Rudimentary or absent Mushrooms identifications

Edibility:
Habitat:
Stem type:
Spore colour:
Cap type:
Fungus colour:
Normal size:
Location:
Flesh:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Text:

Total mushrooms fount: 436

Edible
Pleurotus eryngii (D.C. ex Fr.) Qu?l Kr?uter Seitling, ?rd?gszek?rgomba, ?rd?gszek?r laskagomba, Pleurote du panicaut, Argouane, Oreille de chardon. Cap 3?10cm across, convex then centrally depressed, margin remaining down-turned, slightly velvety at first remaining so at margin but elsewhere soon smooth, dirty whitish at first then brownish. Stem 30?100 x 10?30mm, usually slightly eccentric, whitish. Flesh white. Taste and smell pleasant. Gills decurrent, greyish. Spore print white. Spores narrowly elliptic, 10?14 x 4?5um. Habitat on roots and decaying remains of umbellifers, especially Eryngium and Heracleum. Season spring to autumn. Not yet found in Britain. Edible. Found In Europe.
Edible
Pleurotus dryinus (Pers. ex Fr.) Kummer, Pih?s laskagomba. Cap 5-15cm across, convex then slowly expanding, margin inrolled; white to cream; surface dry, felty-hairy to slightly scaly. Gills decurrent, crowded, narrow, often cross-veined on the stem; white. Stem 50-100 x 10-30mm, lateral to just off-center; white; felty, with a slight membranous ring at apex when young, soon vanishing or leaving fragments on cap margin. Flesh firm; white. Odor pleasant. Taste pleasant. Spores cylindrical, 9-12 x 3.5-4?. Deposit white. Habitat on deciduous timber. Found in Europe and throughout most of northern North America. Season July-October. Edible.
Edible
Pleurotus cornucopiae (Paul. ex Pers.) Rolland syn. P. sapidus (Schulz. apud Kalchbr.) Sacc. Rillstieliger Seitling Erest?nk? laskagomba Pleurote corne d'abondance Branching Oyster. Cap 5?12cm across, convex then depressed to funnel-shaped, often becoming wavy or cracked at the margin, cream at first and covered in a whitish bloom then smooth and tinged ochraceous, finally ochre-brown. Stem 20?50 x 10?25mm, frequently excentric, usually several fused into a common base, whitish becoming tinged with cap colour. Flesh white. Taste pleasant, smell of flour or ammonia. Gills deeply decurrent, white to pale flesh. Spore print pale lilac. Spores subcylindric, 8?11 x 3.5?5um. Habitat in dense clusters on the cut stumps of deciduous trees, usually elm or oak. Season spring to autumn. Occasional. Edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Piptoporus betulinus (Bull. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Polyporus betulinus Bull. ex Fr. Birch Polypore or Razorstrop Fungus, Polypore du bouleau, Birkenporling, Ny?rfa-tapl?, ny?rtapl?, Berkezwam. Bracket 10?20cm across, 2?6cm thick, subglobose at first, expanding to hoof-shaped often with a rudimentary stem, margin thick and rounded; upper surface with a thin separable skin, smooth, whitish when young darkening to fleshy grey-brown with age. Flesh white, rubbery. Taste slightly bitter, smell strong and pleasant. Tubes 1.5?5mm long, white. Pores 3?4 per mm, circular, white at first, later pale grey-brown. Spores cylindric to bean-shaped, 4.5?6 x 1.3?1.5um. Habitat on birch. Season all year, annual, although fruit bodies remain intact from one year into the next. Very common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Phyllotopsis nidulans (Fr.) Singer Nemezes narancsoslaska. Fruit body a laterally attached, bracket-like cap without a stem. Cap 3-8cm across, circular to kidney-shaped, margin inrolled when young; bright yellow-orange when young, then tawny buff, densely hairy surface. Gills narrow, rather crowded; bright orange-yellow. Flesh pale orange-buff. Odor sharp, very unpleasant. Taste sharp, very unpleasant. Spores sausage-like, smooth, 6-8 x 3-4?. Deposit pinkish. Habitat on fallen timber, often in overlapping clusters. Found in Europe and throughout most of North America. Season August-October. Not edible.
Inedible
Pholiota aurivella (Fr.) Kummer Rozsdas?rga (s?rga) t?kegomba. Cap 4-15cm across, bell-shaped to convex with a broad umbo; ochre-orange to tawny; sticky to slimy with large flattened spot-like scales, which may disappear or become somewhat sticky when wet. Gills adnate, close, moderately broad; pale yellowish becoming tawny brown. Stem 50-80 x 5-15mm, dry, solid, central or off-center; yellowish to yellow-brown; dry and cottony above the ring, hairy and with down-curving scales toward the base. Veil partial veil leaves evanescent ring or zone on upper stalk; white. Flesh firm; yellow. Odor sweet. Taste slight. Spores ellipsoid, smooth, with pore at apex, 7-9.5 x 4.5-6?. Deposit rusty brownish. Caulocystidia absent; pleurocystidia present. Habitat in clusters on living trunks and logs of hardwoods and conifers. Found Europe and in North America except the Southeast. Season June-November. Not edible.
