Lateral Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
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Total mushrooms fount: 436

Inedible
Clavicorona taxophila (Thom) Doty syn. Clavaria taxophila (Thom) Lloyd Weisse Zungenkeule Yew Club. Fruit body 8-18(30) mm high, 4-9mm wide at the flattened or concave apex tapering towards the stalked base, white, yellowing with age. Spores white, broadly elliptic to subglobose, 3-4-2-3-. Gloeocystidia present in hymenium as elongated, thin-walled vermiform organs with oily contents. Habitat on damp rooting twigs, leaves and other debris of coniferous and deciduous trees. Season autumn. Rare. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Edible
Clavicorona pyxidata (Pers.: Fr.) Doty Cs-sz-s -lkorallgomba, serleges korlallgomba. Fruit body 5-12 cm high, 2-8cm wide overall; numerously branched with cup-shaped, crown-like tips; pallid to pale yellow when young, becoming dull ochre, tan, or pinkish. Stem 1-3mm, very short; whitish or brownish pink; smooth, densely felty. Flesh pliable, tough; whitish. Odor faintly of newly dug potatoes. Taste slowly rather peppery. Spores ellipsoid, nearly smooth, amyloid, 4-5 x 2-3-. Deposit white. Habitat scattered, in groups, or in dense clusters on rotting logs, particularly of aspen, willow, or poplar. Common. Found widely distributed east of the Rocky Mountains. Season June-September. Said to be edible.
Inedible
Clavariadelphus ligula (Fr.) Donk V-kony mozs-r-t-gomba. Fruit body 3-10cm high, 5-15mm wide, elongated or club-shaped, often flattened and spoon-like; yellowish to ochre to reddish or dark apricot. Stem indistinct; white-hairy at base. Flesh rather spongy; white. Spores narrowly ellipsoid, smooth, 8-15 x 3-6-. Deposit pale yellowish or white. Habitat scattered or in groups on humus or pine needles under conifers. Widely distributed in northern North America and California. Season July-November. Not edible.
Inedible
Clavariadelphus junceus Fr. syn. Clavaria juncea Fr. syn. Macrotyphula juncea (Fr.) Berthier Binsen-Keule Clavaire en forme de jonc Slender Club Fruit body 3-10cm high, 0.5-2mm wide, pale ochraceous, solitary or gregarious, acute at first becoming blunt when mature, rather rigid. Flesh firm, not brittle. Taste acrid, smell sour. Spores white, almond shaped, 6-12-3.5-5.5-. Habitat amongst leaf litter in frondose woods, on rotting twigs, petioles and other debris, rarely on bare earth. Season autumn up to November. Occasional but probably often overlooked. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Clavariadelphus fistulosus (Fr.) Corner syn. Clavaria fistulosa Fr. R-hrige Keule Clavaire fistuleuse Pipe Club. Fruit body 7-30cm high, 2-8mm broad, yellow then tawny, simple, solitary or gregarious, acute then obtuse, often deformed. Spores white, subfusiform, 10-18.5 x 4.5-8-. Habitat on twigs of frondose and coniferous trees, especially beech. Season autumn to winter. Rare. Edible but not worthwhile. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Clavaria purpurea Fr. new syn. Alloclavaria purpurea Fruit body 3-12cm high, 2-6mm wide individually; numerous slender cylindrical to spindle-shaped, compressed fruit bodies in a tuft; purple, lavender, amethyst, or pale brownish or smoky purple fading to pinky-buff. Stem indistinct, white-hairy at base. Flesh brittle; white or similar but paler than fruit body. Odor not distinctive. Spores ellipsoid to oblong, smooth, 5.5-9 x 3-5-. Deposit white. Habitat in groups or clusters on wet soil near conifers in mountainous areas. Common in the Rocky Mountains and Pacific Northwest but rare in other parts of northern North America. Al;so in Europe. Season July-October. Said to be edible.
Inedible
Chondostereum purpureum (Fr.) Pouz. syn. Stereum purpureum (Fr.) Fr. Purpurner Schichtpilz, Lil?s r?teggomba, Stereum pourpre, Silverleaf Fungus. Bracket 1.5?3cm across, 1?2cm wide, 0.2?0.5cm thick, usually several brackets fused together and overlapping; extremely undulate, tough when fresh becoming brittle when dry; upper surface covered in dense white woolly hairs in concentric bands; lower surface dark violaceous or violaceous-brown in young specimens and becoming brownish with age, drying paler (lower specimens in photograph). Spores subcylindrical, 5?8 x 2.5?3?. Hyphal structure monomitic; generative hyphae with clamp-connections. Habitat parasitic or saprophytic on various trees, especially members of the Rosaceae. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. This fungus is the cause of ?silver leaf? disease which leads to the destruction of fruit trees; plum trees are particularly susceptible. The first visible sign of infection is silvering of the leaves due to the upper epidermis becoming separated from the rest of the leaf and lifting in patches. This effect occurs progressively along a branch and on cutting the wood appears stained brown by the fungus. If the wood is cut back until no infection is seen and the wound treated with a fungicide the fungus can be eliminated. Where silvering of the leaves occurs all over a tree simultaneously it is unlikely to be due to this fungus; this can be verified by examination of the wood for staining. This false silver leaf which has the same symptom, that of the upper epidermis lifting, is caused by physiological disturbance such as heavy pruning.
