Rudimentary or absent Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
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Total mushrooms fount: 436

Inedible
Schizophyllum commune Fr. Split-gill or Common Porecrust, Schizophylle commun, Gemeiner Spaltbl?ttling, Hasadtlemez? gomba, k?z?ns?ges hasadtlemez? gomba, Waaiertje. Cap 1?4cm across, fan-shaped, often lobed or fused with others, sessile or on a short stem-like base, densely covered in greyish-white down with a purplish tinge. Gills radiating from the point of attachment, splitting lengthwise and rolling back covering the space between the gills, and protecting the hymenium from desiccation. Spore print white. Spores cylindric, 6 x 3um. Habitat on dead wood of deciduous trees and also on cut timber. Season all year. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Sarcosphaera crassa (Santi ex Steudl) Pouz. Tulip?n cs?szegomba. Cup 3-15cm across, starts under the soil as smooth, hollow, and globelike, then splits open to become deeply cup-shaped with star-like rays; inner surface violet or grayish lilac, outer surface white to creamy and minutely felty; fleshy, thick-walled. No stem. Flesh brittle, fragile; white. Asci 300-360 X 12-13?, stained blue at tip by iodine. Spores ellipsoid, with blunt ends, smooth, containing 2 oil drops, 15-18 x 8-9?. Habitat singly or in clusters under coniferous or decidous trees. Sometimes common. Found widely distributed in northwestern North America and also reported in the Northeast, found in Hungary and other areas in Europe. Season June-August. Deadly poisonous. The last of the photographs was taken by Dr. Barth? Lor?nd in Hungary.
Edible
Sarcoscypha coccinea (Fr.) Lamb syn. Peziza coccinea Fr. Scharlachroter Kelchbecherling Piros cs?szegomba. Cup 1?5cm across, cup-shaped, the margin becoming tattered as it expands, attached to substrate by a short stalk, inner surface bright scarlet, outer whitish and covered in white matted tufted hairs. Asci 400 x 16?, not blued by iodine. Spores cylindric-ellipsoid containing several small oil droplets, 24?32 x 12?14?. Habitat gregarious, on dead wood. Season early winter to early spring. Frequent especially in the West. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Sarcodontia setosa (Pers.) Donk Fruit body 5-20cm across, forming crust-like spreading patches on the surface of logs; often stained with wine-red areas. Fertile surface bright yellow, formed of downward pointed teeth or spines 5-l0mm long. Odor strong, very sweet-fruity to unpleasant. Taste mild. Spores teardrop shape, smooth, 5-6 x 3.5-4?. Habitat on logs or standing wood of fruit trees, especially apples. Rather uncommon. Found widely distributed in North America. Season July-October. Not edible.
Inedible
Rhodotus palmatus (Bull. ex Fr.) Maire syn. Pleurotus palmatus (Bull. ex Fr.) Qu-l. R-tlicher Adernseitling R-zs-s t-nkgomba. Cap 5-10cm across, convex then flattened, horizontal, clear pink at first later peach to apricot-coloured, distinctly wrinkled, margin inrolled; pellicle gelatinous, thick and tough, entirely separable. Stem 30-70 x 10-15mm, white to pinkish, covered in white fibrils, curved. Flesh whitish tinged pink to orange. Taste bitter, smell pleasant. Gills paler than the cap, interconnected. Spore print pinkish. Spores subglobose, finely warted, 5-7um in diameter. Habitat on elm logs or beams. Season early autumn to winter. At one time rare, but due to the abundance of dead elms now becoming quite frequent. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Rhizopogon luteolus Fr. Gelbliche Barttr?ffel, S?rg?s istr?ngos-?lp?feteg, Rhizopogon jaun?tre, Yellow False Truffle. Fruit body 1.5?5cm across, ovate to globose, whitish at first then dirty ochre-yellow, finally olive brown covered in tawny mycelial strands, outer wall thick and tough. Gleba olivaceous at maturity. Spores olivaceous, oblong-elliptical, 7?10?2.5?3.5m. Habitat sandy conifer woods. Season autumn. Rare but less so in Scottish pine woods. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Rhizina undulata Fr. syn. R. inflata (Schaeff.) Karst Wellige Wurzellorchel Gy-keres cs-szegomba Pine Firefungus. Fruit body 4-12cm across, 2-8cm high, chestnut brown to black with a paler margin, forming irregularly lobed, wavy cushions. Flesh tough, thick, reddish-brown. Attached to the substrate by numerous whitish rhizoids growing down from the underside. Asci 400 x 20-. Spores fusiform, containing two or more oil drops, 22-40 x 8-11-. Habitat on conifer debris especially on fire sites. Season early summer to autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. Causes a serious disease of conifers known as group dying. The photograph on the left is by Geoffrey Kibby.