Inedible
Phellodon tomentosus (L. ex Fr.) Banker Phellodon tomentosus Pelziger Korkstacheling T?lcs?res szagosgereben Woolly Tooth. Fruit bodies tough, shallowly funnel-shaped, mostly fused together with adjacent specimens. Cap 1.5?4cm across, flat to depressed, downy at first becoming wrinkled or ridged, sometimes pitted in the centre, initially white then yellowish-brown and finally deep brown with darker colour zones. Stem 5?10 x 2?8mm, arising from a common mycelial pad, smooth to fibrillose and mottled, yellow-brown to deep brown. Flesh pale brownish in cap, dark brown in stem. Smell of fenugreek when dry. Spines 1?2mm long, white then grey. Spores oval, minutely spiny, 3?3.5 x 2.5?3um. Habitat coniferous and mixed woodland. Season late summer. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Phellodon niger (Fr. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Hydnum nigrum Fr. Schwarzer Korkstacheling Fekete szagosgereben Hydne Ferrugieux, Black Tooth. Fruit bodies mostly fused with one another. Cap 3?7cm across, flat or more frequently centrally depressed, velvety or downy at first then pitted or covered in roughened points, ridged and fibrillose towards the lobed margin, whitish then pale grey with lilaceous tints soon becoming purplish-black or black often with olivaceous tints on ageing, usually concentrically zoned. Stem 10?50 x 5?20mm, often swollen towards the base, rooting or arising from a mycelial pad with a central black woody core and a velvety tomentum which is black at first then grey, grey-brown or olivaceous. Spines 1?3mm long, blue-grey at first finally grey. Spores white, subglobose, spiny, 3.5?4.5 x 2.5?3.5um. Habitat usually coniferous woods. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Phellodon confluens (Pers.) Pouz. Zusammenfliessender Korkstacheling Szalagos szagosgereben Fused Tooth. Fruit bodies usually fusing together. Cap 2?6cm across, flat to depressed, thickly downy at first, centre becoming roughened or pitted, initially white becoming cream to dark tan from centre out. Stem 10?20 x 5?15mm, stocky, sometimes very short, often tapering towards the downy base, white discolouring yellow- to grey-brown with age. Flesh white to grey-brown in cap, much darker in stem. Smell of fenugreek when dried. Spines 1?2mm long, white becoming grey or violet-tinged. Spores white, subglobose, spiny, 3.5?4.5 x 3?4m. Habitat under beech, chestnut and especially oak, more rarely in mixed conifer woods. Season autumn. Rare. Edibility unknown. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Phellinus pini (Fr.) Ames. Feny-tapl- Pine Conk. Bracket 2-20cm across, 1-15cm thick; hoof-shaped, fan-shaped, or shelf-like; tawny to dark reddish brown or brownish black in age, with the margin often brighter; hard, crusty, rough or cracked, minutely hairy, generally curved. Tubes up to 6mm deep. Pores circular to angular; dingy yellow-tawny. Stem minute or none. Flesh tough; tawny to tan or ochre. Spores globose or subglobose, smooth, 4-6 x 3.5-5-. Deposit brown. Habitat singly or in rows on living or recently dead coniferous trunks. Common. Widely distributed in North America. Season perennial. Not edible. Comment A very destructive fungus that attacks the heartwood of living trees, resulting in "conk rot" causing more timber loss than any other fungus.
Inedible
Phaeolus schweinitzii (Fr.) Pat. syn. Polyporus schweinitzii Fr. Feny- likacsosgomba (tapl-). Fruit body sometimes forming amorphous cushions, more often subcircular, 10-30cm across with a short thick stalk, soft and spongy when fresh drying fragile and light; upper surface concave, rough, hairy, concentrically grooved at first, dark sulphur-yellow becoming rusty or dark brown and finally blackish with age. Stem brown, very short and thick, merging into the cap and covered in tubes. Flesh rusty brown, fibrous. Tubes 3-6mm long, decurrent, concolorous with the upper surface. Pores 0.3-2.5mm across, circular, angular or irregular, yellow, olivaceous or tinged rust, finally maroon brown, often glistening in the light. Spores whitish tinged yellowish, ovate to elliptic, 5.5-7.5 x 3.5-4um. Hyphal structure monomitic; generative hyphae lacking clamps. Habitat parasitic on conifers, usually arising from the roots. Season autumn. Occasional. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Peziza vesiculosa Bull. ex St. Amans. Blasenf-rmiger Becherling, Meleg-gyi cs-szegomba, P-zize v-siculeuse, Blistered Cup. Cup 3-8cm across, cup-shaped often with a strongly inrolled margin, often in clusters, sessile, inner surface pale yellowish-buff and often wrinkled, outer light buff, very scurfy. Flesh brittle, light buff. Asci 380 x 25-, blued at the tip by iodine. Spores elliptical, smooth, 20-24 x 11-14-. Habitat on manure, rotting straw bales and rich soil. Season all year. Common. Poisonous unless well cooked. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Peziza praetervisa Bres. ?bersehender Becherling Lil?sbarna cs?szegomba. Cup 1?4cm across, cup-shaped and expanding, often in clusters, sessile, inner surface violaceous sometimes with a brown tint, outer paler and slightly scurfy. Flesh thin, mauve. Asci 250 x 10?, blued at the tip by iodine. Spores containing two oil drops, finely warted, 11?13 x 6?8?. Habitat on fire sites. Season autumn to summer. Common. Not edible. Found In Europe.
