Bulbous base of stem Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Total mushrooms fount: 152

Poisonous/Suspect
Cortinarius (Telamonia) bulliardii (Fr.) Fr. Zinnoberroter Gürtelfuss Vöröslábú pókhálósgomba Cortinaire de Bulliard Hotfoot Webcap Cap 4–8cm across, convex then expanded, deep red-brown to chestnut drying ochre-buff. Stem 50–100 x 10–15mm, whitish near apex becoming rust towards the base and covered in reddish fibres. Flesh whitish, sometimes reddish at stem base. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills violaceous at first, soon rusty. Spore print rust. Spores elliptic, rough, 8–10 x 5–6µ. Habitat deciduous wood, especially beech. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility Suspect – avoid as many Cortinarius contain toxins. Found In Europe. edibility: Poisonous/Suspect fungus colour: Red or redish or pink normal size: 5-15cm cap type: Convex to shield shaped stem type: Bulbous base of stem spore colour: Rusty brown habitat: Grows in woods, Grows on the ground
Inedible
Phallus duplicatus syn. Phallus duplicatus syn. Phallus indusiatus Vent. & Pers. syn. Dictyophora indusiata. Long-net tinkhorn, Crinoline Stinkhorn, Bridal Veil Fungus or Veiled Lady. Stem up to 30cm, with a very large distinctive white 'Veil' hanging often to the ground. The cap is covered in a brownish-green slime that contains the spores, which is scented like rotten meat to attract flies, the flies alight on the sticky mass and thus disperse the spores on their feet. In China it is cultivated and dried for sale as an aphrodisiac. Found in Mexico and further south and quite common in China, india and Malasia. The habitat is usually on wood chips or remains of wood in forests including bamboo. Possible typo: dictyophota ( Dictyophora indusiata )
Edible
Volvariella bombycina (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Volvaria bombycina (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Kummer. Wolliger Scheidling ?ri?s bocskorosgomba Volvaire soyeuse Silky Rosegill. Cap 5?20cm across, ovate then bell-shaped, whitish covered in long fine yellowish silky, almost hair-like fibres. Stem 70?150 x 10?20mm, often curved, tapering upwards from the bulbous base; volva membranous, large and persistant, somewhat viscid, white at first discolouring dingy brown. Flesh white becoming faintly yellowish. Taste slight, smell pleasant, like that of bean sprouts. Gills crowded, white at first then flesh-pink. Spore print pink. Spores elliptic, 8.5?10 x 5?6um. Habitat dead frondose trees, Maple, elm, and others, often in knot-holes or hollow trunks. Season early summer to autumn. Rare. Edible (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Stropharia rugosoannulata Farlow ex Murr. King Stropharia, Wine Cup, -ri-s harmatgomba. Cap 5-20cm across, convex-flattened to umbonate; deep purplish red to dull brown or even grayish or white with age; smooth, not viscid. Gills adnate, crowded; pallid then gray and finally purple-brown. Stem 100-180x 10-25mm, equal to clavate; white; smooth; ring large, prominent, deeply wrinkled or segmented below, very thick, white. Flesh firm; white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores ellipsoid, with germ pore, 10-13 x 7.5-9-. Deposit purple-brown. Habitat on wood chips and bark mulch and around flower beds. Very common. Found Europe and widely distributed in northern North America. Season June-October. Edible-delicious. Comment An almost pure white form is not infrequent; also a closely related (probably undescribed) yellow species with viscid cap may be found at the same time.