Inedible
Ramaria stricta, Steife Koralle, Merev korallgomba. ---- Ramaria stricta grows from wood--though the wood is often buried. It features branches that are usually "strictly" oriented, so that they are mostly straight and ascending. When fresh, its branch tips are yellow and its branches are dull yellowish buff, but its surfaces bruise and discolor purplish brown. Under the microscope it features roughened spores, clamp connections, and thick-walled hyphae. Several very similar species have been separated by mycologists (see below), and the name Ramaria stricta should probably represent a group of potential species awaiting contemporary study. ---- Overall, the fruit body appears bushy, and is medium sized, up to 10 by 7 cm (3.9 by 2.8 in), ochraceous tinged with flesh-colour becoming darker or brownish cinnamon with age, tips of branches at first clear yellow then concolorous; All parts bruising vinaceous, stem arising from white mycellum or rhizomorphs, passing into numerous dichotomous branches. Flesh white or pale yellow, tough ( Whitish; fairly tough. ). Taste slightly peppery, smell sweet ( Odor not distinctive, or sweet and fragrant; taste bitter ). Spores cinnamon-ochraceous, oblong, minutely rough to almost smooth 7.5-10.5 x 3.5-5 ยต ( Spore Print: Rusty yellowish ). Habitat on stumps of conifers and broad-leaved trees. Season late summer to winter. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. ---- Ecology: Uncertain; while most ramarias are thought to be mycorrhizal, the wood-inhabiting species could be mycorrhizal or saprobic; growing from the dead (but sometimes buried) wood of conifers (and sometimes hardwoods); appearing alone, scattered, or gregariously; early summer through fall; apparently widely distributed in North America, but more common from the Rocky Mountains westward. Branches: Vertically oriented and elongated; often flattened; smooth; yellowish buff, becoming orangish buff as the spores mature; bruising and discoloring purplish brown; tips yellow when fresh and young. Base: Nearly absent, or fairly well developed; to 2 cm wide; white below; colored like the branches above; attached to numerous white rhizomorphs. Chemical Reactions: Iron salts green on branches; KOH orangish to brownish on branches.