Inedible
Peziza cerea Sow. ex M?rat syn. P. tectoria Cooke Wachsiger Becherling Fali cs?szegomba Cellar Cup. Cup 1–5cm across, cup-shaped, sessile, inner surface pale yellowish-buff, outer similarly coloured, scurfy, darkening towards the base. Flesh firm, whitish. Smell slight. Asci 350 x 16ľ, blued at the tip by iodine. Spores elliptical, smooth, 14–17 x 8–10ľ. Habitat on rotting sandbags, damp mortar and the soil between damp paving stones, often found in cellars. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Peziza badia Pers. ex M-rat Kastanienbrauner Becherling, Barna cs-szegomba, P-zize brune, Bay Cup. Cup 3-8cm across, cup-shaped, irregularly wavy with age, sessile, inner surface olive-brown, outer reddish-brown and slightly scurfy. Flesh thin, reddish-brown, yielding watery juice. Asci 330 x 15-, blued at the tip by iodine. Spores elliptical, containing two oil drops, irregularly reticulate, 17-20 x 9-12-. Habitat on soil especially on open clay banks or paths. Season late summer to autumn. Common. Edible when well cooked, poisonous if eaten raw. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Peniophora quercina (Fr.) Cke. Eichen-Rindenpilz T?lgyfa ter?l?gomba. Fruit body resupinate, forming ochraceous pink to purple grey patches 0.1?0.5mm thick which dry hard and brittle rolling away from the substrate and back on themselves to show the dark brown or black underside. Flesh relatively thick almost gelatinous, hyaline except for a narrow brownish zone adjacent to the substrate. Cystidia thick-walled, hyaline, fusiform, heavily encrusted with crystalline material, and often becoming buried as the hymenium thickens. Spores light red, curved cylindric, 8?12 x 3?4um. Habitat on dead branches of deciduous trees especially oak. Season all year. Common. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe.
Inedible
Paxillus panuoides (Fr.) Fr. syn. Tapinia panuoides Sutara Muschelkrempling Nyeletlen c?l?pgomba. Cap 1?6cm across, ochraceous to buff or fulvous, downy and often with lilac tomentum especially toward the point of attachment. Stem up to 10mm, entirely absent or rudimentary and lateral. Flesh ochraceous. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills decurrent, crowded, branched and wavy, pale buff bruising darker. Spore print ochraceous rust. Spores ellipsoid, 4?5.5 x 3?4um. Habitat on conifer debris, causing the infected wood to become soft and discolour bright yellow. Season late summer to late autumn. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. A new genus has been proposed for this fungus (Tapinella), and it will probably become the preferred name.
Poisonous/Suspect
Paxillus atrotomentosus (Fr.) Fr. Syn Tapinella atromentosus Sutara Samtfusskrempling B?rsonyost?nk? c?l?pgomba Paxille ? pied noir. Cap 12?28cm across, snuff-brown or sepia with sienna patches, depressed in the centre, margin inrolled, slightly downy. Stem 30?90 x 20?50mm, sometimes lateral, rooting, covered in a fine olivaceous buff down which becomes more coarse, velvety and dark brown with age. Flesh cream, ochre or buff in stem. Taste and smell not distinctive. Gills crowded, joining to give a vein-like network near the stem. Spore print sienna. Spores ellipsoid, 5?6.5 x 3?4.5um. Habitat tufted on stumps of conifers, were it causes brown rot. Season late summer to autumn. Occasional. Not edible, Suspect -avoid. Distribution, America and Europe. A new genus has been proposed for this fungus (Tapinella), and it will probably become the preferred name.
Inedible
Panellus stypticus (Bull. ex Fr.) Karst. syn. Panus stipticus (Bull. ex Fr.) Eichen Zwergkn?ueling Kis ?ld?csk?gomba Pane stiptique Bitter Oysterling. Note stypticus is also spelt stipticus by some authors. Cap 1?3cm across, kidney-shaped, pale ochre-brown to cinnamon, minutely scurfy. Stem 5?20 x 2?5mm, lateral, tapering towards the base, concolorous with cap or paler. Flesh whitish to pale yellowish. Taste bitter. Gills pale cinnamon. Spore print white. Spores elliptic, amyloid, 3?6 x 2?3um. Habitat often in crowded tiers on dead branches or stumps, especially of oak. Season all year. Uncommon. Not edible. Distribution, America and Europe. Note the spelling of stipticus
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
...
20
21
22