Edible
Rozites caperatus (Pers. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Pholiota caperata (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer syn. Cortinarius caperatus (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr. Reifpilz R?ncos feny?gomba Roziote rid?, Pholiote aux ch?vres The Gypsy. Cap 5?10cm across, convex then expanded and umbonate, ochre-buff to ochre-brown, covered in silky white cobwebby fibrils, more densely at the centre. Stem 40?70 x 10?15mm, slightly swollen at the base or bulbous, whitish; ring whitish, narrow, spreading. Flesh whitish tinged ochre. Taste and smell mild and pleasant. Gills pale clay. Spore print ochre-brown. Spores elliptic, finely warted, 10?13 x 8?9um. Habitat on damp acid soils, usually in open situations amongst conifers and heather. Season autumn. Rare in Europe, more common in the USA. Edible, in America it is said to be choice. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Melanoleuca grammopodia (Bull. ex Fr.) Pat., syn. Tricholoma grammopodium (Bull. ex Fr.) Qu-l. Tricholome - pied ray-, Gefurchter Weichritterling, Rov-tkoltt-nk- l-gypereszke, Agarico a piede striato, Streepsteelvelridder. Cap 7-15cm across, bell-shaped then expanded, often becoming centrally depressed, light to dark grey-brown. Stem 50-120 x 10-15mm, swollen at the base, grey brown and longitudinally fibrillose. Flesh whitish. Smell mouldy, or of mice. Gills white becoming dirty cream with age. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, with swollen base and long narrow neck. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, minutely warted, amyloid, 8.5-9.5 x 5-6um. Habitat deciduous woods or meadows. Season autumn. Uncommon. Said to be edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Melanoleuca cognata (Fr.) Konrad & Maubl. syn. Tricholoma cognatum (Fr.) Gillet. Fr?hlings-Weichritterling, Korai l?gypereszke, fak?s?rga pereszke, Okerkleurige veldridder, Spring Cavalier. Cap 4?10(12)cm across, expanded convex and umbonate, ochre-brown to grey-brown, shiny. Stem 60?120 x 10?15mm, swollen at the base, cream flushed ochre to grey-brown. Flesh whitish to cream. Taste sweetish, smell floury. Gills ochraceous cream. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, hyaline, lanceolate, sometimes encrusted with crystals at apex. Spore print ochraceous cream. Spores elliptic, minutely warted, amyloid 9?10 x 5.5?6um. Habitat coniferous woods. Season spring and autumn. Occasional. Said to be edible. (Never eat any mushroom until you are certain it is edible as many are poisonous and some are deadly poisonous.) Found In Europe.
Inedible
Marasmius cohaerens (Pers. ex. Fr.) Cke. & Qu??l. Szarut?nk? szegf?gomba. Cap 1-3.5cm, convex-campanulate; dark yellowish brown to cinnamon, darker at disc; smooth, dry, or subhygrophanous at margin; tough, pliable, dry cap texture revives when remoistened. Gills adnexed, distant, broad; yellowish white to brownish at margin. Stem 20-75 x 0.75-3mm, long, slender; white pruinose at apex, yellow-brown below and reddish brown in lower half, with a basal pad of pale yellow or white mycelium; dry, very smooth and polished, pliant to cartilaginous or horny with age. Flesh pallid brown. Odor somewhat pungent, earthy. Taste none to slightly alkaline and with a bitter aftertaste. Spores subfusiform, smooth, (6)7-9.8(11) x 3-5.5??. Deposit white. Habitat in dense clusters or gregarious on decaying leaves, twigs, etc., in deciduous woods. Found widely distributed in North America. Season July-October. Edibility not known. Comment A drop of alkali (KOH) applied to the reddish areas of the stem turns green. However, this appears to be the first record of this reaction in this species.