Poisonous/Suspect
Ramaria formosa (Fr.) Qu?l. syn. Clavaria formosa Fr. Sch?ne Koralle Cifra korallgomba Clavaire ?l?gante. Fruit body 7?30cm high, 6?15cm wide, pinkish-ochraceous to orange-pink, lemon-yellow at tips of the numerous branches. Stem 30?60 x 25?60mm, whitish orange, itself much-branched. Flesh white or tinged orange-yellow, often bruising vinaceous to blackish. Taste bitter. Spores ochraceous, oblong, elliptic, roughened, 8?15 x 4?6?. Habitat in humus in woods, usually deciduous. Season autumn. Rare. Poisonous ? causes diarrhoea. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Ramaria flava (Fr.) Qu-l. syn. Clavaria flava Schaeff. Pers. Schwefelgelbe Koralle, S-rga korallgomba, Clavaire jaune, Barbe de ch-vre. Fruit body 10-20cm high, 7-15cm wide, lemon- to sulphur-yellow becoming more ochraceous with age with numerous densely crowded branches. Stem 50-80 x 40-50mm with whitish base which often bruises reddish-brown especially with age. Flesh white to pale yellowish. Taste mild. Spores pale ochraceous, elliptic, roughened, 11-18 x 4-6.5-. Habitat on the ground in mixed woods. Season autumn. Rare. Edible but has a laxative effect on some people. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Ramaria botrytis (Fr.) Ricken. Hahnenkamm R?zs?s (r?zs?s?g?) korallgomba, Clavaire chou-fleur, Rosso Coral. Fruit body 7?15cm high, 6?20cm wide, white at first becoming tan or ochraceous with pink, red or purplish tips, numerous thick, much-branched, crowded branches arising from stout stem (3?4 x 1.5?6cm). Taste and smell pleasant, fruity. Spores ochraceous, oblong-elliptic, longitudinally striate, 14?16(20) x 4.5?5.5?. Habitat terrestrial, in broad-leaved woods. Season late summer to late autumn. Rare. Edible with caution. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Ramaria aurea (Fr.) Qu-l. syn. Clavaria aurea Fr. Goldgelbe Koralle Narancssz-n- (narancss-rga) korallgomba, Clavaire dor-e, Gallinette, Menotte. Fruit body 8-20cm high, 5-12cm wide, egg-yellow or ochraceous, densely branched with paler cauliflower-like tips, white at the plant base. Spores deep ochraceous, oblong, minutely roughened 8-15 x 3-6-. Habitat on the ground in mixed woods. Season autumn. Rare. Edible -avoid, many Ramarias can cause stomach upset. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Pycnoporus cinnabarinus (Jacq. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Plyporus cinnabarina Jacq. ex Fr. syn. Trametes cinnabarinus (Jacq. ex Fr.) Fr. Cinnabar Polypore, Polypore ou Tram-te rouge cinabre, Zinnoberschwamm, Cin-bertapl-, Vermiljoenhoutzwam. Fruit body 3-11cm across, 2-8cm wide, 0.5-1.5cm thick, semicircular or fan-shaped, leathery becoming corky when dried; upper surface covered in fine soft hairs when young, later smooth and slightly wrinkled, bright red or orange-red becoming less bright with age. Tubes 2-6mm long, pale orange. Pores 2-3 per mm, circular or angular, cinnabar- or saffron-red. Spores white, oblong-ellipsoid, 4.5-6 x 2-2.5um. Hyphal structure trimitic. Habitat on dead deciduous trees, especially cherry, beech and birch. Season autumn. Very rare. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Pseudohydnum gelatinosum (Scop. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Tremellodon gelatinosum (Scop. ex Fr.) Fr. Jelly Tongue, Tremellodon g?latineux, Tremelle g?latineuse, Gallertiger Zitterzahn, Kocsony?s ?lgereben, Eispilz, Stekeltrilzwam or IJszwammetje. Fruit body 2?6cm across, spatula-like or fan-shaped, gelatinous, bluish-grey becoming brownish, upper surface finely roughened or downy; lower surface covered in whitish spines 2?5mm long. Spores white, broadly ovate to subglobose, 5?7 x 5?. Basidia resembling a hot cross bun when seen from above. Habitat on conifer stumps. Season autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Poronia punctata (L. ex Fr.) Fr. Speldeprikzwam, Nail Fungus. Fruit body 0.5?2cm high, flattened disc 0.5?1.5cm across, whitish dotted black with the tips of the perithecia when mature, attached to the substrate by a long black cylindrical stalk. Asci 180 x 18?. Spores bean-shaped, smooth, 18?26 x 7?12?. Habitat on horse dung. Season autumn. Although abundant in the last century, this species became quite rare in modern times due to the decline in the use of horses. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Polyporus varius Pers. ex Fr. Ver-nderlicher Porling V-ltoz-kony likacsosgomba Polypore variable. Cap 1-10cm across, infundibuliform, or irregularly kidney-shaped, depressed above the point of attachment to the stem, wavy and often lobed at the margin, ochre-brown with fine radial lines becoming tobacco-brown with age. Stem 5-30 x 5-15mm, lateral or off-centre, the basal part brown-black. Flesh white when fresh, drying corky and cream-coloured, tough and leathery. Taste slightly bitter, smell faint and mushroomy. Tubes 0.5-2.5mm long, decurrent down the stem, white to cream. Pores 4-7 per mm, circular, white becoming ochraceous-brown. Spores white, ellipsoid to fusiform, 5-9 x 3-4um. Hyphal structure dimitic with generative and binding hyphae; generative hyphae with clamp connections. Habitat on dead or dying deciduous trees. Season late spring to autumn, annual. Occasional. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Polyporus brumalis Fr. T?li likacsosgomba. Fruit body annual. Cap 1.5-10cm across, circular, convex or depressed with an inrolled margin; yellow-brown to reddish brown or blackish brown; dry, densely hairy when young, becoming almost smooth. Tubes 1-3mm deep, slightly decurrent. Pores 2-3 per mm, circular to angular; whitish. Stem 20-60 x 1-5mm, central or off center; grayish or brownish; minutely hairy or smooth. Flesh 1-2mm thick; white. Spores cylindrical to sausage-shaped, smooth, 5-7 x 1.5-2.5?. Deposit white. Habitat on dead hardwoods, especially birch. Common. Found in eastern North America, west to the Great Plains, and occasionally in the Pacific Northwest. Season June-October. Not edible.
Inedible
Polyporus badius (Pers. ex S. F. Gray) Schur. syn. P. picipes Fr. Schwarzfussporling Barna likacsosgomba Polypore - pied couleur de poix. Cap 5-20cm across, infundibuliform, often lopsided and lobed, viscid when fresh drying smooth and shiny, pallid grey-brown at first then chestnut, darker at the centre, very thin. Stem 20-35 x 5-15mm, usually eccentric, black at least at the base. Taste bitter. Tubes 0.5-2.5mm long, white later cream, decurrent down the stem. Pores 4-7 per mm, circular, white to cream. Spores white, elongate-ellipsoid, 5-9 x 3-4um. Hyphal structure dimitic with generative and binding hyphae; generative hyphae lacking clamps. Habitat on dead or living deciduous trees. Season spring to autumn, annual. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Edible
Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Qu?l Lungen-Seitling Ny?ri laskagomba Pale Oyster. Cap 2?10cm across, fan- or shell-shaped in overlapping groups, white to cream. Stem very short, lateral. Flesh white. Smell of flour or ammonia. Gills crowded, white then ochraceous-cream. Spore print white. Spores cylindric, 7.5?11 x 3?4um. Habitat in clusters on deciduous trees. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Choice
Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. ex Fr.) Kummer. Oyster Mushroom, Pleurote en forme d'hu-tre, Oreillette, Mouret, Poule de bois, Austernseitling, Austernpilz, K-s-i laskagomba, Gelone, orgella, agarico ostreato, pinnella, Oesterzwam. Cap 6-14cm across, shell-shaped, convex at first then flattening or slightly depressed and often wavy and lobed at the margin or splitting, variable in colour; flesh-brown or deep blue-grey later more grey-brown. Stem 20-30-10-20cm, excentric to lateral, or absent, white with a woolly base. Flesh white. Taste and smell pleasant. Gills decurrent, white at first then with a yellowish tinge. Spore print lilac. Spores subcylindric, 7.5-11 x 3-4um. Habitat often in large clusters on stumps and fallen or standing trunks, usually of deciduous trees, especially beech. Season all year. Common. Edible and good. Distribution, America and Europe.
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