick bulb; smooth and white above the ring, whitish with shaggy yellowish scales below. Veil partial veil leaving thick, yellowish, cottony ring on upper stalk. Taste mild. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, weakly amyloid, 6-8 x 4-5?. Deposit white. Habitat on the ground under aspen and in mixed woods. Often abundant. Found in the Pacific Northwest and the Rockies. Season July-October. Edibility not known. Comment There is also an albino form of this species.
1
2
3
...
40
41
42
43
44
45