Choice
Macrolepiota rhacodes (Vitt.) Sing. Lepiota rhacodes (Vitt.) Qu?l. New syn. Chlorophyllum rhacdes, Shaggy Parasol, L?piote D?guenill?e, R?tender Schirmpilz, Safranschirmpilz, Pirul? ?zl?bgomba, Lepiota villosa, Knolparasolzwam. Cap 5?15cm across, ovate then expanding to almost flat, disrupting into broad, pallid, often slightly reflexed scales on a fibrous background, giving the cap a shaggy, torn appearance. Stem 100?150?10?15mm, thickened towards the bulb which is usually oblique, whitish tinged dirty pinkish-brown, bruising reddish brown when fresh; ring double, membranous, movable on the stem. Flesh white becoming orange to carmine red on cutting. Taste pleasant, smell strongly aromatic. Gills white, tinged reddish in older specimens, bruising reddish. Spore print white. Spores elliptic with germ-pore, dextrinoid, 10?12?6?7m. Habitat woods and shrubberies of all kinds, often with conifers. Season summer to late autumn. Frequent. Edible but may cause gastric upsets in some people. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Macrolepiota konradii (Huijsman ex. Orton) Moser syn. Lepiota konradii Huijsman ex. Orton syn. L. gracilenta (Krombh.) Qu?l. s. Rea syn. L. excoriata var. konradii Huijsman. L?piote gr?le, Feinschuppiger Schirmpilz, Barnagy?r?s nagy?zl?bgomba (?zl?bgomba), Lepiota di Konrad. Cap 7?12cm across, ovate then slightly umbonate becoming expanded and even depressed, the brownish cuticle breaking up into large adnate scales exposing the white flesh beneath. Stem 100?150 x 8?12mm, bulbous, tapering upwards, whitish covered in small brownish scales. Smell pleasant. Gills white. Spore print white. Spores ovoid with an apical germ-pore, 13?17 x 8?10um. Habitat pasture, heaths and open woodland. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Edible with caution as there are poisonous white mushrooms. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Leucocortinarius bulbiger (Alb. & Schw. ex Fr.) Sing. syn. Armillaria bulbigera (Alb. & Schw. ex Fr.) Kummer Knolliger Schleierritterling Gum-s pereszke Leucocortinaire bulbeux White Webcap. Cap 5-9cm across, convex, pale clay-brown, sometimes with debris of veil leaving brownish cobwebby patches, especially near the margin. Stem 50-100 x 10-12mm, base swollen into a large flattened bulb 25-30mm across, whitish, the remains of the cobwebby veil leaving a distinct ring zone. Flesh white, becoming pale clay in the stem. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills white at first becoming cream to pale clay, never rust. Spore print white. Spores broadly elliptic, 7-9 x 4-5um. Habitat with conifers. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility suspect -avoid. Found In Europe. Note the curved appearance of my specimens is caused by them expanding lying down in a box after I collected them.
Inedible
Lepiota ignivolvata Bousset-Joss. L-piote - base couleur de feu, Braunbuckliger Schirmpilz, Cs-kosgall-r- (v-r-sl-b-) -zl-gbomba. Cap 4-10cm across, convex then expanded and umbonate, centre reddish-brown, disrupting into tiny crowded ochraceous cream scales which become more dispersed towards the margin. Stem 60-120 x 6-15mm, slightly bulbous, with bright orange zone on the edge of the bulb which often becomes more obvious after collection; there is often a similar orange colour on the underside of the ring. Flesh white. Taste foul, smell strong and rank. Gills white to cream. Spore print white. Spores fusoid, 11-13 x 6um. Habitat deciduous and coniferous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Not edible -avoid. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Inocybe umbrina Bres. syn. Astrosporina umbrina (Bres.) Rea. B?scheliger Risspilz. Cap 1.5?4cm across, bell-shaped with prominent umbo, umber or chestnut brown initially covered by a greyish veil. Stem 30?50 x 3?5mm, whitish at apex and bulb, concolorous with cap below. Flesh whitish turning brown in stem. Taste mild, smell not distinctive. Gills adnate, pale clay. Cystidia thick-walled, fusoid with apical encrustation. Spore print snuff-brown. Spores oblong with slight protuberances, 7?8 x 5?6?. Habitat in coniferous and deciduous woods. Occasional. Not edible most Inocybes have been found to contain toxins. Found In Europe.