Inedible
Chlorociboria aeruginascens (Nyl.) Karst. ex Ram syn.. Chlorosplenium aeruginascens (Nyl.) Karst. Green Wood-cup, Chlorosplenium blue-vert, Gr-ner Holzbecherling, Z-ld facs-szegomba, Kopergroene bekerzwam. Fruit body 1-5mm across, cup-shaped then flattened with a wavy, irregular margin, attached to the substrate by a short stalk, bright blue-green throughout. Asci 70 x 5m. Spores fusiform, containing two small oil drops situated at opposite ends of the spore, 6-10 x 1.5-2-. Habitat on fallen branches of deciduous trees, especially oak. The mycelium growing through the wood stains it conspicuously blue-green. Season mainly autumn although also found in spring to autumn. The stained wood is often seen but the fruit bodies are less frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. The infected wood, known as -green oak-, was formerly used in the manufacture of Tunbridge ware, a traditional method of decoration where woods of different colours were arranged into blocks to give the desired pattern, compressed, then cut transversely into thin strips of veneer.
Inedible
Ceriporiopsis gilvescens (Bres.) Dom. syn. Poria gilvescens Bres. Blasser Krustenschwamm Fruit body resupinate, initially small then merging into larger patches up to 10?15 x 2?5cm and 0.5cm thick, white, bruising or drying flesh-coloured, reddish-brown or ochraceous but remaining pale at the sterile margin. Tubes 1?4mm long, pale reddish-brown. Pores 3?5 per mm, more or less angular. Spores ellipsoid-cylindric, 4?6(7) x 1.5?2?. Hyphal system monomitic; hyphae thin-walled with clamp-connections. Habitat on logs and rotting stumps of deciduous trees. Season all the year, annual. Occasional. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Capitotricha bicolor (Bull.) Baral syn. Dasyscyphus bicolor (Bull.Fex Merat) Fuckel. Asco. Small cups 1-2mm across, yellow on the inside white on the outside, which is covered with thick white hairs, margin inrolled when dry. Aci 8 spored, spores 7-10 x 1.5-2.5. Found in many parts of the world Europe and America growing on twigs of dead Oak, and other hardwood twigs. Not edible.
Edible
Amethyst Chanterelle Cantharellus amethysteus (Qu?l.) Sacc. syn. C. cibarius var. amethysteus. Amethyst Chanterelle, S?rga r?kagomba lil?s v?ltozat. Cap 3-6cm across, convex then soon flattened and depressed at centre with an irregular, wavy, and inrolled margin, dry and felty, dull orange with fine woolly or felty scales of purplish-lilac especially at the centre but sometimes overall. Stem 2-4x1-2cm, fleshy, tapering below, pale yellowish-orange, bruising deep tawny when handled. Flesh firm, pale cream yellow, then brownish-orange when cut. Smell and taste pleasant, faintly of apricots. Hymenium thin, resembling wrinkled, narrow and forking gills, running down the stem, pale yellow-orange to pinkish-orange, bruising darker orange. Spore print white. Spores 8-10 x 4.5-6?, broadly ellipsoid, smooth. Habitat in grass or leaf litter under broadleaf trees, oaks, beech and birch, rarely pine. Season late summer to autumn. Rare to occasional. Edible. Distribution Europe.
Inedible
Caloscypha fulgens (Pers. ex Fr.) Bond. Narancssz-n- foltos cs-szegomba. Cup 1-5cm wide, irregularly cup-shaped; inner surface deep yellow staining blue-green and drying orange, outer surface blue to greenish blue. No stem. Asci 8-spored, 150 x 10-. Spores globose, smooth, 5-7 x 5-7-. Habitat singly to clustered in wet, boggy places in mountainous coniferous areas. Sometimes common. Found in northern North America and California and Europe. Season April-July. Not edible.
Inedible
Calocera glossoides (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr. syn. Dacryomitra glossoides (Pers.) Bref. Zungen-H?rnling. Fruit body 3?10mm high, yellow, conical to club-shaped and often compressed or longitudinally wrinkled with a short distinct stem which becomes dark blackish-brown or drying. Flesh firm gelatinous, yellow. Spores white, narrowly elliptical to subcylindric or sausage-shaped, 12?14(17) x 3?5?, becoming three-septate at maturity. Basidia shaped like tuning-forks. Habitat on dead branches or stumps of oak. Season early autumn to early winter. Uncommon. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Calocera furcata (Fr.) Fries A Dacrymcete Vill-s enyves-korallgomba. Found growing on dead conifer wood. Fruit bodies small bright yellow stags horns with distinctive forked tips which separates it from Calocera cornea.
Edible
Calbovista subsculpta Morse Fruit body 8-15cm across, 6-9cm high, nearly round or sometimes a bit broader; whitish to dingy; covered with flattened warty scales with grayish tips and brownish hairs at the center. Spore mass white becoming brownish. Sterile base one-quarter to one-third of mushroom; dull, white, firm. Spores globose, almost smooth, 3-5 x 3-5?. Habitat singly or scattered or in small groups in open areas along roadsides and wood edges in subalpine places. Sometimes abundant. Found in the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific coastal ranges. Season April-August. Edible but only when the spore mass is white; excellent.
Inedible
Byssonectria fusispora (Berk.) Rogerson & Korf An Ascomycete. Fruit bodies orange balls with a cup opening .5-3mm across. Found on burnt sites (not on moss!). Arising from a creamy coloured mycelial carpet. Autumn sometimes through the winter. Asci 8 spored up to 250um long, spores 20-25 x 8-10um. Not edible. Rare but possibly under reported.
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