Deadly
Inocybe patouillardii Bres. New syn. Inocybe erubescens A. Blytt. Red-staining Inocybe, Inocbye de Patouillard, Ziegelroter Risspilz, Giftige vezelkop, T?glav?r?s susulyka. Cap 2.5?8cm across, conical or bell-shaped often with low, broad umbo, margin becoming lobed or split, ivory covered in red or brown-staining radial fibres. Stem 30?100 x 10?20mm, white staining red, sometimes with a marginate bulb. Flesh white, unchanging. Taste mild, smell faint when young, rank in older specimens. Gills adnate, rose-pink at first then cream, finally olive-brown, bruising red. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, subcylindric without apical encrustation. Spore print dull brown. Spores smooth, bean-shaped, 10?13 x 5.5?7?. Habitat path sides in deciduous woods, usually beech, on chalky soils. Season spring to autumn. Occasional. Deadly poisonous. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Inocybe jurana Pat. Schuppiger Risspilz, Inocbye du Jura, Borv?r?s susulyka. Cap 2?6cm across, conical to bell-shaped, buff with radiating darker brown fibres radiating from the centre, soon flushed reddish brown or sometimes vinaceous-purple; note, the black patches on the caps are mould. Stem 20?60 x 4?10mm, white soon reddish, base slightly swollen. Flesh white becoming flushed pink in cap and stem base. Taste mild or mealy, smell strongly mealy. Gills adnate or free, white at first then tinged clay, edge white at first then tinged clay, edge white. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, clavate, without apical encrustation. Spore print snuff-brown. Spores smooth, bean-shaped, 10?15 x 5?7?. Habitat deciduous or mixed woods especially beechwoods on chalk. Season autumn. Uncommon. Not edible, most Inocybes have been found to contain toxins. Found In Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Inocybe godeyi Gillet. R?tender Risspilz, Inocbye de Godey, Pirul? susulyka. Cap 2?5cm across, conical then expanded, cream then ochraceous to tan, bruising bright red, often becoming entirely so, smooth and silky becoming radially fissured with age. Stem 40?60 x 3?8mm, ending in a distinctly marginate bulb, whitish then reddening, mealy to the base. Flesh white, gradually reddening when cut. Taste acrid, smell strong, unpleasant. Gills whitish at first then cinnamon. Cheilo- and pleurocystidia fusoid or bottle-shaped with thickened walls and apical encrustation. Spore print snuff brown. Spores almond-shaped, smooth, 9?11.5 x 5.5?7?. Habitat deciduous woods, especially with beech on chalk. Season autumn. Uncommon. Poisonous. Distribution, America and Europe.
Poisonous/Suspect
Inocybe cookei Bres. Knolliger Risspilz, Inocbye de Cooke, Straw Fibrecap, Gum?st?nk? susulyka. Cap 2?5cm across, conical or bell-shaped then flattened with a prominent umbo, margin cracking, ochre, covered in long fibrous fibres. Stem 30?60 x 4?8mm, whitish with ochre flush, bulb marginate. Flesh whitish then straw-yellow. Taste mild, smell slight. Gills adnexed, whitish then pale cinnamon. Cheilocystidia thin-walled, pyriform and non-encrusted. Spore print snuff-brown. Spores smooth, bean-shaped, 7?8 x 4?5?. Habitat mixed woods. Season summer to late autumn. Occasional. Poisonous. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Flammulaster carpophilus (Fr.) Earle. Cap .2-1cm across, white when young turning light ochre on maturity, domed. hung with thick white veil remnants especially when young. Gills the same colour as the cap. Stem white. long 25-50x2-3mm, base slightly bulbous when young, soon hollow , covered in fugitive white powder. Smell slight but distinctly of Pelargonium, taste mild. Spore print pale brown, spores apple pip-shaped, 6.5-10x4-6um. Found on old beech nut shells or beech foliage.
Poisonous/Suspect
Cortinarius (Cortinarius) violaceus (L. ex Fr.) Fr. Dunkelvioletter Dickfuss S?t?tlila p?kh?l?sgomba Cortinaire violet Violet Webcap Cap 3.5?15cm across, convex, margin incurved, dark violaceous to blue-black, covered in fine downy scales. Stem 60?120 x 10?20mm (20?40mm at base), swollen to bulbous at base, dark blue-violaceous, covered in woolly fibrils. Flesh violaceous, more strongly so below cap cuticle and in stem. Taste mild, smell slight, of cedar wood. Gills dark violet becoming purplish brown. Spore print rust. Spores elliptic to almond-shaped, rough, 12?15 x 7?8.5?. Habitat deciduous woods, especially oak, birch and beech, also occasionally with conifers. Season autumn. Rare. Said to be edible, but I advise that you do not eat it as all Cortinarius contain some toxins. Distribution, America and Europe.
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